Console.Clear 方法

定义

清除控制台缓冲区和相应的控制台窗口的显示信息。Clears the console buffer and corresponding console window of display information.

public:
 static void Clear();
public static void Clear ();
static member Clear : unit -> unit
Public Shared Sub Clear ()

异常

出现 I/O 错误。An I/O error occurred.

示例

下面的示例使用 Clear 方法在控制台执行循环之前清除控制台,并提示用户选择前景色和背景色以及输入要显示的字符串。The following example uses the Clear method to clear the console before it executes a loop, prompts the user to select a foreground and background color and to enter a string to display. 如果用户选择不退出程序,控制台的原始前景色和背景色将被还原,并再次调用 Clear 方法,然后再重新执行循环。If the user chooses not to exit the program, the console's original foreground and background colors are restored and the Clear method is called again before re-executing the loop.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      // Save colors so they can be restored when use finishes input.
      ConsoleColor dftForeColor = Console.ForegroundColor;
      ConsoleColor dftBackColor = Console.BackgroundColor;
      bool continueFlag = true;
      Console.Clear();
            
      do { 
         ConsoleColor newForeColor = ConsoleColor.White;
         ConsoleColor newBackColor = ConsoleColor.Black;
                  
         Char foreColorSelection = GetKeyPress("Select Text Color (B for Blue, R for Red, Y for Yellow): ", 
                                              new Char[] { 'B', 'R', 'Y' } );
         switch (foreColorSelection) {
            case 'B':
            case 'b':
               newForeColor = ConsoleColor.DarkBlue;
               break;
            case 'R':
            case 'r':
               newForeColor = ConsoleColor.DarkRed;
               break;
            case 'Y':
            case 'y':
               newForeColor = ConsoleColor.DarkYellow;
               break;   
         }
         Char backColorSelection = GetKeyPress("Select Background Color (W for White, G for Green, M for Magenta): ",
                                              new Char[] { 'W', 'G', 'M' });
         switch (backColorSelection) {
            case 'W':
            case 'w':
               newBackColor = ConsoleColor.White;
               break;
            case 'G':
            case 'g':
               newBackColor = ConsoleColor.Green;
               break;
            case 'M':
            case 'm':
               newBackColor = ConsoleColor.Magenta;
               break;   
         }
         
         Console.WriteLine();
         Console.Write("Enter a message to display: ");
         String textToDisplay = Console.ReadLine();
         Console.WriteLine();
         Console.ForegroundColor = newForeColor;
         Console.BackgroundColor = newBackColor;
         Console.WriteLine(textToDisplay);
         Console.WriteLine();
         if (Char.ToUpper(GetKeyPress("Display another message (Y/N): ", new Char[] { 'Y', 'N' } )) == 'N')
            continueFlag = false;

         // Restore the default settings and clear the screen.
         Console.ForegroundColor = dftForeColor;
         Console.BackgroundColor = dftBackColor;
         Console.Clear();
      } while (continueFlag);
   }

   private static Char GetKeyPress(String msg, Char[] validChars) 
   {
      ConsoleKeyInfo keyPressed;
      bool valid = false;
      
      Console.WriteLine();
      do {
         Console.Write(msg);
         keyPressed = Console.ReadKey();
         Console.WriteLine();
         if (Array.Exists(validChars, ch => ch.Equals(Char.ToUpper(keyPressed.KeyChar))))           
            valid = true;
      } while (! valid);
      return keyPressed.KeyChar; 
   }
}
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      ' Save colors so they can be restored when use finishes input.
      Dim dftForeColor As ConsoleColor = Console.ForegroundColor
      Dim dftBackColor As ConsoleColor = Console.BackgroundColor
      Dim continueFlag As Boolean = True
      Console.Clear()
            
      Do 
         Dim newForeColor As ConsoleColor
         Dim newBackColor As ConsoleColor
                  
         Dim foreColorSelection As Char = GetKeyPress("Select Text Color (B for Blue, R for Red, Y for Yellow): ", 
                                              { "B"c, "R"c, "Y"c } )
         Select Case foreColorSelection
            Case "B"c, "b"c
               newForeColor = ConsoleColor.DarkBlue
            Case "R"c, "r"c
               newForeColor = ConsoleColor.DarkRed
            Case "Y"c, "y"c
               newForeColor = ConsoleColor.DarkYellow   
         End Select
         Dim backColorSelection As Char = GetKeyPress("Select Background Color (W for White, G for Green, M for Magenta): ",
                                              { "W"c, "G"c, "M"c })
         Select Case backColorSelection
            Case "W"c, "w"c
               newBackColor = ConsoleColor.White
            Case "G"c, "g"c
               newBackColor = ConsoleColor.Green
            Case "M"c, "m"c
               newBackColor = ConsoleColor.Magenta   
         End Select
         
         Console.WriteLine()
         Console.Write("Enter a message to display: ")
         Dim textToDisplay As String = Console.ReadLine()
         Console.WriteLine()
         Console.ForegroundColor = newForeColor
         Console.BackgroundColor = newBackColor
         Console.WriteLine(textToDisplay)
         Console.WriteLine()
         If Char.ToUpper(GetKeyPress("Display another message (Y/N): ", { "Y"c, "N"c } )) = "N" Then
            continueFlag = False
         End If
         ' Restore the default settings and clear the screen.
         Console.ForegroundColor = dftForeColor
         Console.BackgroundColor = dftBackColor
         Console.Clear()
      Loop While continueFlag
   End Sub
   
   Private Function GetKeyPress(msg As String, validChars() As Char) As Char
      Dim keyPressed As ConsoleKeyInfo
      Dim valid As Boolean = False
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Do
         Console.Write(msg)
         keyPressed = Console.ReadKey()
         Console.WriteLine()
         If Array.Exists(validChars, Function(ch As Char) ch.Equals(Char.ToUpper(keypressed.KeyChar)))           
            valid = True
         End If
      Loop While Not valid
      Return keyPressed.KeyChar 
   End Function
End Module

该示例依赖于一个 GetKeyPress 方法来验证用户选择的前景色和背景色。The example relies on a GetKeyPress method to validate the user's selection of a foreground and background color.

此示例演示 CursorLeftCursorTop 属性以及 SetCursorPositionClear 方法。This example demonstrates the CursorLeft and CursorTop properties, and the SetCursorPosition and Clear methods. 该示例定位游标,该游标确定下一次写入的位置,以使用 "+"、"|" 和 "-" 字符串的组合来绘制5个字符,每5个字符矩形。The example positions the cursor, which determines where the next write will occur, to draw a 5 character by 5 character rectangle using a combination of "+", "|", and "-" strings. 请注意,可以使用其他字符串的组合来绘制矩形,并减少步骤。Note that the rectangle could be drawn with fewer steps using a combination of other strings.

// This example demonstrates the 
//     Console.CursorLeft and 
//     Console.CursorTop properties, and the
//     Console.SetCursorPosition and 
//     Console.Clear methods.
using namespace System;
int origRow;
int origCol;
void WriteAt( String^ s, int x, int y )
{
   try
   {
      Console::SetCursorPosition( origCol + x, origRow + y );
      Console::Write( s );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentOutOfRangeException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::Clear();
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }

}

int main()
{
   
   // Clear the screen, then save the top and left coordinates.
   Console::Clear();
   origRow = Console::CursorTop;
   origCol = Console::CursorLeft;
   
   // Draw the left side of a 5x5 rectangle, from top to bottom.
   WriteAt( "+", 0, 0 );
   WriteAt( "|", 0, 1 );
   WriteAt( "|", 0, 2 );
   WriteAt( "|", 0, 3 );
   WriteAt( "+", 0, 4 );
   
   // Draw the bottom side, from left to right.
   WriteAt( "-", 1, 4 ); // shortcut: WriteAt("---", 1, 4)
   WriteAt( "-", 2, 4 ); // ...
   WriteAt( "-", 3, 4 ); // ...
   WriteAt( "+", 4, 4 );
   
   // Draw the right side, from bottom to top.
   WriteAt( "|", 4, 3 );
   WriteAt( "|", 4, 2 );
   WriteAt( "|", 4, 1 );
   WriteAt( "+", 4, 0 );
   
   // Draw the top side, from right to left.
   WriteAt( "-", 3, 0 ); // shortcut: WriteAt("---", 1, 0)
   WriteAt( "-", 2, 0 ); // ...
   WriteAt( "-", 1, 0 ); // ...
   
   //
   WriteAt( "All done!", 0, 6 );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

+---+
|   |
|   |
|   |
+---+

All done!

*/
// This example demonstrates the 
//     Console.CursorLeft and 
//     Console.CursorTop properties, and the
//     Console.SetCursorPosition and 
//     Console.Clear methods.
using System;

class Sample 
{
    protected static int origRow;
    protected static int origCol;

    protected static void WriteAt(string s, int x, int y)
    {
    try
        {
        Console.SetCursorPosition(origCol+x, origRow+y);
        Console.Write(s);
        }
    catch (ArgumentOutOfRangeException e)
        {
        Console.Clear();
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
    }

    public static void Main() 
    {
// Clear the screen, then save the top and left coordinates.
    Console.Clear();
    origRow = Console.CursorTop;
    origCol = Console.CursorLeft;

// Draw the left side of a 5x5 rectangle, from top to bottom.
    WriteAt("+", 0, 0);
    WriteAt("|", 0, 1);
    WriteAt("|", 0, 2);
    WriteAt("|", 0, 3);
    WriteAt("+", 0, 4);

// Draw the bottom side, from left to right.
    WriteAt("-", 1, 4); // shortcut: WriteAt("---", 1, 4)
    WriteAt("-", 2, 4); // ...
    WriteAt("-", 3, 4); // ...
    WriteAt("+", 4, 4);

// Draw the right side, from bottom to top.
    WriteAt("|", 4, 3);
    WriteAt("|", 4, 2);
    WriteAt("|", 4, 1);
    WriteAt("+", 4, 0);

// Draw the top side, from right to left.
    WriteAt("-", 3, 0); // shortcut: WriteAt("---", 1, 0)
    WriteAt("-", 2, 0); // ...
    WriteAt("-", 1, 0); // ...
//
    WriteAt("All done!", 0, 6);
    Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

+---+
|   |
|   |
|   |
+---+

All done!

*/
' This example demonstrates the 
'     Console.CursorLeft and 
'     Console.CursorTop properties, and the
'     Console.SetCursorPosition and 
'     Console.Clear methods.
Class Sample
   Protected Shared origRow As Integer
   Protected Shared origCol As Integer
   
   Protected Shared Sub WriteAt(s As String, x As Integer, y As Integer)
      Try
         Console.SetCursorPosition(origCol + x, origRow + y)
         Console.Write(s)
      Catch e As ArgumentOutOfRangeException
         Console.Clear()
         Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
      End Try
   End Sub
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      ' Clear the screen, then save the top and left coordinates.
      Console.Clear()
      origRow = Console.CursorTop
      origCol = Console.CursorLeft
      
      ' Draw the left side of a 5x5 rectangle, from top to bottom.
      WriteAt("+", 0, 0)
      WriteAt("|", 0, 1)
      WriteAt("|", 0, 2)
      WriteAt("|", 0, 3)
      WriteAt("+", 0, 4)
      
      ' Draw the bottom side, from left to right.
      WriteAt("-", 1, 4) ' shortcut: WriteAt("---", 1, 4)
      WriteAt("-", 2, 4) ' ...
      WriteAt("-", 3, 4) ' ...
      WriteAt("+", 4, 4)
      
      ' Draw the right side, from bottom to top.
      WriteAt("|", 4, 3)
      WriteAt("|", 4, 2)
      WriteAt("|", 4, 1)
      WriteAt("+", 4, 0)
      
      ' Draw the top side, from right to left.
      WriteAt("-", 3, 0) ' shortcut: WriteAt("---", 1, 0)
      WriteAt("-", 2, 0) ' ...
      WriteAt("-", 1, 0) ' ...
      '
      WriteAt("All done!", 0, 6)
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'+---+
'|   |
'|   |
'|   |
'+---+
'
'All done!
'

注解

使用 Clear 方法等效于在命令提示符窗口中调用 MS-DOS cls 命令。Using the Clear method is equivalent invoking the MS-DOS cls command in the command prompt window. 调用 Clear 方法时,光标将自动滚动到窗口的左上角,而屏幕缓冲区的内容则使用当前前景背景色设置为空白。When the Clear method is called, the cursor automatically scrolls to the top-left corner of the window and the contents of the screen buffer are set to blanks using the current foreground background colors.

备注

当控制台应用程序的输出重定向到某个文件时,尝试调用 Clear 方法将引发 IOExceptionAttempting to call the Clear method when a console application's output is redirected to a file throws a IOException. 若要防止出现这种情况, 请始终Clear将对方法try的调用包装到 ...catchTo prevent this, always wrap a call to the Clear method in a trycatch 模块.block.

适用于