Socket.ReceiveBufferSize 属性

定义

获取或设置一个值,它指定 Socket 接收缓冲区的大小。Gets or sets a value that specifies the size of the receive buffer of the Socket.

public:
 property int ReceiveBufferSize { int get(); void set(int value); };
public int ReceiveBufferSize { get; set; }
member this.ReceiveBufferSize : int with get, set
Public Property ReceiveBufferSize As Integer

属性值

Int32,它包含接收缓冲区的大小(以字节为单位)。An Int32 that contains the size, in bytes, of the receive buffer. 默认值为 8192。The default is 8192.

异常

尝试访问套接字时出错。An error occurred when attempting to access the socket.

Socket 已关闭。The Socket has been closed.

为设置操作指定的值小于 0。The value specified for a set operation is less than 0.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用 ReceiveBufferSize 属性。The following code example demonstrates the use of the ReceiveBufferSize property.

static void ConfigureTcpSocket(Socket^ tcpSocket)
{
     
    // Don't allow another socket to bind to this port.
    tcpSocket->ExclusiveAddressUse = true;
     
    // The socket will linger for 10 seconds after
    // Socket.Close is called.
    tcpSocket->LingerState = gcnew LingerOption(true, 10);
     
    // Disable the Nagle Algorithm for this tcp socket.
    tcpSocket->NoDelay = true;
     
    // Set the receive buffer size to 8k
    tcpSocket->ReceiveBufferSize = 8192;
     
    // Set the timeout for synchronous receive methods to
    // 1 second (1000 milliseconds.)
    tcpSocket->ReceiveTimeout = 1000;
     
    // Set the send buffer size to 8k.
    tcpSocket->SendBufferSize = 8192;
     
    // Set the timeout for synchronous send methods
    // to 1 second (1000 milliseconds.)
    tcpSocket->SendTimeout = 1000;
     
    // Set the Time To Live (TTL) to 42 router hops.
    tcpSocket->Ttl = 42;
    Console::WriteLine("Tcp Socket configured:");
    Console::WriteLine("  ExclusiveAddressUse {0}", 
        tcpSocket->ExclusiveAddressUse);
    Console::WriteLine("  LingerState {0}, {1}", 
        tcpSocket->LingerState->Enabled,
        tcpSocket->LingerState->LingerTime);
    Console::WriteLine("  NoDelay {0}",
        tcpSocket->NoDelay);
    Console::WriteLine("  ReceiveBufferSize {0}", 
        tcpSocket->ReceiveBufferSize);
    Console::WriteLine("  ReceiveTimeout {0}",
        tcpSocket->ReceiveTimeout);
    Console::WriteLine("  SendBufferSize {0}",
        tcpSocket->SendBufferSize);
    Console::WriteLine("  SendTimeout {0}",
        tcpSocket->SendTimeout);
    Console::WriteLine("  Ttl {0}",
        tcpSocket->Ttl);
    Console::WriteLine("  IsBound {0}",
        tcpSocket->IsBound);
    Console::WriteLine("");
}
static void ConfigureTcpSocket(Socket tcpSocket)
{
    // Don't allow another socket to bind to this port.
    tcpSocket.ExclusiveAddressUse = true;

    // The socket will linger for 10 seconds after
    // Socket.Close is called.
    tcpSocket.LingerState = new LingerOption (true, 10);

    // Disable the Nagle Algorithm for this tcp socket.
    tcpSocket.NoDelay = true;

    // Set the receive buffer size to 8k
    tcpSocket.ReceiveBufferSize = 8192;

    // Set the timeout for synchronous receive methods to
    // 1 second (1000 milliseconds.)
    tcpSocket.ReceiveTimeout = 1000;

    // Set the send buffer size to 8k.
    tcpSocket.SendBufferSize = 8192;

    // Set the timeout for synchronous send methods
    // to 1 second (1000 milliseconds.)
    tcpSocket.SendTimeout = 1000;

    // Set the Time To Live (TTL) to 42 router hops.
    tcpSocket.Ttl = 42;

    Console.WriteLine("Tcp Socket configured:");

    Console.WriteLine($"  ExclusiveAddressUse {tcpSocket.ExclusiveAddressUse}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  LingerState {tcpSocket.LingerState.Enabled}, {tcpSocket.LingerState.LingerTime}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  NoDelay {tcpSocket.NoDelay}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  ReceiveBufferSize {tcpSocket.ReceiveBufferSize}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  ReceiveTimeout {tcpSocket.ReceiveTimeout}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  SendBufferSize {tcpSocket.SendBufferSize}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  SendTimeout {tcpSocket.SendTimeout}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  Ttl {tcpSocket.Ttl}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  IsBound {tcpSocket.IsBound}");

    Console.WriteLine("");
}

注解

较大的缓冲区大小可能会减少空确认(没有数据部分的 TCP 数据包)的数目,但也可能会延迟连接问题的识别。A larger buffer size potentially reduces the number of empty acknowledgements (TCP packets with no data portion), but might also delay the recognition of connection difficulties. 如果正在传输大文件,或者使用的是高带宽、高延迟连接(如卫星宽带提供程序),请考虑增加缓冲区大小。Consider increasing the buffer size if you are transferring large files, or you are using a high bandwidth, high latency connection (such as a satellite broadband provider.)

适用于