ImmutableList<T> 类

定义

表示一个不可变列表,该列表是可按索引访问的对象的强类型列表。Represents an immutable list, which is a strongly typed list of objects that can be accessed by index.

NuGet package: System.Collections.Immutable关于不可变集合和安装方法NuGet package: System.Collections.Immutable (about immutable collections and how to install)

generic <typename T>
public ref class ImmutableList sealed : System::Collections::Generic::ICollection<T>, System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<T>, System::Collections::Generic::IList<T>, System::Collections::Generic::IReadOnlyCollection<T>, System::Collections::Generic::IReadOnlyList<T>, System::Collections::IList, System::Collections::Immutable::IImmutableList<T>
public sealed class ImmutableList<T> : System.Collections.Generic.ICollection<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IList<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IReadOnlyCollection<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IReadOnlyList<T>, System.Collections.IList, System.Collections.Immutable.IImmutableList<T>
type ImmutableList<'T> = class
    interface IImmutableList<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyList<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyCollection<'T>
    interface seq<'T>
    interface IEnumerable
    interface IList<'T>
    interface ICollection<'T>
    interface IList
    interface ICollection
type ImmutableList<'T> = class
    interface ICollection<'T>
    interface seq<'T>
    interface IEnumerable
    interface IList<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyCollection<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyList<'T>
    interface ICollection
    interface IList
    interface IImmutableList<'T>
Public NotInheritable Class ImmutableList(Of T)
Implements ICollection(Of T), IEnumerable(Of T), IImmutableList(Of T), IList, IList(Of T), IReadOnlyCollection(Of T), IReadOnlyList(Of T)

类型参数

T

列表中元素的类型。The type of elements in the list.

继承
ImmutableList<T>
实现

注解

ImmutableList<T> 没有公共构造函数;首先,使用 ImmutableList<T>.Empty检索空 ImmutableList<T>ImmutableList<T> has no public constructor; you begin by retrieving an empty ImmutableList<T> by using the ImmutableList<T>.Empty. 然后,可以调用方法(如 AddAddRange)来填充集合。You can then call methods, such as Add and AddRange, to populate the collection. 请注意,这些方法返回一个新的对象。Note that these methods return a new object. 如果在不可变列表中添加或删除项,则会在添加或删除项时创建原始列表的副本,并且不会更改原始列表。When you add or remove items from an immutable list, a copy of the original list is made with the items added or removed, and the original list is unchanged.

字段

Empty

获取使用默认排序比较器的空集。Gets an empty set with the default sort comparer.

属性

Count

获取列表中包含的元素数。Gets the number of elements contained in the list.

IsEmpty

获取一个值,该值指示此列表是否为空。Gets a value that indicates whether this list is empty.

Item[Int32]

获取位于列表指定索引处的元素。Gets the element at the specified index of the list.

方法

Add(T)

将指定的对象添加到不可变列表末尾。Adds the specified object to the end of the immutable list.

AddRange(IEnumerable<T>)

将指定集合的元素添加到不可变列表的末尾。Adds the elements of the specified collection to the end of the immutable list.

BinarySearch(Int32, Int32, T, IComparer<T>)

使用指定的比较器在已排序列表的某个元素范围中搜索元素,并返回该元素从零开始的索引。Searches a range of elements in the sorted list for an element using the specified comparer and returns the zero-based index of the element.

BinarySearch(T)

使用默认的比较器在整个已排序的列表中搜索元素,并返回该元素从零开始的索引。Searches the entire sorted list for an element using the default comparer and returns the zero-based index of the element.

BinarySearch(T, IComparer<T>)

使用指定的比较器在整个已排序的列表中搜索元素,并返回该元素从零开始的索引。Searches the entire sorted list for an element using the specified comparer and returns the zero-based index of the element.

Clear()

从不可变列表中移除所有元素。Removes all elements from the immutable list.

Contains(T)

确定此不可变列表是否包含指定的值。Determines whether this immutable list contains the specified value.

ConvertAll<TOutput>(Func<T,TOutput>)

将当前不可变列表中的元素转换为另一种类型,并返回包含已转换元素的列表。Converts the elements in the current immutable list to another type, and returns a list containing the converted elements.

CopyTo(Int32, T[], Int32, Int32)

从目标数组的指定索引处开始,将一系列元素从不可变列表复制到兼容的一维数组。Copies a range of elements from the immutable list to a compatible one-dimensional array, starting at the specified index of the target array.

CopyTo(T[])

从目标数组的开头开始,将整个不可变列表复制到兼容的一维数组。Copies the entire immutable list to a compatible one-dimensional array, starting at the beginning of the target array.

CopyTo(T[], Int32)

从目标数组的指定索引处开始,将整个不可变列表复制到兼容的一维数组。Copies the entire immutable list to a compatible one-dimensional array, starting at the specified index of the target array.

Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(继承自 Object)
Exists(Predicate<T>)

确定不可变列表是否包含与指定谓词定义的条件匹配的元素。Determines whether the immutable list contains elements that match the conditions defined by the specified predicate.

Find(Predicate<T>)

搜索与指定谓词所定义的条件相匹配的元素,并返回整个不可变列表中的第一个匹配元素。Searches for an element that matches the conditions defined by the specified predicate, and returns the first occurrence within the entire immutable list.

FindAll(Predicate<T>)

检索与指定谓词定义的条件匹配的所有元素。Retrieves all the elements that match the conditions defined by the specified predicate.

FindIndex(Int32, Int32, Predicate<T>)

搜索与指定谓词所定义的条件相匹配的一个元素,并返回不可变列表中从指定的索引开始、包含指定元素个数的元素范围内第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for an element that matches the conditions defined by the specified predicate, and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the range of elements in the immutable list that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

FindIndex(Int32, Predicate<T>)

搜索与指定谓词所定义的条件相匹配的元素,并返回不可变列表中从指定索引到最后一个元素的元素范围内第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for an element that matches the conditions defined by the specified predicate, and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the range of elements in the immutable list that extends from the specified index to the last element.

FindIndex(Predicate<T>)

搜索与指定谓词所定义的条件相匹配的元素,并返回整个不可变列表中第一个匹配元素的从零开始的索引。Searches for an element that matches the conditions defined by the specified predicate, and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire immutable list.

FindLast(Predicate<T>)

搜索与指定谓词所定义的条件相匹配的元素,并返回整个不可变列表中的最后一个匹配元素。Searches for an element that matches the conditions defined by the specified predicate, and returns the last occurrence within the entire immutable list.

FindLastIndex(Int32, Int32, Predicate<T>)

搜索与指定谓词所定义的条件相匹配的元素,并返回不可变列表中包含指定元素个数、到指定索引结束的元素范围内最后一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for an element that matches the conditions defined by the specified predicate, and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the range of elements in the immutable list that contains the specified number of elements and ends at the specified index.

FindLastIndex(Int32, Predicate<T>)

搜索与指定谓词所定义的条件相匹配的元素,并返回不可变列表中从第一个元素到指定索引的元素范围内最后一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for an element that matches the conditions defined by the specified predicate, and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the range of elements in the immutable list that extends from the first element to the specified index.

FindLastIndex(Predicate<T>)

搜索与指定谓词所定义的条件相匹配的元素,并返回整个不可变列表中最后一个匹配元素的从零开始的索引。Searches for an element that matches the conditions defined by the specified predicate, and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the entire immutable list.

ForEach(Action<T>)

对不可变列表的每个元素执行指定的操作。Performs the specified action on each element of the immutable list.

GetEnumerator()

返回一个循环访问不可变列表的枚举器。Returns an enumerator that iterates through the immutable list.

GetHashCode()

用作默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(继承自 Object)
GetRange(Int32, Int32)

在源不可变列表中创建元素范围的浅表复制。Creates a shallow copy of a range of elements in the source immutable list.

GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)
IndexOf(T)

搜索指定的对象,并返回整个不可变列表中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire immutable list.

IndexOf(T, Int32, Int32, IEqualityComparer<T>)

搜索指定对象并返回列表中从指定索引开始并包含指定元素数的这部分元素中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the range of elements in the list that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

Insert(Int32, T)

将指定对象插入到不可变列表中的指定索引位置。Inserts the specified object into the immutable list at the specified index.

InsertRange(Int32, IEnumerable<T>)

将集合的元素插入不可变列表的指定索引处。Inserts the elements of a collection into the immutable list at the specified index.

ItemRef(Int32)

获取对给定 index 处的集元素的只读引用。Gets a read-only reference to the element of the set at the given index.

LastIndexOf(T, Int32, Int32, IEqualityComparer<T>)

搜索指定对象并返回列表中到指定索引为止包含指定元素数的这部分元素中最后一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the range of elements in the list that contains the specified number of elements and ends at the specified index.

MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
Remove(T)

从此不可变列表中移除所指定对象的第一个匹配项。Removes the first occurrence of the specified object from this immutable list.

Remove(T, IEqualityComparer<T>)

从此不可变列表中移除与指定值匹配的对象的第一个匹配项。Removes the first occurrence of the object that matches the specified value from this immutable list.

RemoveAll(Predicate<T>)

移除与指定的谓词所定义的条件相匹配的所有元素。Removes all the elements that match the conditions defined by the specified predicate.

RemoveAt(Int32)

移除指定索引处的元素。Removes the element at the specified index.

RemoveRange(IEnumerable<T>)

从此不可变列表中移除一系列元素。Removes a range of elements from this immutable list.

RemoveRange(IEnumerable<T>, IEqualityComparer<T>)

从此列表中移除指定的值。Removes the specified values from this list.

RemoveRange(Int32, Int32)

从此不可变列表中移除一系列元素,从指定的索引处开始,并包含指定数量的元素。Removes a range of elements, starting from the specified index and containing the specified number of elements, from this immutable list.

Replace(T, T)

将不可变列表中的指定元素替换为新元素。Replaces the specified element in the immutable list with a new element.

Replace(T, T, IEqualityComparer<T>)

将不可变列表中的指定元素替换为新元素。Replaces the specified element in the immutable list with a new element.

Reverse()

将整个不可变列表中元素的顺序反转。Reverses the order of the elements in the entire immutable list.

Reverse(Int32, Int32)

将不可变列表的指定范围中元素的顺序反转。Reverses the order of the elements in the specified range of the immutable list.

SetItem(Int32, T)

将不可变列表中位于给定位置处的元素替换为指定的元素。Replaces an element at a given position in the immutable list with the specified element.

Sort()

使用默认比较器对整个不可变列表中的元素进行排序。Sorts the elements in the entire immutable list using the default comparer.

Sort(Comparison<T>)

使用指定的比较器对整个不可变列表中的元素进行排序。Sorts the elements in the entire immutable list using the specified comparer.

Sort(IComparer<T>)

使用指定的比较器对整个不可变列表中的元素进行排序。Sorts the elements in the entire immutable list using the specified comparer.

Sort(Int32, Int32, IComparer<T>)

使用指定的比较器对不可变列表中的一系列元素进行排序。Sorts a range of elements in the immutable list using the specified comparer.

ToBuilder()

创建一个其内容与此列表相同,并且可使用标准可变接口在多个操作之间有效转变的列表。Creates a list that has the same contents as this list and can be efficiently mutated across multiple operations using standard mutable interfaces.

ToString()

返回一个表示当前对象的 string。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(继承自 Object)
TrueForAll(Predicate<T>)

确定不可变列表中的每个元素是否都与指定谓词定义的条件匹配。Determines whether every element in the immutable list matches the conditions defined by the specified predicate.

显式接口实现

ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32)

从指定的数组索引处开始,将整个不可变列表复制到兼容的一维目标数组。Copies the entire immutable list to a compatible one-dimensional array, starting at the specified array index.

ICollection.IsSynchronized

请参阅 ICollection 接口。See the ICollection interface.

ICollection.SyncRoot

请参阅ICollectionSee ICollection.

ICollection<T>.Add(T)

将指定项添加到不可变列表。Adds the specified item to the immutable list.

ICollection<T>.Clear()

从不可变列表中移除所有项。Removes all items from the immutable list.

ICollection<T>.IsReadOnly

获取一个值,该值指示 ICollection<T> 是否为只读。Gets a value indicating whether the ICollection<T> is read-only.

ICollection<T>.Remove(T)

从不可变列表中移除特定对象的第一个匹配项。Removes the first occurrence of a specific object from the immutable list.

IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

返回一个循环访问不可变列表的枚举器。Returns an enumerator that iterates through the immutable list.

IEnumerable<T>.GetEnumerator()

返回一个循环访问不可变列表的枚举器。Returns an enumerator that iterates through the immutable list.

IImmutableList<T>.Add(T)

将指定的值添加到此不可变列表中。Adds the specified value to this immutable list.

IImmutableList<T>.AddRange(IEnumerable<T>)

将指定的值添加到此不可变列表中。Adds the specified values to this immutable list.

IImmutableList<T>.Clear()

检索排序和顺序语义与此实例相同的空列表。Retrieves an empty list that has the same sorting and ordering semantics as this instance.

IImmutableList<T>.Insert(Int32, T)

将指定元素插入到不可变列表中的指定索引位置。Inserts the specified element at the specified index in the immutable list.

IImmutableList<T>.InsertRange(Int32, IEnumerable<T>)

将指定元素插入到不可变列表中的指定索引位置。Inserts the specified elements at the specified index in the immutable list.

IImmutableList<T>.Remove(T, IEqualityComparer<T>)

从列表中移除具有指定值的元素。Removes the element with the specified value from the list.

IImmutableList<T>.RemoveAll(Predicate<T>)

移除与指定的谓词所定义的条件相匹配的所有元素。Removes all the elements that match the conditions defined by the specified predicate.

IImmutableList<T>.RemoveAt(Int32)

移除不可变列表中指定索引处的元素。Removes the element at the specified index of the immutable list.

IImmutableList<T>.RemoveRange(IEnumerable<T>, IEqualityComparer<T>)

从此不可变列表中移除与指定项匹配的一系列元素。Removes a range of elements from this immutable list that match the items specified.

IImmutableList<T>.RemoveRange(Int32, Int32)

从此列表中的指定位置移除指定数量的元素。Removes the specified number of elements at the specified location from this list.

IImmutableList<T>.Replace(T, T, IEqualityComparer<T>)

将列表中的某个元素替换为指定的元素。Replaces an element in the list with the specified element.

IImmutableList<T>.SetItem(Int32, T)

将列表中位于给定位置的元素替换为指定的元素。Replaces an element in the list at a given position with the specified element.

IList.Add(Object)

将项添加到不可变列表。Adds an item to the immutable list.

IList.Clear()

从不可变列表中移除所有项。Removes all items from the immutable list.

IList.Contains(Object)

确定不可变列表是否包含特定值。Determines whether the immutable list contains a specific value.

IList.IndexOf(Object)

确定不可变列表中特定项的索引。Determines the index of a specific item in the immutable list.

IList.Insert(Int32, Object)

将项插入到不可变列表中的指定索引处。Inserts an item into the immutable list at the specified index.

IList.IsFixedSize

获取一个值,该值指示 IList 是否具有固定大小。Gets a value indicating whether the IList has a fixed size.

IList.IsReadOnly

获取一个值,该值指示 ICollection<T> 是否为只读。Gets a value indicating whether the ICollection<T> is read-only.

IList.Item[Int32]

获取或设置指定索引处的 ObjectGets or sets the Object at the specified index.

IList.Remove(Object)

从不可变列表中移除特定对象的第一个匹配项。Removes the first occurrence of a specific object from the immutable list.

IList.RemoveAt(Int32)

移除不可变列表中指定索引处的项。Removes the item at the specified index of the immutable list.

IList<T>.Insert(Int32, T)

将对象插入到不可变列表中的指定索引位置。Inserts an object in the immutable list at the specified index.

IList<T>.Item[Int32]

获取或设置指定索引处的值。Gets or sets the value at the specified index.

IList<T>.RemoveAt(Int32)

移除位于指定索引处的值。Removes the value at the specified index.

扩展方法

ToImmutableArray<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

从指定的集合创建一个不可变数组。Creates an immutable array from the specified collection.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

通过向源键应用转换函数,从现有元素集合构造一个不可变字典。Constructs an immutable dictionary from an existing collection of elements, applying a transformation function to the source keys.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

基于对序列进行某种形式的转换来构造一个不可变字典。Constructs an immutable dictionary based on some transformation of a sequence.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>)

枚举并转换序列,然后生成其内容的不可变字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

枚举并转换序列,然后使用指定的键比较器生成其内容的不可变字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

枚举并转换序列,然后使用指定的键和值比较器生成其内容的不可变字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

枚举序列,并生成其内容的不可变哈希集。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable hash set of its contents.

ToImmutableHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

枚举序列,生成其内容的不可变哈希集,并为集类型使用指定的相等性比较器。Enumerates a sequence, produces an immutable hash set of its contents, and uses the specified equality comparer for the set type.

IndexOf<T>(IImmutableList<T>, T)

搜索指定的对象,并返回列表中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the list.

IndexOf<T>(IImmutableList<T>, T, IEqualityComparer<T>)

搜索指定的对象,并返回列表中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the list.

IndexOf<T>(IImmutableList<T>, T, Int32)

搜索指定对象并返回不可变列表中从指定索引到最后一个元素这部分元素中第一个匹配项的从零开始索引。Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the range of elements in the immutable list that extends from the specified index to the last element.

IndexOf<T>(IImmutableList<T>, T, Int32, Int32)

搜索指定对象并返回不可变列表中从指定索引到最后一个元素这部分元素中第一个匹配项的从零开始索引。Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the range of elements in the immutable list that extends from the specified index to the last element.

LastIndexOf<T>(IImmutableList<T>, T)

搜索指定的对象,并返回整个不可变列表中最后一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the entire immutable list.

LastIndexOf<T>(IImmutableList<T>, T, IEqualityComparer<T>)

搜索指定的对象,并返回整个不可变列表中最后一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the entire immutable list.

LastIndexOf<T>(IImmutableList<T>, T, Int32)

搜索指定对象并返回不可变列表中从第一个元素到指定索引这部分元素中最后一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the range of elements in the immutable list that extends from the first element to the specified index.

LastIndexOf<T>(IImmutableList<T>, T, Int32, Int32)

搜索指定对象并返回不可变列表中从第一个元素到指定索引这部分元素中最后一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the range of elements in the immutable list that extends from the first element to the specified index.

Remove<T>(IImmutableList<T>, T)

从此列表中移除指定的值。Removes the specified value from this list.

RemoveRange<T>(IImmutableList<T>, IEnumerable<T>)

从此列表中移除指定的值。Removes the specified values from this list.

Replace<T>(IImmutableList<T>, T, T)

将列表中第一个相等的元素替换为指定的元素。Replaces the first equal element in the list with the specified element.

ToImmutableList<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

枚举序列,并生成其内容的不可变列表。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable list of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>)

枚举并转换序列,然后生成其内容的不可变排序字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IComparer<TKey>)

枚举并转换序列,然后使用指定的键比较器生成其内容的不可变排序字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

枚举并转换序列,然后使用指定的键和值比较器生成其内容的不可变排序字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableSortedSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

枚举序列,并生成其内容的不可变排序集。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable sorted set of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IComparer<TSource>)

枚举序列,生成其内容的不可变排序集,并使用指定的比较器。Enumerates a sequence, produces an immutable sorted set of its contents, and uses the specified comparer.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

在给定其泛型参数 TDataTable 的输入 DataRow 对象的情况下,返回包含 IEnumerable<T> 对象副本的 DataRowReturns a DataTable that contains copies of the DataRow objects, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption)

在给定其泛型参数 TDataRow 的输入 DataTable 对象的情况下,将 IEnumerable<T> 对象复制到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler)

在给定其泛型参数 TDataRow 的输入 DataTable 对象的情况下,将 IEnumerable<T> 对象复制到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

Aggregate<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TSource,TSource>)

对序列应用累加器函数。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence.

Aggregate<TSource,TAccumulate>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate,TSource,TAccumulate>)

对序列应用累加器函数。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. 将指定的种子值用作累加器初始值。The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value.

Aggregate<TSource,TAccumulate,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate,TSource,TAccumulate>, Func<TAccumulate,TResult>)

对序列应用累加器函数。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. 将指定的种子值用作累加器的初始值,并使用指定的函数选择结果值。The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value, and the specified function is used to select the result value.

All<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

确定序列中的所有元素是否都满足条件。Determines whether all elements of a sequence satisfy a condition.

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

确定序列是否包含任何元素。Determines whether a sequence contains any elements.

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

确定序列中是否存在任意一个元素满足条件。Determines whether any element of a sequence satisfies a condition.

Append<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

将一个值追加到序列末尾。Appends a value to the end of the sequence.

AsEnumerable<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回类型化为 IEnumerable<T> 的输入。Returns the input typed as IEnumerable<T>.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

计算 Decimal 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

计算 Double 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

计算 Int32 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

计算 Int64 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Decimal 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Double 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Int32 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Int64 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Single 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

计算 Single 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 的元素强制转换为指定的类型。Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

Concat<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

连接两个序列。Concatenates two sequences.

Contains<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

通过使用默认的相等比较器确定序列是否包含指定的元素。Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using the default equality comparer.

Contains<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 确定序列是否包含指定的元素。Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的元素数量。Returns the number of elements in a sequence.

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回表示在指定的序列中满足条件的元素数量的数字。Returns a number that represents how many elements in the specified sequence satisfy a condition.

DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回指定序列中的元素;如果序列为空,则返回单一实例集合中的类型参数的默认值。Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the type parameter's default value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

返回指定序列中的元素;如果序列为空,则返回单一实例集合中的指定值。Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the specified value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

Distinct<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用默认的相等比较器对值进行比较,返回序列中的非重复元素。Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Distinct<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对值进行比较,返回序列中的非重复元素。Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

ElementAt<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

返回序列中指定索引处的元素。Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence.

ElementAtOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

返回序列中指定索引处的元素;如果索引超出范围,则返回默认值。Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence or a default value if the index is out of range.

Except<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用默认的相等比较器对值进行比较,生成两个序列的差集。Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Except<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对值进行比较,生成两个序列的差集。Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

First<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的第一个元素。Returns the first element of a sequence.

First<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足指定条件的第一个元素。Returns the first element in a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.

FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的第一个元素;如果序列中不包含任何元素,则返回默认值。Returns the first element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足条件的第一个元素;如果未找到这样的元素,则返回默认值。Returns the first element of the sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并使用指定的比较器对键进行比较。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and compares the keys by using a specified comparer.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且通过使用指定的函数对每个组中的元素进行投影。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and projects the elements for each group by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a key selector function. 通过使用比较器对键进行比较,并且通过使用指定的函数对每个组的元素进行投影。The keys are compared by using a comparer and each group's elements are projected by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TSource>,TResult>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且从每个组及其键中创建结果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TSource>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且从每个组及其键中创建结果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 通过使用指定的比较器对键进行比较。The keys are compared by using a specified comparer.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且从每个组及其键中创建结果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 通过使用指定的函数对每个组的元素进行投影。The elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且从每个组及其键中创建结果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 通过使用指定的比较器对键值进行比较,并且通过使用指定的函数对每个组的元素进行投影。Key values are compared by using a specified comparer, and the elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>)

基于键值等同性对两个序列的元素进行关联,并对结果进行分组。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on equality of keys and groups the results. 使用默认的相等比较器对键进行比较。The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

基于键值等同性对两个序列的元素进行关联,并对结果进行分组。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on key equality and groups the results. 使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对键进行比较。A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Intersect<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用默认的相等比较器对值进行比较,生成两个序列的交集。Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Intersect<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对值进行比较,生成两个序列的交集。Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>)

基于匹配键对两个序列的元素进行关联。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. 使用默认的相等比较器对键进行比较。The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

基于匹配键对两个序列的元素进行关联。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. 使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对键进行比较。A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列的最后一个元素。Returns the last element of a sequence.

Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足指定条件的最后一个元素。Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.

LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的最后一个元素;如果序列中不包含任何元素,则返回默认值。Returns the last element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足条件的最后一个元素;如果未找到这样的元素,则返回默认值。Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.

LongCount<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回表示序列中元素总数的 Int64Returns an Int64 that represents the total number of elements in a sequence.

LongCount<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回表示序列中满足条件的元素的数量的 Int64Returns an Int64 that represents how many elements in a sequence satisfy a condition.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回泛型序列中的最大值。Returns the maximum value in a generic sequence.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Decimal value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Double value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int32 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int64 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Decimal value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Double value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int32 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int64 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Single value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Single value.

Max<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大结果值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the maximum resulting value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回泛型序列中的最小值。Returns the minimum value in a generic sequence.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Decimal value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Double value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int32 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int64 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Decimal value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Double value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int32 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int64 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Single value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Single value.

Min<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小结果值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the minimum resulting value.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

根据指定类型筛选 IEnumerable 的元素。Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据键按升序对序列的元素进行排序。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order according to a key.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

使用指定的比较器按升序对序列的元素进行排序。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer.

OrderByDescending<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据键按降序对序列的元素进行排序。Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order according to a key.

OrderByDescending<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

使用指定的比较器按降序对序列的元素排序。Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order by using a specified comparer.

Prepend<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

向序列的开头添加值。Adds a value to the beginning of the sequence.

Reverse<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

反转序列中元素的顺序。Inverts the order of the elements in a sequence.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

将序列中的每个元素投影到新表单。Projects each element of a sequence into a new form.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>)

通过合并元素的索引,将序列的每个元素投影到新窗体中。Projects each element of a sequence into a new form by incorporating the element's index.

SelectMany<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,IEnumerable<TResult>>)

将序列的每个元素投影到 IEnumerable<T> 并将结果序列合并为一个序列。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T> and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence.

SelectMany<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,IEnumerable<TResult>>)

将序列的每个元素投影到 IEnumerable<T> 并将结果序列合并为一个序列。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence. 每个源元素的索引用于该元素的投影表。The index of each source element is used in the projected form of that element.

SelectMany<TSource,TCollection,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TSource,TCollection,TResult>)

将序列的每个元素投影到 IEnumerable<T>,并将结果序列合并为一个序列,并对其中每个元素调用结果选择器函数。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein.

SelectMany<TSource,TCollection,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TSource,TCollection,TResult>)

将序列的每个元素投影到 IEnumerable<T>,并将结果序列合并为一个序列,并对其中每个元素调用结果选择器函数。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein. 每个源元素的索引用于该元素的中间投影表。The index of each source element is used in the intermediate projected form of that element.

SequenceEqual<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用相应类型的默认相等比较器对序列的元素进行比较,以确定两个序列是否相等。Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing the elements by using the default equality comparer for their type.

SequenceEqual<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 来比较两个序列的元素,以确定这两个序列是否相等。Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing their elements by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Single<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列的唯一元素;如果该序列并非恰好包含一个元素,则会引发异常。Returns the only element of a sequence, and throws an exception if there is not exactly one element in the sequence.

Single<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足指定条件的唯一元素;如果有多个这样的元素存在,则会引发异常。Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition, and throws an exception if more than one such element exists.

SingleOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的唯一元素;如果该序列为空,则返回默认值;如果该序列包含多个元素,此方法将引发异常。Returns the only element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence is empty; this method throws an exception if there is more than one element in the sequence.

SingleOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足指定条件的唯一元素;如果这类元素不存在,则返回默认值;如果有多个元素满足该条件,此方法将引发异常。Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition or a default value if no such element exists; this method throws an exception if more than one element satisfies the condition.

Skip<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

跳过序列中指定数量的元素,然后返回剩余的元素。Bypasses a specified number of elements in a sequence and then returns the remaining elements.

SkipLast<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

返回一个新的可枚举集合,它包含 source 中的元素,但省略了源集合中的 count 个元素。Returns a new enumerable collection that contains the elements from source with the last count elements of the source collection omitted.

SkipWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

如果指定的条件为 true,则跳过序列中的元素,然后返回剩余的元素。Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements.

SkipWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

如果指定的条件为 true,则跳过序列中的元素,然后返回剩余的元素。Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements. 将在谓词函数的逻辑中使用元素的索引。The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

计算 Decimal 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

计算 Double 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

计算 Int32 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

计算 Int64 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Decimal 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Double 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Int32 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Int64 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Single 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

计算 Single 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Take<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

从序列的开头返回指定数量的相邻元素。Returns a specified number of contiguous elements from the start of a sequence.

TakeLast<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

返回一个新的可枚举集合,它包含 count 中的最后 source 个元素。Returns a new enumerable collection that contains the last count elements from source.

TakeWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

只要指定的条件为 true,就会返回序列的元素。Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true.

TakeWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

只要指定的条件为 true,就会返回序列的元素。Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true. 将在谓词函数的逻辑中使用元素的索引。The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

ToArray<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 中创建数组。Creates an array from a IEnumerable<T>.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Dictionary<TKey,TValue>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数和键比较器,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Dictionary<TKey,TValue>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根据指定的键选择器和元素选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Dictionary<TKey,TValue>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数、比较器和元素选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Dictionary<TKey,TValue>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer, and an element selector function.

ToHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 HashSet<T>Creates a HashSet<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.

ToHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用 comparer 通过 IEnumerable<T> 创建 HashSet<T>,以用于比较键。Creates a HashSet<T> from an IEnumerable<T> using the comparer to compare keys.

ToList<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 List<T>Creates a List<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Lookup<TKey,TElement>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数和键比较器,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Lookup<TKey,TElement>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根据指定的键选择器和元素选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Lookup<TKey,TElement>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数、比较器和元素选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Lookup<TKey,TElement>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer and an element selector function.

Union<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用默认的相等比较器,生成两个序列的并集。Produces the set union of two sequences by using the default equality comparer.

Union<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 生成两个序列的并集。Produces the set union of two sequences by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

基于谓词筛选值序列。Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate.

Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

基于谓词筛选值序列。Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. 将在谓词函数的逻辑中使用每个元素的索引。Each element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Zip<TFirst,TSecond>(IEnumerable<TFirst>, IEnumerable<TSecond>)

使用两个指定序列中的元素生成元组序列。Produces a sequence of tuples with elements from the two specified sequences.

Zip<TFirst,TSecond,TResult>(IEnumerable<TFirst>, IEnumerable<TSecond>, Func<TFirst,TSecond,TResult>)

将指定函数应用于两个序列的对应元素,以生成结果序列。Applies a specified function to the corresponding elements of two sequences, producing a sequence of the results.

AsParallel(IEnumerable)

启用查询的并行化。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsParallel<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

启用查询的并行化。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 转换为 IQueryableConverts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

AsQueryable<TElement>(IEnumerable<TElement>)

将泛型 IEnumerable<T> 转换为泛型 IQueryable<T>Converts a generic IEnumerable<T> to a generic IQueryable<T>.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个节点的上级。Returns a collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回经过筛选的元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个节点的上级。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个文档和元素的子代节点的集合。Returns a collection of the descendant nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个元素和文档的子代元素。Returns a collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回经过筛选的元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个元素和文档的子代元素。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个元素和文档的子元素的集合。Returns a collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回源集合中经过筛选的每个元素和文档的子元素集合。Returns a filtered collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回节点集合(其中包含源集合中的所有节点),并按文档顺序排列。Returns a collection of nodes that contains all nodes in the source collection, sorted in document order.

Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个文档和元素的子节点集合。Returns a collection of the child nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

将源集合中的每个节点从其父节点中移除。Removes every node in the source collection from its parent node.

适用于

线程安全性

此类型是线程安全的。This type is thread safe.