MemberInfo.DeclaringType MemberInfo.DeclaringType MemberInfo.DeclaringType MemberInfo.DeclaringType Property

定义

获取声明该成员的类。Gets the class that declares this member.

public:
 abstract property Type ^ DeclaringType { Type ^ get(); };
public abstract Type DeclaringType { get; }
member this.DeclaringType : Type
Public MustOverride ReadOnly Property DeclaringType As Type

属性值

声明该成员的类的 Type 对象。The Type object for the class that declares this member.

实现

示例

下面的示例定义一个接口, IValue,使用一个成员, GetValueThe following example defines an interface, IValue, with a single member, GetValue. 它还定义了四个类: A,实现的基类IValue接口;B,后者又继承A,并隐藏其实现GetValue从基类实现;C,只需继承A; 并D,后者又继承A并重写其GetValue方法。It also defines four classes: A, a base class that implements the IValue interface; B, which inherits from A and hides its implementation of GetValue from the base class implementation; C, which simply inherits from A; and D, which inherits from A and overrides its GetValue method. 该示例然后检索MemberInfo类型的每个成员的对象 (包括成员继承自Object),并显示的值及其DeclaringType属性。The example then retrieves a MemberInfo object for each member of the type (including members inherited from Object) and displays the value of its DeclaringType property.

using System;
using System.Reflection;

interface IValue 
{
   int GetValue() ;
};
 
class A : IValue 
{
   public virtual int GetValue() 
   { 
      return 0; 
   }
};
 
class B : A 
{
   public new int GetValue() 
   { 
      return 0; 
   }
};
 
class C : A 
{ };

class D : A
{
   public override int GetValue()
   {
      return 0;
   }
}

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      // Get members of IValue interface.
      ShowMembersAndDeclaringTypes(typeof(IValue));
      Console.WriteLine();
      ShowMembersAndDeclaringTypes(typeof(A));
      Console.WriteLine();
      ShowMembersAndDeclaringTypes(typeof(B));
      Console.WriteLine();
      ShowMembersAndDeclaringTypes(typeof(C));
      Console.WriteLine();
      ShowMembersAndDeclaringTypes(typeof(D));
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   private static void ShowMembersAndDeclaringTypes(Type t)
   {
      MemberInfo[] members = t.GetMembers();
      Console.WriteLine("{0} Members: ", t.Name);
      foreach (var member in members)
         Console.WriteLine("   {0}, Declaring type: {1}", 
                           member.Name, member.DeclaringType.Name); 
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       IValue Members:
//          GetValue, Declaring type: IValue
//       
//       A Members:
//          GetValue, Declaring type: A
//          ToString, Declaring type: Object
//          Equals, Declaring type: Object
//          GetHashCode, Declaring type: Object
//          GetType, Declaring type: Object
//          .ctor, Declaring type: A
//       
//       B Members:
//          GetValue, Declaring type: B
//          GetValue, Declaring type: A
//          ToString, Declaring type: Object
//          Equals, Declaring type: Object
//          GetHashCode, Declaring type: Object
//          GetType, Declaring type: Object
//          .ctor, Declaring type: B
//       
//       C Members:
//          GetValue, Declaring type: A
//          ToString, Declaring type: Object
//          Equals, Declaring type: Object
//          GetHashCode, Declaring type: Object
//          GetType, Declaring type: Object
//          .ctor, Declaring type: C
//       
//       D Members:
//          GetValue, Declaring type: D
//          ToString, Declaring type: Object
//          Equals, Declaring type: Object
//          GetHashCode, Declaring type: Object
//          GetType, Declaring type: Object
//          .ctor, Declaring type: D
Imports System.Reflection

Interface IValue 
   Function GetValue() As Integer 
End Interface
 
Class A : Implements IValue 
   Public Overridable Function GetValue() As Integer _
                               Implements IValue.GetValue 
      Return 0 
   End Function
End Class
 
Class B : Inherits A 
   Public Shadows Function GetValue() As Integer 
      Return 0 
   End Function
End Class
 
Class C : Inherits A 
End Class

Class D : Inherits A
   Public Overrides Function GetValue() As Integer
      Return 0
   End Function
End Class

Public Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      ' Get members of IValue interface.
      ShowMembersAndDeclaringTypes(GetType(IValue))
      Console.WriteLine()
      ShowMembersAndDeclaringTypes(GetType(A))
      Console.WriteLine()
      ShowMembersAndDeclaringTypes(GetType(B))
      Console.WriteLine()
      ShowMembersAndDeclaringTypes(GetType(C))
      Console.WriteLine()
      ShowMembersAndDeclaringTypes(GetType(D))
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub

   Private Sub ShowMembersAndDeclaringTypes(t As Type)
      Dim members() As MemberInfo = t.GetMembers()
      Console.WriteLine("{0} Members: ", t.Name)
      For Each member In members
         Console.WriteLine("   {0}, Declaring type: {1}", 
                           member.Name, member.DeclaringType.Name)
      Next                      
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       IValue Members:
'          GetValue, Declaring type: IValue
'       
'       A Members:
'          GetValue, Declaring type: A
'          ToString, Declaring type: Object
'          Equals, Declaring type: Object
'          GetHashCode, Declaring type: Object
'          GetType, Declaring type: Object
'          .ctor, Declaring type: A
'       
'       B Members:
'          GetValue, Declaring type: B
'          GetValue, Declaring type: A
'          ToString, Declaring type: Object
'          Equals, Declaring type: Object
'          GetHashCode, Declaring type: Object
'          GetType, Declaring type: Object
'          .ctor, Declaring type: B
'       
'       C Members:
'          GetValue, Declaring type: A
'          ToString, Declaring type: Object
'          Equals, Declaring type: Object
'          GetHashCode, Declaring type: Object
'          GetType, Declaring type: Object
'          .ctor, Declaring type: C
'       
'       D Members:
'          GetValue, Declaring type: D
'          ToString, Declaring type: Object
'          Equals, Declaring type: Object
'          GetHashCode, Declaring type: Object
'          GetType, Declaring type: Object
'          .ctor, Declaring type: D

请注意,声明类型A.GetValueA,则该B包含两个GetValue方法、 一个由声明A,另一个通过B,和,声明类型的D.GetValueDNote that the declaring type of A.GetValue is A, that B includes two GetValue methods, one declared by A and one by B, and that the declaring type of D.GetValue is D.

备注

DeclaringType 返回仅成员名称和其声明类型的名称。DeclaringType returns only the member names and the names of their declaring types. 若要返回的成员具有其原型的名称,请调用MemberInfo.ToStringTo return the member names with their prototypes, call MemberInfo.ToString.

注解

DeclaringType属性检索到的引用Type声明此成员的类型的对象。The DeclaringType property retrieves a reference to the Type object for the type that declares this member. 由类型声明或继承自基类型,类型的成员,因此Type返回的对象DeclaringType属性可能与相同Type对象,用于获取当前MemberInfo对象。A member of a type is either declared by the type or inherited from a base type, so the Type object returned by the DeclaringType property might not be the same as the Type object used to obtain the current MemberInfo object.

  • 如果Type此对象MemberInfo获取了未声明此成员DeclaringType属性将表示其基类型之一。If the Type object from which this MemberInfo object was obtained did not declare this member, the DeclaringType property will represent one of its base types.

  • 如果MemberInfo对象是全局成员 (即,如果已获取了从Module.GetMethods方法,返回对模块全局方法),返回DeclaringTypenullIf the MemberInfo object is a global member (that is, if it was obtained from the Module.GetMethods method, which returns global methods on a module), the returned DeclaringType will be null.

适用于