CompareInfo.IndexOf CompareInfo.IndexOf CompareInfo.IndexOf CompareInfo.IndexOf Method

定义

返回某个值在一个字符串内或该字符串的一部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence of a value within a string or within a portion of it.

重载

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32)

搜索指定的字符,并返回源字符串内从指定的索引位置开始、包含指定的元素数的部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜索指定的子字符串,并返回源字符串内从指定的索引位置开始、包含所指定元素数的部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜索指定的字符,并返回源字符串内从指定的索引位置开始、包含所指定元素数的部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜索指定的子字符串,并返回源字符串内从指定的索引位置到字符串结尾这一部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜索指定的字符,并返回源字符串中从指定的索引位置到字符串结尾这一部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32)

搜索指定的子字符串,并返回源字符串内从指定的索引位置开始、包含指定的元素数的部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜索指定的子字符串,并返回整个源字符串内第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32)

搜索指定的字符,并返回源字符串内从指定的索引位置到字符串结尾这一部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string.

IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜索指定的字符,并返回整个源字符串内第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, String, Int32) IndexOf(String, String, Int32) IndexOf(String, String, Int32) IndexOf(String, String, Int32)

搜索指定的子字符串,并返回源字符串内从指定的索引位置到字符串结尾这一部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string.

IndexOf(String, String) IndexOf(String, String) IndexOf(String, String) IndexOf(String, String)

搜索指定的子字符串并返回整个源字符串内第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string.

IndexOf(String, Char) IndexOf(String, Char) IndexOf(String, Char) IndexOf(String, Char)

搜索指定的字符并返回整个源字符串内第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string.

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32)

搜索指定的字符,并返回源字符串内从指定的索引位置开始、包含指定的元素数的部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, int startIndex, int count);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, int startIndex, int count);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * int * int -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * int * int -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer) As Integer

参数

source
String String String String

要搜索的字符串。The string to search.

value
Char Char Char Char

要在 source 中定位的字符。The character to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

从零开始的搜索的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

count
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

要搜索的部分中的元素数。The number of elements in the section to search.

返回

如果在 value 的从 source 开始、包含 startIndex 所指定的元素数的部分中,找到 count 的第一个匹配项,则为该项的从零开始的索引;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that starts at startIndex and contains the number of elements specified by count; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 为可忽略字符,则将返回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

异常

startIndex 超出了 source 的有效索引范围。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

-or-

count 小于零。count is less than zero.

-or-

startIndexcount 未在 source 中指定有效部分。startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in source.

示例

下面的示例确定字符或字符串的一部分中的第一个和最后一个匹配项的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 8;
   
   // iL is the length of the substring.
   int iL = 18;
   
   // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
   String^ myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   String^ myT2;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 8;
      // iL is the length of the substring.
      int iL = 18;
      // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      String myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      String myT2;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 8
      ' iL is the length of the substring.
      Dim iL As Integer = 18
      ' myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Dim myT2 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub 'PrintMarker

End Class 'SamplesCompareInfo 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :                         b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :          f              l
'           ae :          f              l
'            Æ :          f              l
'            æ :          f              l
'
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :                         b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :          f              l
'           u" :          f              l
'            Ü :          f              l
'            ü :          f              l

注解

startIndex将从startIndex + -1 开始向前搜索源字符串。 countThe source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex + count - 1.

此重载执行区分区域性的搜索。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 如果该字符是表示预构成字符的 Unicode 值 (如连字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)), 则它可能被视为等效于正确序列中出现的任何组件 (例如, "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 具体取决于区域性)。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. 若要执行序号 (不区分区域性的) 搜索, 其中, 仅当 Unicode 值相同时, 才将字符视为等效于另一个字符, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的重载之一, 并使用Ordinal负值.To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where a character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same, you should call one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value. String.IndexOf搜索字符的重载执行序号搜索, 而搜索字符串的重载执行区分区域性的搜索。Overloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

备注

如果可能, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的字符串比较方法, 以指定所需的比较类型。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 作为一般规则, 请使用语言选项 (使用当前区域性) 比较用户界面中显示的字符串, 并为安全CompareOptions.Ordinal比较CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

调用方说明

字符集包括可忽略字符, 这是在执行语言或区分区域性的排序时不考虑的字符。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在区分区域性的搜索中, 如果value是可忽略字符, 则结果等效于在删除该字符的情况下进行搜索。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 在这种情况下IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32) , 该方法startIndex总是返回, 这是搜索第一次开始的字符位置。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search first began. 在下面的示例中, IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32)方法用于查找两个字符串中 "n" 后的软连字符 (U + 00AD)。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32) method is used to find a soft hyphen (U+00AD) after an "n" in two strings. 只有一个字符串包含软连字符。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 在这两种情况下, 因为软连字符为可忽略字符, 所以该方法返回 1, 指示它在 "n" 的位置找到了匹配项。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns 1 to indicate that it has found a match at the position of the "n".

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#9] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#9][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#9] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#9]

另请参阅

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜索指定的子字符串,并返回源字符串内从指定的索引位置开始、包含所指定元素数的部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, int startIndex, int count, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, int startIndex, int count, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * int * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * int * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

参数

source
String String String String

要搜索的字符串。The string to search.

value
String String String String

要在 source 中定位的字符串。The string to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

从零开始的搜索的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

count
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

要搜索的部分中的元素数。The number of elements in the section to search.

options
CompareOptions CompareOptions CompareOptions CompareOptions

一个值,用于定义应如何比较 sourcevalueA value that defines how source and value should be compared. options 可以为枚举值 Ordinal,或为以下一个或多个值的按位组合:IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaTypeoptions is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

返回

使用指定的比较选项,如果在 value 中从 source 开始、包含 startIndex 指定的元素数的部分找到 count 的第一个匹配项,则为该项的从零开始的索引;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that starts at startIndex and contains the number of elements specified by count, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 为可忽略字符,则将返回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

异常

sourcenullsource is null.

-or-

valuenullvalue is null.

startIndex 超出了 source 的有效索引范围。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

-or-

count 小于零。count is less than zero.

-or-

startIndexcount 未在 source 中指定有效部分。startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in source.

options 包含无效的 CompareOptions 值。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

示例

下面的示例确定字符或字符串的一部分中的第一个和最后一个匹配项的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 8;
   
   // iL is the length of the substring.
   int iL = 18;
   
   // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
   String^ myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   String^ myT2;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 8;
      // iL is the length of the substring.
      int iL = 18;
      // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      String myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      String myT2;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 8
      ' iL is the length of the substring.
      Dim iL As Integer = 18
      ' myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Dim myT2 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub 'PrintMarker

End Class 'SamplesCompareInfo 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :                         b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :          f              l
'           ae :          f              l
'            Æ :          f              l
'            æ :          f              l
'
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :                         b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :          f              l
'           u" :          f              l
'            Ü :          f              l
'            ü :          f              l

注解

startIndex将从startIndex + -1 开始向前搜索源字符串。 countThe source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex + count - 1.

CompareOptions.StringSort方法的值无效。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

如果optionsOrdinal包含该值, 此重载将执行区分区域性的搜索。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 表示预构成字符的 Unicode 值 (如连字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)) 可能被视为等效于正确序列中任何字符的组成部分 (例如, "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 具体取决于区域性)。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options 如果Ordinal包含值, 则此重载执行序号 (不区分区域性) 搜索, 其中 Unicode 值将进行比较。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared.

备注

如果可能, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的字符串比较方法, 以指定所需的比较类型。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 作为一般规则, 请使用语言选项 (使用当前区域性) 比较用户界面中显示的字符串, 并为安全CompareOptions.Ordinal比较CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

调用方说明

字符集包括可忽略字符, 这是在执行语言或区分区域性的排序时不考虑的字符。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在区分区域性的搜索 (即,如果 options 不是 OrdinalOrdinalIgnoreCase) 中,如果 value 包含一个可忽略字符,则结果与移除了该字符的搜索等效。In a culture-sensitive search (that is, if options is not Ordinal or OrdinalIgnoreCase), if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 如果value仅包含一个或多个可忽略字符, IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)则该方法startIndex将始终返回, 这是搜索开始处的字符位置。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins.

在下面的示例中, IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)方法用于查找软连字符 (U + 00AD) 后跟 "m" 的位置, 该位置从两个字符串中的第三个到第六个字符位置开始。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) method is used to find the position of a soft hyphen (U+00AD) followed by an "m" starting in the third through sixth character positions in two strings. 只有一个字符串包含必需的子字符串。Only one of the strings contains the required substring. 在这两种情况下,因为软连字符是可忽略字符,因此,在执行区分区域性的比较时,该方法在字符串中返回索引“m”。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns the index of "m" in the string when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. 但当它执行序号比较时, 它只查找第一个字符串中的子字符串。When it performs an ordinal comparison, however, it finds the substring only in the first string. 请注意, 对于包含软连字符后跟 "m" 的软连字符的第一个字符串, 该方法将无法返回软连字符的索引, 而是在执行区分区域性的比较时返回 "m" 的索引。Note that in the case of the first string, which includes the soft hyphen followed by an "m", the method fails to return the index of the soft hyphen but instead returns the index of the "m" when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. 只有当此方法执行序号比较时,它才会在第一个字符串中返回软连字符的索引。The method returns the index of the soft hyphen in the first string only when it performs an ordinal comparison.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#16] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#16][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#16] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#16]

另请参阅

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜索指定的字符,并返回源字符串内从指定的索引位置开始、包含所指定元素数的部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, int startIndex, int count, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, int startIndex, int count, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * int * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * int * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

参数

source
String String String String

要搜索的字符串。The string to search.

value
Char Char Char Char

要在 source 中定位的字符。The character to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

从零开始的搜索的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

count
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

要搜索的部分中的元素数。The number of elements in the section to search.

options
CompareOptions CompareOptions CompareOptions CompareOptions

一个值,用于定义应如何比较 sourcevalueA value that defines how source and value should be compared. options 可以为枚举值 Ordinal,或为以下一个或多个值的按位组合:IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaTypeoptions is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

返回

使用指定的比较选项,如果在 value 中从 source 开始、包含 startIndex 指定的元素数的部分找到 count 的第一个匹配项,则为该项的从零开始的索引;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that starts at startIndex and contains the number of elements specified by count, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 为可忽略字符,则将返回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

异常

startIndex 超出了 source 的有效索引范围。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

-or-

count 小于零。count is less than zero.

-or-

startIndexcount 未在 source 中指定有效部分。startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in source.

options 包含无效的 CompareOptions 值。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

示例

下面的示例确定字符或字符串的一部分中的第一个和最后一个匹配项的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 8;
   
   // iL is the length of the substring.
   int iL = 18;
   
   // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
   String^ myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   String^ myT2;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 8;
      // iL is the length of the substring.
      int iL = 18;
      // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      String myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      String myT2;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 8
      ' iL is the length of the substring.
      Dim iL As Integer = 18
      ' myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Dim myT2 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub 'PrintMarker

End Class 'SamplesCompareInfo 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :                         b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :          f              l
'           ae :          f              l
'            Æ :          f              l
'            æ :          f              l
'
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :                         b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :          f              l
'           u" :          f              l
'            Ü :          f              l
'            ü :          f              l

注解

startIndex将从startIndex + -1 开始向前搜索源字符串。 countThe source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex + count - 1.

CompareOptions.StringSort方法的值无效。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

如果optionsOrdinal包含该值, 此重载将执行区分区域性的搜索。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 如果该字符是表示预构成字符的 Unicode 值 (如连字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)), 则它可能被视为等效于正确序列中出现的任何组件 (例如, "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 具体取决于区域性)。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options 如果Ordinal包含值, 则此重载执行序号 (不区分区域性的) 搜索。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search. 仅当 Unicode 值相同时, 才将字符视为等效于另一个字符。A character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same. String.IndexOf搜索字符的重载执行序号搜索, 而搜索字符串的重载执行区分区域性的搜索。Overloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

备注

如果可能, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的字符串比较方法, 以指定所需的比较类型。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 作为一般规则, 请使用语言选项 (使用当前区域性) 比较用户界面中显示的字符串, 并为安全CompareOptions.Ordinal比较CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

调用方说明

字符集包括可忽略字符, 这是在执行语言或区分区域性的排序时不考虑的字符。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在区分区域性的搜索中, 如果value是可忽略字符, 则结果等效于在删除该字符的情况下进行搜索。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 在这种情况下IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) , 该方法startIndex总是返回, 这是搜索第一次开始的字符位置。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search first began. 在下面的示例中, IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)方法用于查找两个字符串中 "n" 后的软连字符 (U + 00AD)。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) method is used to find the soft hyphen (U+00AD) after an "n" in two strings. 只有一个字符串包含软连字符。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 在这两种情况下, 因为软连字符为可忽略字符, 所以区分区域性的搜索将返回 1, 指示它在 "n" 的位置找到了匹配项。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, a culture-sensitive search returns 1 to indicate that it has found a match at the position of the "n". 不过, 序号搜索成功地在一个字符串中查找软连字符, 并报告从第二个字符串中缺少它。An ordinal search, however, successfully finds the soft hyphen in one string and reports that it is absent from the second string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#12] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#12][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#12] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#12]

另请参阅

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜索指定的子字符串,并返回源字符串内从指定的索引位置到字符串结尾这一部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, int startIndex, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, int startIndex, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, startIndex As Integer, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

参数

source
String String String String

要搜索的字符串。The string to search.

value
String String String String

要在 source 中定位的字符串。The string to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

从零开始的搜索的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

options
CompareOptions CompareOptions CompareOptions CompareOptions

一个值,用于定义应如何比较 sourcevalueA value that defines how source and value should be compared. options 可以为枚举值 Ordinal,或为以下一个或多个值的按位组合:IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaTypeoptions is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

返回

使用指定的比较选项,如果在 value 中从 source 一直到 startIndex 的结尾这部分找到 source 的第一个匹配项,则为该项的从零开始的索引;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that extends from startIndex to the end of source, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 为可忽略字符,则将返回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

异常

sourcenullsource is null.

- 或 --or-

valuenullvalue is null.

startIndex 超出了 source 的有效索引范围。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

options 包含无效的 CompareOptions 值。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

示例

下面的示例确定字符或字符串的一部分中的第一个和最后一个匹配项的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string. 请注意, LastIndexOf startIndex和将在字符串的不同部分中搜索, 即使具有相同的参数也是如此。 IndexOfNote that IndexOf and LastIndexOf are searching in different portions of the string, even with the same startIndex parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 20;
   
   // myT1 is the string used for padding.
   String^ myT1;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 20;
      // myT1 is the string used for padding.
      String myT1;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 20
      ' myT1 is the string used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))
      
      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub 'PrintMarker

End Class 'SamplesCompareInfo 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                              f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :
'           ae :
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                         f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :    l
'            æ :          l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :          l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :          l
'            æ :          l
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                              f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :
'           u" :
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                         f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :    l
'            ü :          l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :          l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :          l
'            ü :          l

注解

从字符串的末尾开始向前搜索开始startIndex处的源字符串。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at the end of the string.

CompareOptions.StringSort方法的值无效。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

如果optionsOrdinal包含该值, 此重载将执行区分区域性的搜索。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 表示预构成字符的 Unicode 值 (如连字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)) 可能被视为等效于正确序列中任何字符的组成部分 (例如, "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 具体取决于区域性)。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options 如果Ordinal包含值, 则此重载执行序号 (不区分区域性) 搜索, 其中 Unicode 值将进行比较。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared.

备注

如果可能, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的字符串比较方法, 以指定所需的比较类型。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 作为一般规则, 请使用语言选项 (使用当前区域性) 比较用户界面中显示的字符串, 并为安全CompareOptions.Ordinal比较CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

调用方说明

字符集包括可忽略字符, 这是在执行语言或区分区域性的排序时不考虑的字符。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在区分区域性的搜索 (即,如果 options 不是 OrdinalOrdinalIgnoreCase) 中,如果 value 包含一个可忽略字符,则结果与移除了该字符的搜索等效。In a culture-sensitive search (that is, if options is not Ordinal or OrdinalIgnoreCase), if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 如果value仅包含一个或多个可忽略字符, IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions)则该方法startIndex将始终返回, 这是搜索开始处的字符位置。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins.

在下面的示例中, IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions)方法用于从两个字符串中的第三个字符位置开始, 查找软连字符 (U + 00AD) 后跟 "m" 的位置。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions) method is used to find the position of a soft hyphen (U+00AD) followed by an "m" starting with the third character position in two strings. 只有一个字符串包含必需的子字符串。Only one of the strings contains the required substring. 在这两种情况下,因为软连字符是可忽略字符,因此,在执行区分区域性的比较时,该方法在字符串中返回索引“m”。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns the index of "m" in the string when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. 注意对于第一个字符串,包含软连字符后跟“m”,该方法无法返回该软连字符的索引,而是返回“m”的索引。Note that in the case of the first string, which includes the soft hyphen followed by an "m", the method fails to return the index of the soft hyphen but instead returns the index of the "m". 只有当此方法执行序号比较时,它才会在第一个字符串中返回软连字符的索引。The method returns the index of the soft hyphen in the first string only when it performs an ordinal comparison.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#15] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#15][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#15] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#15]

另请参阅

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜索指定的字符,并返回源字符串中从指定的索引位置到字符串结尾这一部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, int startIndex, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, int startIndex, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, startIndex As Integer, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

参数

source
String String String String

要搜索的字符串。The string to search.

value
Char Char Char Char

要在 source 中定位的字符。The character to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

从零开始的搜索的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

options
CompareOptions CompareOptions CompareOptions CompareOptions

一个值,用于定义应如何比较 sourcevalueA value that defines how source and value should be compared. options 可以为枚举值 Ordinal,或为以下一个或多个值的按位组合:IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaTypeoptions is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

返回

使用指定的比较选项,如果在 value 中从 source 一直到 startIndex 的结尾这部分找到 source 的第一个匹配项,则为该项的从零开始的索引;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that extends from startIndex to the end of source, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 为可忽略字符,则将返回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

异常

startIndex 超出了 source 的有效索引范围。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

options 包含无效的 CompareOptions 值。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

示例

下面的示例确定字符或字符串的一部分中的第一个和最后一个匹配项的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string. 请注意, LastIndexOf startIndex和将在字符串的不同部分中搜索, 即使具有相同的参数也是如此。 IndexOfNote that IndexOf and LastIndexOf are searching in different portions of the string, even with the same startIndex parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 20;
   
   // myT1 is the string used for padding.
   String^ myT1;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 20;
      // myT1 is the string used for padding.
      String myT1;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 20
      ' myT1 is the string used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))
      
      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub 'PrintMarker

End Class 'SamplesCompareInfo 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                              f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :
'           ae :
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                         f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :    l
'            æ :          l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :          l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :          l
'            æ :          l
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                              f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :
'           u" :
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                         f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :    l
'            ü :          l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :          l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :          l
'            ü :          l

注解

从字符串的末尾开始向前搜索开始startIndex处的源字符串。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at the end of the string.

CompareOptions.StringSort方法的值无效。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

如果optionsOrdinal包含该值, 此重载将执行区分区域性的搜索。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 如果该字符是表示预构成字符的 Unicode 值 (如连字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)), 则它可能被视为等效于正确序列中出现的任何组件 (例如, "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 具体取决于区域性)。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options 如果Ordinal包含值, 则此重载执行序号 (不区分区域性的) 搜索。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search. 仅当 Unicode 值相同时, 才将字符视为等效于另一个字符。A character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same. String.IndexOf搜索字符的重载执行序号搜索, 而搜索字符串的重载执行区分区域性的搜索。Overloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

备注

如果可能, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的字符串比较方法, 以指定所需的比较类型。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 作为一般规则, 请使用语言选项 (使用当前区域性) 比较用户界面中显示的字符串, 并为安全CompareOptions.Ordinal比较CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

调用方说明

字符集包括可忽略字符, 这是在执行语言或区分区域性的排序时不考虑的字符。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在区分区域性的搜索中, 如果value是可忽略字符, 则结果等效于在删除该字符的情况下进行搜索。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 在这种情况下IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions) , 该方法startIndex始终返回, 即搜索第一次开始的字符位置。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions) method always returns startIndex, the character position at which the search first began. 在下面的示例中, IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions)方法用于查找两个字符串中 "n" 后的软连字符 (U + 00AD)。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions) method is used to find the soft hyphen (U+00AD) after an "n" in two strings. 只有一个字符串包含软连字符。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 在这两种情况下, 因为软连字符为可忽略字符, 所以区分区域性的搜索将返回 1, 指示它在 "n" 的位置找到了匹配项。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, a culture-sensitive search returns 1 to indicate that it has found a match at the position of the "n". 不过, 序号搜索成功地在一个字符串中查找软连字符, 并报告从第二个字符串中缺少它。An ordinal search, however, successfully finds the soft hyphen in one string and reports that it is absent from the second string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#8] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#8][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#8] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#8]

另请参阅

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32) IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32)

搜索指定的子字符串,并返回源字符串内从指定的索引位置开始、包含指定的元素数的部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, int startIndex, int count);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, int startIndex, int count);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * int * int -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * int * int -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer) As Integer

参数

source
String String String String

要搜索的字符串。The string to search.

value
String String String String

要在 source 中定位的字符串。The string to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

从零开始的搜索的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

count
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

要搜索的部分中的元素数。The number of elements in the section to search.

返回

如果在 value 的从 source 开始、包含 startIndex 所指定的元素数的部分中,找到 count 的第一个匹配项,则为该项的从零开始的索引;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that starts at startIndex and contains the number of elements specified by count; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 为可忽略字符,则将返回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

异常

sourcenullsource is null.

-or-

valuenullvalue is null.

startIndex 超出了 source 的有效索引范围。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

-or-

count 小于零。count is less than zero.

- 或 --or-

startIndexcount 未在 source 中指定有效部分。startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in source.

示例

下面的示例确定字符或字符串的一部分中的第一个和最后一个匹配项的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 8;
   
   // iL is the length of the substring.
   int iL = 18;
   
   // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
   String^ myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   String^ myT2;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 8;
      // iL is the length of the substring.
      int iL = 18;
      // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      String myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      String myT2;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 8
      ' iL is the length of the substring.
      Dim iL As Integer = 18
      ' myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Dim myT2 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub 'PrintMarker

End Class 'SamplesCompareInfo 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :                         b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :          f              l
'           ae :          f              l
'            Æ :          f              l
'            æ :          f              l
'
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :                         b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :          f              l
'           u" :          f              l
'            Ü :          f              l
'            ü :          f              l

注解

startIndex将从startIndex + -1 开始向前搜索源字符串。 countThe source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex + count - 1.

此重载执行区分区域性的搜索。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 表示预构成字符的 Unicode 值 (如连字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)) 可能被视为等效于正确序列中任何字符的组成部分 (例如, "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 具体取决于区域性)。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. 若要执行序号 (不区分区域性) 搜索, 其中 Unicode 值比较, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的重载之一, 并Ordinal使用值。To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared, you should call one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value.

备注

如果可能, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的字符串比较方法, 以指定所需的比较类型。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 作为一般规则, 请使用语言选项 (使用当前区域性) 比较用户界面中显示的字符串, 并为安全CompareOptions.Ordinal比较CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

调用方说明

字符集包括可忽略字符, 这是在执行语言或区分区域性的排序时不考虑的字符。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在区分区域性的搜索中,如果 value 包含一个可忽略字符,则结果与移除了该字符的搜索等效。In a culture-sensitive search, if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 如果value仅包含一个或多个可忽略字符, IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32)则该方法startIndex将始终返回, 这是搜索开始处的字符位置。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins.

在下面的示例中, IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32)方法用于查找软连字符 (U + 00AD) 后跟 "m" 的位置, 该位置从两个字符串中的第三个到第六个字符位置开始。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32) method is used to find the position of a soft hyphen (U+00AD) followed by an "m" starting in the third through sixth character positions in two strings. 只有一个字符串包含必需的子字符串。Only one of the strings contains the required substring. 在这两种情况下,因为软连字符是可忽略字符,因此,在执行区分区域性的比较时,该方法在字符串中返回索引“m”。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns the index of "m" in the string when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. 注意对于第一个字符串,包含软连字符后跟“m”,该方法无法返回该软连字符的索引,而是返回“m”的索引。Note that in the case of the first string, which includes the soft hyphen followed by an "m", the method fails to return the index of the soft hyphen but instead returns the index of the "m".

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#17] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#17][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#17] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#17]

另请参阅

IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜索指定的子字符串,并返回整个源字符串内第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

参数

source
String String String String

要搜索的字符串。The string to search.

value
String String String String

要在 source 中定位的字符串。The string to locate within source.

options
CompareOptions CompareOptions CompareOptions CompareOptions

一个值,用于定义应如何比较 sourcevalueA value that defines how source and value should be compared. options 可以为枚举值 Ordinal,或为以下一个或多个值的按位组合:IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaTypeoptions is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

返回

如果在 value 中找到 source 的第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引,使用指定的比较选项;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within source, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. 如果 value 为可忽略字符,则将返回 0(零)。Returns 0 (zero) if value is an ignorable character.

异常

sourcenullsource is null.

-or-

valuenullvalue is null.

options 包含无效的 CompareOptions 值。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

示例

下面的示例将确定字符串中第一个字符或子字符串的第一个和最后一个匹配项的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE"))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae"))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 
         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub 'PrintMarker

End Class 'SamplesCompareInfo 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                    l
'           ae :          f                   l
'            Æ :    f                    l
'            æ :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                         l
'           ae :    f                         l
'            Æ :    f                         l
'            æ :    f                         l
'
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                    l
'           u" :          f                   l
'            Ü :    f                    l
'            ü :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                         l
'           u" :    f                         l
'            Ü :    f                         l
'            ü :    f                         l

注解

从字符串的开头开始向前搜索源字符串, 并在字符串末尾结束。The source string is searched forward starting at the beginning of the string and ending at the end of the string.

CompareOptions.StringSort方法的值无效。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

如果optionsOrdinal包含该值, 此重载将执行区分区域性的搜索。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 表示预构成字符的 Unicode 值 (如连字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)) 可能被视为等效于正确序列中任何字符的组成部分 (例如, "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 具体取决于区域性)。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options 如果Ordinal包含值, 则此重载执行序号 (不区分区域性) 搜索, 其中 Unicode 值将进行比较。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared.

备注

如果可能, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的字符串比较方法, 以指定所需的比较类型。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 作为一般规则, 请使用语言选项 (使用当前区域性) 比较用户界面中显示的字符串, 并为安全CompareOptions.Ordinal比较CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

调用方说明

字符集包括可忽略字符, 这是在执行语言或区分区域性的排序时不考虑的字符。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在区分区域性的搜索 (即,如果 options 不是 OrdinalOrdinalIgnoreCase) 中,如果 value 包含一个可忽略字符,则结果与移除了该字符的搜索等效。In a culture-sensitive search (that is, if options is not Ordinal or OrdinalIgnoreCase), if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 如果value仅包含一个或多个可忽略字符, IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions)则此方法始终返回 0 (零) 以指示在开头source找到匹配项。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions) method always returns 0 (zero) to indicate that the match is found at the beginning of source. 在下面的示例中, IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions)方法用于在两个字符串中查找三个子字符串 (软连字符 (U + 00AD)、软连字符后跟 "n" 和软连字符后跟 "m")。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions) method is used to find three substrings (a soft hyphen (U+00AD), a soft hyphen followed by "n", and a soft hyphen followed by "m") in two strings. 只有一个字符串包含软连字符。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 由于软连字符是可忽略字符, 因此, 区分区域性的搜索将返回在搜索字符串中未包含软连字符时返回的相同值。Because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, a culture-sensitive search returns the same value that it would return if the soft hyphen were not included in the search string. 不过, 序号搜索成功地在一个字符串中查找软连字符, 并报告从第二个字符串中缺少它。An ordinal search, however, successfully finds the soft hyphen in one string and reports that it is absent from the second string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#6] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#6][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#6] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#6]

另请参阅

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32) IndexOf(String, Char, Int32)

搜索指定的字符,并返回源字符串内从指定的索引位置到字符串结尾这一部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, int startIndex);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, int startIndex);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * int -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * int -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, startIndex As Integer) As Integer

参数

source
String String String String

要搜索的字符串。The string to search.

value
Char Char Char Char

要在 source 中定位的字符。The character to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

从零开始的搜索的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

返回

如果在部分 value(从 sourcestartIndex 的结尾这一部分)中找到 source 的第一个匹配项,则为该项的从零开始的索引;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that extends from startIndex to the end of source; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 为可忽略字符,则将返回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

异常

startIndex 超出了 source 的有效索引范围。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

示例

下面的示例确定字符或字符串的一部分中的第一个和最后一个匹配项的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string. 请注意, LastIndexOf startIndex和将在字符串的不同部分中搜索, 即使具有相同的参数也是如此。 IndexOfNote that IndexOf and LastIndexOf are searching in different portions of the string, even with the same startIndex parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 20;
   
   // myT1 is the string used for padding.
   String^ myT1;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 20;
      // myT1 is the string used for padding.
      String myT1;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 20
      ' myT1 is the string used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))
      
      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub 'PrintMarker

End Class 'SamplesCompareInfo 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                              f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :
'           ae :
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                         f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :    l
'            æ :          l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :          l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :          l
'            æ :          l
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                              f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :
'           u" :
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                         f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :    l
'            ü :          l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :          l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :          l
'            ü :          l

注解

从字符串的末尾开始向前搜索开始startIndex处的源字符串。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at the end of the string.

此重载执行区分区域性的搜索。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 如果该字符是表示预构成字符的 Unicode 值 (如连字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)), 则它可能被视为等效于正确序列中出现的任何组件 (例如, "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 具体取决于区域性)。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. 若要执行序号 (不区分区域性的) 搜索, 其中, 仅当 Unicode 值相同时, 才将字符视为等效于另一个字符, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的重载之一, 并使用Ordinal负值.To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where a character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same, you should call one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value. String.IndexOf搜索字符的重载执行序号搜索, 而搜索字符串的重载执行区分区域性的搜索。Overloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

备注

如果可能, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的字符串比较方法, 以指定所需的比较类型。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 作为一般规则, 请使用语言选项 (使用当前区域性) 比较用户界面中显示的字符串, 并为安全CompareOptions.Ordinal比较CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

调用方说明

字符集包括可忽略字符, 这是在执行语言或区分区域性的排序时不考虑的字符。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在区分区域性的搜索中, 如果value是可忽略字符, 则结果等效于在删除该字符的情况下进行搜索。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 在这种情况下IndexOf(String, Char, Int32) , 方法总是startIndex返回, 这是搜索开始处的字符位置。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins. 在下面的示例中, IndexOf(String, Char, Int32)方法用于查找两个字符串中 "n" 后的软连字符 (U + 00AD)。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32) method is used to find a soft hyphen (U+00AD) after an "n" in two strings. 只有一个字符串包含软连字符。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 在这两种情况下, 因为软连字符为可忽略字符, 所以该方法返回 1, 指示它在 "n" 的位置找到了匹配项。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns 1 to indicate that it has found a match at the position of the "n".

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#5] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#5][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#5] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#5]

另请参阅

IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions) IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions)

使用指定的 CompareOptions 值,搜索指定的字符,并返回整个源字符串内第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

参数

source
String String String String

要搜索的字符串。The string to search.

value
Char Char Char Char

要在 source 中定位的字符。The character to locate within source.

options
CompareOptions CompareOptions CompareOptions CompareOptions

一个值,用于定义应如何比较这些字符串。A value that defines how the strings should be compared. options 可以为枚举值 Ordinal,或为以下一个或多个值的按位组合:IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaTypeoptions is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

返回

如果在 value 中找到 source 的第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引,使用指定的比较选项;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within source, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. 如果 value 为可忽略字符,则将返回 0(零)。Returns 0 (zero) if value is an ignorable character.

异常

options 包含无效的 CompareOptions 值。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

示例

下面的示例将确定字符串中第一个字符或子字符串的第一个和最后一个匹配项的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE"))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae"))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 
         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub 'PrintMarker

End Class 'SamplesCompareInfo 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                    l
'           ae :          f                   l
'            Æ :    f                    l
'            æ :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                         l
'           ae :    f                         l
'            Æ :    f                         l
'            æ :    f                         l
'
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                    l
'           u" :          f                   l
'            Ü :    f                    l
'            ü :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                         l
'           u" :    f                         l
'            Ü :    f                         l
'            ü :    f                         l

注解

从字符串的开头开始向前搜索源字符串, 并在字符串末尾结束。The source string is searched forward starting at the beginning of the string and ending at the end of the string.

CompareOptions.StringSort方法的值无效。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

如果optionsOrdinal包含该值, 此重载将执行区分区域性的搜索。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 如果该字符是表示预构成字符的 Unicode 值 (如连字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)), 则它可能被视为等效于正确序列中出现的任何组件 (例如, "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 具体取决于区域性)。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options 如果Ordinal包含值, 则此重载执行序号 (不区分区域性的) 搜索。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search. 仅当 Unicode 值相同时, 才将字符视为等效于另一个字符。A character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same. String.IndexOf搜索字符的重载执行序号搜索, 而搜索字符串的重载执行区分区域性的搜索。Overloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

备注

如果可能, 应使用具有类型CompareOptions参数的字符串比较方法来指定预期的比较类型。When possible, you should use string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 作为一般规则, 请使用语言选项 (使用当前区域性) 比较用户界面中显示的字符串, 并为安全CompareOptions.Ordinal比较CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

调用方说明

字符集包括可忽略字符, 这是在执行语言或区分区域性的排序时不考虑的字符。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在区分区域性的搜索中, 如果value是可忽略字符, 则结果等效于在删除该字符的情况下进行搜索。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 在这种情况下IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions) , 此方法始终返回 0 (零), 指示在source开头找到匹配项。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions) method always returns 0 (zero) to indicate that the match is found at the beginning of source. 在下面的示例中, IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions)方法用于在两个字符串中搜索软连字符 (U + 00AD)。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions) method is used to search for a soft hyphen (U+00AD) in two strings. 只有一个字符串包含软连字符。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 在这两种情况下, 因为软连字符为可忽略字符, 所以区分区域性的搜索将返回 0 (零), 指示它已在字符串的开头找到匹配项。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, a culture-sensitive search returns 0 (zero) to indicate that it has found a match at the beginning of the string. 不过, 序号搜索成功地在一个字符串中查找软连字符, 并报告从第二个字符串中缺少它。An ordinal search, however, successfully finds the soft hyphen in one string and reports that it is absent from the second string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#4] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#4][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#4] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#4]

另请参阅

IndexOf(String, String, Int32) IndexOf(String, String, Int32) IndexOf(String, String, Int32) IndexOf(String, String, Int32)

搜索指定的子字符串,并返回源字符串内从指定的索引位置到字符串结尾这一部分中第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, int startIndex);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, int startIndex);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * int -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * int -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, startIndex As Integer) As Integer

参数

source
String String String String

要搜索的字符串。The string to search.

value
String String String String

要在 source 中定位的字符串。The string to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

从零开始的搜索的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the search.

返回

如果在部分 value(从 sourcestartIndex 的结尾这一部分)中找到 source 的第一个匹配项,则为该项的从零开始的索引;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that extends from startIndex to the end of source; otherwise, -1. 如果 startIndex 为可忽略字符,则将返回 valueReturns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

异常

sourcenullsource is null.

- 或 --or-

valuenullvalue is null.

startIndex 超出了 source 的有效索引范围。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

示例

下面的示例确定字符或字符串的一部分中的第一个和最后一个匹配项的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string. 请注意, LastIndexOf startIndex和将在字符串的不同部分中搜索, 即使具有相同的参数也是如此。 IndexOfNote that IndexOf and LastIndexOf are searching in different portions of the string, even with the same startIndex parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 20;
   
   // myT1 is the string used for padding.
   String^ myT1;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 20;
      // myT1 is the string used for padding.
      String myT1;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 20
      ' myT1 is the string used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))
      
      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub 'PrintMarker

End Class 'SamplesCompareInfo 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                              f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :
'           ae :
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                         f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :    l
'            æ :          l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :          l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :          l
'            æ :          l
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                              f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :
'           u" :
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                         f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :    l
'            ü :          l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :          l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :          l
'            ü :          l

注解

从字符串的末尾开始向前搜索开始startIndex处的源字符串。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at the end of the string.

此重载执行区分区域性的搜索。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 表示预构成字符的 Unicode 值 (如连字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)) 可能被视为等效于正确序列中任何字符的组成部分 (例如, "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 具体取决于区域性)。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. 若要执行序号 (不区分区域性) 搜索, 其中 Unicode 值比较, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的重载之一, 并Ordinal使用值。To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared, you should call one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value.

备注

如果可能, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的字符串比较方法, 以指定所需的比较类型。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 作为一般规则, 请使用语言选项 (使用当前区域性) 比较用户界面中显示的字符串, 并为安全CompareOptions.Ordinal比较CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

调用方说明

字符集包括可忽略字符, 这是在执行语言或区分区域性的排序时不考虑的字符。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在区分区域性的搜索中,如果 value 包含一个可忽略字符,则结果与移除了该字符的搜索等效。In a culture-sensitive search, if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 如果value仅包含一个或多个可忽略字符, IndexOf(String, String, Int32)则该方法startIndex将始终返回, 这是搜索开始处的字符位置。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins.

在下面的示例中, IndexOf(String, String, Int32)方法用于查找软连字符的位置 (U + 00AD), 后跟两个字符串中的 "m"。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32) method is used to find the position of a soft hyphen (U+00AD) followed by an "m" in two strings. 只有一个字符串包含必需的子字符串。Only one of the strings contains the required substring. 在这两种情况下, 因为软连字符为可忽略字符, 该方法将返回字符串中的 "m" 的索引。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns the index of "m" in the string. 注意对于第一个字符串,包含软连字符后跟“m”,该方法无法返回该软连字符的索引,而是返回“m”的索引。Note that in the case of the first string, which includes the soft hyphen followed by an "m", the method fails to return the index of the soft hyphen but instead returns the index of the "m".

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#14] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#14][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#14] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#14]

另请参阅

IndexOf(String, String) IndexOf(String, String) IndexOf(String, String) IndexOf(String, String)

搜索指定的子字符串并返回整个源字符串内第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String) As Integer

参数

source
String String String String

要搜索的字符串。The string to search.

value
String String String String

要在 source 中定位的字符串。The string to locate within source.

返回

如果找到,则为 valuesource 内的第一个匹配项从零开始的索引;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within source; otherwise, -1. 如果 value 为可忽略字符,则将返回 0(零)。Returns 0 (zero) if value is an ignorable character.

异常

sourcenullsource is null.

-or-

valuenullvalue is null.

示例

下面的示例将确定字符串中第一个字符或子字符串的第一个和最后一个匹配项的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE"))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae"))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 
         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub 'PrintMarker

End Class 'SamplesCompareInfo 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                    l
'           ae :          f                   l
'            Æ :    f                    l
'            æ :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                         l
'           ae :    f                         l
'            Æ :    f                         l
'            æ :    f                         l
'
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                    l
'           u" :          f                   l
'            Ü :    f                    l
'            ü :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                         l
'           u" :    f                         l
'            Ü :    f                         l
'            ü :    f                         l

注解

从字符串的开头开始向前搜索源字符串, 并在字符串末尾结束。The source string is searched forward starting at the beginning of the string and ending at the end of the string.

此重载执行区分区域性的搜索。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 表示预构成字符的 Unicode 值 (如连字 "Æ" (U + 00C6)) 可能被视为等效于正确序列中任何字符的组成部分 (例如, "AE" (U + 0041, U + 0045), 具体取决于区域性)。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. 若要执行序号 (不区分区域性) 搜索, 其中 Unicode 值比较, 应使用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的重载之一, 并Ordinal使用值。To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared, you should use one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value.

备注

如果可能, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的字符串比较方法, 以指定所需的比较类型。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 作为一般规则, 请使用语言选项 (使用当前区域性) 比较用户界面中显示的字符串, 并为安全CompareOptions.Ordinal比较CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

调用方说明

字符集包括可忽略字符, 这是在执行语言或区分区域性的排序时不考虑的字符。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在区分区域性的搜索中,如果 value 包含一个可忽略字符,则结果与移除了该字符的搜索等效。In a culture-sensitive search, if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 如果value仅包含一个或多个可忽略字符, IndexOf(String, String)则此方法始终返回 0 (零) 以指示在开头source找到匹配项。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String) method always returns 0 (zero) to indicate that the match is found at the beginning of source. 在下面的示例中, IndexOf(String, String)方法用于在两个字符串中查找三个子字符串 (软连字符 (U + 00AD)、软连字符后跟 "n" 和软连字符后跟 "m")。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String) method is used to find three substrings (a soft hyphen (U+00AD), a soft hyphen followed by "n", and a soft hyphen followed by "m") in two strings. 只有一个字符串包含软连字符。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 在每种情况下, 因为软连字符是可忽略字符, 所以结果与中value未包含软连字符的结果相同。In each case, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the result is the same as if the soft hyphen had not been included in value. 仅搜索软连字符时, 该方法返回 0 (零), 指示它已在字符串的开头找到匹配项。When searching for a soft hyphen only, the method returns 0 (zero) to indicate that it has found a match at the beginning of the string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#2] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#2][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#2] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#2]

另请参阅

IndexOf(String, Char) IndexOf(String, Char) IndexOf(String, Char) IndexOf(String, Char)

搜索指定的字符并返回整个源字符串内第一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char) As Integer

参数

source
String String String String

要搜索的字符串。The string to search.

value
Char Char Char Char

要在 source 中定位的字符。The character to locate within source.

返回

如果找到,则为 valuesource 内的第一个匹配项从零开始的索引;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within source; otherwise, -1. 如果 value 为可忽略字符,则将返回 0(零)。Returns 0 (zero) if value is an ignorable character.

异常

示例

下面的示例将确定字符串中第一个字符或子字符串的第一个和最后一个匹配项的索引。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE"))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae"))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 
         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub 'PrintMarker

End Class 'SamplesCompareInfo 


'This code produces the following output.
'
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                    l
'           ae :          f                   l
'            Æ :    f                    l
'            æ :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                         l
'           ae :    f                         l
'            Æ :    f                         l
'            æ :    f                         l
'
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                    l
'           u" :          f                   l
'            Ü :    f                    l
'            ü :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                         l
'           u" :    f                         l
'            Ü :    f                         l
'            ü :    f                         l

注解

此方法搜索字符串开头到字符串末尾的源字符串。This method searches the source string from the beginning of the string to the end of the string.

此重载执行区分区域性的搜索。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 如果value表示预构成 Unicode 字符 (如连字 "Æ" (u + 00C6)), 则它可能被视为等效于其组件在正确序列中的任何匹配项, 如 "AE" (u + 0041、u + 0045), 具体取决于区域性。If value represents a precomposed Unicode character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. 若要执行序号 (不区分区域性的) 搜索, 其中仅当字符的 Unicode 码位相同时才将其视为等效于另一个字符的, 应调用具有类型CompareOptions的参数的重载, 并使用CompareOptions.Ordinal负值.To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where a character is considered equivalent to another character only if their Unicode code points are the same, you should call an overload that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the CompareOptions.Ordinal value. CompareInfo.IndexOf(执行区分区域性的比较) 不同的是, 用于String.IndexOf搜索字符的方法的重载执行序号比较, 而用于搜索字符串的重载执行区分区域性的比较。Unlike CompareInfo.IndexOf, which performs a culture-sensitive comparison, overloads of the String.IndexOf method that search for a character perform an ordinal comparison and overloads that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive comparison.

备注

如果可能, 应使用具有类型CompareOptions参数的字符串比较方法来指定预期的比较类型。When possible, you should use string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 作为一般规则, 请使用语言选项 (使用当前区域性) 比较用户界面中显示的字符串, 并为安全CompareOptions.Ordinal比较CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase指定或。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

调用方说明

字符集包括可忽略字符, 这是在执行语言或区分区域性的排序时不考虑的字符。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. 在区分区域性的搜索中, 如果value是可忽略字符, 则结果等效于在删除该字符的情况下进行搜索。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. 在这种情况下IndexOf(String, Char) , 此方法始终返回 0 (零), 指示在source开头找到匹配项。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char) method always returns 0 (zero) to indicate that the match is found at the beginning of source. 在下面的示例中, IndexOf(String, Char)方法用于在两个字符串中查找软连字符 (U + 00AD)。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char) method is used to find the soft hyphen (U+00AD) in two strings. 只有一个字符串包含软连字符。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. 在这两种情况下, 因为软连字符为可忽略字符, 该方法将返回 0 (零), 指示它已在字符串的开头找到匹配项。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns 0 (zero) to indicate that it has found a match at the beginning of the string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#3] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#3][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#3] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#3]

另请参阅

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