HttpWebRequest.EndGetResponse(IAsyncResult) 方法

定义

结束对 Internet 资源的异步请求。Ends an asynchronous request to an Internet resource.

public:
 override System::Net::WebResponse ^ EndGetResponse(IAsyncResult ^ asyncResult);
public override System.Net.WebResponse EndGetResponse (IAsyncResult asyncResult);
override this.EndGetResponse : IAsyncResult -> System.Net.WebResponse
Public Overrides Function EndGetResponse (asyncResult As IAsyncResult) As WebResponse

参数

asyncResult
IAsyncResult

挂起的对响应的请求。The pending request for a response.

返回

包含来自 Internet 资源的响应的 WebResponseA WebResponse that contains the response from the Internet resource.

例外

asyncResultnullasyncResult is null.

以前使用 asyncResult. 调用过此方法。This method was called previously using asyncResult.

- 或 --or- ContentLength 属性大于 0,但是数据尚未写入请求流。The ContentLength property is greater than 0 but the data has not been written to the request stream.

之前已调用 Abort()Abort() was previously called.

- 或 --or- 处理请求时出错。An error occurred while processing the request.

当前实例没有从对 BeginGetResponse(AsyncCallback, Object) 的调用返回 asyncResultasyncResult was not returned by the current instance from a call to BeginGetResponse(AsyncCallback, Object).

示例

下面的代码示例使用 EndGetResponse 方法来结束对 Internet 资源的异步请求。The following code example uses the EndGetResponse method to end an asynchronous request for an Internet resource.

   static void RespCallback( IAsyncResult^ asynchronousResult )
   {
      try
      {
         
         // State of request is asynchronous.
         RequestState^ myRequestState = dynamic_cast<RequestState^>(asynchronousResult->AsyncState);
         HttpWebRequest^ myHttpWebRequest2 = myRequestState->request;
         myRequestState->response = dynamic_cast<HttpWebResponse^>(myHttpWebRequest2->EndGetResponse( asynchronousResult ));
         
         // Read the response into a Stream object.
         Stream^ responseStream = myRequestState->response->GetResponseStream();
         myRequestState->streamResponse = responseStream;
         
         // Begin the Reading of the contents of the HTML page and print it to the console.
         IAsyncResult^ asynchronousInputRead = responseStream->BeginRead( myRequestState->BufferRead, 0, BUFFER_SIZE, gcnew AsyncCallback( ReadCallBack ), myRequestState );
      }
      catch ( WebException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "\nException raised!" );
         Console::WriteLine( "\nMessage: {0}", e->Message );
         Console::WriteLine( "\nStatus: {0}", e->Status );
      }

   }

   static void ReadCallBack( IAsyncResult^ asyncResult )
   {
      try
      {
         RequestState^ myRequestState = dynamic_cast<RequestState^>(asyncResult->AsyncState);
         Stream^ responseStream = myRequestState->streamResponse;
         int read = responseStream->EndRead( asyncResult );
         
         // Read the HTML page and then print it to the console.
         if ( read > 0 )
         {
            myRequestState->requestData->Append( Encoding::ASCII->GetString( myRequestState->BufferRead, 0, read ) );
            IAsyncResult^ asynchronousResult = responseStream->BeginRead( myRequestState->BufferRead, 0, BUFFER_SIZE, gcnew AsyncCallback( ReadCallBack ), myRequestState );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine( "\nThe contents of the Html page are : " );
            if ( myRequestState->requestData->Length > 1 )
            {
               String^ stringContent;
               stringContent = myRequestState->requestData->ToString();
               Console::WriteLine( stringContent );
            }
            Console::WriteLine( "Press any key to continue.........." );
            Console::ReadLine();
            responseStream->Close();
            allDone->Set();
         }
      }
      catch ( WebException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "\nException raised!" );
         Console::WriteLine( "\nMessage: {0}", e->Message );
         Console::WriteLine( "\nStatus: {0}", e->Status );
      }

   }

};

int main()
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create a HttpWebrequest object to the desired URL.
      HttpWebRequest^ myHttpWebRequest1 = dynamic_cast<HttpWebRequest^>(WebRequest::Create( "http://www.contoso.com" ));
      
      // Create an instance of the RequestState and assign the previous myHttpWebRequest1
      // object to its request field.
      RequestState^ myRequestState = gcnew RequestState;
      myRequestState->request = myHttpWebRequest1;
      
      // Start the asynchronous request.
      IAsyncResult^ result = dynamic_cast<IAsyncResult^>(myHttpWebRequest1->BeginGetResponse( gcnew AsyncCallback( HttpWebRequest_BeginGetResponse::RespCallback ), myRequestState ));
      HttpWebRequest_BeginGetResponse::allDone->WaitOne();
      
      // Release the HttpWebResponse resource.
      myRequestState->response->Close();
   }
   catch ( WebException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "\nException raised!" );
      Console::WriteLine( "\nMessage: {0}", e->Message );
      Console::WriteLine( "\nStatus: {0}", e->Status );
      Console::WriteLine( "Press any key to continue.........." );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "\nException raised!" );
      Console::WriteLine( "Source : {0} ", e->Source );
      Console::WriteLine( "Message : {0} ", e->Message );
      Console::WriteLine( "Press any key to continue.........." );
      Console::Read();
   }

}

  try
  {      

    // Create a HttpWebrequest object to the desired URL.
    HttpWebRequest myHttpWebRequest1= (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("http://www.contoso.com");
    
    // Create an instance of the RequestState and assign the previous myHttpWebRequest1
    // object to it's request field.  
    RequestState myRequestState = new RequestState();  
    myRequestState.request = myHttpWebRequest1;

    // Start the asynchronous request.
    IAsyncResult result=
      (IAsyncResult) myHttpWebRequest1.BeginGetResponse(new AsyncCallback(RespCallback),myRequestState);

    allDone.WaitOne();
    
    // Release the HttpWebResponse resource.
    myRequestState.response.Close();
  }
  catch(WebException e)
  {
    Console.WriteLine("\nException raised!");
    Console.WriteLine("\nMessage:{0}",e.Message);
    Console.WriteLine("\nStatus:{0}",e.Status);
    Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue..........");
  }
  catch(Exception e)
  {
    Console.WriteLine("\nException raised!");
    Console.WriteLine("Source :{0} " , e.Source);
    Console.WriteLine("Message :{0} " , e.Message);
    Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue..........");
    Console.Read();
  }
}
private static void RespCallback(IAsyncResult asynchronousResult)
{  
  try
  {
    // State of request is asynchronous.
    RequestState myRequestState=(RequestState) asynchronousResult.AsyncState;
    HttpWebRequest  myHttpWebRequest2=myRequestState.request;
    myRequestState.response = (HttpWebResponse) myHttpWebRequest2.EndGetResponse(asynchronousResult);
    
    // Read the response into a Stream object.
    Stream responseStream = myRequestState.response.GetResponseStream();
    myRequestState.streamResponse=responseStream;
    
    // Begin the Reading of the contents of the HTML page and print it to the console.
    IAsyncResult asynchronousInputRead = responseStream.BeginRead(myRequestState.BufferRead, 0, BUFFER_SIZE, new AsyncCallback(ReadCallBack), myRequestState);
  }
  catch(WebException e)
  {
    Console.WriteLine("\nException raised!");
    Console.WriteLine("\nMessage:{0}",e.Message);
    Console.WriteLine("\nStatus:{0}",e.Status);
  }
}
private static  void ReadCallBack(IAsyncResult asyncResult)
{
  try
  {

  RequestState myRequestState = (RequestState)asyncResult.AsyncState;
  Stream responseStream = myRequestState.streamResponse;
  int read = responseStream.EndRead( asyncResult );
  // Read the HTML page and then print it to the console.
  if (read > 0)
  {
    myRequestState.requestData.Append(Encoding.ASCII.GetString(myRequestState.BufferRead, 0, read));
    IAsyncResult asynchronousResult = responseStream.BeginRead( myRequestState.BufferRead, 0, BUFFER_SIZE, new AsyncCallback(ReadCallBack), myRequestState);
  }
  else
  {
    Console.WriteLine("\nThe contents of the Html page are : ");
    if(myRequestState.requestData.Length>1)
    {
      string stringContent;
      stringContent = myRequestState.requestData.ToString();
      Console.WriteLine(stringContent);
    }
    Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue..........");
    Console.ReadLine();
    
    responseStream.Close();
    allDone.Set();
  }
  }
  catch(WebException e)
  {
    Console.WriteLine("\nException raised!");
    Console.WriteLine("\nMessage:{0}",e.Message);
    Console.WriteLine("\nStatus:{0}",e.Status);
  }
}
  Try
    ' Create a new HttpWebrequest object to the desired URL.
    Dim myHttpWebRequest1 As HttpWebRequest = CType(WebRequest.Create("http://www.contoso.com"), HttpWebRequest)
    
    ' Create an instance of the RequestState and assign the previous myHttpWebRequest1
    ' object to it's request field.  
    Dim myRequestState As New RequestState()
    myRequestState.request = myHttpWebRequest1
    
    ' Start the Asynchronous request.
    Dim result As IAsyncResult = CType(myHttpWebRequest1.BeginGetResponse(AddressOf RespCallback, myRequestState), IAsyncResult)
    allDone.WaitOne()
  
    ' Release the HttpWebResponse resource.
    myRequestState.response.Close()
  Catch e As WebException
    Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "Exception raised!")
    Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "Message:{0}", e.Message)
    Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "Status:{0}", e.Status)
    Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue..........")
  
  Catch e As Exception
    Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "Exception raised!")
    Console.WriteLine("Source :{0} ", e.Source)
    Console.WriteLine("Message : {0}", e.Message)
    Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue..........")
    Console.Read()
  End Try
End Sub

Private Shared Sub RespCallback(asynchronousResult As IAsyncResult)
  Try
    ' State of request is asynchronous.
    Dim myRequestState As RequestState = CType(asynchronousResult.AsyncState, RequestState)
    Dim myHttpWebRequest2 As HttpWebRequest = myRequestState.request
    myRequestState.response = CType(myHttpWebRequest2.EndGetResponse(asynchronousResult), HttpWebResponse)
    ' Read the response into a Stream object.
    Dim responseStream As Stream = myRequestState.response.GetResponseStream()
    myRequestState.streamResponse = responseStream
    ' Begin the Reading of the contents of the HTML page and print it to the console.
    Dim asynchronousInputRead As IAsyncResult = responseStream.BeginRead(myRequestState.BufferRead, 0, BUFFER_SIZE, AddressOf ReadCallBack, myRequestState)
  Catch e As WebException
    Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "Exception raised!")
    Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "Message:{0}", e.Message)
    Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "Status:{0}", e.Status)
  End Try 
End Sub

Private Shared Sub ReadCallBack(asyncResult As IAsyncResult)
  Try
    Dim myRequestState As RequestState = CType(asyncResult.AsyncState, RequestState)
    Dim responseStream As Stream = myRequestState.streamResponse
    Dim read As Integer = responseStream.EndRead(asyncResult)
    '  Read the HTML page and then print it to the console.
    If read > 0 Then
      myRequestState.requestData.Append(Encoding.ASCII.GetString(myRequestState.BufferRead, 0, read))
      Dim asynchronousResult As IAsyncResult = responseStream.BeginRead(myRequestState.BufferRead, 0, BUFFER_SIZE, AddressOf ReadCallBack, myRequestState)
    Else
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "The contents of the Html page are : ")
      If myRequestState.requestData.Length > 1 Then
        Dim stringContent As String
        stringContent = myRequestState.requestData.ToString()
        Console.WriteLine(stringContent)
      End If
      Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue..........")
      Console.ReadLine()
      responseStream.Close()
      allDone.Set()
    End If
  Catch e As WebException
    Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "Exception raised!")
    Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "Message:{0}", e.Message)
    Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "Status:{0}", e.Status)
  End Try 
End Sub

注解

EndGetResponse 方法完成通过调用 BeginGetResponse 方法启动的对 Internet 资源的异步请求。The EndGetResponse method completes an asynchronous request for an Internet resource that was started by calling the BeginGetResponse method.

注意

必须调用 Close 方法来关闭流并释放连接。You must call the Close method to close the stream and release the connection. 否则,可能会导致应用程序无法连接。Failure to do so may cause your application to run out of connections.

备注

当你在应用程序中启用网络跟踪后,此成员将输出跟踪信息。This member outputs trace information when you enable network tracing in your application. 有关详细信息,请参阅.NET Framework 中的网络跟踪For more information, see Network Tracing in the .NET Framework.

适用于