Enum.GetValues 方法

定义

重载

GetValues(Type)

检索指定枚举中常数值的数组。

GetValues<TEnum>()

检索指定枚举类型中常数值的数组。

GetValues(Type)

检索指定枚举中常数值的数组。

public:
 static Array ^ GetValues(Type ^ enumType);
public static Array GetValues (Type enumType);
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public static Array GetValues (Type enumType);
static member GetValues : Type -> Array
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
static member GetValues : Type -> Array
Public Shared Function GetValues (enumType As Type) As Array

参数

enumType
Type

枚举类型。

返回

Array

一个数组,其中包含 enumType 中常数的值。

属性

例外

enumTypenull

enumType 不是 Enum

在仅限反射的上下文中通过反射调用方法,

  • 或 -

enumType 是在仅限反射的上下文中加载的程序集中的类型。

示例

以下示例说明了 GetValues 的用法。

using namespace System;
enum class Colors
{
   Red, Green, Blue, Yellow
};

enum class Styles
{
   Plaid = 0,
   Striped = 23,
   Tartan = 65,
   Corduroy = 78
};

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine(  "The values of the Colors Enum are:" );
   Array^ a = Enum::GetValues( Colors::typeid );
   for ( Int32 i = 0; i < a->Length; i++ )
   {
      Object^ o = a->GetValue( i );
      Console::WriteLine(  "{0}", Enum::Format( Colors::typeid, o,  "D" ) );
   }
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine(  "The values of the Styles Enum are:" );
   Array^ b = Enum::GetValues( Styles::typeid );
   for ( Int32 i = 0; i < b->Length; i++ )
   {
      Object^ o = b->GetValue( i );
      Console::WriteLine(  "{0}", Enum::Format( Styles::typeid, o,  "D" ) );

   }
}
// The example produces the following output:
//       The values of the Colors Enum are:
//       0
//       1
//       2
//       3
//       
//       The values of the Styles Enum are:
//       0
//       23
//       65
//       78
using System;

public class GetValuesTest {
    enum Colors { Red, Green, Blue, Yellow };
    enum Styles { Plaid = 0, Striped = 23, Tartan = 65, Corduroy = 78 };

    public static void Main() {

        Console.WriteLine("The values of the Colors Enum are:");
        foreach(int i in Enum.GetValues(typeof(Colors)))
            Console.WriteLine(i);

        Console.WriteLine();

        Console.WriteLine("The values of the Styles Enum are:");
        foreach(int i in Enum.GetValues(typeof(Styles)))
            Console.WriteLine(i);
    }
}
// The example produces the following output:
//       The values of the Colors Enum are:
//       0
//       1
//       2
//       3
//
//       The values of the Styles Enum are:
//       0
//       23
//       65
//       78
open System

type Colors =
    | Red = 0
    | Green = 1
    | Blue = 2
    | Yellow = 3
    
type Styles =
    | Plaid = 0
    | Striped = 23
    | Tartan = 65
    | Corduroy = 78

printfn $"The values of the Colors Enum are:"
for i in Enum.GetValues typeof<Colors> do
    printfn $"{i}"

printfn "\nThe values of the Styles Enum are:"
for i in Enum.GetValues typeof<Styles> do
    printfn $"{i}"

// The example produces the following output:
//       The values of the Colors Enum are:
//       0
//       1
//       2
//       3
//
//       The values of the Styles Enum are:
//       0
//       23
//       65
//       78
Public Class GetValuesTest
   
    Enum Colors
        Red
        Green
        Blue
        Yellow
    End Enum 'Colors
    
    Enum Styles
        Plaid = 0
        Striped = 23
        Tartan = 65
        Corduroy = 78
    End Enum 'Styles
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        Console.WriteLine("The values of the Colors Enum are:")
        Dim i As Integer
        For Each i In  [Enum].GetValues(GetType(Colors))
            Console.WriteLine(i)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine()
        
        Console.WriteLine("The values of the Styles Enum are:")
        For Each i In  [Enum].GetValues(GetType(Styles))
            Console.WriteLine(i)
        Next
    End Sub 
End Class 
' The example produces the following output:
'       The values of the Colors Enum are:
'       0
'       1
'       2
'       3
'       
'       The values of the Styles Enum are:
'       0
'       23
'       65
'       78

注解

数组的元素按枚举常量 (的二进制值(即其无符号数量级) )进行排序。 以下示例显示包含负值、零和正值的枚举方法返回 GetValues 的数组的相关信息。

using System;

enum SignMagnitude { Negative = -1, Zero = 0, Positive = 1 };

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      foreach (var value in Enum.GetValues(typeof(SignMagnitude))) {
         Console.WriteLine("{0,3}     0x{0:X8}     {1}",
                           (int) value, ((SignMagnitude) value));
}   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//         0     0x00000000     Zero
//         1     0x00000001     Positive
//        -1     0xFFFFFFFF     Negative
open System

type SignMagnitude =
    | Negative = -1
    | Zero = 0
    | Positive = 1

for value in Enum.GetValues typeof<SignMagnitude> do
    printfn $"{value :?> int,3}     0x{value :?> int:X8}     {value :?> SignMagnitude}"
// The example displays the following output:
//         0     0x00000000     Zero
//         1     0x00000001     Positive
//        -1     0xFFFFFFFF     Negative
Public Enum SignMagnitude As Integer
   Negative = -1 
   Zero = 0
   Positive = 1
End Enum
   
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim values() As Integer = CType([Enum].GetValues(GetType(SignMagnitude)), Integer())
      For Each value In values
         Console.WriteLine("{0,3}     0x{0:X8}     {1}",
                           value, CType(value, SignMagnitude).ToString())
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'      0     0x00000000     Zero
'      1     0x00000001     Positive
'     -1     0xFFFFFFFF     Negative

该方法 GetValues 返回一个数组,该数组包含枚举的每个成员 enumType 的值。 如果多个成员具有相同的值,则返回的数组包含重复值。 在这种情况下,调用 GetName 返回的数组中每个值的方法不会还原分配给具有重复值的成员的唯一名称。 若要成功检索枚举成员的所有名称,请调用 GetNames 该方法。

GetValues不能通过在仅反射上下文中使用反射来调用该方法。 相反,可以使用该方法获取表示枚举成员的对象数组FieldInfo,然后在数组的每个元素上调用FieldInfo.GetRawConstantValue该方法,从而检索所有枚举成员Type.GetFields的值。 以下示例演示了此方法。 它要求在名为 Enumerations.dll 的程序集中定义以下枚举:

[Flags] enum Pets { None=0, Dog=1, Cat=2, Rodent=4, Bird=8,
                    Fish=16, Reptile=32, Other=64 };
[<Flags>] 
type Pets =
    | None = 0
    | Dog = 1
    | Cat = 2
    | Rodent = 4
    | Bird = 8
    | Fish = 16
    | Reptile = 32
    | Other = 64
<Flags> Public Enum Pets As Integer
   None = 0
   Dog = 1
   Cat = 2
   Rodent = 4
   Bird = 8
   Fish = 16
   Reptile = 32
   Other = 64
End Enum

程序集在仅反射上下文中加载, Type 实例化表示 Pets 枚举的对象、检索对象的数组 FieldInfo ,并将字段值显示在控制台中。

using System;
using System.Reflection;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Assembly assem = Assembly.ReflectionOnlyLoadFrom(@".\Enumerations.dll");
      Type typ = assem.GetType("Pets");
      FieldInfo[] fields = typ.GetFields();

      foreach (var field in fields) {
         if (field.Name.Equals("value__")) continue;

         Console.WriteLine("{0,-9} {1}", field.Name + ":",
                                         field.GetRawConstantValue());
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       None:     0
//       Dog:      1
//       Cat:      2
//       Rodent:   4
//       Bird:     8
//       Fish:     16
//       Reptile:  32
//       Other:    64
open System
open System.Reflection

let assem = Assembly.ReflectionOnlyLoadFrom @".\Enumerations.dll"
let typ = assem.GetType "Pets"
let fields = typ.GetFields()

for field in fields do
    if not (field.Name.Equals "value__") then

        printfn $"""{field.Name + ":",-9} {field.GetRawConstantValue()}"""
// The example displays the following output:
//       None:     0
//       Dog:      1
//       Cat:      2
//       Rodent:   4
//       Bird:     8
//       Fish:     16
//       Reptile:  32
//       Other:    64
Imports System.Reflection

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim assem As Assembly = Assembly.ReflectionOnlyLoadFrom(".\Enumerations.dll")
      Dim typ As Type = assem.GetType("Pets")
      Dim fields As FieldInfo() = typ.GetFields

      For Each field In fields
         If field.Name.Equals("value__") Then Continue For
          
         Console.WriteLine("{0,-9} {1}", field.Name + ":", 
                                         field.GetRawConstantValue())
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       None:     0
'       Dog:      1
'       Cat:      2
'       Rodent:   4
'       Bird:     8
'       Fish:     16
'       Reptile:  32
'       Other:    64

适用于

GetValues<TEnum>()

检索指定枚举类型中常数值的数组。

public:
generic <typename TEnum>
 where TEnum : value class static cli::array <TEnum> ^ GetValues();
public static TEnum[] GetValues<TEnum> () where TEnum : struct;
static member GetValues : unit -> 'Enum[] (requires 'Enum : struct)
Public Shared Function GetValues(Of TEnum As Structure) () As TEnum()

类型参数

TEnum

枚举的类型。

返回

TEnum[]

一个数组,其中包含 TEnum 中常数的值。

适用于