SerialPort.StopBits 属性

定义

获取或设置每个字节的标准停止位数。Gets or sets the standard number of stopbits per byte.

public:
 property System::IO::Ports::StopBits StopBits { System::IO::Ports::StopBits get(); void set(System::IO::Ports::StopBits value); };
[System.ComponentModel.Browsable(true)]
public System.IO.Ports.StopBits StopBits { get; set; }
member this.StopBits : System.IO.Ports.StopBits with get, set
Public Property StopBits As StopBits

属性值

StopBits 值之一。One of the StopBits values.

属性

异常

此端口处于无效状态。The port is in an invalid state.

- 或 --or- 尝试设置基础端口状态失败。An attempt to set the state of the underlying port failed. 例如,从此 SerialPort 对象传递的参数无效。For example, the parameters passed from this SerialPort object were invalid.

示例

下面的示例演示如何将 StopBits 属性设置为 OneThe following example shows how to set the StopBits property to One.

SerialPort^ mySerialPort = gcnew SerialPort("COM1");

mySerialPort->BaudRate = 9600;
mySerialPort->Parity = Parity::None;
mySerialPort->StopBits = StopBits::One;
mySerialPort->DataBits = 8;
mySerialPort->Handshake = Handshake::None;
mySerialPort->RtsEnable = true;
SerialPort mySerialPort = new SerialPort("COM1");

mySerialPort.BaudRate = 9600;
mySerialPort.Parity = Parity.None;
mySerialPort.StopBits = StopBits.One;
mySerialPort.DataBits = 8;
mySerialPort.Handshake = Handshake.None;
mySerialPort.RtsEnable = true;
Dim mySerialPort As New SerialPort("COM1")

mySerialPort.BaudRate = 9600
mySerialPort.Parity = Parity.None
mySerialPort.StopBits = StopBits.One
mySerialPort.DataBits = 8
mySerialPort.Handshake = Handshake.None
mySerialPort.RtsEnable = True

下面的示例演示如何使用 SerialPort 类,以允许两个用户从通过空调制解调器电缆连接的两台独立计算机聊天。The following example demonstrates the use of the SerialPort class to allow two users to chat from two separate computers connected by a null modem cable. 在此示例中,系统会提示用户提供端口设置和在聊天前输入用户名。In this example, the users are prompted for the port settings and a username before chatting. 此代码示例是为 SerialPort 类提供的更大示例的一部分。This code example is part of a larger example provided for the SerialPort class.

public:
    static void Main()
    {
        String^ name;
        String^ message;
        StringComparer^ stringComparer = StringComparer::OrdinalIgnoreCase;
        Thread^ readThread = gcnew Thread(gcnew ThreadStart(PortChat::Read));

        // Create a new SerialPort object with default settings.
        _serialPort = gcnew SerialPort();

        // Allow the user to set the appropriate properties.
        _serialPort->PortName = SetPortName(_serialPort->PortName);
        _serialPort->BaudRate = SetPortBaudRate(_serialPort->BaudRate);
        _serialPort->Parity = SetPortParity(_serialPort->Parity);
        _serialPort->DataBits = SetPortDataBits(_serialPort->DataBits);
        _serialPort->StopBits = SetPortStopBits(_serialPort->StopBits);
        _serialPort->Handshake = SetPortHandshake(_serialPort->Handshake);

        // Set the read/write timeouts
        _serialPort->ReadTimeout = 500;
        _serialPort->WriteTimeout = 500;

        _serialPort->Open();
        _continue = true;
        readThread->Start();

        Console::Write("Name: ");
        name = Console::ReadLine();

        Console::WriteLine("Type QUIT to exit");

        while (_continue)
        {
            message = Console::ReadLine();

            if (stringComparer->Equals("quit", message))
            {
                _continue = false;
            }
            else
            {
                _serialPort->WriteLine(
                    String::Format("<{0}>: {1}", name, message) );
            }
        }

        readThread->Join();
        _serialPort->Close();
    }

    static void Read()
    {
        while (_continue)
        {
            try
            {
                String^ message = _serialPort->ReadLine();
                Console::WriteLine(message);
            }
            catch (TimeoutException ^) { }
        }
    }
public static void Main()
{
    string name;
    string message;
    StringComparer stringComparer = StringComparer.OrdinalIgnoreCase;
    Thread readThread = new Thread(Read);

    // Create a new SerialPort object with default settings.
    _serialPort = new SerialPort();

    // Allow the user to set the appropriate properties.
    _serialPort.PortName = SetPortName(_serialPort.PortName);
    _serialPort.BaudRate = SetPortBaudRate(_serialPort.BaudRate);
    _serialPort.Parity = SetPortParity(_serialPort.Parity);
    _serialPort.DataBits = SetPortDataBits(_serialPort.DataBits);
    _serialPort.StopBits = SetPortStopBits(_serialPort.StopBits);
    _serialPort.Handshake = SetPortHandshake(_serialPort.Handshake);

    // Set the read/write timeouts
    _serialPort.ReadTimeout = 500;
    _serialPort.WriteTimeout = 500;

    _serialPort.Open();
    _continue = true;
    readThread.Start();

    Console.Write("Name: ");
    name = Console.ReadLine();

    Console.WriteLine("Type QUIT to exit");

    while (_continue)
    {
        message = Console.ReadLine();

        if (stringComparer.Equals("quit", message))
        {
            _continue = false;
        }
        else
        {
            _serialPort.WriteLine(
                String.Format("<{0}>: {1}", name, message));
        }
    }

    readThread.Join();
    _serialPort.Close();
}

public static void Read()
{
    while (_continue)
    {
        try
        {
            string message = _serialPort.ReadLine();
            Console.WriteLine(message);
        }
        catch (TimeoutException) { }
    }
}
Public Shared Sub Main()
    Dim name As String
    Dim message As String
    Dim stringComparer__1 As StringComparer = StringComparer.OrdinalIgnoreCase
    Dim readThread As New Thread(AddressOf Read)

    ' Create a new SerialPort object with default settings.
    _serialPort = New SerialPort()

    ' Allow the user to set the appropriate properties.
    _serialPort.PortName = SetPortName(_serialPort.PortName)
    _serialPort.BaudRate = SetPortBaudRate(_serialPort.BaudRate)
    _serialPort.Parity = SetPortParity(_serialPort.Parity)
    _serialPort.DataBits = SetPortDataBits(_serialPort.DataBits)
    _serialPort.StopBits = SetPortStopBits(_serialPort.StopBits)
    _serialPort.Handshake = SetPortHandshake(_serialPort.Handshake)

    ' Set the read/write timeouts
    _serialPort.ReadTimeout = 500
    _serialPort.WriteTimeout = 500

    _serialPort.Open()
    _continue = True
    readThread.Start()

    Console.Write("Name: ")
    name = Console.ReadLine()

    Console.WriteLine("Type QUIT to exit")

    While _continue
        message = Console.ReadLine()

        If stringComparer__1.Equals("quit", message) Then
            _continue = False
        Else
            _serialPort.WriteLine([String].Format("<{0}>: {1}", name, message))
        End If
    End While

    readThread.Join()
    _serialPort.Close()
End Sub

Public Shared Sub Read()
    While _continue
        Try
            Dim message As String = _serialPort.ReadLine()
            Console.WriteLine(message)
        Catch generatedExceptionName As TimeoutException
        End Try
    End While
End Sub

注解

StopBits 的默认值为 OneThe default value for StopBits is One.

不支持 StopBits.None 值。The StopBits.None value is not supported.

适用于