HybridDictionary.CopyTo(Array, Int32) 方法

定义

HybridDictionary 项复制到位于指定索引处的一维 Array 实例中。Copies the HybridDictionary entries to a one-dimensional Array instance at the specified index.

public:
 virtual void CopyTo(Array ^ array, int index);
public void CopyTo (Array array, int index);
abstract member CopyTo : Array * int -> unit
override this.CopyTo : Array * int -> unit

参数

array
Array

一维 Array,它是从 DictionaryEntry 复制的 HybridDictionary 对象的目标位置。The one-dimensional Array that is the destination of the DictionaryEntry objects copied from HybridDictionary. Array 必须具有从零开始的索引。The Array must have zero-based indexing.

index
Int32

array 中要从其开始复制的从零开始的索引。The zero-based index in array at which copying begins.

实现

异常

arraynullarray is null.

index 小于零。index is less than zero.

array 是多维的。array is multidimensional.

- 或 --or- HybridDictionary 中的元素个数大于从 arrayIndex 到目标 array 末尾之间的可用空间。The number of elements in the source HybridDictionary is greater than the available space from arrayIndex to the end of the destination array.

无法自动将源 HybridDictionary 的类型转换为目标 array 的类型。The type of the source HybridDictionary cannot be cast automatically to the type of the destination array.

示例

下面的代码示例将 HybridDictionary 的元素复制到一个数组中。The following code example copies the elements of a HybridDictionary to an array.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Collections::Specialized;
void PrintKeysAndValues( IDictionary^ myCol )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myCol->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      DictionaryEntry de = safe_cast<DictionaryEntry>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new HybridDictionary.
   HybridDictionary^ myCol = gcnew HybridDictionary;
   myCol->Add( "Braeburn Apples", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Fuji Apples", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Gala Apples", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Granny Smith Apples", "0.89" );
   myCol->Add( "Red Delicious Apples", "0.99" );
   myCol->Add( "Plantain Bananas", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Yellow Bananas", "0.79" );
   myCol->Add( "Strawberries", "3.33" );
   myCol->Add( "Cranberries", "5.98" );
   myCol->Add( "Navel Oranges", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Grapes", "1.99" );
   myCol->Add( "Honeydew Melon", "0.59" );
   myCol->Add( "Seedless Watermelon", "0.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Pineapple", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Nectarine", "1.99" );
   myCol->Add( "Plums", "1.69" );
   myCol->Add( "Peaches", "1.99" );
   
   // Displays the values in the HybridDictionary in three different ways.
   Console::WriteLine( "Initial contents of the HybridDictionary:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues( myCol );
   
   // Copies the HybridDictionary to an array with DictionaryEntry elements.
   array<DictionaryEntry>^myArr = gcnew array<DictionaryEntry>(myCol->Count);
   myCol->CopyTo( myArr, 0 );
   
   // Displays the values in the array.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements in the array:" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myArr->Length; i++ )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", myArr[ i ].Key, myArr[ i ].Value );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Initial contents of the HybridDictionary:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Nectarine                 1.99
   Cranberries               5.98
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Strawberries              3.33
   Grapes                    1.99
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29

Displays the elements in the array:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Nectarine                 1.99
   Cranberries               5.98
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Strawberries              3.33
   Grapes                    1.99
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;

public class SamplesHybridDictionary  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new HybridDictionary.
      HybridDictionary myCol = new HybridDictionary();
      myCol.Add( "Braeburn Apples", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Fuji Apples", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Gala Apples", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Granny Smith Apples", "0.89" );
      myCol.Add( "Red Delicious Apples", "0.99" );
      myCol.Add( "Plantain Bananas", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Yellow Bananas", "0.79" );
      myCol.Add( "Strawberries", "3.33" );
      myCol.Add( "Cranberries", "5.98" );
      myCol.Add( "Navel Oranges", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Grapes", "1.99" );
      myCol.Add( "Honeydew Melon", "0.59" );
      myCol.Add( "Seedless Watermelon", "0.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Pineapple", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Nectarine", "1.99" );
      myCol.Add( "Plums", "1.69" );
      myCol.Add( "Peaches", "1.99" );

      // Displays the values in the HybridDictionary in three different ways.
      Console.WriteLine( "Initial contents of the HybridDictionary:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues( myCol );

      // Copies the HybridDictionary to an array with DictionaryEntry elements.
      DictionaryEntry[] myArr = new DictionaryEntry[myCol.Count];
      myCol.CopyTo( myArr, 0 );

      // Displays the values in the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements in the array:" );
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      for ( int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++ )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", myArr[i].Key, myArr[i].Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   public static void PrintKeysAndValues( IDictionary myCol )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      foreach ( DictionaryEntry de in myCol )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Initial contents of the HybridDictionary:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Nectarine                 1.99
   Cranberries               5.98
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Strawberries              3.33
   Grapes                    1.99
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29

Displays the elements in the array:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Nectarine                 1.99
   Cranberries               5.98
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Strawberries              3.33
   Grapes                    1.99
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29

*/
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized

Public Class SamplesHybridDictionary   

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates and initializes a new HybridDictionary.
      Dim myCol As New HybridDictionary()
      myCol.Add("Braeburn Apples", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Fuji Apples", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Gala Apples", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Granny Smith Apples", "0.89")
      myCol.Add("Red Delicious Apples", "0.99")
      myCol.Add("Plantain Bananas", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Yellow Bananas", "0.79")
      myCol.Add("Strawberries", "3.33")
      myCol.Add("Cranberries", "5.98")
      myCol.Add("Navel Oranges", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Grapes", "1.99")
      myCol.Add("Honeydew Melon", "0.59")
      myCol.Add("Seedless Watermelon", "0.49")
      myCol.Add("Pineapple", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Nectarine", "1.99")
      myCol.Add("Plums", "1.69")
      myCol.Add("Peaches", "1.99")

      ' Displays the values in the HybridDictionary in three different ways.
      Console.WriteLine("Initial contents of the HybridDictionary:")
      PrintKeysAndValues(myCol)

      ' Copies the HybridDictionary to an array with DictionaryEntry elements.
      Dim myArr(myCol.Count) As DictionaryEntry
      myCol.CopyTo(myArr, 0)

      ' Displays the values in the array.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements in the array:")
      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To myArr.Length - 1
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", myArr(i).Key, myArr(i).Value)
      Next i
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues(myCol As IDictionary)

      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim de As DictionaryEntry
      For Each de In  myCol
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value)
      Next de
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Initial contents of the HybridDictionary:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   Nectarine                 1.99
'   Cranberries               5.98
'   Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   Pineapple                 1.49
'   Strawberries              3.33
'   Grapes                    1.99
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Peaches                   1.99
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Plums                     1.69
'   Navel Oranges             1.29
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'
'Displays the elements in the array:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   Nectarine                 1.99
'   Cranberries               5.98
'   Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   Pineapple                 1.49
'   Strawberries              3.33
'   Grapes                    1.99
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Peaches                   1.99
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Plums                     1.69
'   Navel Oranges             1.29
'   Fuji Apples               1.29

注解

元素按枚举器循环访问 HybridDictionary的相同顺序复制到 ArrayThe elements are copied to the Array in the same order in which the enumerator iterates through the HybridDictionary.

若要仅复制 HybridDictionary中的密钥,请使用 HybridDictionary.Keys.CopyToTo copy only the keys in the HybridDictionary, use HybridDictionary.Keys.CopyTo.

若要仅复制 HybridDictionary中的值,请使用 HybridDictionary.Values.CopyToTo copy only the values in the HybridDictionary, use HybridDictionary.Values.CopyTo.

此方法是一个 O (n)操作,其中 nCount的。This method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

适用于

另请参阅