FileInfo.OpenRead 方法

定义

创建一个只读的 FileStreamCreates a read-only FileStream.

public:
 System::IO::FileStream ^ OpenRead();
public System.IO.FileStream OpenRead ();
member this.OpenRead : unit -> System.IO.FileStream
Public Function OpenRead () As FileStream

返回

一个新的只读的 FileStream 对象。A new read-only FileStream object.

异常

path 为只读或是目录。path is read-only or is a directory.

指定的路径无效,例如位于未映射的驱动器上。The specified path is invalid, such as being on an unmapped drive.

此文件已打开。The file is already open.

示例

下面的示例将文件以只读方式打开并从中读取。The following example opens a file as read-only and reads from it.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Text;

int main()
{
   String^ path = "c:\\MyTest.txt";
   FileInfo^ fi = gcnew FileInfo( path );
   
   // Delete the file if it exists.
   if (  !fi->Exists )
   {
      //Create the file.
      FileStream^ fs = fi->Create();
      try
      {
         array<Byte>^info = (gcnew UTF8Encoding( true ))->GetBytes( "This is some text in the file." );
         
         //Add some information to the file.
         fs->Write( info, 0, info->Length );
      }
      finally
      {
         if ( fs )
            delete (IDisposable^)fs;
      }
   }

   //Open the stream and read it back.
   FileStream^ fs = fi->OpenRead();
   try
   {
      array<Byte>^b = gcnew array<Byte>(1024);
      UTF8Encoding^ temp = gcnew UTF8Encoding( true );
      while ( fs->Read( b, 0, b->Length ) > 0 )
      {
         Console::WriteLine( temp->GetString( b ) );
      }
   }
   finally
   {
      if ( fs )
         delete (IDisposable^)fs;
   }
}
//This code produces output similar to the following; 
//results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
//
//This is some text in the file.
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;

class Test 
{
    
    public static void Main() 
    {
        string path = @"c:\MyTest.txt";
        FileInfo fi = new FileInfo(path);

        // Delete the file if it exists.
        if (!fi.Exists) 
        {
            //Create the file.
            using (FileStream fs = fi.Create()) 
            {
                Byte[] info = new UTF8Encoding(true).GetBytes("This is some text in the file.");
                //Add some information to the file.
                fs.Write(info, 0, info.Length);
            }
        }

        //Open the stream and read it back.
        using (FileStream fs = fi.OpenRead()) 
        {
            byte[] b = new byte[1024];
            UTF8Encoding temp = new UTF8Encoding(true);

            while (fs.Read(b,0,b.Length) > 0) 
            {
                Console.WriteLine(temp.GetString(b));
            }
        }
    }
}
//This code produces output similar to the following; 
//results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
//
//This is some text in the file.
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text

Public Class Test

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim path As String = "c:\temp\MyTest.txt"
        Dim fi As FileInfo = New FileInfo(path)
        Dim fs As FileStream

        ' Delete the file if it exists.
        If fi.Exists = False Then
            'Create the file.
            fs = fi.Create()
            Dim info As Byte() = New UTF8Encoding(True).GetBytes("This is some text in the file.")
            'Add some information to the file.
            fs.Write(info, 0, info.Length)
            fs.Close()
        End If

        'Open the stream and read it back.
        fs = fi.OpenRead()
        Dim b(1023) As Byte
        Dim temp As UTF8Encoding = New UTF8Encoding(True)

        Do While fs.Read(b, 0, b.Length) > 0
            Console.WriteLine(temp.GetString(b))
        Loop
        fs.Close()
    End Sub
End Class
'This code produces output similar to the following; 
'results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
'
'This is some text in the file.
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
'

注解

此方法返回将模式设置为FileStream ReadFileShare只读对象。This method returns a read-only FileStream object with the FileShare mode set to Read.

安全性

FileIOPermission
用于读取文件。for reading files. 关联的枚举:ReadAssociated enumeration: Read

适用于

另请参阅