Lookup<TKey,TElement> Lookup<TKey,TElement> Lookup<TKey,TElement> Lookup<TKey,TElement> Class

定义

表示映射到一个或多个值的各个键的集合。Represents a collection of keys each mapped to one or more values.

generic <typename TKey, typename TElement>
public ref class Lookup : System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<System::Linq::IGrouping<TKey, TElement> ^>, System::Linq::ILookup<TKey, TElement>
public class Lookup<TKey,TElement> : System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<System.Linq.IGrouping<TKey,TElement>>, System.Linq.ILookup<TKey,TElement>
type Lookup<'Key, 'Element> = class
    interface seq<IGrouping<'Key, 'Element>>
    interface ILookup<'Key, 'Element>
    interface IEnumerable
Public Class Lookup(Of TKey, TElement)
Implements IEnumerable(Of IGrouping(Of TKey, TElement)), ILookup(Of TKey, TElement)

类型参数

TKey

Lookup<TKey,TElement> 中的键的类型。The type of the keys in the Lookup<TKey,TElement>.

TElement

IEnumerable<T> 中的每个 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 值的元素的类型。The type of the elements of each IEnumerable<T> value in the Lookup<TKey,TElement>.

继承
Lookup<TKey,TElement>Lookup<TKey,TElement>Lookup<TKey,TElement>Lookup<TKey,TElement>
实现

示例

下面的示例Lookup<TKey,TElement>从对象的集合创建。The following example creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from a collection of objects. 然后枚举Lookup<TKey,TElement>并输出密钥的关联值集合中的每个键和每个值。It then enumerates the Lookup<TKey,TElement> and outputs each key and each value in the key's associated collection of values. 它还演示了如何使用Count属性和Item[TKey]以及方法ContainsGetEnumeratorIt also demonstrates how to use the properties Count and Item[TKey] and the methods Contains and GetEnumerator.

class Package
{
    public string Company;
    public double Weight;
    public long TrackingNumber;
}

public static void LookupExample()
{
    // Create a list of Packages to put into a Lookup data structure.
    List<Package> packages = new List<Package> { new Package { Company = "Coho Vineyard", Weight = 25.2, TrackingNumber = 89453312L },
                                                 new Package { Company = "Lucerne Publishing", Weight = 18.7, TrackingNumber = 89112755L },
                                                 new Package { Company = "Wingtip Toys", Weight = 6.0, TrackingNumber = 299456122L },
                                                 new Package { Company = "Contoso Pharmaceuticals", Weight = 9.3, TrackingNumber = 670053128L },
                                                 new Package { Company = "Wide World Importers", Weight = 33.8, TrackingNumber = 4665518773L } };

    // Create a Lookup to organize the packages. Use the first character of Company as the key value.
    // Select Company appended to TrackingNumber for each element value in the Lookup.
    Lookup<char, string> lookup = (Lookup<char, string>)packages.ToLookup(p => Convert.ToChar(p.Company.Substring(0, 1)),
                                                    p => p.Company + " " + p.TrackingNumber);

    // Iterate through each IGrouping in the Lookup and output the contents.
    foreach (IGrouping<char, string> packageGroup in lookup)
    {
        // Print the key value of the IGrouping.
        Console.WriteLine(packageGroup.Key);
        // Iterate through each value in the IGrouping and print its value.
        foreach (string str in packageGroup)
            Console.WriteLine("    {0}", str);
    }
                
    // This code produces the following output:
    //
    // C
    //     Coho Vineyard 89453312
    //     Contoso Pharmaceuticals 670053128
    // L
    //     Lucerne Publishing 89112755
    // W
    //     Wingtip Toys 299456122
    //     Wide World Importers 4665518773

    // Get the number of key-collection pairs in the Lookup.
    int count = lookup.Count;

    // Select a collection of Packages by indexing directly into the Lookup.
    IEnumerable<string> cgroup = lookup['C'];

    // Output the results.
    Console.WriteLine("\nPackages that have a key of 'C':");
    foreach (string str in cgroup)
        Console.WriteLine(str);

    // This code produces the following output:
    //
    // Packages that have a key of 'C'
    // Coho Vineyard 89453312
    // Contoso Pharmaceuticals 670053128

    // Determine if there is a key with the value 'G' in the Lookup.
    bool hasG = lookup.Contains('G');
}
Structure Package
    Public Company As String
    Public Weight As Double
    Public TrackingNumber As Long
End Structure

Sub LookupExample()
    ' Create a list of Packages to put into a Lookup data structure.
    Dim packages As New System.Collections.Generic.List(Of Package)(New Package() _
        {New Package With {.Company = "Coho Vineyard", .Weight = 25.2, .TrackingNumber = 89453312L}, _
          New Package With {.Company = "Lucerne Publishing", .Weight = 18.7, .TrackingNumber = 89112755L}, _
          New Package With {.Company = "Wingtip Toys", .Weight = 6.0, .TrackingNumber = 299456122L}, _
          New Package With {.Company = "Contoso Pharmaceuticals", .Weight = 9.3, .TrackingNumber = 670053128L}, _
          New Package With {.Company = "Wide World Importers", .Weight = 33.8, .TrackingNumber = 4665518773L}})

    ' Create a Lookup to organize the packages. Use the first character of Company as the key value.
    ' Select Company appended to TrackingNumber for each element value in the Lookup.
    Dim lookup As ILookup(Of Char, String) = _
        packages.ToLookup(Function(ByVal p) Convert.ToChar(p.Company.Substring(0, 1)), _
                          Function(ByVal p) p.Company & " " & p.TrackingNumber)

    Dim output As New System.Text.StringBuilder
    ' Iterate through each IGrouping in the Lookup and output the contents.
    For Each packageGroup As IGrouping(Of Char, String) In lookup
        ' Print the key value of the IGrouping.
        output.AppendLine(packageGroup.Key)
        ' Iterate through each value in the IGrouping and print its value.
        For Each str As String In packageGroup
            output.AppendLine(String.Format("    {0}", str))
        Next
    Next

    ' Display the output.
    MsgBox(output.ToString())

    ' This code produces the following output:
    '
    ' C
    '     Coho Vineyard 89453312
    '     Contoso Pharmaceuticals 670053128
    ' L
    '     Lucerne Publishing 89112755
    ' W
    '     Wingtip Toys 299456122
    '     Wide World Importers 4665518773

    ' Get the number of key-collection pairs in the Lookup.
    Dim count As Integer = lookup.Count

    ' Select a collection of Packages by indexing directly into the Lookup.
    Dim cgroup As System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable(Of String) = lookup("C"c)

    output = New System.Text.StringBuilder
    ' Output the results.
    output.AppendLine(vbCrLf & "Packages that have a key of 'C':")
    For Each str As String In cgroup
        output.AppendLine(str)
    Next

    ' Display the output.
    MsgBox(output.ToString())

    ' This code produces the following output:
    '
    ' Packages that have a key of 'C'
    ' Coho Vineyard 89453312
    ' Contoso Pharmaceuticals 670053128

    ' Determine if there is a key with the value 'G' in the Lookup.
    Dim hasG As Boolean = lookup.Contains("G"c)
End Sub

注解

Lookup<TKey,TElement> 类似Dictionary<TKey,TValue>于。A Lookup<TKey,TElement> resembles a Dictionary<TKey,TValue>. 不同之处在于, Dictionary<TKey,TValue>将键映射到单个值,而Lookup<TKey,TElement>将键映射到值的集合。The difference is that a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> maps keys to single values, whereas a Lookup<TKey,TElement> maps keys to collections of values.

您可以通过对实现Lookup<TKey,TElement> IEnumerable<T>的对象调用ToLookup来创建的实例。You can create an instance of a Lookup<TKey,TElement> by calling ToLookup on an object that implements IEnumerable<T>.

备注

没有公共构造函数来创建的新实例Lookup<TKey,TElement>There is no public constructor to create a new instance of a Lookup<TKey,TElement>. 此外, Lookup<TKey,TElement>对象是不可变的,也就是说,创建后,无法在Lookup<TKey,TElement>对象中添加或删除元素或键。Additionally, Lookup<TKey,TElement> objects are immutable, that is, you cannot add or remove elements or keys from a Lookup<TKey,TElement> object after it has been created.

属性

Count Count Count Count

获取 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 中的键/值对集合的数目。Gets the number of key/value collection pairs in the Lookup<TKey,TElement>.

Item[TKey] Item[TKey] Item[TKey] Item[TKey]

获取由指定的键编制索引的值的集合。Gets the collection of values indexed by the specified key.

方法

ApplyResultSelector<TResult>(Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>) ApplyResultSelector<TResult>(Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>) ApplyResultSelector<TResult>(Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>) ApplyResultSelector<TResult>(Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>)

对每个键及其关联值应用转换函数,并返回结果。Applies a transform function to each key and its associated values and returns the results.

Contains(TKey) Contains(TKey) Contains(TKey) Contains(TKey)

确定指定的键是否位于 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 中。Determines whether a specified key is in the Lookup<TKey,TElement>.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator()

返回一个循环访问 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 的泛型枚举数。Returns a generic enumerator that iterates through the Lookup<TKey,TElement>.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

显式界面实现

IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

返回循环访问 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 的枚举数。Returns an enumerator that iterates through the Lookup<TKey,TElement>. 此类不能被继承。This class cannot be inherited.

扩展方法

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

在给定其泛型参数 TDataTable 的输入 DataRow 对象的情况下,返回包含 IEnumerable<T> 对象副本的 DataRowReturns a DataTable that contains copies of the DataRow objects, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption)

在给定其泛型参数 TDataRow 的输入 DataTable 对象的情况下,将 IEnumerable<T> 对象复制到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler)

在给定其泛型参数 TDataRow 的输入 DataTable 对象的情况下,将 IEnumerable<T> 对象复制到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 的元素强制转换为指定的类型。Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

根据指定类型筛选 IEnumerable 的元素。Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable)

启用查询的并行化。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 转换为 IQueryableConverts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个节点的上级。Returns a collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回经过筛选的元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个节点的上级。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个文档和元素的子代节点的集合。Returns a collection of the descendant nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个元素和文档的子代元素。Returns a collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回经过筛选的元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个元素和文档的子代元素。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个元素和文档的子元素的集合。Returns a collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回源集合中经过筛选的每个元素和文档的子元素集合。Returns a filtered collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>) InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>) InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>) InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回节点集合(其中包含源集合中的所有节点),并按文档顺序排列。Returns a collection of nodes that contains all nodes in the source collection, sorted in document order.

Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个文档和元素的子节点集合。Returns a collection of the child nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

将源集合中的每个节点从其父节点中移除。Removes every node in the source collection from its parent node.

适用于