FieldInfo.IsInitOnly 属性

定义

获取一个值,通过该值指示此字段是否只能在构造函数的主体中设置。Gets a value indicating whether the field can only be set in the body of the constructor.

public:
 property bool IsInitOnly { bool get(); };
public bool IsInitOnly { get; }
member this.IsInitOnly : bool
Public ReadOnly Property IsInitOnly As Boolean

属性值

如果字段设置了 true 属性,则为 InitOnly;否则为 falsetrue if the field has the InitOnly attribute set; otherwise, false.

实现

示例

在下面的示例中,创建了两个字段。In the following example, two fields are created. 第二个字段是只读的,没有 set 访问器,IsInitOnly 设置为 trueThe second field is read-only, having no set accessor, and IsInitOnly is set to true.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

//Make two fields, one public and one read-only.
public ref class Myfielda
{
public:
   String^ field;
   Myfielda()
      : field( "A - public field" )
   {}


   property String^ Field 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return field;
      }

      void set( String^ value )
      {
         if ( field != value )
         {
            field = value;
         }
      }

   }

};

public ref class Myfieldb
{
private:
   String^ const field;

public:
   Myfieldb()
      : field( "B - readonly field" )
   {}


   property String^ Field 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return field;
      }

   }

};

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "\nReflection.FieldInfo" );
   Myfielda^ myfielda = gcnew Myfielda;
   Myfieldb^ myfieldb = gcnew Myfieldb;
   
   //Get the Type and FieldInfo.
   Type^ MyTypea = Type::GetType( "Myfielda" );
   FieldInfo^ Myfieldinfoa = MyTypea->GetField( "field", static_cast<BindingFlags>(BindingFlags::Public | BindingFlags::Instance) );
   Type^ MyTypeb = Type::GetType( "Myfieldb" );
   FieldInfo^ Myfieldinfob = MyTypeb->GetField( "field", static_cast<BindingFlags>(BindingFlags::NonPublic | BindingFlags::Instance) );
   
   //Modify the fields.
   //Note that Myfieldb is not modified, as it is
   //read-only (IsInitOnly is True).
   myfielda->field = "A- modified";
   
   //Myfieldb.field = "B- modified";
   //For the first field, get and display the name, field, and IsInitOnly state.
   Console::Write( "\n{0} - {1}, IsInitOnly = {2} ", MyTypea->FullName, Myfieldinfoa->GetValue( myfielda ), Myfieldinfoa->IsInitOnly );
   
   //For the second field get and display the name, field, and IsInitOnly state.
   Console::Write( "\n{0} - {1}, IsInitOnly = {2} ", MyTypeb->FullName, Myfieldinfob->GetValue( myfieldb ), Myfieldinfob->IsInitOnly );
   return 0;
}


using System;
using System.Reflection;

 //Make two fields, one public and one read-only.
public class Myfielda
{
    public string field = "A - public modifiable field";
}
public class Myfieldb
{
    public readonly string field = "B - readonly field";
}
 
public class Myfieldinfo
{
    public static int Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\nReflection.FieldInfo");
        Myfielda Myfielda = new Myfielda();
        Myfieldb Myfieldb = new Myfieldb();
  
        //Get the Type and FieldInfo.
        Type MyTypea = typeof(Myfielda);
        FieldInfo Myfieldinfoa = MyTypea.GetField("field",
            BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance);
        Type MyTypeb = typeof(Myfieldb);
        FieldInfo Myfieldinfob = MyTypeb.GetField("field",
            BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance);
  
        //Modify the fields.
        //Note that Myfieldb is not modified, as it is
        //read-only (IsInitOnly is True).
        Myfielda.field = "A - modified";
        //Myfieldb.field = "B - modified";
  
        //For the first field, get and display the name, field, and IsInitOnly state.
        Console.Write("\n{0} - {1}, IsInitOnly = {2} ",
            MyTypea.FullName,
            Myfieldinfoa.GetValue(Myfielda),
            Myfieldinfoa.IsInitOnly);
  
        //For the second field get and display the name, field, and IsInitOnly state.
        Console.Write("\n{0} - {1}, IsInitOnly = {2} ",
            MyTypeb.FullName,
            Myfieldinfob.GetValue(Myfieldb),
            Myfieldinfob.IsInitOnly);
  
        return 0;
    }
}
Imports System.Reflection

'Make two fields, one public and one read-only.
Public Class Myfielda
    Public field As String = "A - public modifiable field"
End Class

Public Class Myfieldb
    Public ReadOnly field As String = "B - readonly field"
End Class

Public Class Myfieldinfo
    Public Shared Function Main() As Integer
        Console.WriteLine("Reflection.FieldInfo")
        Console.WriteLine()
        Dim Myfielda As New Myfielda()
        Dim Myfieldb As New Myfieldb()

        'Get the Type and FieldInfo.
        Dim MyTypea As Type = GetType(Myfielda)
        Dim Myfieldinfoa As FieldInfo = MyTypea.GetField("field", _
            BindingFlags.Public Or BindingFlags.Instance)
        Dim MyTypeb As Type = GetType(Myfieldb)
        Dim Myfieldinfob As FieldInfo = MyTypeb.GetField("field", _
            BindingFlags.Public Or BindingFlags.Instance)

        'Modify the fields.
        'Note that Myfieldb is not modified, as it is
        'read-only (IsInitOnly is True).
        Myfielda.field = "A - modified"
        'For the first field, get and display the name, field, and IsInitOnly state.
        Console.WriteLine("{0} - {1}, IsInitOnly = {2} ", MyTypea.FullName, _
            Myfieldinfoa.GetValue(Myfielda), Myfieldinfoa.IsInitOnly)
        'For the second field get and display the name, field, and IsInitOnly state.
        Console.WriteLine("{0} - {1}, IsInitOnly = {2} ", MyTypeb.FullName, _
            Myfieldinfob.GetValue(Myfieldb), Myfieldinfob.IsInitOnly)

        Return 0
    End Function 'Main
End Class

此代码生成以下输出:This code produces the following output:

Reflection.FieldInfoReflection.FieldInfo

Myfielda-已修改,IsInitOnly = FalseMyfielda - A- modified, IsInitOnly = False

Myfieldb-B readonly field,IsInitOnly = TrueMyfieldb - B readonly field, IsInitOnly = True

注解

如果返回的值为 true,则字段只能初始化,此后为只读。If the returned value is true, the field can only be initialized, and is read-only thereafter.

若要获取 IsInitOnly 属性,请首先获取类 TypeTo get the IsInitOnly property, first get the class Type. Type获取 FieldInfoFrom the Type, get the FieldInfo. FieldInfo获取 IsInitOnly 属性。From the FieldInfo, get the IsInitOnly property. 若要访问非公共字段,请将 BindingFlags.NonPublicGetField 方法中的一个或两个 BindingFlags.StaticBindingFlags.Instance 组合在一起。To access a non-public field, combine BindingFlags.NonPublic with either or both of BindingFlags.Static and BindingFlags.Instance in the GetField method.

设置 FieldAttributes.InitOnly 特性时,将设置 IsInitOnly 属性。The IsInitOnly property is set when the FieldAttributes.InitOnly attribute is set.

适用于

另请参阅