Hashtable.GetEnumerator 方法

定义

返回循环访问 IDictionaryEnumeratorHashtableReturns an IDictionaryEnumerator that iterates through the Hashtable.

public:
 virtual System::Collections::IDictionaryEnumerator ^ GetEnumerator();
public virtual System.Collections.IDictionaryEnumerator GetEnumerator ();
abstract member GetEnumerator : unit -> System.Collections.IDictionaryEnumerator
override this.GetEnumerator : unit -> System.Collections.IDictionaryEnumerator
Public Overridable Function GetEnumerator () As IDictionaryEnumerator

返回

实现

示例

下面的示例将 GetEnumeratorforeach 的用法与枚举 @no__t 的内容进行比较。The following example compares the use of GetEnumerator and foreach to enumerate the contents of a Hashtable.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;

public class HashtableExample
{
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        // Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
        Hashtable^ clouds = gcnew Hashtable();
        clouds->Add("Cirrus", "Castellanus");
        clouds->Add("Cirrocumulus", "Stratiformis");
        clouds->Add("Altostratus", "Radiatus");
        clouds->Add("Stratocumulus", "Perlucidus");
        clouds->Add("Stratus", "Fractus");
        clouds->Add("Nimbostratus", "Pannus");
        clouds->Add("Cumulus", "Humilis");
        clouds->Add("Cumulonimbus", "Incus");

        // Displays the keys and values of the Hashtable using GetEnumerator()

        IDictionaryEnumerator^ denum = clouds->GetEnumerator();
        DictionaryEntry dentry;

        Console::WriteLine();
        Console::WriteLine("    Cloud Type       Variation");
        Console::WriteLine("    -----------------------------");
        while (denum->MoveNext())
        {
            dentry = (DictionaryEntry) denum->Current;
            Console::WriteLine("    {0,-17}{1}", dentry.Key, dentry.Value);
        }
        Console::WriteLine();

        // Displays the keys and values of the Hashtable using foreach statement

        Console::WriteLine("    Cloud Type       Variation");
        Console::WriteLine("    -----------------------------");
        for each (DictionaryEntry de in clouds)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("    {0,-17}{1}", de.Key, de.Value);
        }
        Console::WriteLine();
    }
};

int main()
{
    HashtableExample::Main();
}

// The program displays the following output to the console:
//
//    Cloud Type       Variation
//    -----------------------------
//    Cirrocumulus     Stratiformis
//    Stratocumulus    Perlucidus
//    Cirrus           Castellanus
//    Cumulus          Humilis
//    Nimbostratus     Pannus
//    Stratus          Fractus
//    Altostratus      Radiatus
//    Cumulonimbus     Incus
//
//    Cloud Type       Variation
//    -----------------------------
//    Cirrocumulus     Stratiformis
//    Stratocumulus    Perlucidus
//    Cirrus           Castellanus
//    Cumulus          Humilis
//    Nimbostratus     Pannus
//    Stratus          Fractus
//    Altostratus      Radiatus
//    Cumulonimbus     Incus*/
using System;
using System.Collections;

public class HashtableExample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
        Hashtable clouds = new Hashtable();
        clouds.Add("Cirrus", "Castellanus");
        clouds.Add("Cirrocumulus", "Stratiformis");
        clouds.Add("Altostratus", "Radiatus");
        clouds.Add("Stratocumulus", "Perlucidus");
        clouds.Add("Stratus", "Fractus");
        clouds.Add("Nimbostratus", "Pannus");
        clouds.Add("Cumulus", "Humilis");
        clouds.Add("Cumulonimbus", "Incus");

        // Displays the keys and values of the Hashtable using GetEnumerator()

        IDictionaryEnumerator denum = clouds.GetEnumerator();
        DictionaryEntry dentry;

        Console.WriteLine();
        Console.WriteLine("    Cloud Type       Variation");
        Console.WriteLine("    -----------------------------");
        while (denum.MoveNext())
        {
            dentry = (DictionaryEntry) denum.Current;
            Console.WriteLine("    {0,-17}{1}", dentry.Key, dentry.Value);
        }
        Console.WriteLine();

        // Displays the keys and values of the Hashtable using foreach statement

        Console.WriteLine("    Cloud Type       Variation");
        Console.WriteLine("    -----------------------------");
        foreach (DictionaryEntry de in clouds)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("    {0,-17}{1}", de.Key, de.Value);
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}

// The program displays the following output to the console:
//
//    Cloud Type       Variation
//    -----------------------------
//    Cirrocumulus     Stratiformis
//    Stratocumulus    Perlucidus
//    Cirrus           Castellanus
//    Cumulus          Humilis
//    Nimbostratus     Pannus
//    Stratus          Fractus
//    Altostratus      Radiatus
//    Cumulonimbus     Incus
//
//    Cloud Type       Variation
//    -----------------------------
//    Cirrocumulus     Stratiformis
//    Stratocumulus    Perlucidus
//    Cirrus           Castellanus
//    Cumulus          Humilis
//    Nimbostratus     Pannus
//    Stratus          Fractus
//    Altostratus      Radiatus
//    Cumulonimbus     Incus*/
Imports System.Collections

Public Class HashtableExample
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
        Dim clouds As New Hashtable()
        clouds.Add("Cirrus", "Castellanus")
        clouds.Add("Cirrocumulus", "Stratiformis")
        clouds.Add("Altostratus", "Radiatus")
        clouds.Add("Stratocumulus", "Perlucidus")
        clouds.Add("Stratus", "Fractus")
        clouds.Add("Nimbostratus", "Pannus")
        clouds.Add("Cumulus", "Humilis")
        clouds.Add("Cumulonimbus", "Incus")

        ' Displays the keys and values of the Hashtable using GetEnumerator()

        Dim denum As IDictionaryEnumerator = clouds.GetEnumerator()
        Dim dentry As DictionaryEntry

        Console.WriteLine()
        Console.WriteLine("    Cloud Type       Variation")
        Console.WriteLine("    -----------------------------")
        While denum.MoveNext()
            dentry = CType(denum.Current, DictionaryEntry)
            Console.WriteLine("    {0,-17}{1}", dentry.Key, dentry.Value)
        End While
        Console.WriteLine()

        ' Displays the keys and values of the Hashtable using foreach statement

        Console.WriteLine("    Cloud Type       Variation")
        Console.WriteLine("    -----------------------------")
        For Each de As DictionaryEntry in clouds
            Console.WriteLine("    {0,-17}{1}", de.Key, de.Value)
        Next de
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
End Class

' The program displays the following output to the console:
'
'    Cloud Type       Variation
'    -----------------------------
'    Cirrocumulus     Stratiformis
'    Stratocumulus    Perlucidus
'    Cirrus           Castellanus
'    Cumulus          Humilis
'    Nimbostratus     Pannus
'    Stratus          Fractus
'    Altostratus      Radiatus
'    Cumulonimbus     Incus
'
'    Cloud Type       Variation
'    -----------------------------
'    Cirrocumulus     Stratiformis
'    Stratocumulus    Perlucidus
'    Cirrus           Castellanus
'    Cumulus          Humilis
'    Nimbostratus     Pannus
'    Stratus          Fractus
'    Altostratus      Radiatus
'    Cumulonimbus     Incus*/

注解

[Visual Basic, C#][Visual Basic, C#]

C# 语言的 foreach 语句(在 Visual Basic 中为 for each)隐藏了枚举数的复杂性。The foreach statement of the C# language (for each in Visual Basic) hides the complexity of the enumerators. 因此,建议使用 foreach,而不是直接操作枚举数。Therefore, using foreach is recommended, instead of directly manipulating the enumerator.

枚举器可用于读取集合中的数据,但不能用于修改基础集合。Enumerators can be used to read the data in the collection, but they cannot be used to modify the underlying collection.

最初,枚举数定位在集合中第一个元素的前面。Initially, the enumerator is positioned before the first element in the collection. Reset 也会将枚举器放回此位置。Reset also brings the enumerator back to this position. 在此位置上,未定义 CurrentAt this position, Current is undefined. 因此,在读取 MoveNext 的值之前,必须调用 Current 将枚举器向前移动到集合的第一个元素。Therefore, you must call MoveNext to advance the enumerator to the first element of the collection before reading the value of Current.

在调用 CurrentMoveNext 之前,Reset 返回同一对象。Current returns the same object until either MoveNext or Reset is called. MoveNextCurrent 设置为下一个元素。MoveNext sets Current to the next element.

如果 MoveNext 越过集合的末尾,则枚举器将定位到集合中的最后一个元素之后,MoveNext 返回 falseIf MoveNext passes the end of the collection, the enumerator is positioned after the last element in the collection and MoveNext returns false. 当枚举器位于此位置时,对 @no__t 的后续调用也将返回 falseWhen the enumerator is at this position, subsequent calls to MoveNext also return false. 如果对的最后一个调用 @no__t 返回 false,则 Current 未定义。If the last call to MoveNext returned false, Current is undefined. 若要再次将 Current 设置为集合的第一个元素,可以调用 Reset 并接着调用 MoveNextTo set Current to the first element of the collection again, you can call Reset followed by MoveNext.

只要集合保持不变,枚举数就保持有效。An enumerator remains valid as long as the collection remains unchanged. 如果对集合进行更改(如添加、修改或删除元素),则枚举数将失效且不可恢复,而且其行为是不确定的。If changes are made to the collection, such as adding, modifying, or deleting elements, the enumerator is irrecoverably invalidated and its behavior is undefined.

该枚举数不具有独占访问集合的权限;因此,枚举整个集合本质上不是一个线程安全的过程。The enumerator does not have exclusive access to the collection; therefore, enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread safe procedure. 若要确保枚举过程中的线程安全性,可以在整个枚举过程中锁定集合。To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can lock the collection during the entire enumeration. 若要允许多个线程访问集合以进行读写操作,则必须实现自己的同步。To allow the collection to be accessed by multiple threads for reading and writing, you must implement your own synchronization.

此方法是 @no__t 0 操作。This method is an O(1) operation.

由于对 @no__t 的枚举器进行序列化和反序列化可能导致元素重新排序,因此不能在不调用 Reset 方法的情况下继续枚举。Because serializing and deserializing an enumerator for a Hashtable can cause the elements to become reordered, it is not possible to continue enumeration without calling the Reset method.

适用于

另请参阅