Double.NaN Double.NaN Double.NaN Double.NaN Field

定义

表示不是数字 (NaN) 的值。Represents a value that is not a number (NaN). 此字段为常数。This field is constant.

public: double NaN = NaN;
public const double NaN = NaN;
val mutable NaN : double
Public Const NaN As Double  = NaN

字段值

示例

以下示例演示了 NaN 的用法:The following example illustrates the use of NaN:

Double zero = 0;

// This condition will return false.
if ( (0 / zero) == Double::NaN )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "0 / 0 can be tested with Double::NaN." );
}
else
{
   Console::WriteLine( "0 / 0 cannot be tested with Double::NaN; use Double::IsNan() instead." );
}
Double zero = 0;

// This condition will return false.
if ((0 / zero) == Double.NaN) 
   Console.WriteLine("0 / 0 can be tested with Double.NaN.");
else 
   Console.WriteLine("0 / 0 cannot be tested with Double.NaN; use Double.IsNan() instead.");
Dim zero As Double = 0

' This condition will return false.
If (0 / zero) = Double.NaN Then
    Console.WriteLine("0 / 0 can be tested with Double.NaN.")
Else
    Console.WriteLine("0 / 0 cannot be tested with Double.NaN; use Double.IsNan() instead.")
End If

注解

方法或运算符返回NaN时操作的结果是不确定。A method or operator returns NaN when the result of an operation is undefined. 例如,零被零除的结果是NaN,如下面的示例所示。For example, the result of dividing zero by zero is NaN, as the following example shows. (但请注意,返回一个非零数字除以 0 或者PositiveInfinityNegativeInfinity,取决除数的符号。)(But note that dividing a non-zero number by zero returns either PositiveInfinity or NegativeInfinity, depending on the sign of the divisor.)

double zero = 0.0;
Console.WriteLine("{0} / {1} = {2}", zero, zero, zero/zero);
// The example displays the following output:
//         0 / 0 = NaN      
Dim zero As Double = 0
Console.WriteLine("{0} / {1} = {2}", zero, zero, zero/zero)
' The example displays the following output:
'         0 / 0 = NaN      

此外,一种方法调用NaN值或上的一个操作NaN值返回NaN,如下面的示例所示。In addition, a method call with a NaN value or an operation on a NaN value returns NaN, as the following example shows.

double nan1 = Double.NaN;

Console.WriteLine("{0} + {1} = {2}", 3, nan1, 3 + nan1);
Console.WriteLine("Abs({0}) = {1}", nan1, Math.Abs(nan1));
// The example displays the following output:
//       3 + NaN = NaN
//       Abs(NaN) = NaN
Dim nan1 As Double = Double.NaN

Console.WriteLine("{0} + {1} = {2}", 3, nan1, 3 + nan1)
Console.WriteLine("Abs({0}) = {1}", nan1, Math.Abs(nan1))
' The example displays the following output:
'       3 + NaN = NaN
'       Abs(NaN) = NaN

使用IsNaN方法来确定值是否不是一个数字。Use the IsNaN method to determine whether a value is not a number. Equality运算符会考虑两个NaN到另一个不相等的值。The Equality operator considers two NaN values to be unequal to one another. 一般情况下,Double不能使用运算符来比较Double.NaN与其他Double值,尽管比较方法 (如EqualsCompareTo) 可以。In general, Double operators cannot be used to compare Double.NaN with other Double values, although comparison methods (such as Equals and CompareTo) can. 下面的示例阐释了之间的行为差异Double比较运算符和方法。The following example illustrates the difference in behavior between Double comparison operators and methods.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Console.WriteLine("NaN == NaN: {0}", Double.NaN == Double.NaN); 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN != NaN: {0}", Double.NaN != Double.NaN); 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.Equals(NaN): {0}", Double.NaN.Equals(Double.NaN)); 
      Console.WriteLine("! NaN.Equals(NaN): {0}", ! Double.NaN.Equals(Double.NaN)); 
      Console.WriteLine("IsNaN: {0}", Double.IsNaN(Double.NaN));

      Console.WriteLine("\nNaN > NaN: {0}", Double.NaN > Double.NaN); 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN >= NaN: {0}", Double.NaN >= Double.NaN); 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN < NaN: {0}", Double.NaN < Double.NaN);
      Console.WriteLine("NaN < 100.0: {0}", Double.NaN < 100.0); 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN <= 100.0: {0}", Double.NaN <= 100.0); 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN >= 100.0: {0}", Double.NaN > 100.0);
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.CompareTo(NaN): {0}", Double.NaN.CompareTo(Double.NaN)); 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.CompareTo(100.0): {0}", Double.NaN.CompareTo(100.0)); 
      Console.WriteLine("(100.0).CompareTo(Double.NaN): {0}", (100.0).CompareTo(Double.NaN)); 
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       NaN == NaN: False
//       NaN != NaN: True
//       NaN.Equals(NaN): True
//       ! NaN.Equals(NaN): False
//       IsNaN: True
//       
//       NaN > NaN: False
//       NaN >= NaN: False
//       NaN < NaN: False
//       NaN < 100.0: False
//       NaN <= 100.0: False
//       NaN >= 100.0: False
//       NaN.CompareTo(NaN): 0
//       NaN.CompareTo(100.0): -1
//       (100.0).CompareTo(Double.NaN): 1
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Console.WriteLine("NaN = NaN: {0}", Double.NaN = Double.NaN) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN <> NaN: {0}", Double.NaN <> Double.NaN) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.Equals(NaN): {0}", Double.NaN.Equals(Double.NaN)) 
      Console.WriteLine("Not NaN.Equals(NaN): {0}", Not Double.NaN.Equals(Double.NaN)) 
      Console.WriteLine("IsNaN: {0}", Double.IsNaN(Double.NaN))
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("NaN > NaN: {0}", Double.NaN > 100.0) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN >= NaN: {0}", Double.NaN >= 100.0) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN < NaN: {0}", Double.NaN < Double.NaN)
      Console.WriteLine("NaN < 100.0: {0}", Double.NaN < 100.0) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN <= 100.0: {0}", Double.NaN <= 100.0) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN >= 100.0: {0}", Double.NaN > 100.0)
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.CompareTo(NaN): {0}", Double.NaN.CompareTo(Double.Nan)) 
      Console.WriteLine("NaN.CompareTo(100.0): {0}", Double.NaN.CompareTo(100.0)) 
      Console.WriteLine("(100.0).CompareTo(Double.NaN): {0}", (100.0).CompareTo(Double.NaN)) 
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       NaN == NaN: False
'       NaN != NaN: True
'       NaN.Equals(NaN): True
'       ! NaN.Equals(NaN): False
'       IsNaN: True
'
'       NaN > NaN: False
'       NaN >= NaN: False
'       NaN < NaN: False
'       NaN < 100.0: False
'       NaN <= 100.0: False
'       NaN >= 100.0: False
'       NaN.CompareTo(NaN): 0
'       NaN.CompareTo(100.0): -1
'       (100.0).CompareTo(Double.NaN): 1

适用于

另请参阅