Decimal.Explicit 运算符

定义

定义 Decimal 对象与其他类型之间的显式转换。

重载

Explicit(Single to Decimal)

定义从单精度浮点数到 Decimal 的显式转换。

Explicit(Double to Decimal)

定义从双精度浮点数到 Decimal 的显式转换。

Explicit(Decimal to UInt32)

定义从 Decimal 到 32 位无符号整数的显式转换。

此 API 不兼容 CLS。

Explicit(Decimal to UInt16)

定义从 Decimal 到 16 位无符号整数的显式转换。

此 API 不兼容 CLS。

Explicit(Decimal to Single)

定义从 Decimal 到单精度浮点数的显式转换。

Explicit(Decimal to SByte)

定义从 Decimal 到 8 位有符号整数的显式转换。

此 API 不兼容 CLS。

Explicit(Decimal to UInt64)

定义从 Decimal 到 64 位无符号整数的显式转换。

此 API 不兼容 CLS。

Explicit(Decimal to Int32)

定义从 Decimal 到 32 位有符号整数的显式转换。

Explicit(Decimal to Int16)

定义从 Decimal 到 16 位有符号整数的显式转换。

Explicit(Decimal to Double)

定义从 Decimal 到双精度浮点数的显式转换。

Explicit(Decimal to Char)

定义从 Unicode 字符到 Decimal 的显式转换。

Explicit(Decimal to Byte)

定义从 Decimal 到 8 位无符号整数的显式转换。

Explicit(Decimal to Int64)

定义从 Decimal 到 64 位有符号整数的显式转换。

Explicit(Single to Decimal)

定义从单精度浮点数到 Decimal 的显式转换。

public:
 static explicit operator System::Decimal(float value);
public static explicit operator decimal (float value);
static member op_Explicit : single -> decimal
Public Shared Narrowing Operator CType (value As Single) As Decimal

参数

value
Single

要转换的单精度浮点数。

返回

Decimal

已转换的单精度浮点数。

例外

value 大于 MaxValue 或小于 MinValue

  • 或 -

valueNaNPositiveInfinityNegativeInfinity

示例

以下示例使用SingleDecimal转换运算符将值转换为SingleDecimal数字。 此转换需要Visual Basic中的op_Explicit运算符。

// Example of the explicit conversion from float to Decimal.
using namespace System;
#define formatter "{0,16:E7}{1,33}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}


// Convert the float argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
void DecimalFromSingle( float argument )
{
   Object^ decValue;
   
   // Convert the float argument to a Decimal value.
   try
   {
      decValue = (Decimal)argument;
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      decValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( formatter, argument, decValue );
}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the explicit conversion from float "
   "to Decimal \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "float argument", "Decimal value" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "--------------", "-------------" );
   
   // Convert float values and display the results.
   DecimalFromSingle( 1.2345E-30F );
   DecimalFromSingle( 1.2345E-26F );
   DecimalFromSingle( 1.23456E-22F );
   DecimalFromSingle( 1.23456E-12F );
   DecimalFromSingle( 1.234567F );
   DecimalFromSingle( 1.234567E+12F );
   DecimalFromSingle( 1.2345678E+28F );
   DecimalFromSingle( 1.2345678E+30F );
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversion from float to Decimal
generates the following output.

  float argument                    Decimal value
  --------------                    -------------
  1.2345000E-030                                0
  1.2345000E-026   0.0000000000000000000000000123
  1.2345600E-022    0.000000000000000000000123456
  1.2345600E-012              0.00000000000123456
  1.2345671E+000                         1.234567
  1.2345670E+012                    1234567000000
  1.2345678E+028    12345680000000000000000000000
  1.2345678E+030                OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversion from float to decimal.
using System;

class DecimalFromSingleDemo
{
    const string formatter = "{0,16:E7}{1,33}";

    // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring(
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    // Convert the float argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
    public static void DecimalFromSingle( float argument )
    {
        object decValue;

        // Convert the float argument to a decimal value.
        try
        {
            decValue = (decimal)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            decValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, argument, decValue );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        Console.WriteLine(
            "This example of the explicit conversion from float " +
            "to decimal \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "float argument",
            "decimal value" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "--------------",
            "-------------" );

        // Convert float values and display the results.
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.2345E-30F );
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.2345E-26F );
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.23456E-22F );
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.23456E-12F );
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.234567F );
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.234567E+12F );
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.2345678E+28F );
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.2345678E+30F );
    }
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversion from float to decimal
generates the following output.

  float argument                    decimal value
  --------------                    -------------
  1.2345000E-030                                0
  1.2345000E-026   0.0000000000000000000000000123
  1.2345600E-022    0.000000000000000000000123456
  1.2345600E-012              0.00000000000123456
  1.2345671E+000                         1.234567
  1.2345670E+012                    1234567000000
  1.2345678E+028    12345680000000000000000000000
  1.2345678E+030                OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversion from float to decimal.
let print obj1 obj2 = printfn $"{obj1,16:E7}{obj2,33}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
let getExceptionType (ex: exn) =
    let exceptionType = ex.GetType() |> string
    exceptionType.Substring(exceptionType.LastIndexOf '.' + 1)

// Convert the float argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
let decimalFromSingle (argument: float32) =
    // Convert the float argument to a decimal value.
    try
        decimal argument
        |> print argument
    with ex ->
        getExceptionType ex
        |> print argument

printfn "This example of the explicit conversion from float to decimal \ngenerates the following output.\n"
print "float argument" "decimal value"
print "--------------" "-------------"

// Convert float values and display the results.
decimalFromSingle 1.2345E-30f
decimalFromSingle 1.2345E-26f
decimalFromSingle 1.23456E-22f
decimalFromSingle 1.23456E-12f
decimalFromSingle 1.234567f
decimalFromSingle 1.234567E+12f
decimalFromSingle 1.2345678E+28f
decimalFromSingle 1.2345678E+30f


// This example of the explicit conversion from float to decimal
// generates the following output.
//
//   float argument                    decimal value
//   --------------                    -------------
//   1.2345000E-030                                0
//   1.2345000E-026   0.0000000000000000000000000123
//   1.2345600E-022    0.000000000000000000000123456
//   1.2345600E-012              0.00000000000123456
//   1.2345671E+000                         1.234567
//   1.2345670E+012                    1234567000000
//   1.2345678E+028    12345680000000000000000000000
//   1.2345678E+030                OverflowException
' Example of the explicit conversion from Single to Decimal.
Module DecimalFromSingleDemo

    Const formatter As String = "{0,16:E7}{1,33}"
 
    ' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String

        Dim exceptionType   As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( )
        Return exceptionType.Substring( _
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 )
    End Function

    ' Convert the Single argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
    Sub DecimalFromSingle( argument As Single )

        Dim decValue    As Object
          
        ' Convert the Single argument to a Decimal value.
        Try
            decValue = Decimal.op_Explicit( argument )
        Catch ex As Exception
            decValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        ' Display the Decimal.
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, argument, decValue )
    End Sub 
       
    Sub Main( )

        Console.WriteLine( _
            "This example of the explicit conversion from Single " & _
            "to Decimal " & vbCrLf & "generates the following " & _
            "output." & vbCrLf )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "Single argument", _
            "Decimal value" )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "---------------", _
            "-------------" )
          
        ' Convert Single values and display the results.
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.2345E-30 )
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.2345E-26 )
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.23456E-22 )
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.23456E-12 )
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.234567 )
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.234567E+12 )
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.2345678E+28 ) 
        DecimalFromSingle( 1.2345678E+30 )
    End Sub 
End Module

' This example of the explicit conversion from Single to Decimal
' generates the following output.
' 
'  Single argument                    Decimal value
'  ---------------                    -------------
'   1.2345000E-030                                0
'   1.2345000E-026   0.0000000000000000000000000123
'   1.2345600E-022    0.000000000000000000000123456
'   1.2345600E-012              0.00000000000123456
'   1.2345671E+000                         1.234567
'   1.2345670E+012                    1234567000000
'   1.2345678E+028    12345680000000000000000000000
'   1.2345678E+030                OverflowException

另请参阅

适用于

Explicit(Double to Decimal)

定义从双精度浮点数到 Decimal 的显式转换。

public:
 static explicit operator System::Decimal(double value);
public static explicit operator decimal (double value);
static member op_Explicit : double -> decimal
Public Shared Narrowing Operator CType (value As Double) As Decimal

参数

value
Double

要转换的双精度浮点数。

返回

Decimal

已转换的双精度浮点数。

例外

value 大于 MaxValue 或小于 MinValue

  • 或 -

valueNaNPositiveInfinityNegativeInfinity

示例

以下示例使用DoubleDecimal转换运算符将值转换为DoubleDecimal数字。 此转换需要Visual Basic中的op_Explicit运算符。

// Example of the explicit conversion from double to Decimal.
using namespace System;
#define formatter "{0,25:E16}{1,33}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}


// Convert the double argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
void DecimalFromDouble( double argument )
{
   Object^ decValue;
   
   // Convert the double argument to a Decimal value.
   try
   {
      decValue = (Decimal)argument;
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      decValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( formatter, argument, decValue );
}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the explicit conversion from double "
   "to Decimal \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "double argument", "Decimal value" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "---------------", "-------------" );
   
   // Convert double values and display the results.
   DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123E-30 );
   DecimalFromDouble( 1.2345678901234E-25 );
   DecimalFromDouble( 1.23456789012345E-20 );
   DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456E-10 );
   DecimalFromDouble( 1.2345678901234567 );
   DecimalFromDouble( 1.23456789012345678E+12 );
   DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456789E+28 );
   DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456789E+30 );
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversion from double to Decimal
generates the following output.

          double argument                    Decimal value
          ---------------                    -------------
  1.2345678901230000E-030                                0
  1.2345678901233999E-025   0.0000000000000000000000001235
  1.2345678901234499E-020   0.0000000000000000000123456789
  1.2345678901234560E-010       0.000000000123456789012346
  1.2345678901234567E+000                 1.23456789012346
  1.2345678901234568E+012                 1234567890123.46
  1.2345678901234568E+028    12345678901234600000000000000
  1.2345678901234569E+030                OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversion from double to decimal.
using System;

class DecimalFromDoubleDemo
{
    const string formatter = "{0,25:E16}{1,33}";

    // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring(
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    // Convert the double argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
    public static void DecimalFromDouble( double argument )
    {
        object decValue;

        // Convert the double argument to a decimal value.
        try
        {
            decValue = (decimal)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            decValue = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, argument, decValue );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        Console.WriteLine(
            "This example of the explicit conversion from double " +
            "to decimal \ngenerates the following output.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "double argument",
            "decimal value" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "---------------",
            "-------------" );

        // Convert double values and display the results.
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123E-30 );
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.2345678901234E-25 );
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.23456789012345E-20 );
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456E-10 );
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.2345678901234567 );
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.23456789012345678E+12 );
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456789E+28 );
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456789E+30 );
    }
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversion from double to decimal
generates the following output.

          double argument                    decimal value
          ---------------                    -------------
  1.2345678901230000E-030                                0
  1.2345678901233999E-025   0.0000000000000000000000001235
  1.2345678901234499E-020   0.0000000000000000000123456789
  1.2345678901234560E-010       0.000000000123456789012346
  1.2345678901234567E+000                 1.23456789012346
  1.2345678901234568E+012                 1234567890123.46
  1.2345678901234568E+028    12345678901234600000000000000
  1.2345678901234569E+030                OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversion from double to decimal.
let print obj1 obj2 = printfn $"{obj1,25:E16}{obj2,33}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
let getExceptionType (ex: exn) =
    let exceptionType = ex.GetType() |> string
    exceptionType.Substring(exceptionType.LastIndexOf '.' + 1)

// Convert the double argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
let decimalFromDouble (argument: double) =
    // Convert the double argument to a decimal value.
    try
        decimal argument
        |> print argument
    with ex ->
        getExceptionType ex
        |> print argument


printfn "This example of the explicit conversion from double to decimal \ngenerates the following output.\n"
print "double argument" "decimal value"
print "---------------" "-------------"

// Convert double values and display the results.
decimalFromDouble 1.234567890123E-30
decimalFromDouble 1.2345678901234E-25
decimalFromDouble 1.23456789012345E-20
decimalFromDouble 1.234567890123456E-10
decimalFromDouble 1.2345678901234567
decimalFromDouble 1.23456789012345678E+12
decimalFromDouble 1.234567890123456789E+28
decimalFromDouble 1.234567890123456789E+30


// This example of the explicit conversion from double to decimal
// generates the following output.

//           double argument                    decimal value
//           ---------------                    -------------
//   1.2345678901230000E-030                                0
//   1.2345678901233999E-025   0.0000000000000000000000001235
//   1.2345678901234499E-020   0.0000000000000000000123456789
//   1.2345678901234560E-010       0.000000000123456789012346
//   1.2345678901234567E+000                 1.23456789012346
//   1.2345678901234568E+012                 1234567890123.46
//   1.2345678901234568E+028    12345678901234600000000000000
//   1.2345678901234569E+030                OverflowException
' Example of the explicit conversion from Double to Decimal.
Module DecimalFromDoubleDemo

    Const formatter As String = "{0,25:E16}{1,33}"
 
    ' Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    Function GetExceptionType( ex As Exception ) As String

        Dim exceptionType   As String = ex.GetType( ).ToString( )
        Return exceptionType.Substring( _
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( "."c ) + 1 )
    End Function

    ' Convert the Double argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
    Sub DecimalFromDouble( argument As Double )

        Dim decValue    As Object
          
        ' Convert the Double argument to a Decimal value.
        Try
            decValue = Decimal.op_Explicit( argument )
        Catch ex As Exception
            decValue = GetExceptionType( ex )
        End Try

        ' Display the Decimal.
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, argument, decValue )
    End Sub 
       
    Sub Main( )

        Console.WriteLine( _
            "This example of the explicit conversion from Double " & _
            "to Decimal " & vbCrLf & "generates the following " & _
            "output." & vbCrLf )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "Double argument", _
            "Decimal value" )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "---------------", _
            "-------------" )
          
        ' Convert Double values and display the results.
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123E-30 )
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.2345678901234E-25 )
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.23456789012345E-20 )
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456E-10 )
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.2345678901234567 )
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.23456789012345678E+12 )
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456789E+28 ) 
        DecimalFromDouble( 1.234567890123456789E+30 )
    End Sub 
End Module

' This example of the explicit conversion from Double to Decimal
' generates the following output.
'
'           Double argument                    Decimal value
'           ---------------                    -------------
'   1.2345678901230000E-030                                0
'   1.2345678901233999E-025   0.0000000000000000000000001235
'   1.2345678901234499E-020   0.0000000000000000000123456789
'   1.2345678901234560E-010       0.000000000123456789012346
'   1.2345678901234567E+000                 1.23456789012346
'   1.2345678901234568E+012                 1234567890123.46
'   1.2345678901234568E+028    12345678901234600000000000000
'   1.2345678901234569E+030                OverflowException

另请参阅

适用于

Explicit(Decimal to UInt32)

重要

此 API 不符合 CLS。

符合 CLS 的替代方案
System.Decimal.ToInt64(Decimal)

定义从 Decimal 到 32 位无符号整数的显式转换。

此 API 不兼容 CLS。

public:
 static explicit operator System::UInt32(System::Decimal value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static explicit operator uint (decimal value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member op_Explicit : decimal -> uint32
Public Shared Narrowing Operator CType (value As Decimal) As UInteger

参数

value
Decimal

要转换的值。

返回

UInt32

32 位无符号整数,它表示转换后的 Decimal

属性

例外

value 小于 MinValue 或大于 MaxValue

示例

以下示例使用显式Decimal转换为UInt32转换运算符将数字转换为DecimalUInt32值。

// Example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to int and 
// Decimal to unsigned int.
using namespace System;
#define formatter "{0,17}{1,19}{2,19}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}


// Convert the Decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
void DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal argument )
{
   Object^ Int32Value;
   Object^ UInt32Value;
   
   // Convert the argument to an int value.
   try
   {
      Int32Value = (int)argument;
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      Int32Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   
   // Convert the argument to an unsigned int value.
   try
   {
      UInt32Value = (unsigned int)argument;
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      UInt32Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( formatter, argument, Int32Value, UInt32Value );
}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to "
   "int \nand Decimal to unsigned int generates the "
   "following output. \nIt displays several converted Decimal "
   "values.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "Decimal argument", "int", "unsigned int" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "----------------", "---", "------------" );
   
   // Convert Decimal values and display the results.
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "123" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal(123000,0,0,false,3) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "123.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "4294967295.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "4294967296" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "2147483647.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "2147483648" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "-0.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "-1" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "-2147483648.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "-2147483649" ) );
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to int
and Decimal to unsigned int generates the following output.
It displays several converted Decimal values.

 Decimal argument                int       unsigned int
 ----------------                ---       ------------
              123                123                123
          123.000                123                123
          123.999                123                123
   4294967295.999  OverflowException         4294967295
       4294967296  OverflowException  OverflowException
   2147483647.999         2147483647         2147483647
       2147483648  OverflowException         2147483648
           -0.999                  0                  0
               -1                 -1  OverflowException
  -2147483648.999        -2147483648  OverflowException
      -2147483649  OverflowException  OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversions from decimal to int and
// decimal to uint.
using System;

class DecimalToU_Int32Demo
{
    const string formatter = "{0,17}{1,19}{2,19}";

    // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring(
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    // Convert the decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
    public static void DecimalToU_Int32( decimal argument )
    {
        object Int32Value;
        object UInt32Value;

        // Convert the argument to an int value.
        try
        {
            Int32Value = (int)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            Int32Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        // Convert the argument to a uint value.
        try
        {
            UInt32Value = (uint)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            UInt32Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, argument,
            Int32Value, UInt32Value );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        Console.WriteLine(
            "This example of the explicit conversions from decimal " +
            "to int \nand decimal to uint generates the following " +
            "output. It displays \nseveral converted decimal " +
            "values.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "decimal argument",
            "int/exception", "uint/exception" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "----------------",
            "-------------", "--------------" );

        // Convert decimal values and display the results.
        DecimalToU_Int32( 123M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( new decimal( 123000, 0, 0, false, 3 ) );
        DecimalToU_Int32( 123.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( 4294967295.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( 4294967296M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( 2147483647.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( 2147483648M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( - 0.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( - 1M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( - 2147483648.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( - 2147483649M );
    }
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to int
and decimal to uint generates the following output. It displays
several converted decimal values.

 decimal argument      int/exception     uint/exception
 ----------------      -------------     --------------
              123                123                123
          123.000                123                123
          123.999                123                123
   4294967295.999  OverflowException         4294967295
       4294967296  OverflowException  OverflowException
   2147483647.999         2147483647         2147483647
       2147483648  OverflowException         2147483648
           -0.999                  0                  0
               -1                 -1  OverflowException
  -2147483648.999        -2147483648  OverflowException
      -2147483649  OverflowException  OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversions from decimal to int and
// decimal to uint.
let print obj1 obj2 obj3 = printfn $"{obj1,17}{obj2,19}{obj3,19}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
let getExceptionType (ex: exn) =
    let exceptionType = ex.GetType() |> string
    exceptionType.Substring(exceptionType.LastIndexOf '.' + 1)

// Convert the decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
let decimalToU_Int32 (argument: decimal) =
    let int32Value: obj =
        // Convert the argument to a int32 value.
        try
            int32 argument
        with ex -> getExceptionType ex

    let uint32Value: obj =
        // Convert the argument to a uint32 value.
        try
            uint32 argument
        with ex -> getExceptionType ex

    print argument int32Value uint32Value

printfn "This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to int\nand decimal to uint generates the following output. It displays\nseveral converted decimal values.\n"

print "decimal argument" "int/exception" "uint/exception"
print "----------------" "-------------" "--------------" 

// Convert decimal values and display the results.
decimalToU_Int32 123M
decimalToU_Int32 (new decimal(123000, 0, 0, false, 3uy))
decimalToU_Int32 123.999M
decimalToU_Int32 4294967295.999M
decimalToU_Int32 4294967296M
decimalToU_Int32 2147483647.999M
decimalToU_Int32 2147483648M
decimalToU_Int32 -0.999M
decimalToU_Int32 -1M
decimalToU_Int32 -2147483648.999M
decimalToU_Int32 -2147483649M


// This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to int
// and decimal to uint generates the following output. It displays
// several converted decimal values.
//
//  decimal argument      int/exception     uint/exception
//  ----------------      -------------     --------------
//               123                123                123
//           123.000                123                123
//           123.999                123                123
//    4294967295.999  OverflowException         4294967295
//        4294967296  OverflowException  OverflowException
//    2147483647.999         2147483647         2147483647
//        2147483648  OverflowException         2147483648
//            -0.999                  0                  0
//                -1                 -1  OverflowException
//   -2147483648.999        -2147483648  OverflowException
//       -2147483649  OverflowException  OverflowException
' Example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to Integer and 
' Decimal to UInteger.
Module DecimalToU_Int32Demo

    Const formatter As String = "{0,17}{1,19}{2,19}"

    ' Convert the decimal argument catch exceptions that are thrown.
    Public Sub DecimalToU_Int32(argument As Decimal)
        Dim Int32Value As Object
        Dim UInt32Value As Object

        ' Convert the argument to an int value.
        Try
            Int32Value = CInt(argument)
        Catch ex As Exception 
            Int32Value = ex.GetType().Name
        End Try

        ' Convert the argument to a uint value.
        Try
            UInt32Value = CUInt(argument)
        Catch ex As Exception
            UInt32Value = ex.GetType().Name
        End Try

        Console.WriteLine(formatter, argument, _
            Int32Value, UInt32Value)
    End Sub

    Public Sub Main( )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "Decimal Argument", _ 
            "Integer/Exception", "UInteger/Exception" )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "----------------", _ 
            "-------------", "--------------" )

        ' Convert decimal values and display the results.
        DecimalToU_Int32( 123d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(New Decimal(123000, 0, 0, False, 3))
        DecimalToU_Int32(123.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(4294967295.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(4294967296d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(2147483647.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(2147483648d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(-0.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(-1d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(-2147483648.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(-2147483649d)
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output to the console:
'     Decimal Argument  Integer/Exception UInteger/Exception
'     ----------------      -------------     --------------
'                  123                123                123
'              123.000                123                123
'              123.999                124                124
'       4294967295.999  OverflowException  OverflowException
'           4294967296  OverflowException  OverflowException
'       2147483647.999  OverflowException         2147483648
'           2147483648  OverflowException         2147483648
'               -0.999                 -1  OverflowException
'                   -1                 -1  OverflowException
'      -2147483648.999  OverflowException  OverflowException
'          -2147483649  OverflowException  OverflowException

注解

此运算符支持对 a Decimal UInt32的显式转换。 此类显式转换的语法依赖于语言,单个语言编译器可以提供不同的实现并返回不同的结果。 当使用 C# 和Visual Basic显式将值转换为DecimalUInt32时,该示例演示了不同的返回值。 若要执行独立于语言的转换,可以调用 Decimal.ToUInt32(Decimal)Convert.ToUInt32(Decimal) 方法。

另请参阅

适用于

Explicit(Decimal to UInt16)

重要

此 API 不符合 CLS。

定义从 Decimal 到 16 位无符号整数的显式转换。

此 API 不兼容 CLS。

public:
 static explicit operator System::UInt16(System::Decimal value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static explicit operator ushort (decimal value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member op_Explicit : decimal -> uint16
Public Shared Narrowing Operator CType (value As Decimal) As UShort

参数

value
Decimal

要转换的值。

返回

UInt16

16 位无符号整数,它表示转换后的 Decimal

属性

例外

value 小于 MinValue 或大于 MaxValue

示例

以下示例使用显式Decimal转换为UInt16转换运算符将数字转换为DecimalUInt16值。

// Example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to short and 
// Decimal to unsigned short.
using namespace System;
#define formatter "{0,16}{1,19}{2,19}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}


// Convert the Decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
void DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal argument )
{
   Object^ Int16Value;
   Object^ UInt16Value;
   
   // Convert the argument to a short value.
   try
   {
      Int16Value = (short)argument;
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      Int16Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   
   // Convert the argument to an unsigned short value.
   try
   {
      UInt16Value = (unsigned short)argument;
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      UInt16Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( formatter, argument, Int16Value, UInt16Value );
}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to "
   "short \nand Decimal to unsigned short generates the "
   "following output. \nIt displays several converted Decimal "
   "values.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "Decimal argument", "short", "unsigned short" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "----------------", "-----", "--------------" );
   
   // Convert Decimal values and display the results.
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "123" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal(123000,0,0,false,3) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "123.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "65535.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "65536" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "32767.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "32768" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "-0.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "-1" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "-32768.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "-32769" ) );
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to short
and Decimal to unsigned short generates the following output.
It displays several converted Decimal values.

Decimal argument              short     unsigned short
----------------              -----     --------------
             123                123                123
         123.000                123                123
         123.999                123                123
       65535.999  OverflowException              65535
           65536  OverflowException  OverflowException
       32767.999              32767              32767
           32768  OverflowException              32768
          -0.999                  0                  0
              -1                 -1  OverflowException
      -32768.999             -32768  OverflowException
          -32769  OverflowException  OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversions from decimal to short and
// decimal to ushort.
using System;

class DecimalToU_Int16Demo
{
    const string formatter = "{0,16}{1,19}{2,19}";

    // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring(
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    // Convert the decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
    public static void DecimalToU_Int16( decimal argument )
    {
        object Int16Value;
        object UInt16Value;

        // Convert the argument to a short value.
        try
        {
            Int16Value = (short)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            Int16Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        // Convert the argument to a ushort value.
        try
        {
            UInt16Value = (ushort)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            UInt16Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, argument,
            Int16Value, UInt16Value );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        Console.WriteLine(
            "This example of the explicit conversions from decimal " +
            "to short \nand decimal to ushort generates the " +
            "following output. It displays \nseveral converted " +
            "decimal values.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "decimal argument",
            "short/exception", "ushort/exception" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "----------------",
            "---------------", "----------------" );

        // Convert decimal values and display the results.
        DecimalToU_Int16( 123M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( new decimal( 123000, 0, 0, false, 3 ) );
        DecimalToU_Int16( 123.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( 65535.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( 65536M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( 32767.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( 32768M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( - 0.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( - 1M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( - 32768.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( - 32769M );
    }
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to short
and decimal to ushort generates the following output. It displays
several converted decimal values.

decimal argument    short/exception   ushort/exception
----------------    ---------------   ----------------
             123                123                123
         123.000                123                123
         123.999                123                123
       65535.999  OverflowException              65535
           65536  OverflowException  OverflowException
       32767.999              32767              32767
           32768  OverflowException              32768
          -0.999                  0                  0
              -1                 -1  OverflowException
      -32768.999             -32768  OverflowException
          -32769  OverflowException  OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversions from decimal to short and
// decimal to ushort.
let print obj1 obj2 obj3 =
    printfn $"{obj1, 16}{obj2, 19}{obj3, 19}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
let getExceptionType (ex: exn) =
    let exceptionType = ex.GetType() |> string
    exceptionType.Substring(exceptionType.LastIndexOf '.' + 1)

// Convert the decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
let decimalToU_Int16 (argument: decimal) =
    let int16Value: obj =
        // Convert the argument to a int16 value.
        try
            int16 argument
        with ex -> getExceptionType ex

    let uint16Value: obj =
        // Convert the argument to a uint16 value.
        try
            uint16 argument
        with ex -> getExceptionType ex

    print argument int16Value uint16Value

printfn "This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to short\nand decimal to ushort generates the following output. It displays \nseveral converted decimal values.\n"
print "decimal argument" "short/exception" "ushort/exception"
print "----------------" "---------------" "----------------"

// Convert decimal values and display the results.
decimalToU_Int16 123M
decimalToU_Int16 (new decimal (123000, 0, 0, false, 3uy))
decimalToU_Int16 123.999M
decimalToU_Int16 65535.999M
decimalToU_Int16 65536M
decimalToU_Int16 32767.999M
decimalToU_Int16 32768M
decimalToU_Int16 -0.999M
decimalToU_Int16 -1M
decimalToU_Int16 -32768.999M
decimalToU_Int16 -32769M


// This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to short
// and decimal to ushort generates the following output. It displays
// several converted decimal values.
//
// decimal argument    short/exception   ushort/exception
// ----------------    ---------------   ----------------
//              123                123                123
//          123.000                123                123
//          123.999                123                123
//        65535.999  OverflowException              65535
//            65536  OverflowException  OverflowException
//        32767.999              32767              32767
//            32768  OverflowException              32768
//           -0.999                  0                  0
//               -1                 -1  OverflowException
//       -32768.999             -32768  OverflowException
//           -32769  OverflowException  OverflowException
' Example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to Short and 
' Decimal to UShort.
Module DecimalToU_Int16Demo

    Const formatter As String = "{0,16}{1,19}{2,19}"

    ' Convert the decimal argument and catch exceptions that are thrown.
    Public Sub DecimalToU_Int16(argument As Decimal)
        Dim Int16Value As Object
        Dim UInt16Value As Object

        ' Convert the argument to a Short value.
        Try
            Int16Value = CShort(argument)
        Catch ex As Exception 
            Int16Value = ex.GetType().Name
        End Try

        ' Convert the argument to a UShort value.
        Try
            UInt16Value = CUShort(argument)
        Catch ex As Exception
            UInt16Value = ex.GetType().Name
        End Try

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, argument, _
            Int16Value, UInt16Value )
    End Sub

    Public Sub Main( )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "Decimal argument", _ 
            "Short/Exception", "UShort/Exception" )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "----------------", _ 
            "---------------", "----------------" )

        ' Convert decimal values and display the results.
        DecimalToU_Int16(123d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(New Decimal( 123000, 0, 0, False, 3 ))
        DecimalToU_Int16(123.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(65535.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(65536d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(32767.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(32768d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(-0.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(-1d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(-32768.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(-32769d)
    End Sub
End Module
' This example displays the following output to the console:
'    Decimal argument    Short/Exception   UShort/Exception
'    ----------------    ---------------   ----------------
'                 123                123                123
'             123.000                123                123
'             123.999                124                124
'           65535.999  OverflowException  OverflowException
'               65536  OverflowException  OverflowException
'           32767.999  OverflowException              32768
'               32768  OverflowException              32768
'              -0.999                 -1  OverflowException
'                  -1                 -1  OverflowException
'          -32768.999  OverflowException  OverflowException
'              -32769  OverflowException  OverflowException

注解

此运算符支持对 a Decimal UInt16的显式转换。 此类显式转换的语法依赖于语言,单个语言编译器可以提供不同的实现并返回不同的结果。 当使用 C# 和Visual Basic显式将值转换为DecimalUInt16时,该示例演示了不同的返回值。 若要执行独立于语言的转换,可以调用 Decimal.ToUInt16(Decimal)Convert.ToUInt16(Decimal) 方法。

另请参阅

适用于

Explicit(Decimal to Single)

定义从 Decimal 到单精度浮点数的显式转换。

public:
 static explicit operator float(System::Decimal value);
public static explicit operator float (decimal value);
static member op_Explicit : decimal -> single
Public Shared Narrowing Operator CType (value As Decimal) As Single

参数

value
Decimal

要转换的值。

返回

Single

单精度浮点数,它表示转换后的 Decimal

示例

以下示例使用显式Decimal转换为Single转换运算符将数字转换为DecimalSingle值。

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   // Define an array of Decimal values.
   array<Decimal>^ values = { Decimal::Parse("0.0000000000000000000000000001"), 
                              Decimal::Parse("0.0000000000123456789123456789"),
                              Decimal::Parse("123"), 
                              Decimal(123000000, 0, 0, false, 6),
                              Decimal::Parse("123456789.123456789"), 
                              Decimal::Parse("123456789123456789123456789"), 
                              Decimal::MinValue, Decimal::MaxValue };
   // Convert each value to a double.
   for each (Decimal value in values) {
       float dblValue = (float) value;
       Console::WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3})", value,
                          value.GetType()->Name, dblValue, 
                          dblValue.GetType()->Name);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    0.0000000000000000000000000001 (Decimal) --> 1E-28 (Single)
//    0.0000000000123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.234568E-11 (Single)
//    123 (Decimal) --> 123 (Single)
//    123.000000 (Decimal) --> 123 (Single)
//    123456789.123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.234568E+08 (Single)
//    123456789123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.234568E+26 (Single)
//    -79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> -7.922816E+28 (Single)
//    79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> 7.922816E+28 (Single)
using System;

class Example
{
    public static void Main( )
    {
        // Define an array of decimal values.
        decimal[] values = { 0.0000000000000000000000000001M,
                             0.0000000000123456789123456789M,
                             123M, new decimal(123000000, 0, 0, false, 6),
                             123456789.123456789M,
                             123456789123456789123456789M,
                             decimal.MinValue, decimal.MaxValue };
        // Convert each value to a double.
        foreach (var value in values) {
            float dblValue = (float) value;
            Console.WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3})", value,
                              value.GetType().Name, dblValue,
                              dblValue.GetType().Name);
       }
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    0.0000000000000000000000000001 (Decimal) --> 1E-28 (Single)
//    0.0000000000123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.234568E-11 (Single)
//    123 (Decimal) --> 123 (Single)
//    123.000000 (Decimal) --> 123 (Single)
//    123456789.123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.234568E+08 (Single)
//    123456789123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.234568E+26 (Single)
//    -79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> -7.922816E+28 (Single)
//    79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> 7.922816E+28 (Single)
open System

// Define a list of decimal values.
let values = 
    [ 0.0000000000000000000000000001M
      0.0000000000123456789123456789M
      123M; Decimal(123000000, 0, 0, false, 6uy)
      123456789.123456789M
      123456789123456789123456789M
      Decimal.MinValue; Decimal.MaxValue ]

// Convert each value to a double.
for value in values do
    let dblValue = float32 value
    printfn $"{value} ({value.GetType().Name}) --> {dblValue} ({dblValue.GetType().Name})"

// The example displays the following output:
//    0.0000000000000000000000000001 (Decimal) --> 1E-28 (Single)
//    0.0000000000123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.234568E-11 (Single)
//    123 (Decimal) --> 123 (Single)
//    123.000000 (Decimal) --> 123 (Single)
//    123456789.123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.234568E+08 (Single)
//    123456789123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.234568E+26 (Single)
//    -79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> -7.922816E+28 (Single)
//    79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> 7.922816E+28 (Single)
Module Example
    Public Sub Main( )
        ' Define an array of Decimal values.
        Dim values() As Decimal= { 0.0000000000000000000000000001d, 
                                   0.0000000000123456789123456789d,
                                   123d, 
                                   New Decimal(123000000, 0, 0, False, 6),
                                   123456789.123456789d, 
                                   123456789123456789123456789d, 
                                   Decimal.MinValue, Decimal.MaxValue }
        For Each value In values
            Dim dblValue As Single = CSng(value)
            Console.WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3})", value,
                              value.GetType().Name, dblValue, 
                              dblValue.GetType().Name)
        Next
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    0.0000000000000000000000000001 (Decimal) --> 1E-28 (Single)
'    0.0000000000123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.234568E-11 (Single)
'    123 (Decimal) --> 123 (Single)
'    123.000000 (Decimal) --> 123 (Single)
'    123456789.123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.234568E+08 (Single)
'    123456789123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.234568E+26 (Single)
'    -79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> -7.922816E+28 (Single)
'    79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> 7.922816E+28 (Single)

注解

此操作可能会导致精度损失,因为单精度浮点数的有效位数比 a Decimal少。

此运算符支持对 a Decimal Single的显式转换。 此类显式转换的语法依赖于语言,单个语言编译器可以提供不同的实现并返回不同的结果。 当使用 C# 和Visual Basic显式将值转换为DecimalSingle时,该示例演示了不同的返回值。 若要执行独立于语言的转换,可以调用 Decimal.ToSingle(Decimal)Convert.ToSingle(Decimal) 方法。

另请参阅

适用于

Explicit(Decimal to SByte)

重要

此 API 不符合 CLS。

符合 CLS 的替代方案
System.Decimal.ToInt16(Decimal)

定义从 Decimal 到 8 位有符号整数的显式转换。

此 API 不兼容 CLS。

public:
 static explicit operator System::SByte(System::Decimal value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static explicit operator sbyte (decimal value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member op_Explicit : decimal -> sbyte
Public Shared Narrowing Operator CType (value As Decimal) As SByte

参数

value
Decimal

要转换的值。

返回

SByte

8 位有符号整数,它表示转换后的 Decimal

属性

例外

value 小于 MinValue 或大于 MaxValue

示例

以下示例使用显式Decimal转换为SByte转换运算符将数字转换为DecimalSByte值。

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   // Define an array of decimal values.
   array<Decimal>^ values = { Decimal::Parse("78"), 
                              Decimal(78000,0,0,false,3), 
                              Decimal::Parse("78.999"),
                              Decimal::Parse("255.999"),
                              Decimal::Parse("256"),
                              Decimal::Parse("127.999"),
                              Decimal::Parse("128"),
                              Decimal::Parse("-0.999"),
                              Decimal::Parse("-1"), 
                              Decimal::Parse("-128.999"),
                              Decimal::Parse("-129") };           
   for each (Decimal value in values) {
      try {
         SByte byteValue = (SByte) value;
         Console::WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3})", value,
                            value.GetType()->Name, byteValue, 
                            byteValue.GetType()->Name);
      }
      catch (OverflowException^ e) {
          Console::WriteLine("OverflowException: Cannot convert {0}",
                            value);
      }   
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       78 (Decimal) --> 78 (SByte)
//       78.000 (Decimal) --> 78 (SByte)
//       78.999 (Decimal) --> 78 (SByte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert 255.999
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert 256
//       127.999 (Decimal) --> 127 (SByte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert 128
//       -0.999 (Decimal) --> 0 (SByte)
//       -1 (Decimal) --> -1 (SByte)
//       -128.999 (Decimal) --> -128 (SByte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert -129
using System;

class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Define an array of decimal values.
       decimal[] values = { 78m, new Decimal(78000, 0, 0, false, 3),
                            78.999m, 255.999m, 256m, 127.999m,
                            128m, -0.999m, -1m, -128.999m, -129m };
       foreach (var value in values) {
          try {
              SByte byteValue = (SByte) value;
              Console.WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3})", value,
                                value.GetType().Name, byteValue,
                                byteValue.GetType().Name);
           }
           catch (OverflowException) {
              Console.WriteLine("OverflowException: Cannot convert {0}",
                                value);
           }
       }
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       78 (Decimal) --> 78 (SByte)
//       78.000 (Decimal) --> 78 (SByte)
//       78.999 (Decimal) --> 78 (SByte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert 255.999
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert 256
//       127.999 (Decimal) --> 127 (SByte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert 128
//       -0.999 (Decimal) --> 0 (SByte)
//       -1 (Decimal) --> -1 (SByte)
//       -128.999 (Decimal) --> -128 (SByte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert -129
open System

// Define a list of decimal values.
let values = 
    [ 78m; Decimal(78000, 0, 0, false, 3uy)
      78.999m; 255.999m; 256m; 127.999m
      128m; -0.999m; -1m; -128.999m; -129m ]
for value in values do
    try
        let byteValue = int8 value
        printfn $"{value} ({value.GetType().Name}) --> {byteValue} ({byteValue.GetType().Name})"
    with :? OverflowException ->
        printfn $"OverflowException: Cannot convert {value}"

// The example displays the following output:
//       78 (Decimal) --> 78 (SByte)
//       78.000 (Decimal) --> 78 (SByte)
//       78.999 (Decimal) --> 78 (SByte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert 255.999
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert 256
//       127.999 (Decimal) --> 127 (SByte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert 128
//       -0.999 (Decimal) --> 0 (SByte)
//       -1 (Decimal) --> -1 (SByte)
//       -128.999 (Decimal) --> -128 (SByte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert -129
Option Strict On

Module Example
    Public Sub Main()
        ' Define an array of decimal values.
        Dim values() As Decimal = { 78d, New Decimal(78000, 0, 0, False, 3),
                                    78.999d, 255.999d, 256d, 127.999d,
                                    128d, -0.999d, -1d, -128.999d, 
                                    -129d }           
        For Each value In values
           Try
              Dim byteValue As SByte = CSByte(value)
              Console.WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3})", value,
                                value.GetType().Name, byteValue, 
                                byteValue.GetType().Name)
           Catch e As OverflowException
              Console.WriteLine("OverflowException: Cannot convert {0}",
                                value)
           End Try
        Next   
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       78 (Decimal) --> 78 (SByte)
'       78.000 (Decimal) --> 78 (SByte)
'       78.999 (Decimal) --> 79 (SByte)
'       OverflowException: Cannot convert 255.999
'       OverflowException: Cannot convert 256
'       OverflowException: Cannot convert 127.999
'       OverflowException: Cannot convert 128
'       -0.999 (Decimal) --> -1 (SByte)
'       -1 (Decimal) --> -1 (SByte)
'       OverflowException: Cannot convert -128.999
'       OverflowException: Cannot convert -129

注解

此运算符支持对 a Decimal SByte的显式转换。 此类显式转换的语法依赖于语言,单个语言编译器可以提供不同的实现并返回不同的结果。 当使用 C# 和Visual Basic显式将值转换为DecimalByteSByte值时,该示例演示了不同的返回值。 若要执行独立于语言的转换,可以调用 Decimal.ToSByte(Decimal) 该方法或 Convert.ToSByte(Decimal) 方法。

另请参阅

适用于

Explicit(Decimal to UInt64)

重要

此 API 不符合 CLS。

定义从 Decimal 到 64 位无符号整数的显式转换。

此 API 不兼容 CLS。

public:
 static explicit operator System::UInt64(System::Decimal value);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
public static explicit operator ulong (decimal value);
[<System.CLSCompliant(false)>]
static member op_Explicit : decimal -> uint64
Public Shared Narrowing Operator CType (value As Decimal) As ULong

参数

value
Decimal

要转换的值。

返回

UInt64

64 位无符号整数,它表示转换后的 Decimal

属性

例外

value 为负数或大于 MaxValue

示例

以下示例使用显式Decimal转换为UInt64转换运算符将数字转换为DecimalUInt64值。

// Example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to __int64 and 
// Decimal to unsigned __int64.
using namespace System;
#define formatter "{0,25}{1,22}{2,22}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}


// Convert the Decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
void DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal argument )
{
   Object^ Int64Value;
   Object^ UInt64Value;
   
   // Convert the argument to an __int64 value.
   try
   {
      Int64Value = (__int64)argument;
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      Int64Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   
   // Convert the argument to an unsigned __int64 value.
   try
   {
      UInt64Value = (unsigned __int64)argument;
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      UInt64Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( formatter, argument, Int64Value, UInt64Value );
}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to "
   "__int64 \nand Decimal to unsigned __int64 generates the "
   "following output. \nIt displays several converted Decimal "
   "values.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "Decimal argument", "__int64", "unsigned __int64" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "----------------", "-------", "----------------" );
   
   // Convert Decimal values and display the results.
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "123" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal(123000,0,0,false,3) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "123.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "18446744073709551615.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "18446744073709551616" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "9223372036854775807.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "9223372036854775808" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "-0.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "-1" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "-9223372036854775808.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "-9223372036854775809" ) );
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to __int64
and Decimal to unsigned __int64 generates the following output.
It displays several converted Decimal values.

         Decimal argument               __int64      unsigned __int64
         ----------------               -------      ----------------
                      123                   123                   123
                  123.000                   123                   123
                  123.999                   123                   123
 18446744073709551615.999     OverflowException  18446744073709551615
     18446744073709551616     OverflowException     OverflowException
  9223372036854775807.999   9223372036854775807   9223372036854775807
      9223372036854775808     OverflowException   9223372036854775808
                   -0.999                     0                     0
                       -1                    -1     OverflowException
 -9223372036854775808.999  -9223372036854775808     OverflowException
     -9223372036854775809     OverflowException     OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversions from decimal to long and
// decimal to ulong.
using System;

class DecimalToU_Int64Demo
{
    const string formatter = "{0,25}{1,22}{2,22}";

    // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring(
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    // Convert the decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
    public static void DecimalToU_Int64( decimal argument )
    {
        object Int64Value;
        object UInt64Value;

        // Convert the argument to a long value.
        try
        {
            Int64Value = (long)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            Int64Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        // Convert the argument to a ulong value.
        try
        {
            UInt64Value = (ulong)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            UInt64Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, argument,
            Int64Value, UInt64Value );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        Console.WriteLine(
            "This example of the explicit conversions from decimal " +
            "to long \nand decimal to ulong generates the following " +
            "output. It displays \nseveral converted decimal " +
            "values.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "decimal argument",
            "long/exception", "ulong/exception" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "----------------",
            "--------------", "---------------" );

        // Convert decimal values and display the results.
        DecimalToU_Int64( 123M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( new decimal( 123000, 0, 0, false, 3 ) );
        DecimalToU_Int64( 123.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( 18446744073709551615.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( 18446744073709551616M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( 9223372036854775807.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( 9223372036854775808M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( - 0.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( - 1M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( - 9223372036854775808.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( - 9223372036854775809M );
    }
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to long
and decimal to ulong generates the following output. It displays
several converted decimal values.

         decimal argument        long/exception       ulong/exception
         ----------------        --------------       ---------------
                      123                   123                   123
                  123.000                   123                   123
                  123.999                   123                   123
 18446744073709551615.999     OverflowException  18446744073709551615
     18446744073709551616     OverflowException     OverflowException
  9223372036854775807.999   9223372036854775807   9223372036854775807
      9223372036854775808     OverflowException   9223372036854775808
                   -0.999                     0                     0
                       -1                    -1     OverflowException
 -9223372036854775808.999  -9223372036854775808     OverflowException
     -9223372036854775809     OverflowException     OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversions from decimal to long and
// decimal to ulong.
let print obj1 obj2 obj3 = printfn $"{obj1,25}{obj2,22}{obj3,22}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
let getExceptionType (ex: exn) =
    let exceptionType = ex.GetType() |> string
    exceptionType.Substring(exceptionType.LastIndexOf '.' + 1)

// Convert the decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
let decimalToU_Int64 (argument: decimal) =
    let int32Value: obj =
        // Convert the argument to a int64 value.
        try
            int32 argument
        with ex -> getExceptionType ex

    let uint32Value: obj =
        // Convert the argument to a uint64 value.
        try
            uint32 argument
        with ex -> getExceptionType ex

    print argument int32Value uint32Value

printfn "This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to long\nand decimal to ulong generates the following output. It displays\nseveral converted decimal values.\n"

print "decimal argument" "long/exception" "ulong/exception"
print "----------------" "--------------" "---------------"

// Convert decimal values and display the results.
decimalToU_Int64 123M
decimalToU_Int64 (new decimal(123000, 0, 0, false, 3uy))
decimalToU_Int64 123.999M
decimalToU_Int64 18446744073709551615.999M
decimalToU_Int64 18446744073709551616M
decimalToU_Int64 9223372036854775807.999M
decimalToU_Int64 9223372036854775808M
decimalToU_Int64 -0.999M
decimalToU_Int64 -1M
decimalToU_Int64 -9223372036854775808.999M
decimalToU_Int64 -9223372036854775809M


// This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to long
// and decimal to ulong generates the following output. It displays
// several converted decimal values.
//
//          decimal argument        long/exception       ulong/exception
//          ----------------        --------------       ---------------
//                       123                   123                   123
//                   123.000                   123                   123
//                   123.999                   123                   123
//  18446744073709551615.999     OverflowException  18446744073709551615
//      18446744073709551616     OverflowException     OverflowException
//   9223372036854775807.999   9223372036854775807   9223372036854775807
//       9223372036854775808     OverflowException   9223372036854775808
//                    -0.999                     0                     0
//                        -1                    -1     OverflowException
//  -9223372036854775808.999  -9223372036854775808     OverflowException
//      -9223372036854775809     OverflowException     OverflowException
' Example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to Long and 
' Decimal to ULong.
Module DecimalToU_Int64Demo

    Const formatter As String = "{0,25}{1,22}{2,22}"

    ' Convert the decimal argument catch exceptions that are thrown.
    Public Sub DecimalToU_Int64(argument As Decimal)
        Dim Int64Value As Object
        Dim UInt64Value As Object

        ' Convert the argument to a long value.
        Try
            Int64Value = CLng(argument)
        Catch ex As Exception
            Int64Value = ex.GetType().Name
        End Try

        ' Convert the argument to a ulong value.
        Try
            UInt64Value = CULng(argument)
        Catch ex As Exception
            UInt64Value = ex.GetType().Name
        End Try

        Console.WriteLine(formatter, argument, _ 
            Int64Value, UInt64Value)
    End Sub

    Public Sub Main( )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "Decimal argument", _
            "Long/Exception", "ULong/Exception" )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "----------------", _
            "--------------", "---------------" )

        ' Convert decimal values and display the results.
        DecimalToU_Int64(123d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(New Decimal(123000, 0, 0, False, 3))
        DecimalToU_Int64(123.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(18446744073709551615.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(18446744073709551616d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(9223372036854775807.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(9223372036854775808d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(-0.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(-1d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(-9223372036854775808.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(-9223372036854775809d)
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output to the console:
'             Decimal argument        Long/Exception       ULong/Exception
'             ----------------        --------------       ---------------
'                          123                   123                   123
'                      123.000                   123                   123
'                      123.999                   124                   124
'     18446744073709551615.999     OverflowException     OverflowException
'         18446744073709551616     OverflowException     OverflowException
'      9223372036854775807.999     OverflowException   9223372036854775808
'          9223372036854775808     OverflowException   9223372036854775808
'                       -0.999                    -1     OverflowException
'                           -1                    -1     OverflowException
'     -9223372036854775808.999     OverflowException     OverflowException
'         -9223372036854775809     OverflowException     OverflowException

注解

此运算符支持对 a Decimal UInt64的显式转换。 此类显式转换的语法依赖于语言,单个语言编译器可以提供不同的实现并返回不同的结果。 当使用 C# 和Visual Basic显式转换为DecimalUInt64时,该示例演示了不同的返回值。 若要执行独立于语言的转换,可以调用 Decimal.ToUInt64(Decimal)Convert.ToUInt64(Decimal) 方法。

另请参阅

适用于

Explicit(Decimal to Int32)

定义从 Decimal 到 32 位有符号整数的显式转换。

public:
 static explicit operator int(System::Decimal value);
public static explicit operator int (decimal value);
static member op_Explicit : decimal -> int
Public Shared Narrowing Operator CType (value As Decimal) As Integer

参数

value
Decimal

要转换的值。

返回

Int32

32 位有符号整数,它表示转换后的 Decimal

例外

value 小于 MinValue 或大于 MaxValue

示例

以下示例使用显式Decimal转换为Int32转换运算符将数字转换为DecimalInt32值。

// Example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to int and 
// Decimal to unsigned int.
using namespace System;
#define formatter "{0,17}{1,19}{2,19}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}


// Convert the Decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
void DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal argument )
{
   Object^ Int32Value;
   Object^ UInt32Value;
   
   // Convert the argument to an int value.
   try
   {
      Int32Value = (int)argument;
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      Int32Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   
   // Convert the argument to an unsigned int value.
   try
   {
      UInt32Value = (unsigned int)argument;
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      UInt32Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( formatter, argument, Int32Value, UInt32Value );
}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to "
   "int \nand Decimal to unsigned int generates the "
   "following output. \nIt displays several converted Decimal "
   "values.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "Decimal argument", "int", "unsigned int" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "----------------", "---", "------------" );
   
   // Convert Decimal values and display the results.
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "123" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal(123000,0,0,false,3) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "123.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "4294967295.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "4294967296" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "2147483647.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "2147483648" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "-0.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "-1" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "-2147483648.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int32( Decimal::Parse(  "-2147483649" ) );
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to int
and Decimal to unsigned int generates the following output.
It displays several converted Decimal values.

 Decimal argument                int       unsigned int
 ----------------                ---       ------------
              123                123                123
          123.000                123                123
          123.999                123                123
   4294967295.999  OverflowException         4294967295
       4294967296  OverflowException  OverflowException
   2147483647.999         2147483647         2147483647
       2147483648  OverflowException         2147483648
           -0.999                  0                  0
               -1                 -1  OverflowException
  -2147483648.999        -2147483648  OverflowException
      -2147483649  OverflowException  OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversions from decimal to int and
// decimal to uint.
using System;

class DecimalToU_Int32Demo
{
    const string formatter = "{0,17}{1,19}{2,19}";

    // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring(
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    // Convert the decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
    public static void DecimalToU_Int32( decimal argument )
    {
        object Int32Value;
        object UInt32Value;

        // Convert the argument to an int value.
        try
        {
            Int32Value = (int)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            Int32Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        // Convert the argument to a uint value.
        try
        {
            UInt32Value = (uint)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            UInt32Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, argument,
            Int32Value, UInt32Value );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        Console.WriteLine(
            "This example of the explicit conversions from decimal " +
            "to int \nand decimal to uint generates the following " +
            "output. It displays \nseveral converted decimal " +
            "values.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "decimal argument",
            "int/exception", "uint/exception" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "----------------",
            "-------------", "--------------" );

        // Convert decimal values and display the results.
        DecimalToU_Int32( 123M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( new decimal( 123000, 0, 0, false, 3 ) );
        DecimalToU_Int32( 123.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( 4294967295.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( 4294967296M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( 2147483647.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( 2147483648M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( - 0.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( - 1M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( - 2147483648.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int32( - 2147483649M );
    }
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to int
and decimal to uint generates the following output. It displays
several converted decimal values.

 decimal argument      int/exception     uint/exception
 ----------------      -------------     --------------
              123                123                123
          123.000                123                123
          123.999                123                123
   4294967295.999  OverflowException         4294967295
       4294967296  OverflowException  OverflowException
   2147483647.999         2147483647         2147483647
       2147483648  OverflowException         2147483648
           -0.999                  0                  0
               -1                 -1  OverflowException
  -2147483648.999        -2147483648  OverflowException
      -2147483649  OverflowException  OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversions from decimal to int and
// decimal to uint.
let print obj1 obj2 obj3 = printfn $"{obj1,17}{obj2,19}{obj3,19}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
let getExceptionType (ex: exn) =
    let exceptionType = ex.GetType() |> string
    exceptionType.Substring(exceptionType.LastIndexOf '.' + 1)

// Convert the decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
let decimalToU_Int32 (argument: decimal) =
    let int32Value: obj =
        // Convert the argument to a int32 value.
        try
            int32 argument
        with ex -> getExceptionType ex

    let uint32Value: obj =
        // Convert the argument to a uint32 value.
        try
            uint32 argument
        with ex -> getExceptionType ex

    print argument int32Value uint32Value

printfn "This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to int\nand decimal to uint generates the following output. It displays\nseveral converted decimal values.\n"

print "decimal argument" "int/exception" "uint/exception"
print "----------------" "-------------" "--------------" 

// Convert decimal values and display the results.
decimalToU_Int32 123M
decimalToU_Int32 (new decimal(123000, 0, 0, false, 3uy))
decimalToU_Int32 123.999M
decimalToU_Int32 4294967295.999M
decimalToU_Int32 4294967296M
decimalToU_Int32 2147483647.999M
decimalToU_Int32 2147483648M
decimalToU_Int32 -0.999M
decimalToU_Int32 -1M
decimalToU_Int32 -2147483648.999M
decimalToU_Int32 -2147483649M


// This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to int
// and decimal to uint generates the following output. It displays
// several converted decimal values.
//
//  decimal argument      int/exception     uint/exception
//  ----------------      -------------     --------------
//               123                123                123
//           123.000                123                123
//           123.999                123                123
//    4294967295.999  OverflowException         4294967295
//        4294967296  OverflowException  OverflowException
//    2147483647.999         2147483647         2147483647
//        2147483648  OverflowException         2147483648
//            -0.999                  0                  0
//                -1                 -1  OverflowException
//   -2147483648.999        -2147483648  OverflowException
//       -2147483649  OverflowException  OverflowException
' Example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to Integer and 
' Decimal to UInteger.
Module DecimalToU_Int32Demo

    Const formatter As String = "{0,17}{1,19}{2,19}"

    ' Convert the decimal argument catch exceptions that are thrown.
    Public Sub DecimalToU_Int32(argument As Decimal)
        Dim Int32Value As Object
        Dim UInt32Value As Object

        ' Convert the argument to an int value.
        Try
            Int32Value = CInt(argument)
        Catch ex As Exception 
            Int32Value = ex.GetType().Name
        End Try

        ' Convert the argument to a uint value.
        Try
            UInt32Value = CUInt(argument)
        Catch ex As Exception
            UInt32Value = ex.GetType().Name
        End Try

        Console.WriteLine(formatter, argument, _
            Int32Value, UInt32Value)
    End Sub

    Public Sub Main( )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "Decimal Argument", _ 
            "Integer/Exception", "UInteger/Exception" )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "----------------", _ 
            "-------------", "--------------" )

        ' Convert decimal values and display the results.
        DecimalToU_Int32( 123d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(New Decimal(123000, 0, 0, False, 3))
        DecimalToU_Int32(123.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(4294967295.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(4294967296d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(2147483647.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(2147483648d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(-0.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(-1d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(-2147483648.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int32(-2147483649d)
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output to the console:
'     Decimal Argument  Integer/Exception UInteger/Exception
'     ----------------      -------------     --------------
'                  123                123                123
'              123.000                123                123
'              123.999                124                124
'       4294967295.999  OverflowException  OverflowException
'           4294967296  OverflowException  OverflowException
'       2147483647.999  OverflowException         2147483648
'           2147483648  OverflowException         2147483648
'               -0.999                 -1  OverflowException
'                   -1                 -1  OverflowException
'      -2147483648.999  OverflowException  OverflowException
'          -2147483649  OverflowException  OverflowException

注解

此运算符支持对 a Decimal Int32的显式转换 。 此类显式转换的语法依赖于语言,单个语言编译器可以提供不同的实现并返回不同的结果。 当使用 C#、C++ 和Visual Basic显式将值转换为DecimalInt32时,该示例演示了不同的返回值。 若要执行独立于语言的转换,可以调用 Decimal.ToInt32(Decimal)Convert.ToInt32(Decimal) 方法。

另请参阅

适用于

Explicit(Decimal to Int16)

定义从 Decimal 到 16 位有符号整数的显式转换。

public:
 static explicit operator short(System::Decimal value);
public static explicit operator short (decimal value);
static member op_Explicit : decimal -> int16
Public Shared Narrowing Operator CType (value As Decimal) As Short

参数

value
Decimal

要转换的值。

返回

Int16

16 位有符号整数,它表示转换后的 Decimal

例外

value 小于 MinValue 或大于 MaxValue

示例

以下示例使用显式Decimal转换为Int16转换运算符将数字转换为DecimalInt16值。

// Example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to short and 
// Decimal to unsigned short.
using namespace System;
#define formatter "{0,16}{1,19}{2,19}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}


// Convert the Decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
void DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal argument )
{
   Object^ Int16Value;
   Object^ UInt16Value;
   
   // Convert the argument to a short value.
   try
   {
      Int16Value = (short)argument;
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      Int16Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   
   // Convert the argument to an unsigned short value.
   try
   {
      UInt16Value = (unsigned short)argument;
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      UInt16Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( formatter, argument, Int16Value, UInt16Value );
}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to "
   "short \nand Decimal to unsigned short generates the "
   "following output. \nIt displays several converted Decimal "
   "values.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "Decimal argument", "short", "unsigned short" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "----------------", "-----", "--------------" );
   
   // Convert Decimal values and display the results.
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "123" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal(123000,0,0,false,3) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "123.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "65535.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "65536" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "32767.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "32768" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "-0.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "-1" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "-32768.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int16( Decimal::Parse(  "-32769" ) );
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to short
and Decimal to unsigned short generates the following output.
It displays several converted Decimal values.

Decimal argument              short     unsigned short
----------------              -----     --------------
             123                123                123
         123.000                123                123
         123.999                123                123
       65535.999  OverflowException              65535
           65536  OverflowException  OverflowException
       32767.999              32767              32767
           32768  OverflowException              32768
          -0.999                  0                  0
              -1                 -1  OverflowException
      -32768.999             -32768  OverflowException
          -32769  OverflowException  OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversions from decimal to short and
// decimal to ushort.
using System;

class DecimalToU_Int16Demo
{
    const string formatter = "{0,16}{1,19}{2,19}";

    // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring(
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    // Convert the decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
    public static void DecimalToU_Int16( decimal argument )
    {
        object Int16Value;
        object UInt16Value;

        // Convert the argument to a short value.
        try
        {
            Int16Value = (short)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            Int16Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        // Convert the argument to a ushort value.
        try
        {
            UInt16Value = (ushort)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            UInt16Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, argument,
            Int16Value, UInt16Value );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        Console.WriteLine(
            "This example of the explicit conversions from decimal " +
            "to short \nand decimal to ushort generates the " +
            "following output. It displays \nseveral converted " +
            "decimal values.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "decimal argument",
            "short/exception", "ushort/exception" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "----------------",
            "---------------", "----------------" );

        // Convert decimal values and display the results.
        DecimalToU_Int16( 123M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( new decimal( 123000, 0, 0, false, 3 ) );
        DecimalToU_Int16( 123.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( 65535.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( 65536M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( 32767.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( 32768M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( - 0.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( - 1M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( - 32768.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int16( - 32769M );
    }
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to short
and decimal to ushort generates the following output. It displays
several converted decimal values.

decimal argument    short/exception   ushort/exception
----------------    ---------------   ----------------
             123                123                123
         123.000                123                123
         123.999                123                123
       65535.999  OverflowException              65535
           65536  OverflowException  OverflowException
       32767.999              32767              32767
           32768  OverflowException              32768
          -0.999                  0                  0
              -1                 -1  OverflowException
      -32768.999             -32768  OverflowException
          -32769  OverflowException  OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversions from decimal to short and
// decimal to ushort.
let print obj1 obj2 obj3 =
    printfn $"{obj1, 16}{obj2, 19}{obj3, 19}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
let getExceptionType (ex: exn) =
    let exceptionType = ex.GetType() |> string
    exceptionType.Substring(exceptionType.LastIndexOf '.' + 1)

// Convert the decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
let decimalToU_Int16 (argument: decimal) =
    let int16Value: obj =
        // Convert the argument to a int16 value.
        try
            int16 argument
        with ex -> getExceptionType ex

    let uint16Value: obj =
        // Convert the argument to a uint16 value.
        try
            uint16 argument
        with ex -> getExceptionType ex

    print argument int16Value uint16Value

printfn "This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to short\nand decimal to ushort generates the following output. It displays \nseveral converted decimal values.\n"
print "decimal argument" "short/exception" "ushort/exception"
print "----------------" "---------------" "----------------"

// Convert decimal values and display the results.
decimalToU_Int16 123M
decimalToU_Int16 (new decimal (123000, 0, 0, false, 3uy))
decimalToU_Int16 123.999M
decimalToU_Int16 65535.999M
decimalToU_Int16 65536M
decimalToU_Int16 32767.999M
decimalToU_Int16 32768M
decimalToU_Int16 -0.999M
decimalToU_Int16 -1M
decimalToU_Int16 -32768.999M
decimalToU_Int16 -32769M


// This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to short
// and decimal to ushort generates the following output. It displays
// several converted decimal values.
//
// decimal argument    short/exception   ushort/exception
// ----------------    ---------------   ----------------
//              123                123                123
//          123.000                123                123
//          123.999                123                123
//        65535.999  OverflowException              65535
//            65536  OverflowException  OverflowException
//        32767.999              32767              32767
//            32768  OverflowException              32768
//           -0.999                  0                  0
//               -1                 -1  OverflowException
//       -32768.999             -32768  OverflowException
//           -32769  OverflowException  OverflowException
' Example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to Short and 
' Decimal to UShort.
Module DecimalToU_Int16Demo

    Const formatter As String = "{0,16}{1,19}{2,19}"

    ' Convert the decimal argument and catch exceptions that are thrown.
    Public Sub DecimalToU_Int16(argument As Decimal)
        Dim Int16Value As Object
        Dim UInt16Value As Object

        ' Convert the argument to a Short value.
        Try
            Int16Value = CShort(argument)
        Catch ex As Exception 
            Int16Value = ex.GetType().Name
        End Try

        ' Convert the argument to a UShort value.
        Try
            UInt16Value = CUShort(argument)
        Catch ex As Exception
            UInt16Value = ex.GetType().Name
        End Try

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, argument, _
            Int16Value, UInt16Value )
    End Sub

    Public Sub Main( )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "Decimal argument", _ 
            "Short/Exception", "UShort/Exception" )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "----------------", _ 
            "---------------", "----------------" )

        ' Convert decimal values and display the results.
        DecimalToU_Int16(123d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(New Decimal( 123000, 0, 0, False, 3 ))
        DecimalToU_Int16(123.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(65535.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(65536d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(32767.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(32768d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(-0.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(-1d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(-32768.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int16(-32769d)
    End Sub
End Module
' This example displays the following output to the console:
'    Decimal argument    Short/Exception   UShort/Exception
'    ----------------    ---------------   ----------------
'                 123                123                123
'             123.000                123                123
'             123.999                124                124
'           65535.999  OverflowException  OverflowException
'               65536  OverflowException  OverflowException
'           32767.999  OverflowException              32768
'               32768  OverflowException              32768
'              -0.999                 -1  OverflowException
'                  -1                 -1  OverflowException
'          -32768.999  OverflowException  OverflowException
'              -32769  OverflowException  OverflowException

注解

此运算符支持对 a Decimal Int16的显式转换 。 此类显式转换的语法依赖于语言,单个语言编译器可以提供不同的实现并返回不同的结果。 此示例演示了在使用 C#、Visual Basic 和 C++ 将值显式转换为DecimalInt16时的不同返回值。 若要执行独立于语言的转换,可以调用 Decimal.ToInt16(Decimal)Convert.ToInt16(Decimal) 方法。

另请参阅

适用于

Explicit(Decimal to Double)

定义从 Decimal 到双精度浮点数的显式转换。

public:
 static explicit operator double(System::Decimal value);
public static explicit operator double (decimal value);
static member op_Explicit : decimal -> double
Public Shared Narrowing Operator CType (value As Decimal) As Double

参数

value
Decimal

要转换的值。

返回

Double

双精度浮点数,它表示转换后的 Decimal

示例

以下示例使用显式Decimal转换为Double转换运算符将数字转换为DecimalDouble值。

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   // Define an array of Decimal values.
   array<Decimal>^ values = { Decimal::Parse("0.0000000000000000000000000001"), 
                              Decimal::Parse("0.0000000000123456789123456789"),
                              Decimal::Parse("123"), 
                              Decimal(123000000, 0, 0, false, 6),
                              Decimal::Parse("123456789.123456789"), 
                              Decimal::Parse("123456789123456789123456789"), 
                              Decimal::MinValue, Decimal::MaxValue };
   // Convert each value to a double.
   for each (Decimal value in values) {
       double dblValue = (double) value;
       Console::WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3})", value,
                          value.GetType()->Name, dblValue, 
                          dblValue.GetType()->Name);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    0.0000000000000000000000000001 (Decimal) --> 1E-28 (Double)
//    0.0000000000123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.23456789123457E-11 (Double)
//    123 (Decimal) --> 123 (Double)
//    123.000000 (Decimal) --> 123 (Double)
//    123456789.123456789 (Decimal) --> 123456789.123457 (Double)
//    123456789123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.23456789123457E+26 (Double)
//    -79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> -7.92281625142643E+28 (Double)
//    79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> 7.92281625142643E+28 (Double)
using System;

class Example
{
    public static void Main( )
    {
        // Define an array of decimal values.
        decimal[] values = { 0.0000000000000000000000000001M,
                             0.0000000000123456789123456789M,
                             123M, new decimal(123000000, 0, 0, false, 6),
                             123456789.123456789M,
                             123456789123456789123456789M,
                             decimal.MinValue, decimal.MaxValue };
        // Convert each value to a double.
        foreach (var value in values) {
            double dblValue = (double) value;
            Console.WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3})", value,
                              value.GetType().Name, dblValue,
                              dblValue.GetType().Name);
       }
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    0.0000000000000000000000000001 (Decimal) --> 1E-28 (Double)
//    0.0000000000123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.23456789123457E-11 (Double)
//    123 (Decimal) --> 123 (Double)
//    123.000000 (Decimal) --> 123 (Double)
//    123456789.123456789 (Decimal) --> 123456789.123457 (Double)
//    123456789123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.23456789123457E+26 (Double)
//    -79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> -7.92281625142643E+28 (Double)
//    79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> 7.92281625142643E+28 (Double)
open System

// Define a list of decimal values.
let values = 
    [ 0.0000000000000000000000000001M
      0.0000000000123456789123456789M
      123M; Decimal(123000000, 0, 0, false, 6uy)
      123456789.123456789M
      123456789123456789123456789M
      Decimal.MinValue; Decimal.MaxValue ]

// Convert each value to a double.
for value in values do
    let dblValue = double value
    printfn $"{value} ({value.GetType().Name}) --> {dblValue} ({dblValue.GetType().Name})"

// The example displays the following output:
//    0.0000000000000000000000000001 (Decimal) --> 1E-28 (Double)
//    0.0000000000123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.23456789123457E-11 (Double)
//    123 (Decimal) --> 123 (Double)
//    123.000000 (Decimal) --> 123 (Double)
//    123456789.123456789 (Decimal) --> 123456789.123457 (Double)
//    123456789123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.23456789123457E+26 (Double)
//    -79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> -7.92281625142643E+28 (Double)
//    79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> 7.92281625142643E+28 (Double)
Module Example
    Public Sub Main( )
        ' Define an array of Decimal values.
        Dim values() As Decimal= { 0.0000000000000000000000000001d, 
                                   0.0000000000123456789123456789d,
                                   123d, 
                                   New Decimal(123000000, 0, 0, False, 6),
                                   123456789.123456789d, 
                                   123456789123456789123456789d, 
                                   Decimal.MinValue, Decimal.MaxValue }
        For Each value In values
            Dim dblValue As Double = CDbl(value)
            Console.WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3})", value,
                              value.GetType().Name, dblValue, 
                              dblValue.GetType().Name)
        Next
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    0.0000000000000000000000000001 (Decimal) --> 1E-28 (Double)
'    0.0000000000123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.23456789123457E-11 (Double)
'    123 (Decimal) --> 123 (Double)
'    123.000000 (Decimal) --> 123 (Double)
'    123456789.123456789 (Decimal) --> 123456789.123457 (Double)
'    123456789123456789123456789 (Decimal) --> 1.23456789123457E+26 (Double)
'    -79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> -7.92281625142643E+28 (Double)
'    79228162514264337593543950335 (Decimal) --> 7.92281625142643E+28 (Double)

注解

此操作可能会导致精度损失,因为双精度浮点数的有效位数比 a Decimal少。

此运算符支持对 a Decimal Double的显式转换。 此类显式转换的语法依赖于语言,单个语言编译器可以提供不同的实现并返回不同的结果。 当使用 C#、C++ 和Visual Basic显式将值转换为DecimalDouble时,此示例演示了不同的返回值。 若要执行独立于语言的转换,可以调用 Decimal.ToDouble(Decimal)Convert.ToDouble(Decimal) 方法。

另请参阅

适用于

Explicit(Decimal to Char)

定义从 Unicode 字符到 Decimal 的显式转换。

public:
 static explicit operator char(System::Decimal value);
public static explicit operator char (decimal value);
static member op_Explicit : decimal -> char
Public Shared Narrowing Operator CType (value As Decimal) As Char

参数

value
Decimal

要转换的值。

返回

Char

表示转换后的 Decimal 的 Unicode 字符。

例外

value 小于 MinValue 或大于 MaxValue

示例

以下示例使用显式Decimal转换Char运算符将数字转换为DecimalChar (Unicode 字符) 的值。

using System;

class Example
{
   public static void Main( )
   {
      // Define an array of decimal values.
      decimal[] values = { 3.33m, 55.5m, 77.7m, 123m, 123.999m, 170m,
                           188.88m, 222m, 244m, 8217m, 8250m, 65536m,
                           -1m };
      // Convert each value to a Char.
      foreach (decimal value in values) {
         try {
            char charValue = (char) value;
            Console.WriteLine("{0} --> {1} ({2:X4})", value,
                              charValue, (ushort) charValue);
         }
         catch (OverflowException) {
            Console.WriteLine("OverflowException: Cannot convert {0}",
                              value);
         }
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       3.33 --> ? (0003)
//       55.5 --> 7 (0037)
//       77.7 --> M (004D)
//       123 --> { (007B)
//       123.999 --> { (007B)
//       170 --> ª (00AA)
//       188.88 --> ¼ (00BC)
//       222 --> _ (00DE)
//       244 --> ô (00F4)
//       8217 --> ' (2019)
//       8250 --> > (203A)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert 65536
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert -1
open System

// Define a list of decimal values.
let values = 
    [ 3.33m; 55.5m; 77.7m; 123m; 123.999m; 170m; 188.88m; 222m; 244m; 8217m; 8250m; 65536m; -1m ]

// Convert each value to a Char.
for value in values do
    try
        let charValue = char value
        printfn $"{value} --> {charValue} ({uint16 charValue:X4})"

    with :? OverflowException ->
        printfn $"OverflowException: Cannot convert {value}"

// The example displays the following output:
//       3.33 --> ? (0003)
//       55.5 --> 7 (0037)
//       77.7 --> M (004D)
//       123 --> { (007B)
//       123.999 --> { (007B)
//       170 --> ª (00AA)
//       188.88 --> ¼ (00BC)
//       222 --> _ (00DE)
//       244 --> ô (00F4)
//       8217 --> ' (2019)
//       8250 --> > (203A)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert 65536
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert -1
' Visual Basic does not support explicit Decimal-to-Char
' conversion using either CType or CChar.

注解

此运算符支持对 a Decimal Char的显式转换。 此类显式转换的语法依赖于语言,单个语言编译器可以提供不同的实现并返回不同的结果,或者根本不支持转换。 例如,Visual Basic和 C++ 编译器不支持显式Decimal转换Char

另请参阅

适用于

Explicit(Decimal to Byte)

定义从 Decimal 到 8 位无符号整数的显式转换。

public:
 static explicit operator System::Byte(System::Decimal value);
public static explicit operator byte (decimal value);
static member op_Explicit : decimal -> byte
Public Shared Narrowing Operator CType (value As Decimal) As Byte

参数

value
Decimal

要转换的值。

返回

Byte

8 位无符号整数,它表示转换后的 Decimal

例外

value 小于 MinValue 或大于 MaxValue

示例

以下示例使用显式Decimal转换为Byte转换运算符将数字转换为DecimalByte值。

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   // Define an array of decimal values.
   array<Decimal>^ values = { Decimal::Parse("78"), 
                              Decimal(78000,0,0,false,3), 
                              Decimal::Parse("78.999"),
                              Decimal::Parse("255.999"),
                              Decimal::Parse("256"),
                              Decimal::Parse("127.999"),
                              Decimal::Parse("128"),
                              Decimal::Parse("-0.999"),
                              Decimal::Parse("-1"), 
                              Decimal::Parse("-128.999"),
                              Decimal::Parse("-129") };           
   for each (Decimal value in values) {
      try {
         Byte byteValue = (Byte) value;
         Console::WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3})", value,
                            value.GetType()->Name, byteValue, 
                            byteValue.GetType()->Name);
      }
      catch (OverflowException^ e) {
          Console::WriteLine("OverflowException: Cannot convert {0}",
                            value);
      }   
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       78 (Decimal) --> 78 (Byte)
//       78.000 (Decimal) --> 78 (Byte)
//       78.999 (Decimal) --> 78 (Byte)
//       255.999 (Decimal) --> 255 (Byte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert 256
//       127.999 (Decimal) --> 127 (Byte)
//       128 (Decimal) --> 128 (Byte)
//       -0.999 (Decimal) --> 0 (Byte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert -1
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert -128.999
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert -129
using System;

class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Define an array of decimal values.
       decimal[] values = { 78m, new Decimal(78000, 0, 0, false, 3),
                            78.999m, 255.999m, 256m, 127.999m,
                            128m, -0.999m, -1m, -128.999m, -129m };
       foreach (var value in values) {
          try {
              Byte byteValue = (Byte) value;
              Console.WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3})", value,
                                value.GetType().Name, byteValue,
                                byteValue.GetType().Name);
           }
           catch (OverflowException) {
              Console.WriteLine("OverflowException: Cannot convert {0}",
                                value);
           }
       }
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       78 (Decimal) --> 78 (Byte)
//       78.000 (Decimal) --> 78 (Byte)
//       78.999 (Decimal) --> 78 (Byte)
//       255.999 (Decimal) --> 255 (Byte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert 256
//       127.999 (Decimal) --> 127 (Byte)
//       128 (Decimal) --> 128 (Byte)
//       -0.999 (Decimal) --> 0 (Byte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert -1
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert -128.999
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert -129
open System

// Define a list of decimal values.
let values = 
    [ 78m; Decimal(78000, 0, 0, false, 3uy)
      78.999m; 255.999m; 256m; 127.999m
      128m; -0.999m; -1m; -128.999m; -129m ]

for value in values do
    try
        let byteValue = byte value
        printfn $"{value} ({value.GetType().Name}) --> {byteValue} ({byteValue.GetType().Name})"

    with :? OverflowException ->
        printfn $"OverflowException: Cannot convert {value}"

// The example displays the following output:
//       78 (Decimal) --> 78 (Byte)
//       78.000 (Decimal) --> 78 (Byte)
//       78.999 (Decimal) --> 78 (Byte)
//       255.999 (Decimal) --> 255 (Byte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert 256
//       127.999 (Decimal) --> 127 (Byte)
//       128 (Decimal) --> 128 (Byte)
//       -0.999 (Decimal) --> 0 (Byte)
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert -1
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert -128.999
//       OverflowException: Cannot convert -129
Option Strict On

Module Example
    Public Sub Main()
        ' Define an array of decimal values.
        Dim values() As Decimal = { 78d, New Decimal(78000, 0, 0, False, 3),
                                    78.999d, 255.999d, 256d, 127.999d,
                                    128d, -0.999d, -1d, -128.999d, 
                                    -129d }           
        For Each value In values
           Try
              Dim byteValue As Byte = CByte(value)
              Console.WriteLine("{0} ({1}) --> {2} ({3})", value,
                                value.GetType().Name, byteValue, 
                                byteValue.GetType().Name)
           Catch e As OverflowException
              Console.WriteLine("OverflowException: Cannot convert {0}",
                                value)
           End Try
        Next   
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       78 (Decimal) --> 78 (Byte)
'       78.000 (Decimal) --> 78 (Byte)
'       78.999 (Decimal) --> 79 (Byte)
'       OverflowException: Cannot convert 255.999
'       OverflowException: Cannot convert 256
'       127.999 (Decimal) --> 128 (Byte)
'       128 (Decimal) --> 128 (Byte)
'       OverflowException: Cannot convert -0.999
'       OverflowException: Cannot convert -1
'       OverflowException: Cannot convert -128.999
'       OverflowException: Cannot convert -129

注解

此运算符支持对 a Decimal Byte的显式转换。 此类显式转换的语法依赖于语言,单个语言编译器可以提供不同的实现并返回不同的结果。 当使用 C#、C++ 和Visual Basic显式将值转换为DecimalByte时,此示例演示了不同的返回值。 若要执行独立于语言的转换,可以调用 Decimal.ToByte(Decimal)Convert.ToByte(Decimal) 方法。

另请参阅

适用于

Explicit(Decimal to Int64)

定义从 Decimal 到 64 位有符号整数的显式转换。

public:
 static explicit operator long(System::Decimal value);
public static explicit operator long (decimal value);
static member op_Explicit : decimal -> int64
Public Shared Narrowing Operator CType (value As Decimal) As Long

参数

value
Decimal

要转换的值。

返回

Int64

64 位有符号整数,它表示转换后的 Decimal

例外

value 小于 MinValue 或大于 MaxValue

示例

以下示例使用显式Decimal转换为Int64转换运算符将数字转换为DecimalInt64值。

// Example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to __int64 and 
// Decimal to unsigned __int64.
using namespace System;
#define formatter "{0,25}{1,22}{2,22}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
String^ GetExceptionType( Exception^ ex )
{
   String^ exceptionType = ex->GetType()->ToString();
   return exceptionType->Substring( exceptionType->LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
}


// Convert the Decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
void DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal argument )
{
   Object^ Int64Value;
   Object^ UInt64Value;
   
   // Convert the argument to an __int64 value.
   try
   {
      Int64Value = (__int64)argument;
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      Int64Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   
   // Convert the argument to an unsigned __int64 value.
   try
   {
      UInt64Value = (unsigned __int64)argument;
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      UInt64Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( formatter, argument, Int64Value, UInt64Value );
}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to "
   "__int64 \nand Decimal to unsigned __int64 generates the "
   "following output. \nIt displays several converted Decimal "
   "values.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "Decimal argument", "__int64", "unsigned __int64" );
   Console::WriteLine( formatter, "----------------", "-------", "----------------" );
   
   // Convert Decimal values and display the results.
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "123" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal(123000,0,0,false,3) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "123.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "18446744073709551615.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "18446744073709551616" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "9223372036854775807.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "9223372036854775808" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "-0.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "-1" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "-9223372036854775808.999" ) );
   DecimalToU_Int64( Decimal::Parse(  "-9223372036854775809" ) );
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to __int64
and Decimal to unsigned __int64 generates the following output.
It displays several converted Decimal values.

         Decimal argument               __int64      unsigned __int64
         ----------------               -------      ----------------
                      123                   123                   123
                  123.000                   123                   123
                  123.999                   123                   123
 18446744073709551615.999     OverflowException  18446744073709551615
     18446744073709551616     OverflowException     OverflowException
  9223372036854775807.999   9223372036854775807   9223372036854775807
      9223372036854775808     OverflowException   9223372036854775808
                   -0.999                     0                     0
                       -1                    -1     OverflowException
 -9223372036854775808.999  -9223372036854775808     OverflowException
     -9223372036854775809     OverflowException     OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversions from decimal to long and
// decimal to ulong.
using System;

class DecimalToU_Int64Demo
{
    const string formatter = "{0,25}{1,22}{2,22}";

    // Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
    public static string GetExceptionType( Exception ex )
    {
        string exceptionType = ex.GetType( ).ToString( );
        return exceptionType.Substring(
            exceptionType.LastIndexOf( '.' ) + 1 );
    }

    // Convert the decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
    public static void DecimalToU_Int64( decimal argument )
    {
        object Int64Value;
        object UInt64Value;

        // Convert the argument to a long value.
        try
        {
            Int64Value = (long)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            Int64Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        // Convert the argument to a ulong value.
        try
        {
            UInt64Value = (ulong)argument;
        }
        catch( Exception ex )
        {
            UInt64Value = GetExceptionType( ex );
        }

        Console.WriteLine( formatter, argument,
            Int64Value, UInt64Value );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        Console.WriteLine(
            "This example of the explicit conversions from decimal " +
            "to long \nand decimal to ulong generates the following " +
            "output. It displays \nseveral converted decimal " +
            "values.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "decimal argument",
            "long/exception", "ulong/exception" );
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "----------------",
            "--------------", "---------------" );

        // Convert decimal values and display the results.
        DecimalToU_Int64( 123M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( new decimal( 123000, 0, 0, false, 3 ) );
        DecimalToU_Int64( 123.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( 18446744073709551615.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( 18446744073709551616M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( 9223372036854775807.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( 9223372036854775808M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( - 0.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( - 1M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( - 9223372036854775808.999M );
        DecimalToU_Int64( - 9223372036854775809M );
    }
}

/*
This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to long
and decimal to ulong generates the following output. It displays
several converted decimal values.

         decimal argument        long/exception       ulong/exception
         ----------------        --------------       ---------------
                      123                   123                   123
                  123.000                   123                   123
                  123.999                   123                   123
 18446744073709551615.999     OverflowException  18446744073709551615
     18446744073709551616     OverflowException     OverflowException
  9223372036854775807.999   9223372036854775807   9223372036854775807
      9223372036854775808     OverflowException   9223372036854775808
                   -0.999                     0                     0
                       -1                    -1     OverflowException
 -9223372036854775808.999  -9223372036854775808     OverflowException
     -9223372036854775809     OverflowException     OverflowException
*/
// Example of the explicit conversions from decimal to long and
// decimal to ulong.
let print obj1 obj2 obj3 = printfn $"{obj1,25}{obj2,22}{obj3,22}"

// Get the exception type name; remove the namespace prefix.
let getExceptionType (ex: exn) =
    let exceptionType = ex.GetType() |> string
    exceptionType.Substring(exceptionType.LastIndexOf '.' + 1)

// Convert the decimal argument; catch exceptions that are thrown.
let decimalToU_Int64 (argument: decimal) =
    let int32Value: obj =
        // Convert the argument to a int64 value.
        try
            int32 argument
        with ex -> getExceptionType ex

    let uint32Value: obj =
        // Convert the argument to a uint64 value.
        try
            uint32 argument
        with ex -> getExceptionType ex

    print argument int32Value uint32Value

printfn "This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to long\nand decimal to ulong generates the following output. It displays\nseveral converted decimal values.\n"

print "decimal argument" "long/exception" "ulong/exception"
print "----------------" "--------------" "---------------"

// Convert decimal values and display the results.
decimalToU_Int64 123M
decimalToU_Int64 (new decimal(123000, 0, 0, false, 3uy))
decimalToU_Int64 123.999M
decimalToU_Int64 18446744073709551615.999M
decimalToU_Int64 18446744073709551616M
decimalToU_Int64 9223372036854775807.999M
decimalToU_Int64 9223372036854775808M
decimalToU_Int64 -0.999M
decimalToU_Int64 -1M
decimalToU_Int64 -9223372036854775808.999M
decimalToU_Int64 -9223372036854775809M


// This example of the explicit conversions from decimal to long
// and decimal to ulong generates the following output. It displays
// several converted decimal values.
//
//          decimal argument        long/exception       ulong/exception
//          ----------------        --------------       ---------------
//                       123                   123                   123
//                   123.000                   123                   123
//                   123.999                   123                   123
//  18446744073709551615.999     OverflowException  18446744073709551615
//      18446744073709551616     OverflowException     OverflowException
//   9223372036854775807.999   9223372036854775807   9223372036854775807
//       9223372036854775808     OverflowException   9223372036854775808
//                    -0.999                     0                     0
//                        -1                    -1     OverflowException
//  -9223372036854775808.999  -9223372036854775808     OverflowException
//      -9223372036854775809     OverflowException     OverflowException
' Example of the explicit conversions from Decimal to Long and 
' Decimal to ULong.
Module DecimalToU_Int64Demo

    Const formatter As String = "{0,25}{1,22}{2,22}"

    ' Convert the decimal argument catch exceptions that are thrown.
    Public Sub DecimalToU_Int64(argument As Decimal)
        Dim Int64Value As Object
        Dim UInt64Value As Object

        ' Convert the argument to a long value.
        Try
            Int64Value = CLng(argument)
        Catch ex As Exception
            Int64Value = ex.GetType().Name
        End Try

        ' Convert the argument to a ulong value.
        Try
            UInt64Value = CULng(argument)
        Catch ex As Exception
            UInt64Value = ex.GetType().Name
        End Try

        Console.WriteLine(formatter, argument, _ 
            Int64Value, UInt64Value)
    End Sub

    Public Sub Main( )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "Decimal argument", _
            "Long/Exception", "ULong/Exception" )
        Console.WriteLine( formatter, "----------------", _
            "--------------", "---------------" )

        ' Convert decimal values and display the results.
        DecimalToU_Int64(123d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(New Decimal(123000, 0, 0, False, 3))
        DecimalToU_Int64(123.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(18446744073709551615.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(18446744073709551616d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(9223372036854775807.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(9223372036854775808d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(-0.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(-1d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(-9223372036854775808.999d)
        DecimalToU_Int64(-9223372036854775809d)
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output to the console:
'             Decimal argument        Long/Exception       ULong/Exception
'             ----------------        --------------       ---------------
'                          123                   123                   123
'                      123.000                   123                   123
'                      123.999                   124                   124
'     18446744073709551615.999     OverflowException     OverflowException
'         18446744073709551616     OverflowException     OverflowException
'      9223372036854775807.999     OverflowException   9223372036854775808
'          9223372036854775808     OverflowException   9223372036854775808
'                       -0.999                    -1     OverflowException
'                           -1                    -1     OverflowException
'     -9223372036854775808.999     OverflowException     OverflowException
'         -9223372036854775809     OverflowException     OverflowException

注解

此运算符支持对 a Decimal Int64的显式转换 。 此类显式转换的语法依赖于语言,单个语言编译器可以提供不同的实现并返回不同的结果。 当使用 C# 和Visual Basic显式将值转换为DecimalInt64时,该示例演示了不同的返回值。 若要执行独立于语言的转换,可以调用 Decimal.ToInt64(Decimal)Convert.ToInt64(Decimal) 方法。

另请参阅

适用于