Func<T1,T2,TResult> 委托

定义

封装一个具有两个参数并返回 TResult 参数指定的类型值的方法。Encapsulates a method that has two parameters and returns a value of the type specified by the TResult parameter.

generic <typename T1, typename T2, typename TResult>
public delegate TResult Func(T1 arg1, T2 arg2);
public delegate TResult Func<in T1,in T2,out TResult>(T1 arg1, T2 arg2);
type Func<'T1, 'T2, 'Result> = delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 -> 'Result
Public Delegate Function Func(Of In T1, In T2, Out TResult)(arg1 As T1, arg2 As T2) As TResult 

类型参数

T1

此委托封装的方法的第一个参数的类型。The type of the first parameter of the method that this delegate encapsulates.

T2

此委托封装的方法的第二个参数的类型。The type of the second parameter of the method that this delegate encapsulates.

TResult

此委托封装的方法的返回值类型。The type of the return value of the method that this delegate encapsulates.

参数

arg1

此委托封装的方法的第一个参数。The first parameter of the method that this delegate encapsulates.

arg2

此委托封装的方法的第二个参数。The second parameter of the method that this delegate encapsulates.

返回值

TResult

此委托封装的方法的返回值。The return value of the method that this delegate encapsulates.

继承
Func<T1,T2,TResult>

示例

下面的示例演示如何声明和使用Func<T1,T2,TResult>委托。The following example demonstrates how to declare and use a Func<T1,T2,TResult> delegate. 此示例声明一个Func<T1,T2,TResult>变量, 并为其分配一个 lambda 表达式, String该表达式采用Int32值并将值作为参数。This example declares a Func<T1,T2,TResult> variable and assigns it a lambda expression that takes a String value and an Int32 value as parameters. 如果String参数的长度true等于Int32参数的值, 则 lambda 表达式将返回。The lambda expression returns true if the length of the String parameter is equal to the value of the Int32 parameter. 随后在查询中使用封装此方法的委托来筛选字符串数组中的字符串。The delegate that encapsulates this method is subsequently used in a query to filter strings in an array of strings.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;

public class Func3Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Func<String, int, bool> predicate = (str, index) => str.Length == index;

      String[] words = { "orange", "apple", "Article", "elephant", "star", "and" };
      IEnumerable<String> aWords = words.Where(predicate).Select(str => str);

      foreach (String word in aWords)
         Console.WriteLine(word);
   }
}
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Linq

Public Module Func3Example

   Public Sub Main()
      Dim predicate As Func(Of String, Integer, Boolean) = Function(str, index) str.Length = index

      Dim words() As String = { "orange", "apple", "Article", "elephant", "star", "and" }
      Dim aWords As IEnumerable(Of String) = words.Where(predicate)

      For Each word As String In aWords
         Console.WriteLine(word)
      Next   
   End Sub
End Module

注解

您可以使用此委托来表示一个方法, 该方法可作为参数传递, 而无需显式声明自定义委托。You can use this delegate to represent a method that can be passed as a parameter without explicitly declaring a custom delegate. 封装的方法必须对应于由此委托定义的方法签名。The encapsulated method must correspond to the method signature that is defined by this delegate. 这意味着, 封装的方法必须具有两个参数, 每个参数都按值传递到该方法, 并且必须返回一个值。This means that the encapsulated method must have two parameters, each of which is passed to it by value, and that it must return a value.

备注

若要引用一个方法, 该方法具有两void个参数, 并返回 (或者在 Visual Basic 中Sub声明为而不Function是一个), 请Action<T1,T2>改用泛型委托。To reference a method that has two parameters and returns void (or in Visual Basic, that is declared as a Sub rather than as a Function), use the generic Action<T1,T2> delegate instead.

使用Func<T1,T2,TResult>委托时, 无需显式定义一个委托, 该委托封装带有两个参数的方法。When you use the Func<T1,T2,TResult> delegate you do not have to explicitly define a delegate that encapsulates a method with two parameters. 例如, 下面的代码显式声明一个名为ExtractMethod的委托, 并向其委托实例分配对该ExtractWords方法的引用。For example, the following code explicitly declares a delegate named ExtractMethod and assigns a reference to the ExtractWords method to its delegate instance.

using System;

delegate string[] ExtractMethod(string stringToManipulate, int maximum);

public class DelegateExample
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      // Instantiate delegate to reference ExtractWords method
      ExtractMethod extractMeth = ExtractWords;
      string title = "The Scarlet Letter";
      // Use delegate instance to call ExtractWords method and display result
      foreach (string word in extractMeth(title, 5))
         Console.WriteLine(word);
   }

   private static string[] ExtractWords(string phrase, int limit)
   {
      char[] delimiters = new char[] {' '};
      if (limit > 0)
         return phrase.Split(delimiters, limit);
      else
         return phrase.Split(delimiters);
   }
}
' Declare a delegate to represent string extraction method
Delegate Function ExtractMethod(ByVal stringToManipulate As String, _
                                ByVal maximum As Integer) As String()

Module DelegateExample
   Public Sub Main()
      ' Instantiate delegate to reference ExtractWords method
      Dim extractMeth As ExtractMethod = AddressOf ExtractWords
      Dim title As String = "The Scarlet Letter"
      ' Use delegate instance to call ExtractWords method and display result
      For Each word As String In extractMeth(title, 5)
         Console.WriteLine(word)
      Next   
   End Sub

   Private Function ExtractWords(phrase As String, limit As Integer) As String()
      Dim delimiters() As Char = {" "c}
      If limit > 0 Then
         Return phrase.Split(delimiters, limit)
      Else
         Return phrase.Split(delimiters)
      End If
   End Function
End Module

下面的示例通过实例化Func<T1,T2,TResult>委托来简化此代码, 而不是显式定义一个新委托并为其分配一个命名方法。The following example simplifies this code by instantiating a Func<T1,T2,TResult> delegate instead of explicitly defining a new delegate and assigning a named method to it.

using System;

public class GenericFunc
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      // Instantiate delegate to reference ExtractWords method
      Func<string, int, string[]> extractMethod = ExtractWords;
      string title = "The Scarlet Letter";
      // Use delegate instance to call ExtractWords method and display result
      foreach (string word in extractMethod(title, 5))
         Console.WriteLine(word);
   }

   private static string[] ExtractWords(string phrase, int limit)
   {
      char[] delimiters = new char[] {' '};
      if (limit > 0)
         return phrase.Split(delimiters, limit);
      else
         return phrase.Split(delimiters);
   }
}
Module GenericFunc
   Public Sub Main()
      ' Instantiate delegate to reference ExtractWords method
      Dim extractMeth As Func(Of String, Integer, String()) = AddressOf ExtractWords
      Dim title As String = "The Scarlet Letter"
      ' Use delegate instance to call ExtractWords method and display result
      For Each word As String In extractMeth(title, 5)
         Console.WriteLine(word)
      Next   
   End Sub

   Private Function ExtractWords(phrase As String, limit As Integer) As String()
      Dim delimiters() As Char = {" "c}
      If limit > 0 Then
         Return phrase.Split(delimiters, limit)
      Else
         Return phrase.Split(delimiters)
      End If
   End Function
End Module

可在中C#将Func<T1,T2,TResult>委托与匿名方法一起使用, 如下面的示例所示。You can use the Func<T1,T2,TResult> delegate with anonymous methods in C#, as the following example illustrates. (有关匿名方法的介绍, 请参阅匿名方法。)(For an introduction to anonymous methods, see Anonymous Methods.)

using System;

public class Anonymous
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Func<string, int, string[]> extractMeth = delegate(string s, int i)
         { char[] delimiters = new char[] {' '}; 
           return i > 0 ? s.Split(delimiters, i) : s.Split(delimiters);
         };
      
      string title = "The Scarlet Letter";
      // Use Func instance to call ExtractWords method and display result
      foreach (string word in extractMeth(title, 5))
         Console.WriteLine(word);
   }
}

你还可以将 lambda 表达式分配给Func<T1,T2,TResult>委托, 如下面的示例所示。You can also assign a lambda expression to a Func<T1,T2,TResult> delegate, as the following example illustrates. (有关 lambda 表达式的介绍, 请参阅Lambda 表达式lambda 表达式。)(For an introduction to lambda expressions, see Lambda Expressions and Lambda Expressions.)

using System;

public class LambdaExpression
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      char[] separators = new char[] {' '};
      Func<string, int, string[]> extract = (s, i) => 
           i > 0 ? s.Split(separators, i) : s.Split(separators) ;
         
      string title = "The Scarlet Letter";
      // Use Func instance to call ExtractWords method and display result
      foreach (string word in extract(title, 5))
         Console.WriteLine(word);
   }
}
Module LambdaExpression
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim separators() As Char = {" "c}
      Dim extract As Func(Of String, Integer, String()) = Function(s, i) _
          CType(iif(i > 0, s.Split(separators, i), s.Split(separators)), String())  
      
      Dim title As String = "The Scarlet Letter"
      For Each word As String In extract(title, 5)
         Console.WriteLine(word)
      Next   
   End Sub
End Module

Lambda 表达式的基础类型是一个泛型Func委托。The underlying type of a lambda expression is one of the generic Func delegates. 这样, 便可以将 lambda 表达式作为参数传递, 而无需将其显式分配给委托。This makes it possible to pass a lambda expression as a parameter without explicitly assigning it to a delegate. 具体而言, 因为System.Linq命名空间中的许多类型的方法都有Func<T1,T2,TResult>参数, 所以可以将这些方法传递给 lambda Func<T1,T2,TResult>表达式, 而无需显式实例化委托。In particular, because many methods of types in the System.Linq namespace have Func<T1,T2,TResult> parameters, you can pass these methods a lambda expression without explicitly instantiating a Func<T1,T2,TResult> delegate.

扩展方法

GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

获取指示指定委托表示的方法的对象。Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

适用于

另请参阅