HashAlgorithm.TransformBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32, Byte[], Int32) Method

Definition

计算输入字节数组指定区域的哈希值,并将输入字节数组指定区域复制到输出字节数组的指定区域。Computes the hash value for the specified region of the input byte array and copies the specified region of the input byte array to the specified region of the output byte array.

public:
 virtual int TransformBlock(cli::array <System::Byte> ^ inputBuffer, int inputOffset, int inputCount, cli::array <System::Byte> ^ outputBuffer, int outputOffset);
public int TransformBlock (byte[] inputBuffer, int inputOffset, int inputCount, byte[] outputBuffer, int outputOffset);
abstract member TransformBlock : byte[] * int * int * byte[] * int -> int
override this.TransformBlock : byte[] * int * int * byte[] * int -> int
Public Function TransformBlock (inputBuffer As Byte(), inputOffset As Integer, inputCount As Integer, outputBuffer As Byte(), outputOffset As Integer) As Integer

Parameters

inputBuffer
Byte[]

要计算其哈希代码的输入。The input to compute the hash code for.

inputOffset
Int32

输入字节数组中的偏移量,从该位置开始使用数据。The offset into the input byte array from which to begin using data.

inputCount
Int32

输入字节数组中用作数据的字节数。The number of bytes in the input byte array to use as data.

outputBuffer
Byte[]

用于计算哈希代码的部分输入数组的副本。A copy of the part of the input array used to compute the hash code.

outputOffset
Int32

输入字节数组中的偏移量,从该位置开始使用数据。The offset into the output byte array from which to begin writing data.

Returns

Int32

写入的字节数。The number of bytes written.

Implements

Exceptions

inputCount 使用了无效值。inputCount uses an invalid value.

- 或 --or- inputBuffer 具有无效的长度。inputBuffer has an invalid length.

inputBuffernullinputBuffer is null.

inputOffset 超出范围。inputOffset is out of range. 此参数需要非负数。This parameter requires a non-negative number.

对象已被释放。The object has already been disposed.

Examples

下面的代码示例将 TransformFinalBlock 方法与 TransformBlock 方法一起使用来对字符串进行哈希处理。The following code examples use the TransformFinalBlock method with the TransformBlock method to hash a string.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

class MainClass
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        RandomNumberGenerator rnd = RandomNumberGenerator.Create();

        byte[] input = new byte[20];
        rnd.GetBytes(input);

        Console.WriteLine("Input        : {0}\n", BytesToStr(input));
        PrintHash(input);
        PrintHashOneBlock(input);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 1);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 2);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 3);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 5);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 10);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 11);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 19);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 20);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 21);
    }

    public static string BytesToStr(byte[] bytes)
    {
        StringBuilder str = new StringBuilder();

        for (int i = 0; i < bytes.Length; i++)
            str.AppendFormat("{0:X2}", bytes[i]);

        return str.ToString();
    }

    public static void PrintHash(byte[] input)
    {
        SHA256Managed sha = new SHA256Managed();
        Console.WriteLine("ComputeHash  : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.ComputeHash(input)));
    }

    public static void PrintHashOneBlock(byte[] input)
    {
        SHA256Managed sha = new SHA256Managed();
        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, 0, input.Length);
        Console.WriteLine("FinalBlock   : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.Hash));
    }

    public static void PrintHashMultiBlock(byte[] input, int size)
    {
        SHA256Managed sha = new SHA256Managed();
        int offset = 0;

        while (input.Length - offset >= size)
            offset += sha.TransformBlock(input, offset, size, input, offset);

        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, offset, input.Length - offset);
        Console.WriteLine("MultiBlock {0:00}: {1}", size, BytesToStr(sha.Hash));
    }
}

Imports System.Text
Imports System.Security.Cryptography

Class Program

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim rnd As RandomNumberGenerator = RandomNumberGenerator.Create
        Dim input() As Byte = New Byte((20) - 1) {}
        rnd.GetBytes(input)
        Console.WriteLine("Input        : {0}"& vbLf, BytesToStr(input))
        PrintHash(input)
        PrintHashOneBlock(input)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 1)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 2)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 3)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 5)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 10)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 11)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 19)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 20)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 21)
    End Sub

    Public Shared Function BytesToStr(ByVal bytes() As Byte) As String
        Dim str As StringBuilder = New StringBuilder
        Dim i As Integer = 0
        Do While (i < bytes.Length)
        str.AppendFormat("{0:X2}", bytes(i))
        i = (i + 1)
        Loop
        Return str.ToString
    End Function

    Public Shared Sub PrintHash(ByVal input() As Byte)
        Dim sha As SHA256Managed = New SHA256Managed
        Console.WriteLine("ComputeHash  : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.ComputeHash(input)))
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintHashOneBlock(ByVal input() As Byte)
        Dim sha As SHA256Managed = New SHA256Managed
        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, 0, input.Length)
        Console.WriteLine("FinalBlock   : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.Hash))
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintHashMultiBlock(ByVal input() As Byte, ByVal size As Integer)
        Dim sha As SHA256Managed = New SHA256Managed
        Dim offset As Integer = 0

        While ((input.Length - offset)  _
            >= size)
        offset = (offset + sha.TransformBlock(input, offset, size, input, offset))

        End While
        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, offset, (input.Length - offset))
        Console.WriteLine("MultiBlock {0:00}: {1}", size, BytesToStr(sha.Hash))
    End Sub
End Class

Remarks

必须先调用 TransformBlock 方法,然后才能调用 TransformFinalBlock 方法。You must call the TransformBlock method before calling the TransformFinalBlock method. 在检索最终哈希值之前,必须调用这两种方法。You must call both methods before you retrieve the final hash value.

若要在调用 TransformFinalBlock 方法后检索最终哈希值,请获取包含在 Hash 属性中的字节数组。To retrieve the final hash value after calling the TransformFinalBlock method, get the byte array contained within the Hash property.

如果使用不同的输入和输出数组调用 TransformBlock 方法,将导致 IOExceptionCalling the TransformBlock method with different input and output arrays results in an IOException.

Applies to