SortedList.Synchronized(SortedList) 方法

定义

返回 SortedList 对象的同步(线程安全)包装。Returns a synchronized (thread-safe) wrapper for a SortedList object.

public:
 static System::Collections::SortedList ^ Synchronized(System::Collections::SortedList ^ list);
public static System.Collections.SortedList Synchronized (System.Collections.SortedList list);
static member Synchronized : System.Collections.SortedList -> System.Collections.SortedList
Public Shared Function Synchronized (list As SortedList) As SortedList

参数

list
SortedList

要同步的 SortedList 对象。The SortedList object to synchronize.

返回

SortedList 对象的同步(线程安全)包装。A synchronized (thread-safe) wrapper for the SortedList object.

异常

listnulllist is null.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何在整个枚举过程中使用 SyncRoot 属性锁定集合。The following code example shows how to lock the collection using the SyncRoot property during the entire enumeration.

SortedList^ myCollection = gcnew SortedList();
bool lockTaken = false;
try
{
    Monitor::Enter(myCollection->SyncRoot, lockTaken);
    for each (Object^ item in myCollection);
    {
        // Insert your code here.
    }
}
finally
{
    if (lockTaken)
    {
        Monitor::Exit(myCollection->SyncRoot);
    }
}
SortedList myCollection = new SortedList();
lock(myCollection.SyncRoot)
{
    foreach (object item in myCollection)
    {
        // Insert your code here.
    }
}
Dim myCollection As New SortedList()
SyncLock myCollection.SyncRoot
    For Each item In myCollection
        ' Insert your code here.
    Next item
End SyncLock

此方法是一个 O(1) 操作。This method is an O(1) operation.

下面的代码示例演示如何同步 SortedList 对象、确定 SortedList 是否同步以及使用同步 SortedListThe following code example shows how to synchronize a SortedList object, determine whether a SortedList is synchronized, and use a synchronized SortedList.

#using <system.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
   SortedList^ mySL = gcnew SortedList;
   mySL->Add( 2, "two" );
   mySL->Add( 3, "three" );
   mySL->Add( 1, "one" );
   mySL->Add( (int^)0, "zero" );
   mySL->Add( 4, "four" );
   
   // Creates a synchronized wrapper around the SortedList.
   SortedList^ mySyncdSL = SortedList::Synchronized( mySL );
   
   // Displays the sychronization status of both SortedLists.
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL is {0}.", mySL->IsSynchronized ? (String^)"synchronized" : "not synchronized" );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySyncdSL is {0}.", mySyncdSL->IsSynchronized ? (String^)"synchronized" : "not synchronized" );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

mySL is not synchronized.
mySyncdSL is synchronized.
*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesSortedList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
      SortedList mySL = new SortedList();
      mySL.Add( 2, "two" );
      mySL.Add( 3, "three" );
      mySL.Add( 1, "one" );
      mySL.Add( 0, "zero" );
      mySL.Add( 4, "four" );

      // Creates a synchronized wrapper around the SortedList.
      SortedList mySyncdSL = SortedList.Synchronized( mySL );

      // Displays the sychronization status of both SortedLists.
      Console.WriteLine( "mySL is {0}.", mySL.IsSynchronized ? "synchronized" : "not synchronized" );
      Console.WriteLine( "mySyncdSL is {0}.", mySyncdSL.IsSynchronized ? "synchronized" : "not synchronized" );
   }
}
/* 
This code produces the following output.

mySL is not synchronized.
mySyncdSL is synchronized.
*/ 
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesSortedList
    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
        Dim mySL As New SortedList()
        mySL.Add(2, "two")
        mySL.Add(3, "three")
        mySL.Add(1, "one")
        mySL.Add(0, "zero")
        mySL.Add(4, "four")
        
        ' Creates a synchronized wrapper around the SortedList.
        Dim mySyncdSL As SortedList = SortedList.Synchronized(mySL)
        
        ' Displays the sychronization status of both SortedLists.
        Dim msg As String
        If mySL.IsSynchronized Then
            msg = "synchronized"
        Else
            msg = "not synchronized"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("mySL is {0}.", msg)
        If mySyncdSL.IsSynchronized Then
            msg = "synchronized"
        Else
            msg = "not synchronized"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("mySyncdSL is {0}.", msg)        
    End Sub
End Class

' This code produces the following output.
'
' mySL is not synchronized.
' mySyncdSL is synchronized.

注解

为了保证 SortedList 对象的线程安全,所有操作都必须仅通过此包装器完成。To guarantee the thread safety of a SortedList object, all operations must be done through this wrapper only.

枚举整个集合本质上不是一个线程安全的过程。Enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. 即使某个集合已同步,其他线程仍可以修改该集合,这会导致枚举数引发异常。Even when a collection is synchronized, other threads can still modify the collection, which causes the enumerator to throw an exception. 若要确保枚举过程中的线程安全性,可以在整个枚举期间锁定集合,或者捕获由其他线程进行的更改所导致的异常。To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can either lock the collection during the entire enumeration or catch the exceptions resulting from changes made by other threads.

适用于

另请参阅