InstallException InstallException InstallException InstallException Class

定义

在安装的提交、回滚或卸载阶段发生错误时引发的异常。The exception that is thrown when an error occurs during the commit, rollback, or uninstall phase of an installation.

public ref class InstallException : SystemException
[System.Serializable]
public class InstallException : SystemException
type InstallException = class
    inherit SystemException
Public Class InstallException
Inherits SystemException
继承
属性

示例

下面的示例以及InstallException构造函数中的示例共同构成了一个示例, 其中显示了一个具有自己的安装程序的程序集。The following example, plus the examples in the InstallException constructors, together make up an example showing an assembly having its own installer. 安装程序名为MyInstaller, 它有一个属性RunInstallerAttribute, 指示此安装程序将由installutil.exe (安装程序工具)调用。The installer is named MyInstaller, which has an attribute RunInstallerAttribute, indicating that this installer will be invoked by Installutil.exe (Installer Tool). Installutil.exe (安装程序工具)调用方法CommitRollback InstallUninstallInstallutil.exe (Installer Tool) calls the methods Commit, Rollback, Install and Uninstall. Commit的代码假定名为的文件FileDoesNotExist.txt在安装程序集之前已存在。The code in Commit presumes that a file named FileDoesNotExist.txt exists before the installation of the assembly can be committed. 如果文件FileDoesNotExist.txt不存在, Commit则引发InstallExceptionIf the file FileDoesNotExist.txt does not exist, Commit raises an InstallException. 这种情况Uninstall同样适用于: 仅当名为FileDoesNotExist.txt的文件存在时才会发生卸载。The same is the case with Uninstall in which an uninstallation will only happen if a file named FileDoesNotExist.txt exists. 否则, 会引发InstallExceptionOtherwise it raises an InstallException. Rollback中, 将执行代码片段, 这可能会引发异常。In Rollback, a code fragment is executed, which might raise an exception. 如果引发异常, 则将捕获该异常, 并InstallException在传递给它的异常引发。If the exception is raised, it is caught and an InstallException is raised with that exception being passed to it.

备注

在 Installutil.exe 的帮助下运行此示例。Run this example with the help of Installutil.exe. 在命令提示符下键入以下命令:Type this in the command prompt:

Installutil InstallException.exe

- 或 --or-

Installutil /u InstallException.exe

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Configuration.Install.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Configuration::Install;
using namespace System::IO;

[RunInstaller(true)]
ref class MyInstaller: public Installer
{
public:
   virtual void Install( IDictionary^ savedState ) override
   {
      Installer::Install( savedState );
      Console::WriteLine( "Install ..." );
      
      // Commit is called when install goes through successfully.
      // Rollback is called if there is any error during Install.
      // Uncommenting the code below will lead to 'RollBack' being called,
      // currently 'Commit' shall be called.
      // throw new IOException();
   }


   virtual void Commit( IDictionary^ savedState ) override
   {
      Installer::Commit( savedState );
      Console::WriteLine( "Commit ..." );
      
      // Throw an error if a particular file doesn't exist.
      if (  !File::Exists( "FileDoesNotExist.txt" ) )
            throw gcnew InstallException;

      
      // Perform the final installation if the file exists.
   }


   virtual void Rollback( IDictionary^ savedState ) override
   {
      Installer::Rollback( savedState );
      Console::WriteLine( "RollBack ..." );
      try
      {
         
         // Performing some activity during rollback that raises an 'IOException*'.
         throw gcnew IOException;
      }
      catch ( Exception^ e ) 
      {
         throw gcnew InstallException( "IOException* raised",e );
      }

      
      // Perform the remaining rollback activites if no exception raised.
   }


   virtual void Uninstall( IDictionary^ savedState ) override
   {
      Installer::Uninstall( savedState );
      Console::WriteLine( "UnInstall ..." );
      
      // Throw an error if a particular file doesn't exist.
      if (  !File::Exists( "FileDoesNotExist.txt" ) )
            throw gcnew InstallException( "The file 'FileDoesNotExist'  does not exist" );

      
      // Perform the uninstall activites if the file exists.
   }

};

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This assembly is just an example for the Installer" );
}

using System;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Collections;
using System.Configuration.Install;
using System.IO;


[RunInstaller(true)]
public class MyInstaller : Installer
{
   public override void Install(IDictionary savedState)
   {
      base.Install(savedState);
      Console.WriteLine("Install ...");

      // Commit is called when install goes through successfully.
      // Rollback is called if there is any error during Install.

      // Uncommenting the code below will lead to 'RollBack' being called,
      // currently 'Commit' shall be called.

      // throw new IOException();
   }

   public override void Commit(IDictionary savedState)
   {
      base.Commit(savedState);
      Console.WriteLine("Commit ...");
      // Throw an error if a particular file doesn't exist.
      if(!File.Exists("FileDoesNotExist.txt"))
         throw new InstallException();
      // Perform the final installation if the file exists.
   }

   public override void Rollback(IDictionary savedState)
   {
      base.Rollback(savedState);
      Console.WriteLine("RollBack ...");
      try
      {
         // Performing some activity during rollback that raises an 'IOException'.
         throw new IOException();
      }
      catch(Exception e)
      {
         throw new InstallException("IOException raised", e);
      }
      // Perform the remaining rollback activites if no exception raised.
   }

   public override void Uninstall(IDictionary savedState)
   {
      base.Uninstall(savedState);
      Console.WriteLine("UnInstall ...");
      // Throw an error if a particular file doesn't exist.
      if(!File.Exists("FileDoesNotExist.txt"))
         throw new InstallException("The file 'FileDoesNotExist'" +
            " does not exist");
      // Perform the uninstall activites if the file exists.
   }
}


// An Assembly that has its own installer.
public class MyAssembly1
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Console.WriteLine("This assembly is just an example for the Installer");
   }
}
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Configuration.Install
Imports System.IO

<RunInstaller(True)> Public Class MyInstaller
   Inherits Installer

   Public Overrides Sub Install(savedState As IDictionary)
      MyBase.Install(savedState)
      Console.WriteLine("Install ...")

     ' Commit is called when install goes through successfully.
     ' Rollback is called if there is any error during Install.
     ' Uncommenting the code below will lead to 'RollBack' being called,
     ' currently 'Commit' shall be called.
     ' throw new IOException();

   End Sub

   Public Overrides Sub Commit(savedState As IDictionary)
      MyBase.Commit(savedState)
      Console.WriteLine("Commit ...")
      ' Throw an error if a particular file doesn't exist.
      If Not File.Exists("FileDoesNotExist.txt") Then
         Throw New InstallException()
      End If
      ' Perform the final installation if the file exists.
   End Sub

   Public Overrides Sub Rollback(savedState As IDictionary)
      MyBase.Rollback(savedState)
      Console.WriteLine("RollBack ...")
      Try
         ' Performing some activity during rollback that raises an 'IOException'.
         Throw New IOException()
      Catch e As Exception
         Throw New InstallException("IOException raised", e)
      End Try
   End Sub
    ' Perform the remaining rollback activites if no exception raised.

   Public Overrides Sub Uninstall(savedState As IDictionary)
      MyBase.Uninstall(savedState)
      Console.WriteLine("UnInstall ...")
      ' Throw an error if a particular file doesn't exist.
      If Not File.Exists("FileDoesNotExist.txt") Then
         Throw New InstallException("The file 'FileDoesNotExist'" + " does not exist")
      End If
      ' Perform the uninstall activites if the file exists.
   End Sub

End Class

' An Assembly that has its own installer.
Public Class MyAssembly1
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Console.WriteLine("This assembly is just an example for the Installer")
   End Sub
End Class

构造函数

InstallException() InstallException() InstallException() InstallException()

初始化 InstallException 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the InstallException class.

InstallException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) InstallException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) InstallException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) InstallException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

用序列化数据初始化 InstallException 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the InstallException class with serialized data.

InstallException(String) InstallException(String) InstallException(String) InstallException(String)

初始化 InstallException 类的新实例,并指定要显示给用户的消息。Initializes a new instance of the InstallException class, and specifies the message to display to the user.

InstallException(String, Exception) InstallException(String, Exception) InstallException(String, Exception) InstallException(String, Exception)

初始化 InstallException 类的新实例,并指定要向用户显示的消息,以及对作为该异常原因的内部异常的引用。Initializes a new instance of the InstallException class, and specifies the message to display to the user, and a reference to the inner exception that is the cause of this exception.

属性

Data Data Data Data

获取提供有关异常的其他用户定义信息的键/值对集合。Gets a collection of key/value pairs that provide additional user-defined information about the exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
HelpLink HelpLink HelpLink HelpLink

获取或设置指向与此异常关联的帮助文件链接。Gets or sets a link to the help file associated with this exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
HResult HResult HResult HResult

获取或设置 HRESULT(一个分配给特定异常的编码数字值)。Gets or sets HRESULT, a coded numerical value that is assigned to a specific exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
InnerException InnerException InnerException InnerException

获取导致当前异常的 Exception 实例。Gets the Exception instance that caused the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
Message Message Message Message

获取描述当前异常的消息。Gets a message that describes the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
Source Source Source Source

获取或设置导致错误的应用程序或对象的名称。Gets or sets the name of the application or the object that causes the error.

(Inherited from Exception)
StackTrace StackTrace StackTrace StackTrace

获取调用堆栈上的即时框架字符串表示形式。Gets a string representation of the immediate frames on the call stack.

(Inherited from Exception)
TargetSite TargetSite TargetSite TargetSite

获取引发当前异常的方法。Gets the method that throws the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)

方法

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetBaseException() GetBaseException() GetBaseException() GetBaseException()

当在派生类中重写时,返回 Exception,它是一个或多个并发的异常的根源。When overridden in a derived class, returns the Exception that is the root cause of one or more subsequent exceptions.

(Inherited from Exception)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

当在派生类中重写时,用关于异常的信息设置 SerializationInfoWhen overridden in a derived class, sets the SerializationInfo with information about the exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

获取当前实例的运行时类型。Gets the runtime type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Exception)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

创建并返回当前异常的字符串表示形式。Creates and returns a string representation of the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)

事件

SerializeObjectState SerializeObjectState SerializeObjectState SerializeObjectState

当异常被序列化用来创建包含有关该异常的徐列出数据的异常状态对象时会出现该问题。Occurs when an exception is serialized to create an exception state object that contains serialized data about the exception.

(Inherited from Exception)

适用于

另请参阅