Double.NaN 字段

定义

表示不是数字 (NaN) 的值。Represents a value that is not a number (NaN). 此字段为常数。This field is constant.

public: double NaN = NaN;
public const double NaN = NaN;
val mutable NaN : double
Public Const NaN As Double  = NaN

字段值

Double

示例

以下示例演示了 NaN 的用法:The following example illustrates the use of NaN:

Double zero = 0;

// This condition will return false.
if ( (0 / zero) == Double::NaN )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "0 / 0 can be tested with Double::NaN." );
}
else
{
   Console::WriteLine( "0 / 0 cannot be tested with Double::NaN; use Double::IsNan() instead." );
}
Double zero = 0;
  
// This condition will return false.
if ((0 / zero) == Double.NaN)
   Console.WriteLine("0 / 0 can be tested with Double.NaN.");
else
   Console.WriteLine("0 / 0 cannot be tested with Double.NaN; use Double.IsNan() instead.");
Dim zero As Double = 0

' This condition will return false.
If (0 / zero) = Double.NaN Then
    Console.WriteLine("0 / 0 can be tested with Double.NaN.")
Else
    Console.WriteLine("0 / 0 cannot be tested with Double.NaN; use Double.IsNan() instead.")
End If

注解

NaN当操作的结果不确定时,方法或运算符将返回。A method or operator returns NaN when the result of an operation is undefined. 例如,零除以零的结果为 NaN ,如下面的示例所示。For example, the result of dividing zero by zero is NaN, as the following example shows. (但要注意的是,将非零数除以零会返回 PositiveInfinityNegativeInfinity ,具体取决于除数的符号。 ) (But note that dividing a non-zero number by zero returns either PositiveInfinity or NegativeInfinity, depending on the sign of the divisor.)

double zero = 0.0;
Console.WriteLine("{0} / {1} = {2}", zero, zero, zero/zero);
// The example displays the following output:
//         0 / 0 = NaN
Dim zero As Double = 0
Console.WriteLine("{0} / {1} = {2}", zero, zero, zero/zero)
' The example displays the following output:
'         0 / 0 = NaN

此外,对于 NaN 值或对值进行操作的方法调用将 NaN 返回 NaN ,如下面的示例所示。In addition, a method call with a NaN value or an operation on a NaN value returns NaN, as the following example shows.

double nan1 = Double.NaN;

Console.WriteLine("{0} + {1} = {2}", 3, nan1, 3 + nan1);
Console.WriteLine("Abs({0}) = {1}", nan1, Math.Abs(nan1));
// The example displays the following output:
//       3 + NaN = NaN
//       Abs(NaN) = NaN
Dim nan1 As Double = Double.NaN

Console.WriteLine("{0} + {1} = {2}", 3, nan1, 3 + nan1)
Console.WriteLine("Abs({0}) = {1}", nan1, Math.Abs(nan1))
' The example displays the following output:
'       3 + NaN = NaN
'       Abs(NaN) = NaN

使用 IsNaN 方法确定某个值是否不是数字。Use the IsNaN method to determine whether a value is not a number. Equality运算符将两个 NaN 值视为相互不相等。The Equality operator considers two NaN values to be unequal to one another. 通常, Double 运算符不能用于 Double.NaN 与其他值进行比较 Double ,不过比较方法 (例如 EqualsCompareTo) 可以。In general, Double operators cannot be used to compare Double.NaN with other Double values, although comparison methods (such as Equals and CompareTo) can. 下面的示例阐释 Double 比较运算符与方法之间的行为差异。The following example illustrates the difference in behavior between Double comparison operators and methods.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Console.WriteLine("NaN == NaN: {0}", Double.NaN == Double.NaN);
      Console.WriteLine("NaN != NaN: {0}", Double.NaN != Double.NaN);
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.Equals(NaN): {0}", Double.NaN.Equals(Double.NaN));
      Console.WriteLine("! NaN.Equals(NaN): {0}", ! Double.NaN.Equals(Double.NaN));
      Console.WriteLine("IsNaN: {0}", Double.IsNaN(Double.NaN));

      Console.WriteLine("\nNaN > NaN: {0}", Double.NaN > Double.NaN);
      Console.WriteLine("NaN >= NaN: {0}", Double.NaN >= Double.NaN);
      Console.WriteLine("NaN < NaN: {0}", Double.NaN < Double.NaN);
      Console.WriteLine("NaN < 100.0: {0}", Double.NaN < 100.0);
      Console.WriteLine("NaN <= 100.0: {0}", Double.NaN <= 100.0);
      Console.WriteLine("NaN >= 100.0: {0}", Double.NaN > 100.0);
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.CompareTo(NaN): {0}", Double.NaN.CompareTo(Double.NaN));
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.CompareTo(100.0): {0}", Double.NaN.CompareTo(100.0));
      Console.WriteLine("(100.0).CompareTo(Double.NaN): {0}", (100.0).CompareTo(Double.NaN));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       NaN == NaN: False
//       NaN != NaN: True
//       NaN.Equals(NaN): True
//       ! NaN.Equals(NaN): False
//       IsNaN: True
//
//       NaN > NaN: False
//       NaN >= NaN: False
//       NaN < NaN: False
//       NaN < 100.0: False
//       NaN <= 100.0: False
//       NaN >= 100.0: False
//       NaN.CompareTo(NaN): 0
//       NaN.CompareTo(100.0): -1
//       (100.0).CompareTo(Double.NaN): 1
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Console.WriteLine("NaN = NaN: {0}", Double.NaN = Double.NaN) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN <> NaN: {0}", Double.NaN <> Double.NaN) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.Equals(NaN): {0}", Double.NaN.Equals(Double.NaN)) 
      Console.WriteLine("Not NaN.Equals(NaN): {0}", Not Double.NaN.Equals(Double.NaN)) 
      Console.WriteLine("IsNaN: {0}", Double.IsNaN(Double.NaN))
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("NaN > NaN: {0}", Double.NaN > 100.0) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN >= NaN: {0}", Double.NaN >= 100.0) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN < NaN: {0}", Double.NaN < Double.NaN)
      Console.WriteLine("NaN < 100.0: {0}", Double.NaN < 100.0) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN <= 100.0: {0}", Double.NaN <= 100.0) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN >= 100.0: {0}", Double.NaN > 100.0)
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.CompareTo(NaN): {0}", Double.NaN.CompareTo(Double.Nan)) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.CompareTo(100.0): {0}", Double.NaN.CompareTo(100.0)) 
      Console.WriteLine("(100.0).CompareTo(Double.NaN): {0}", (100.0).CompareTo(Double.NaN)) 
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       NaN == NaN: False
'       NaN != NaN: True
'       NaN.Equals(NaN): True
'       ! NaN.Equals(NaN): False
'       IsNaN: True
'
'       NaN > NaN: False
'       NaN >= NaN: False
'       NaN < NaN: False
'       NaN < 100.0: False
'       NaN <= 100.0: False
'       NaN >= 100.0: False
'       NaN.CompareTo(NaN): 0
'       NaN.CompareTo(100.0): -1
'       (100.0).CompareTo(Double.NaN): 1

适用于

另请参阅