Stack.Pop 方法

定义

删除并返回 Stack 顶部的对象。Removes and returns the object at the top of the Stack.

public:
 virtual System::Object ^ Pop();
public virtual object Pop ();
public virtual object? Pop ();
abstract member Pop : unit -> obj
override this.Pop : unit -> obj
Public Overridable Function Pop () As Object

返回

Object

Stack 顶部删除的 ObjectThe Object removed from the top of the Stack.

例外

Stack 为空。The Stack is empty.

示例

下面的示例演示如何向中添加元素 Stack 、从中删除元素 Stack ,或查看顶部的元素 StackThe following example shows how to add elements to the Stack, remove elements from the Stack, or view the element at the top of the Stack.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myCollection, char mySeparator );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new Stack.
   Stack^ myStack = gcnew Stack;
   myStack->Push( "The" );
   myStack->Push( "quick" );
   myStack->Push( "brown" );
   myStack->Push( "fox" );
   
   // Displays the Stack.
   Console::Write( "Stack values:" );
   PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );
   
   // Removes an element from the Stack.
   Console::WriteLine( "(Pop)\t\t{0}", myStack->Pop() );
   
   // Displays the Stack.
   Console::Write( "Stack values:" );
   PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );
   
   // Removes another element from the Stack.
   Console::WriteLine( "(Pop)\t\t{0}", myStack->Pop() );
   
   // Displays the Stack.
   Console::Write( "Stack values:" );
   PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );
   
   // Views the first element in the Stack but does not remove it.
   Console::WriteLine( "(Peek)\t\t{0}", myStack->Peek() );
   
   // Displays the Stack.
   Console::Write( "Stack values:" );
   PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );
}

void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myCollection, char mySeparator )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myCollection->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::Write( "{0}{1}", mySeparator, obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 Stack values:    fox    brown    quick    The
 (Pop)        fox
 Stack values:    brown    quick    The
 (Pop)        brown
 Stack values:    quick    The
 (Peek)        quick
 Stack values:    quick    The
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesStack  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new Stack.
      Stack myStack = new Stack();
      myStack.Push( "The" );
      myStack.Push( "quick" );
      myStack.Push( "brown" );
      myStack.Push( "fox" );

      // Displays the Stack.
      Console.Write( "Stack values:" );
      PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );

      // Removes an element from the Stack.
      Console.WriteLine( "(Pop)\t\t{0}", myStack.Pop() );

      // Displays the Stack.
      Console.Write( "Stack values:" );
      PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );

      // Removes another element from the Stack.
      Console.WriteLine( "(Pop)\t\t{0}", myStack.Pop() );

      // Displays the Stack.
      Console.Write( "Stack values:" );
      PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );

      // Views the first element in the Stack but does not remove it.
      Console.WriteLine( "(Peek)\t\t{0}", myStack.Peek() );

      // Displays the Stack.
      Console.Write( "Stack values:" );
      PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );
   }

   public static void PrintValues( IEnumerable myCollection, char mySeparator )  {
      foreach ( Object obj in myCollection )
         Console.Write( "{0}{1}", mySeparator, obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Stack values:    fox    brown    quick    The
(Pop)        fox
Stack values:    brown    quick    The
(Pop)        brown
Stack values:    quick    The
(Peek)        quick
Stack values:    quick    The
*/

Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesStack    

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Creates and initializes a new Stack.
        Dim myStack As New Stack()
        myStack.Push("The")
        myStack.Push("quick")
        myStack.Push("brown")
        myStack.Push("fox")

        ' Displays the Stack.
        Console.Write("Stack values:")
        PrintValues(myStack, ControlChars.Tab)

        ' Removes an element from the Stack.
        Console.WriteLine("(Pop)" & ControlChars.Tab & ControlChars.Tab & _
           "{0}", myStack.Pop())

        ' Displays the Stack.
        Console.Write("Stack values:")
        PrintValues(myStack, ControlChars.Tab)

        ' Removes another element from the Stack.
        Console.WriteLine("(Pop)" & ControlChars.Tab & ControlChars.Tab & _
           "{0}", myStack.Pop())

        ' Displays the Stack.
        Console.Write("Stack values:")
        PrintValues(myStack, ControlChars.Tab)

        ' Views the first element in the Stack but does not remove it.
        Console.WriteLine("(Peek)" & ControlChars.Tab & ControlChars.Tab & _
           "{0}", myStack.Peek())

        ' Displays the Stack.
        Console.Write("Stack values:")
        PrintValues(myStack, ControlChars.Tab)

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintValues(myCollection As IEnumerable, mySeparator As Char)
        Dim obj As [Object]
        For Each obj In  myCollection
            Console.Write("{0}{1}", mySeparator, obj)
        Next obj
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


' This code produces the following output.
' 
' Stack values:    fox    brown    quick    The
' (Pop)        fox
' Stack values:    brown    quick    The
' (Pop)        brown
' Stack values:    quick    The
' (Peek)        quick
' Stack values:    quick    The

注解

此方法类似于 Peek 方法,但 Peek 不修改 StackThis method is similar to the Peek method, but Peek does not modify the Stack.

null 如果需要,可以将推送到 Stack 作为占位符。null can be pushed onto the Stack as a placeholder, if needed. 若要区分 null 值和堆栈末尾,请检查 Count 属性或捕获 InvalidOperationException ,这在 Stack 为空时引发。To distinguish between a null value and the end of the stack, check the Count property or catch the InvalidOperationException, which is thrown when the Stack is empty.

此方法是一种 O(1) 操作。This method is an O(1) operation.

适用于

另请参阅