List<T>.ToArray 方法

定义

List<T> 的元素复制到新数组中。Copies the elements of the List<T> to a new array.

public:
 cli::array <T> ^ ToArray();
public T[] ToArray ();
member this.ToArray : unit -> 'T[]
Public Function ToArray () As T()

返回

T[]

一个包含 List<T> 的元素副本的数组。An array containing copies of the elements of the List<T>.

示例

下面的示例演示了对 ToArray 范围执行操作的类的方法和其他方法 List<T>The following example demonstrates the ToArray method and other methods of the List<T> class that act on ranges. 在示例结束时, GetRange 方法用于从列表中获取三个项,从索引位置2开始。At the end of the example, the GetRange method is used to get three items from the list, beginning with index location 2. ToArray 生成的方法调用方法 List<T> ,创建一个包含三个元素的数组。The ToArray method is called on the resulting List<T>, creating an array of three elements. 显示数组的元素。The elements of the array are displayed.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

void main()
{
    array<String^>^ input = { "Brachiosaurus", 
                              "Amargasaurus", 
                              "Mamenchisaurus" };

    List<String^>^ dinosaurs = 
        gcnew List<String^>((IEnumerable<String^>^) input);

    Console::WriteLine("\nCapacity: {0}", dinosaurs->Capacity);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nAddRange(dinosaurs)");
    dinosaurs->AddRange(dinosaurs);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nRemoveRange(2, 2)");
    dinosaurs->RemoveRange(2, 2);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    input = gcnew array<String^> { "Tyrannosaurus", 
                                   "Deinonychus", 
                                   "Velociraptor"};

    Console::WriteLine("\nInsertRange(3, (IEnumerable<String^>^) input)");
    dinosaurs->InsertRange(3, (IEnumerable<String^>^) input);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\noutput = dinosaurs->GetRange(2, 3)->ToArray()");
    array<String^>^ output = dinosaurs->GetRange(2, 3)->ToArray();
        
    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in output )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Capacity: 3

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

AddRange(dinosaurs)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

RemoveRange(2, 2)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

InsertRange(3, (IEnumerable<String^>^) input)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
Velociraptor
Mamenchisaurus

output = dinosaurs->GetRange(2, 3)->ToArray()

Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
 */
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string[] input = { "Brachiosaurus",
                           "Amargasaurus",
                           "Mamenchisaurus" };

        List<string> dinosaurs = new List<string>(input);

        Console.WriteLine("\nCapacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nAddRange(dinosaurs)");
        dinosaurs.AddRange(dinosaurs);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nRemoveRange(2, 2)");
        dinosaurs.RemoveRange(2, 2);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        input = new string[] { "Tyrannosaurus",
                               "Deinonychus",
                               "Velociraptor"};

        Console.WriteLine("\nInsertRange(3, input)");
        dinosaurs.InsertRange(3, input);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\noutput = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray()");
        string[] output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray();

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in output )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Capacity: 3

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

AddRange(dinosaurs)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

RemoveRange(2, 2)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

InsertRange(3, input)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
Velociraptor
Mamenchisaurus

output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray()

Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
 */
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim input() As String = { "Brachiosaurus", _
                                  "Amargasaurus", _
                                  "Mamenchisaurus" }

        Dim dinosaurs As New List(Of String)(input)

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "AddRange(dinosaurs)")
        dinosaurs.AddRange(dinosaurs)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "RemoveRange(2, 2)")
        dinosaurs.RemoveRange(2, 2)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        input = New String() { "Tyrannosaurus", _
                               "Deinonychus", _
                               "Velociraptor" }

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "InsertRange(3, input)")
        dinosaurs.InsertRange(3, input)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray")
        Dim output() As String = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray()
        
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In output
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Capacity: 3
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'AddRange(dinosaurs)
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'RemoveRange(2, 2)
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'InsertRange(3, input)
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Deinonychus
'Velociraptor
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray
'
'Amargasaurus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Deinonychus

注解

使用复制元素 Array.Copy ,这是一个 O (n) 操作,其中 nCountThe elements are copied using Array.Copy, which is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

此方法是 O (n) 操作,其中 nCountThis method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

适用于