HybridDictionary.IEnumerable.GetEnumerator 方法

定义

返回循环访问 IEnumeratorHybridDictionaryReturns an IEnumerator that iterates through the HybridDictionary.

 virtual System::Collections::IEnumerator ^ System.Collections.IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() = System::Collections::IEnumerable::GetEnumerator;
System.Collections.IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator ();
Function GetEnumerator () As IEnumerator Implements IEnumerable.GetEnumerator

返回

实现

示例

下面的代码示例枚举 HybridDictionary的元素。The following code example enumerates the elements of a HybridDictionary.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Collections::Specialized;

void PrintKeysAndValues1( IDictionary^ myCol );
void PrintKeysAndValues2( IDictionary^ myCol );
void PrintKeysAndValues3( HybridDictionary^ myCol );

int main()
{
   // Creates and initializes a new HybridDictionary.
   HybridDictionary^ myCol = gcnew HybridDictionary;
   myCol->Add( "Braeburn Apples", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Fuji Apples", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Gala Apples", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Granny Smith Apples", "0.89" );
   myCol->Add( "Red Delicious Apples", "0.99" );
   myCol->Add( "Plantain Bananas", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Yellow Bananas", "0.79" );
   myCol->Add( "Strawberries", "3.33" );
   myCol->Add( "Cranberries", "5.98" );
   myCol->Add( "Navel Oranges", "1.29" );
   myCol->Add( "Grapes", "1.99" );
   myCol->Add( "Honeydew Melon", "0.59" );
   myCol->Add( "Seedless Watermelon", "0.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Pineapple", "1.49" );
   myCol->Add( "Nectarine", "1.99" );
   myCol->Add( "Plums", "1.69" );
   myCol->Add( "Peaches", "1.99" );

   // Display the contents of the collection using for each. This is the preferred method.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using for each:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues2( myCol );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues3( myCol );
}

// Uses the foreach statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
// NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
void PrintKeysAndValues1( IDictionary^ myCol )  {
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   for each ( DictionaryEntry^ de in myCol )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de->Key, de->Value );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

// Uses the enumerator. 
void PrintKeysAndValues2( IDictionary^ myCol )
{
   IDictionaryEnumerator^ myEnumerator = myCol->GetEnumerator();
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   while ( myEnumerator->MoveNext() )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", myEnumerator->Key, myEnumerator->Value );

   Console::WriteLine();
}

// Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
void PrintKeysAndValues3( HybridDictionary^ myCol )
{
   array<String^>^myKeys = gcnew array<String^>(myCol->Count);
   myCol->Keys->CopyTo( myKeys, 0 );
   Console::WriteLine( "   INDEX KEY                       VALUE" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myCol->Count; i++ )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys[ i ], myCol[ myKeys[ i ] ] );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Displays the elements using for each:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Nectarine                 1.99
   Cranberries               5.98
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Strawberries              3.33
   Grapes                    1.99
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29

Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Nectarine                 1.99
   Cranberries               5.98
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Strawberries              3.33
   Grapes                    1.99
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29

Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
   0     Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   1     Nectarine                 1.99
   2     Cranberries               5.98
   3     Plantain Bananas          1.49
   4     Honeydew Melon            0.59
   5     Pineapple                 1.49
   6     Strawberries              3.33
   7     Grapes                    1.99
   8     Braeburn Apples           1.49
   9     Peaches                   1.99
   10    Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   11    Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   12    Yellow Bananas            0.79
   13    Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   14    Gala Apples               1.49
   15    Plums                     1.69
   16    Navel Oranges             1.29
   17    Fuji Apples               1.29

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;

public class SamplesHybridDictionary  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new HybridDictionary.
      HybridDictionary myCol = new HybridDictionary();
      myCol.Add( "Braeburn Apples", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Fuji Apples", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Gala Apples", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Granny Smith Apples", "0.89" );
      myCol.Add( "Red Delicious Apples", "0.99" );
      myCol.Add( "Plantain Bananas", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Yellow Bananas", "0.79" );
      myCol.Add( "Strawberries", "3.33" );
      myCol.Add( "Cranberries", "5.98" );
      myCol.Add( "Navel Oranges", "1.29" );
      myCol.Add( "Grapes", "1.99" );
      myCol.Add( "Honeydew Melon", "0.59" );
      myCol.Add( "Seedless Watermelon", "0.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Pineapple", "1.49" );
      myCol.Add( "Nectarine", "1.99" );
      myCol.Add( "Plums", "1.69" );
      myCol.Add( "Peaches", "1.99" );

      // Display the contents of the collection using foreach. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using foreach:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues2( myCol );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues3( myCol );
   }

   // Uses the foreach statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues1( IDictionary myCol )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      foreach ( DictionaryEntry de in myCol )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the enumerator. 
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues2( IDictionary myCol )  {
      IDictionaryEnumerator myEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator();
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      while ( myEnumerator.MoveNext() )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", myEnumerator.Key, myEnumerator.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues3( HybridDictionary myCol )  {
      String[] myKeys = new String[myCol.Count];
      myCol.Keys.CopyTo( myKeys, 0 );

      Console.WriteLine( "   INDEX KEY                       VALUE" );
      for ( int i = 0; i < myCol.Count; i++ )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys[i], myCol[myKeys[i]] );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Displays the elements using foreach:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Nectarine                 1.99
   Cranberries               5.98
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Strawberries              3.33
   Grapes                    1.99
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29

Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:
   KEY                       VALUE
   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   Nectarine                 1.99
   Cranberries               5.98
   Plantain Bananas          1.49
   Honeydew Melon            0.59
   Pineapple                 1.49
   Strawberries              3.33
   Grapes                    1.99
   Braeburn Apples           1.49
   Peaches                   1.99
   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   Yellow Bananas            0.79
   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   Gala Apples               1.49
   Plums                     1.69
   Navel Oranges             1.29
   Fuji Apples               1.29

Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
   0     Seedless Watermelon       0.49
   1     Nectarine                 1.99
   2     Cranberries               5.98
   3     Plantain Bananas          1.49
   4     Honeydew Melon            0.59
   5     Pineapple                 1.49
   6     Strawberries              3.33
   7     Grapes                    1.99
   8     Braeburn Apples           1.49
   9     Peaches                   1.99
   10    Red Delicious Apples      0.99
   11    Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
   12    Yellow Bananas            0.79
   13    Granny Smith Apples       0.89
   14    Gala Apples               1.49
   15    Plums                     1.69
   16    Navel Oranges             1.29
   17    Fuji Apples               1.29

*/
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized

Public Class SamplesHybridDictionary   

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates and initializes a new HybridDictionary.
      Dim myCol As New HybridDictionary()
      myCol.Add("Braeburn Apples", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Fuji Apples", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Gala Apples", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Golden Delicious Apples", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Granny Smith Apples", "0.89")
      myCol.Add("Red Delicious Apples", "0.99")
      myCol.Add("Plantain Bananas", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Yellow Bananas", "0.79")
      myCol.Add("Strawberries", "3.33")
      myCol.Add("Cranberries", "5.98")
      myCol.Add("Navel Oranges", "1.29")
      myCol.Add("Grapes", "1.99")
      myCol.Add("Honeydew Melon", "0.59")
      myCol.Add("Seedless Watermelon", "0.49")
      myCol.Add("Pineapple", "1.49")
      myCol.Add("Nectarine", "1.99")
      myCol.Add("Plums", "1.69")
      myCol.Add("Peaches", "1.99")

      ' Display the contents of the collection using For Each. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using For Each:")
      PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:")
      PrintKeysAndValues2(myCol)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:")
      PrintKeysAndValues3(myCol)

   End Sub


   ' Uses the For Each statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
   ' NOTE: The For Each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol As IDictionary)

      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim de As DictionaryEntry
      For Each de In  myCol
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value)
      Next de
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub


   ' Uses the enumerator. 
   ' NOTE: The For Each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues2(myCol As IDictionary)
      Dim myEnumerator As IDictionaryEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator()

      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      While myEnumerator.MoveNext()
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", myEnumerator.Key, myEnumerator.Value)
      End While
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub


   ' Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues3(myCol As HybridDictionary)
      Dim myKeys(myCol.Count) As [String]
      myCol.Keys.CopyTo(myKeys, 0)

      Console.WriteLine("   INDEX KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To myCol.Count - 1
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys(i), myCol(myKeys(i)))
      Next i
      Console.WriteLine()

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Displays the elements using For Each:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   Nectarine                 1.99
'   Cranberries               5.98
'   Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   Pineapple                 1.49
'   Strawberries              3.33
'   Grapes                    1.99
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Peaches                   1.99
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Plums                     1.69
'   Navel Oranges             1.29
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'
'Displays the elements using the IDictionaryEnumerator:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   Nectarine                 1.99
'   Cranberries               5.98
'   Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   Pineapple                 1.49
'   Strawberries              3.33
'   Grapes                    1.99
'   Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   Peaches                   1.99
'   Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   Gala Apples               1.49
'   Plums                     1.69
'   Navel Oranges             1.29
'   Fuji Apples               1.29
'
'Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
'   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
'   0     Seedless Watermelon       0.49
'   1     Nectarine                 1.99
'   2     Cranberries               5.98
'   3     Plantain Bananas          1.49
'   4     Honeydew Melon            0.59
'   5     Pineapple                 1.49
'   6     Strawberries              3.33
'   7     Grapes                    1.99
'   8     Braeburn Apples           1.49
'   9     Peaches                   1.99
'   10    Red Delicious Apples      0.99
'   11    Golden Delicious Apples   1.29
'   12    Yellow Bananas            0.79
'   13    Granny Smith Apples       0.89
'   14    Gala Apples               1.49
'   15    Plums                     1.69
'   16    Navel Oranges             1.29
'   17    Fuji Apples               1.29

注解

C# 语言的 foreach 语句(在 Visual Basic 中为 for each)隐藏了枚举数的复杂性。The foreach statement of the C# language (for each in Visual Basic) hides the complexity of the enumerators. 因此,建议使用 foreach,而不是直接操作枚举数。Therefore, using foreach is recommended, instead of directly manipulating the enumerator.

枚举器可用于读取集合中的数据,但不能用于修改基础集合。Enumerators can be used to read the data in the collection, but they cannot be used to modify the underlying collection.

最初,枚举数定位在集合中第一个元素的前面。Initially, the enumerator is positioned before the first element in the collection. Reset 也会将枚举器放回此位置。Reset also brings the enumerator back to this position. 在此位置,调用 Current 会引发异常。At this position, calling Current throws an exception. 因此,在读取 MoveNext 的值之前,必须调用 Current 将枚举器向前移动到集合的第一个元素。Therefore, you must call MoveNext to advance the enumerator to the first element of the collection before reading the value of Current.

在调用 CurrentMoveNext 之前,Reset 返回同一对象。Current returns the same object until either MoveNext or Reset is called. MoveNextCurrent 设置为下一个元素。MoveNext sets Current to the next element.

如果 MoveNext 越过集合的末尾,则枚举器将定位到集合中的最后一个元素之后,MoveNext 返回 falseIf MoveNext passes the end of the collection, the enumerator is positioned after the last element in the collection and MoveNext returns false. 当枚举器位于此位置时,对 MoveNext 的后续调用也将返回 falseWhen the enumerator is at this position, subsequent calls to MoveNext also return false. 如果对的最后一个调用 MoveNext 返回 false,则调用 Current 将引发异常。If the last call to MoveNext returned false, calling Current throws an exception. 若要再次将 Current 设置为集合的第一个元素,可以调用 Reset 并接着调用 MoveNextTo set Current to the first element of the collection again, you can call Reset followed by MoveNext.

只要集合保持不变,枚举器就仍有效。An enumerator remains valid as long as the collection remains unchanged. 如果对集合所做的更改(如添加、修改或删除元素),则枚举器将失效且不可恢复,并且对 MoveNextReset 的下一次调用引发了 InvalidOperationExceptionIf changes are made to the collection, such as adding, modifying, or deleting elements, the enumerator is irrecoverably invalidated and the next call to MoveNext or Reset throws an InvalidOperationException. 如果在 MoveNextCurrent之间修改集合,Current 将返回其设置为的元素,即使枚举器已失效。If the collection is modified between MoveNext and Current, Current returns the element that it is set to, even if the enumerator is already invalidated.

枚举数没有对集合的独占访问权;因此,从头到尾对一个集合进行枚举在本质上不是一个线程安全的过程。The enumerator does not have exclusive access to the collection; therefore, enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. 即使某个集合已同步,其他线程仍可以修改该集合,这会导致枚举数引发异常。Even when a collection is synchronized, other threads can still modify the collection, which causes the enumerator to throw an exception. 若要确保枚举过程中的线程安全性,可以在整个枚举期间锁定集合,或者捕获由其他线程进行的更改所导致的异常。To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can either lock the collection during the entire enumeration or catch the exceptions resulting from changes made by other threads.

此方法为 O (1)操作。This method is an O(1) operation.

适用于

另请参阅