ITypeDescriptorContext 接口

定义

提供有关组件的上下文信息,如其容器和属性描述符。Provides contextual information about a component, such as its container and property descriptor.

public interface class ITypeDescriptorContext : IServiceProvider
public interface ITypeDescriptorContext : IServiceProvider
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public interface ITypeDescriptorContext : IServiceProvider
type ITypeDescriptorContext = interface
    interface IServiceProvider
Public Interface ITypeDescriptorContext
Implements IServiceProvider
派生
属性
实现

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用 ITypeDescriptorContext 接口来支持类型转换。The following code example demonstrates how to use the ITypeDescriptorContext interface to support type conversion.

#using <system.dll>
#using <system.drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::ComponentModel::Design::Serialization;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Globalization;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Reflection;

/*   This sample shows how to support code generation for a custom type of object 
         using a type converter and InstanceDescriptor objects.

         To use this code, copy it to a file and add the file to a project. Then add
         a component to the project and declare a Triangle field and a public property 
         with accessors for the Triangle field on the component.

         The Triangle property will be persisted using code generation.
    */
ref class TriangleConverter;

[TypeConverter(TriangleConverter::typeid)]
public ref class Triangle
{
private:

   // Triangle members
   Point P1;
   Point P2;
   Point P3;

public:

   property Point Point1 
   {
      Point get()
      {
         return P1;
      }

      void set( Point value )
      {
         P1 = value;
      }
   }

   property Point Point2 
   {
      Point get()
      {
         return P2;
      }

      void set( Point value )
      {
         P2 = value;
      }
   }

   property Point Point3 
   {
      Point get()
      {
         return P3;
      }

      void set( Point value )
      {
         P3 = value;
      }

   }
   Triangle( Point point1, Point point2, Point point3 )
   {
      P1 = point1;
      P2 = point2;
      P3 = point3;
   }


   /* A TypeConverter for the Triangle object.  Note that you can make it internal,
      private, or any scope you want and the designers will still be able to use
      it through the TypeDescriptor object.  This type converter provides the
      capability to convert to an InstanceDescriptor.  This object can be used by 
      the .NET Framework to generate source code that creates an instance of a 
      Triangle object. */
   [System::Security::Permissions::PermissionSet(System::Security::
      Permissions::SecurityAction::Demand, Name = "FullTrust")]
   ref class TriangleConverter: public TypeConverter
   {
   public:

      /* This method overrides CanConvertTo from TypeConverter. This is called when someone
            wants to convert an instance of Triangle to another type.  Here,
            only conversion to an InstanceDescriptor is supported. */
      virtual bool CanConvertTo( ITypeDescriptorContext^ context, Type^ destinationType ) override
      {
         if ( destinationType == InstanceDescriptor::typeid )
         {
            return true;
         }

         
         // Always call the base to see if it can perform the conversion.
         return TypeConverter::CanConvertTo( context, destinationType );
      }

      /* This code performs the actual conversion from a Triangle to an InstanceDescriptor. */
      virtual Object^ ConvertTo( ITypeDescriptorContext^ context, CultureInfo^ culture, Object^ value, Type^ destinationType ) override
      {
         if ( destinationType == InstanceDescriptor::typeid )
         {
            array<Type^>^type1 = {Point::typeid,Point::typeid,Point::typeid};
            ConstructorInfo^ ci = Triangle::typeid->GetConstructor( type1 );
            Triangle^ t = safe_cast<Triangle^>(value);
            array<Object^>^obj1 = {t->Point1,t->Point2,t->Point3};
            return gcnew InstanceDescriptor( ci,safe_cast<ICollection^>(obj1) );
         }

         // Always call base, even if you can't convert.
         return TypeConverter::ConvertTo( context, culture, value, destinationType );
      }
   };
};

public ref class TestComponent: public System::ComponentModel::Component
{
private:
   Triangle^ myTriangle;

public:
   TestComponent()
   {
      myTriangle = gcnew Triangle( Point(5,5),Point(10,10),Point(1,8) );
   }

   property Triangle^ MyTriangle 
   {
      Triangle^ get()
      {
         return myTriangle;
      }

      void set( Triangle^ value )
      {
         myTriangle = value;
      }
   }
};
namespace Microsoft.Samples.InstanceDescriptorSample
{
    using System;
    using System.ComponentModel;
    using System.ComponentModel.Design.Serialization;
    using System.Drawing;
    using System.Globalization;
    using System.Reflection;

    //  This sample shows how to support code generation for a custom type 
    //  of object using a type converter and InstanceDescriptor objects.

    //  To use this code, copy it to a file and add the file to a project. 
    //  Then add a component to the project and declare a Triangle field and 
    //  a public property with accessors for the Triangle field on the component.

    //  The Triangle property will be persisted using code generation.

    [TypeConverter(typeof(Triangle.TriangleConverter))]
    public class Triangle
    {
        // Triangle members.
        Point P1;
        Point P2;
        Point P3;

        public Point Point1 {
            get {
                return P1;
            }
            set {
                P1 = value;
            }
        }
        public Point Point2 {
            get 
            {
                return P2;
            }
            set 
            {
                P2 = value;
            }
        }
        public Point Point3 {
            get 
            {
                return P3;
            }
            set 
            {
                P3 = value;
            }
        }

        public Triangle(Point point1,Point point2,Point point3) {
            P1 = point1;
            P2 = point2;
            P3 = point3;
        }

        // A TypeConverter for the Triangle object.  Note that you can make it internal,
        //  private, or any scope you want and the designers will still be able to use
        //  it through the TypeDescriptor object.  This type converter provides the
        //  capability to convert to an InstanceDescriptor.  This object can be used by 
    //  the .NET Framework to generate source code that creates an instance of a 
    //  Triangle object.
        internal class TriangleConverter : TypeConverter
        {
            // This method overrides CanConvertTo from TypeConverter. This is called when someone
            //  wants to convert an instance of Triangle to another type.  Here,
            //  only conversion to an InstanceDescriptor is supported.
            public override bool CanConvertTo(ITypeDescriptorContext context, Type destinationType)
            {
                if (destinationType == typeof(InstanceDescriptor))
                {
                    return true;
                }

                // Always call the base to see if it can perform the conversion.
                return base.CanConvertTo(context, destinationType);
            }

            // This code performs the actual conversion from a Triangle to an InstanceDescriptor.
            public override object ConvertTo(ITypeDescriptorContext context, CultureInfo culture, object value, Type destinationType)
            {
                if (destinationType == typeof(InstanceDescriptor))
                {
                    ConstructorInfo ci = typeof(Triangle).GetConstructor(new Type[]{typeof(Point),
                                                    typeof(Point),typeof(Point)});
                    Triangle t = (Triangle) value;
                    return new InstanceDescriptor(ci,new object[]{t.Point1,t.Point2,t.Point3});
                }

                // Always call base, even if you can't convert.
                return base.ConvertTo(context, culture, value, destinationType);
            }
        }
    }

    public class TestComponent : System.ComponentModel.Component 
    {
        Triangle myTriangle;

        public TestComponent() {
            myTriangle = new Triangle(
                new Point(5,5),
                new Point(10,10),
                new Point(1,8)
                );
        }

        public Triangle MyTriangle {
            get {
                return myTriangle;
            }
            set {
                myTriangle = value;
            }
        }
    }
}
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.ComponentModel.Design.Serialization
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.Reflection
Namespace Microsoft.Samples.InstanceDescriptorSample

   '  This sample shows how to support code generation for a custom type 
   '  of object using a type converter and InstanceDescriptor objects.
   '
   '  To use this code, copy it to a file and add the file to a project.  
   '  Then add a component to the project and declare a Triangle field and 
   '  a public property with accessors for the Triangle field on the component.
   '
   '  The Triangle property will be persisted using code generation.

   <TypeConverter(GetType(Triangle.TriangleConverter))> _
   Public Class Triangle
      ' Triangle members.
      Private P1 As Point
      Private P2 As Point
      Private P3 As Point

      Public Property Point1() As Point
         Get
            Return P1
         End Get
         Set(ByVal Value As Point)
            P1 = Value
         End Set
      End Property

      Public Property Point2() As Point
         Get
            Return P2
         End Get
         Set(ByVal Value As Point)
            P2 = Value
         End Set
      End Property

      Public Property Point3() As Point
         Get
            Return P3
         End Get
         Set(ByVal Value As Point)
            P3 = Value
         End Set
      End Property

      Public Sub New(ByVal point1 As Point, ByVal point2 As Point, ByVal point3 As Point)
         P1 = point1
         P2 = point2
         P3 = point3
      End Sub

      ' A TypeConverter for the Triangle object.  Note that you can make it internal,
      '  private, or any scope you want and the designers will still be able to use
      '  it through the TypeDescriptor object.  This type converter provides the
      '  capability to convert to an InstanceDescriptor.  This object can be used by 
      '  the .NET Framework to generate source code that creates an instance of a 
      '  Triangle object.

      Friend Class TriangleConverter
         Inherits TypeConverter

         ' This method overrides CanConvertTo from TypeConverter.  This is called when someone
         '  wants to convert an instance of Triangle to another type.  Here,
         '  only coversition to an InstanceDescriptor is supported.
         Public Overloads Overrides Function CanConvertTo(ByVal context As ITypeDescriptorContext, ByVal destinationType As Type) As Boolean
            If destinationType Is GetType(InstanceDescriptor) Then
               Return True
            End If

            ' Always call the base to see if it can perform the conversion.
            Return MyBase.CanConvertTo(context, destinationType)
         End Function

         ' This code performs the actual conversion from a Triangle to an InstanceDescriptor.
         Public Overloads Overrides Function ConvertTo(ByVal context As ITypeDescriptorContext, ByVal culture As CultureInfo, ByVal value As Object, ByVal destinationType As Type) As Object
            If destinationType Is GetType(InstanceDescriptor) Then
               Dim ci As ConstructorInfo = GetType(Triangle).GetConstructor(New Type() {GetType(Point), GetType(Point), GetType(Point)})
               Dim t As Triangle = CType(value, Triangle)
               Return New InstanceDescriptor(ci, New Object() {t.Point1, t.Point2, t.Point3})
            End If

            ' Always call base, even if you can't convert.
            Return MyBase.ConvertTo(context, culture, value, destinationType)
         End Function 
      End Class 
   End Class 

   Public Class TestComponent
      Inherits System.ComponentModel.Component
      Private myTriangleProp As Triangle

      Public Sub New()
         myTriangleProp = New Triangle(New Point(5, 5), _
                                    New Point(10, 10), New Point(1, 8))
      End Sub

      Public Property MyTriangle() As Triangle
         Get
            Return myTriangleProp
         End Get
         Set(ByVal Value As Triangle)
            myTriangleProp = Value
         End Set
      End Property

   End Class

End Namespace

注解

ITypeDescriptorContext 接口提供有关组件的上下文信息。The ITypeDescriptorContext interface provides contextual information about a component. 通常在设计时使用 ITypeDescriptorContext 来提供有关设计时容器的信息。ITypeDescriptorContext is typically used at design time to provide information about a design-time container. 此接口通常用于类型转换。This interface is commonly used in type conversion. 有关详细信息,请参阅 TypeConverterFor details, see TypeConverter.

备注

设计类型转换器时,不要依赖于此接口的存在。Do not rely on the presence of this interface when you design a type converter. 如果特定接口、属性或服务是必需的,但不可用,则类型转换器应返回 null 而不是引发异常。If a particular interface, property, or service is necessary but not available, the type converter should return null rather than throw an exception. 此接口的属性可以随时返回 null,你应该对此进行规划。This interface's properties can return null at any time, and you should plan for this.

属性

Container

获取表示此 TypeDescriptor 请求的容器。Gets the container representing this TypeDescriptor request.

Instance

获取与此类型说明符请求相连接的对象。Gets the object that is connected with this type descriptor request.

PropertyDescriptor

获取与给定上下文项相关联的 PropertyDescriptorGets the PropertyDescriptor that is associated with the given context item.

方法

GetService(Type)

获取指定类型的服务对象。Gets the service object of the specified type.

(继承自 IServiceProvider)
OnComponentChanged()

引发 ComponentChanged 事件。Raises the ComponentChanged event.

OnComponentChanging()

引发 ComponentChanging 事件。Raises the ComponentChanging event.

适用于

另请参阅