DateTime.ToUniversalTime 方法

定义

将当前 DateTime 对象的值转换为协调世界时 (UTC)。

public:
 DateTime ToUniversalTime();
public DateTime ToUniversalTime ();
member this.ToUniversalTime : unit -> DateTime
Public Function ToUniversalTime () As DateTime

返回

DateTime

其属性为Utc的对象Kind,其值为与当前DateTime对象的值等效的 UTC;如果转换后的值太大而无法由DateTime对象表示,则为 DateTime.MaxValue;如果转换后的值太小,无法由DateTime对象表示,则为 DateTime.MinValue

示例

下面的示例演示 ToUniversalTime 方法。

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   Console::WriteLine("Enter a date and time.");
   String^ strDateTime = Console::ReadLine();

   DateTime localDateTime, univDateTime;
   try
   {
      localDateTime = DateTime::Parse(strDateTime);
      univDateTime = localDateTime.ToUniversalTime();
    
      Console::WriteLine("{0} local time is {1} universal time.",
                         localDateTime, univDateTime );
   }
   catch (FormatException^) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine("Invalid format.");
      return;
   }

   Console::WriteLine("Enter a date and time in universal time.");
   strDateTime = Console::ReadLine();

   try
   {
      univDateTime = DateTime::Parse(strDateTime);
      localDateTime = univDateTime.ToLocalTime();
  
      Console::WriteLine("{0} universal time is {1} local time.",
                         univDateTime, localDateTime );
   }
   catch (FormatException^) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine("Invalid format.");
      return;
   }
}
// The example displays output like the following when run on a 
// computer whose culture is en-US in the Pacific Standard Time zone:
//     Enter a date and time.
//     12/10/2015 6:18 AM
//     12/10/2015 6:18:00 AM local time is 12/10/2015 2:18:00 PM universal time.
//     Enter a date and time in universal time.
//     12/20/2015 6:42:00
//     12/20/2015 6:42:00 AM universal time is 12/19/2015 10:42:00 PM local time.
open System

printfn "Enter a date and time."

try
    let strDateTime = stdin.ReadLine()
    let localDateTime = DateTime.Parse strDateTime
    let univDateTime = localDateTime.ToUniversalTime()

    printfn $"{localDateTime} local time is {univDateTime} universal time."

with :? FormatException ->
    printfn "Invalid format."

printfn "Enter a date and time in universal time."

try
    let strDateTime = stdin.ReadLine()
    let univDateTime = DateTime.Parse strDateTime
    let localDateTime = univDateTime.ToLocalTime()

    printfn $"{univDateTime} universal time is {localDateTime} local time."

with :? FormatException ->
    printfn "Invalid format."

// The example displays output like the following when run on a
// computer whose culture is en-US in the Pacific Standard Time zone:
//     Enter a date and time.
//     12/10/2015 6:18 AM
//     12/10/2015 6:18:00 AM local time is 12/10/2015 2:18:00 PM universal time.
//     Enter a date and time in universal time.
//     12/20/2015 6:42:00
//     12/20/2015 6:42:00 AM universal time is 12/19/2015 10:42:00 PM local time.
using System;

class Example
{
    static void Main()
    {
        DateTime localDateTime, univDateTime;
        
        Console.WriteLine("Enter a date and time.");
        string strDateTime = Console.ReadLine();

        try {
            localDateTime = DateTime.Parse(strDateTime);
            univDateTime = localDateTime.ToUniversalTime();

            Console.WriteLine("{0} local time is {1} universal time.",
                                localDateTime,
                                    univDateTime);
        }
        catch (FormatException) {
            Console.WriteLine("Invalid format.");
            return;
        }

        Console.WriteLine("Enter a date and time in universal time.");
        strDateTime = Console.ReadLine();

        try {
            univDateTime = DateTime.Parse(strDateTime);
            localDateTime = univDateTime.ToLocalTime();

            Console.WriteLine("{0} universal time is {1} local time.",
                                     univDateTime,
                                     localDateTime);
        }
        catch (FormatException) {
            Console.WriteLine("Invalid format.");
            return;
        }
    }
}
// The example displays output like the following when run on a
// computer whose culture is en-US in the Pacific Standard Time zone:
//     Enter a date and time.
//     12/10/2015 6:18 AM
//     12/10/2015 6:18:00 AM local time is 12/10/2015 2:18:00 PM universal time.
//     Enter a date and time in universal time.
//     12/20/2015 6:42:00
//     12/20/2015 6:42:00 AM universal time is 12/19/2015 10:42:00 PM local time.
Module Example
    Sub Main()
      Dim localDateTime, univDateTime As DateTime
      
      Console.WriteLine("Enter a date and time.")
      Dim strDateTime As String = Console.ReadLine()
      Try
         localDateTime = DateTime.Parse(strDateTime)
         univDateTime = localDateTime.ToUniversalTime()
         Console.WriteLine("{0} local time is {1} universal time.", 
                           localDateTime, univDateTime)
      Catch exp As FormatException
         Console.WriteLine("Invalid format.")
      End Try

      Console.WriteLine("Enter a date and time in universal time.")
      strDateTime = Console.ReadLine()
      Try
         univDateTime = DateTime.Parse(strDateTime)
         localDateTime = univDateTime.ToLocalTime()
  
         Console.WriteLine("{0} universal time is {1} local time.", _
                           univDateTime, localDateTime)
      Catch exp As FormatException
         Console.WriteLine("Invalid format.")
      End Try
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays output like the following when run on a 
' computer whose culture is en-US in the Pacific Standard Time zone:
'     Enter a date and time.
'     12/10/2015 6:18 AM
'     12/10/2015 6:18:00 AM local time is 12/10/2015 2:18:00 PM universal time.
'     Enter a date and time in universal time.
'     12/20/2015 6:42:00
'     12/20/2015 6:42:00 AM universal time is 12/19/2015 10:42:00 PM local time.

下面的示例使用SpecifyKind该方法演示属性ToLocalTime如何影响KindToUniversalTime转换方法。

// This code example demonstrates the DateTime Kind, Now, and
// UtcNow properties, and the SpecifyKind(), ToLocalTime(),
// and ToUniversalTime() methods.

open System

// Display the value and Kind property of a DateTime structure, the
// DateTime structure converted to local time, and the DateTime
// structure converted to universal time.

let datePatt = @"M/d/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt"

let display title (inputDt: DateTime) =
    // Display the original DateTime.

    let dispDt = inputDt
    let dtString = dispDt.ToString datePatt
    printfn $"%s{title} {dtString}, Kind = {dispDt.Kind}"

    // Convert inputDt to local time and display the result.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is performed.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is not performed.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is
    // performed as if inputDt was universal time.

    let dispDt = inputDt.ToLocalTime()
    let dtString = dispDt.ToString datePatt
    printfn $"  ToLocalTime:     {dtString}, Kind = {dispDt.Kind}"

    // Convert inputDt to universal time and display the result.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is not performed.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is performed.
    // If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is
    // performed as if inputDt was local time.

    let dispDt = inputDt.ToUniversalTime()
    let dtString = dispDt.ToString datePatt
    printfn $"  ToUniversalTime: {dtString}, Kind = {dispDt.Kind}\n" 

    // Display the value and Kind property for DateTime.Now and DateTime.UtcNow.

let displayNow title (inputDt: DateTime) =
    let dtString = inputDt.ToString datePatt
    printfn $"%s{title} {dtString}, Kind = {inputDt.Kind}"

[<EntryPoint>]
let main _ =

    // Get the date and time for the current moment, adjusted
    // to the local time zone.

    let saveNow = DateTime.Now

    // Get the date and time for the current moment expressed
    // as coordinated universal time (UTC).

    let saveUtcNow = DateTime.UtcNow

    // Display the value and Kind property of the current moment
    // expressed as UTC and local time.

    displayNow "UtcNow: .........." saveUtcNow
    displayNow "Now: ............." saveNow
    printfn ""

    // Change the Kind property of the current moment to
    // DateTimeKind.Utc and display the result.

    let myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Utc)
    display "Utc: ............." myDt

    // Change the Kind property of the current moment to
    // DateTimeKind.Local and display the result.

    let myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Local)
    display "Local: ..........." myDt

    // Change the Kind property of the current moment to
    // DateTimeKind.Unspecified and display the result.

    let myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Unspecified)
    display "Unspecified: ....." myDt

    0


// This code example produces the following results:
//
// UtcNow: .......... 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
// Now: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
//
// Utc: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
//   ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
//   ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
//
// Local: ........... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
//   ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
//   ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
//
// Unspecified: ..... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Unspecified
//   ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
//   ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
// This code example demonstrates the DateTime Kind, Now, and
// UtcNow properties, and the SpecifyKind(), ToLocalTime(),
// and ToUniversalTime() methods.

using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
// Get the date and time for the current moment, adjusted
// to the local time zone.

    DateTime saveNow = DateTime.Now;

// Get the date and time for the current moment expressed
// as coordinated universal time (UTC).

    DateTime saveUtcNow = DateTime.UtcNow;
    DateTime myDt;

// Display the value and Kind property of the current moment
// expressed as UTC and local time.

    DisplayNow("UtcNow: ..........", saveUtcNow);
    DisplayNow("Now: .............", saveNow);
    Console.WriteLine();

// Change the Kind property of the current moment to
// DateTimeKind.Utc and display the result.

    myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Utc);
    Display("Utc: .............", myDt);

// Change the Kind property of the current moment to
// DateTimeKind.Local and display the result.

    myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Local);
    Display("Local: ...........", myDt);

// Change the Kind property of the current moment to
// DateTimeKind.Unspecified and display the result.

    myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Unspecified);
    Display("Unspecified: .....", myDt);
    }

// Display the value and Kind property of a DateTime structure, the
// DateTime structure converted to local time, and the DateTime
// structure converted to universal time.

    public static string datePatt = @"M/d/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt";
    public static void Display(string title, DateTime inputDt)
    {
    DateTime dispDt = inputDt;
    string dtString;

// Display the original DateTime.

    dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt);
    Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}",
                      title, dtString, dispDt.Kind);

// Convert inputDt to local time and display the result.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is performed.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is not performed.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is
// performed as if inputDt was universal time.

    dispDt = inputDt.ToLocalTime();
    dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt);
    Console.WriteLine("  ToLocalTime:     {0}, Kind = {1}",
                      dtString, dispDt.Kind);

// Convert inputDt to universal time and display the result.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is not performed.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is performed.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is
// performed as if inputDt was local time.

    dispDt = inputDt.ToUniversalTime();
    dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt);
    Console.WriteLine("  ToUniversalTime: {0}, Kind = {1}",
                      dtString, dispDt.Kind);
    Console.WriteLine();
    }

// Display the value and Kind property for DateTime.Now and DateTime.UtcNow.

    public static void DisplayNow(string title, DateTime inputDt)
    {
    string dtString = inputDt.ToString(datePatt);
    Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}",
                      title, dtString, inputDt.Kind);
    }
}

/*
This code example produces the following results:

UtcNow: .......... 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
Now: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local

Utc: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc

Local: ........... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc

Unspecified: ..... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Unspecified
  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc

*/

' This code example demonstrates the DateTime Kind, Now, and
' UtcNow properties, and the SpecifyKind(), ToLocalTime(), 
' and ToUniversalTime() methods.
Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        ' Get the date and time for the current moment, adjusted 
        ' to the local time zone.
        Dim saveNow As DateTime = DateTime.Now
        
        ' Get the date and time for the current moment expressed 
        ' as coordinated universal time (UTC).
        Dim saveUtcNow As DateTime = DateTime.UtcNow
        Dim myDt As DateTime
        
        ' Display the value and Kind property of the current moment 
        ' expressed as UTC and local time.
        DisplayNow("UtcNow: ..........", saveUtcNow)
        DisplayNow("Now: .............", saveNow)
        Console.WriteLine()
        
        ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
        ' DateTimeKind.Utc and display the result.
        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Utc)
        Display("Utc: .............", myDt)
        
        ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
        ' DateTimeKind.Local and display the result.
        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Local)
        Display("Local: ...........", myDt)
        
        ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
        ' DateTimeKind.Unspecified and display the result.
        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Unspecified)
        Display("Unspecified: .....", myDt)
    End Sub
    
    ' Display the value and Kind property of a DateTime structure, the 
    ' DateTime structure converted to local time, and the DateTime 
    ' structure converted to universal time. 

    Public Shared datePatt As String = "M/d/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt"
    
    Public Shared Sub Display(ByVal title As String, ByVal inputDt As DateTime) 
        Dim dispDt As DateTime = inputDt
        Dim dtString As String
        
        ' Display the original DateTime.
        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}", title, dtString, dispDt.Kind)
        
        ' Convert inputDt to local time and display the result. 
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is not performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is 
        ' performed as if inputDt was universal time.
        dispDt = inputDt.ToLocalTime()
        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("  ToLocalTime:     {0}, Kind = {1}", dtString, dispDt.Kind)
        
        ' Convert inputDt to universal time and display the result. 
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is not performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is 
        ' performed as if inputDt was local time.
        dispDt = inputDt.ToUniversalTime()
        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("  ToUniversalTime: {0}, Kind = {1}", dtString, dispDt.Kind)
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
    
    
    ' Display the value and Kind property for DateTime.Now and DateTime.UtcNow.

    Public Shared Sub DisplayNow(ByVal title As String, ByVal inputDt As DateTime) 
        Dim dtString As String = inputDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}", title, dtString, inputDt.Kind)
    End Sub
End Class

'
'This code example produces the following results:
'
'UtcNow: .......... 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'Now: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'
'Utc: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'
'Local: ........... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'
'Unspecified: ..... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Unspecified
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'

注解

协调世界时 (UTC) 等于本地时间减去 UTC 偏移量。 有关 UTC 偏移量的详细信息,请参阅 TimeZoneInfo.GetUtcOffset。 转换还考虑到适用于当前 DateTime 对象所表示的时间的夏令时规则。

重要

在Windows XP 系统上,该方法ToUniversalTime仅识别从本地时间转换为 UTC 时的当前调整规则。 因此,当前调整规则生效前的时间段转换可能无法准确反映本地时间和 UTC 之间的差异。

从 .NET Framework 版本 2.0 开始,该方法返回ToUniversalTime的值由Kind当前DateTime对象的属性确定。 下表描述了可能的结果。

种类 结果
Utc 不执行转换。
Local 当前 DateTime 对象转换为 UTC。
Unspecified 假定当前 DateTime 对象是本地时间,并且转换将按原 KindLocal执行。

备注

该方法 ToUniversalTimeDateTime 值从本地时间转换为 UTC。 若要将非本地时区中的时间转换为 UTC,请使用 TimeZoneInfo.ConvertTimeToUtc(DateTime, TimeZoneInfo) 该方法。 若要转换与 UTC 的偏移量已知的时间,请使用 ToUniversalTime 该方法。

如果日期和时间实例值是一个不明确的时间,则此方法假定它是标准时间。 (不明确的时间是可以映射到标准时间,也可以映射到本地时区中的夏令时) 如果日期和时间实例值无效,此方法只需从本地时区的 UTC 偏移量中减去本地时间以返回 UTC。 (无效时间是由于夏令时调整规则而不存在的时间。)

调用方说明

此方法 ToUniversalTime() 有时用于将本地时间转换为 UTC。 ToLocalTime()然后调用该方法以还原原始本地时间。 但是,如果原始时间表示本地时区中的无效时间,则两个本地时间值将不相等。 有关其他信息和示例,请参阅 ToLocalTime() 该方法。

在Windows XP 系统上,该方法ToUniversalTime()仅识别本地时区的当前调整规则,该规则适用于所有日期,包括下层日期 (,即早于当前调整规则开始日期的日期) 。 在需要历史准确本地日期和时间计算的 Windows XP 上运行的应用程序必须使用该方法检索TimeZoneInfo对应于本地时区并调用其ConvertTimeToUtc(DateTime, TimeZoneInfo)方法的对象来解决此问题FindSystemTimeZoneById(String)

以下示例演示了美国太平洋时区中Windows XP 系统上的方法之间的差异ToUniversalTime()ConvertTimeToUtc(DateTime, TimeZoneInfo)。 前两个方法调用应用当前时区调整规则 (,该规则于 2007 年生效,) 到 2006 年的日期。 目前的调整规则规定,在三月的第二个星期日过渡到夏令时:上一条规则在2006年生效,规定在4月的第一个星期日过渡到夏令时。 只有第三个方法调用准确执行此历史日期和时间转换。

:::code language=“csharp” source=“~/snippets/csharp/System/DateTime/ToUniversalTime/touniversaltime.cs” id=“Snippet1”::: :::code language=“fsharp” source=“~/snippets/fsharp/VS_Snippets_CLR_System/system.datetime.touniversaltime/fs/touniversaltime.fs” id=“Snippet1”:::::code language=“vb” source=“~/snippets/visualbasic/VS_Snippets_CLR_System/system.datetime.touniversaltime/vb/touniversaltime.vb” id=“Snippet1”::

适用于

另请参阅