ToBase64Transform ToBase64Transform ToBase64Transform ToBase64Transform Class

定义

CryptoStream 转换为 Base 64。Converts a CryptoStream to base 64.

public ref class ToBase64Transform : System::Security::Cryptography::ICryptoTransform
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class ToBase64Transform : System.Security.Cryptography.ICryptoTransform
type ToBase64Transform = class
    interface ICryptoTransform
    interface IDisposable
Public Class ToBase64Transform
Implements ICryptoTransform
继承
ToBase64TransformToBase64TransformToBase64TransformToBase64Transform
属性
实现

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用ToBase64Transform类的成员。The following code example demonstrates how to use members of the ToBase64Transform class.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;

ref class Members
{
public:
   [STAThread]
   static void Main()
   {
      String^ appPath = (String::Concat(
         System::IO::Directory::GetCurrentDirectory(), L"\\" ));
      
      // Insert your file names into this method call.
      EncodeFromFile( String::Concat( appPath, L"members.cpp" ),
         String::Concat( appPath, L"members.enc" ) );
      Console::WriteLine( L"This sample completed successfully; "
         L"press Enter to exit." );
      Console::ReadLine();
   }

private:
   // Read in the specified source file and write out an encoded target file.
   static void EncodeFromFile( String^ sourceFile, String^ targetFile )
   {
      // Verify members.cpp exists at the specified directory.
      if (  !File::Exists( sourceFile ) )
      {
         Console::Write( L"Unable to locate source file located at " );
         Console::WriteLine( L"{0}.", sourceFile );
         Console::Write( L"Please correct the path and run the " );
         Console::WriteLine( L"sample again." );
         return;
      }

      // Retrieve the input and output file streams.
      FileStream^ inputFileStream = gcnew FileStream(
         sourceFile,FileMode::Open,FileAccess::Read );
      FileStream^ outputFileStream = gcnew FileStream(
         targetFile,FileMode::Create,FileAccess::Write );

      // Create a new ToBase64Transform object to convert to base 64.
      ToBase64Transform^ base64Transform = gcnew ToBase64Transform;

      // Create a new byte array with the size of the output block size.
      array<Byte>^outputBytes = gcnew array<Byte>(
         base64Transform->OutputBlockSize);

      // Retrieve the file contents into a byte array.
      array<Byte>^inputBytes = gcnew array<Byte>(inputFileStream->Length);
      inputFileStream->Read( inputBytes, 0, inputBytes->Length );

      // Verify that multiple blocks can not be transformed.
      if (  !base64Transform->CanTransformMultipleBlocks )
      {
         // Initializie the offset size.
         int inputOffset = 0;

         // Iterate through inputBytes transforming by blockSize.
         int inputBlockSize = base64Transform->InputBlockSize;
         while ( inputBytes->Length - inputOffset > inputBlockSize )
         {
            base64Transform->TransformBlock(
               inputBytes,
               inputOffset,
               inputBytes->Length - inputOffset,
               outputBytes,
               0 );

            inputOffset += base64Transform->InputBlockSize;
            outputFileStream->Write(
               outputBytes,
               0,
               base64Transform->OutputBlockSize );
         }
         
         // Transform the final block of data.
         outputBytes = base64Transform->TransformFinalBlock(
            inputBytes,
            inputOffset,
            inputBytes->Length - inputOffset );
         outputFileStream->Write( outputBytes, 0, outputBytes->Length );
         Console::WriteLine( L"Created encoded file at {0}", targetFile );
      }

      // Determine if the current transform can be reused.
      if (  !base64Transform->CanReuseTransform )
      {
         // Free up any used resources.
         base64Transform->Clear();
      }

      // Close file streams.
      inputFileStream->Close();
      outputFileStream->Close();
   }
};

int main()
{
   Members::Main();
}

//
// This sample produces the following output:
//
// Created encoded file at C:\ConsoleApplication1\\membersvcs.enc
// This sample completed successfully; press Enter to exit.
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

class Members
{
    [STAThread]
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        string appPath = (System.IO.Directory.GetCurrentDirectory() + "\\");

        // Insert your file names into this method call.
        EncodeFromFile(appPath + "members.cs", appPath + "members.enc");

        Console.WriteLine("This sample completed successfully; " +
            "press Enter to exit.");
        Console.ReadLine();
    }

    // Read in the specified source file and write out an encoded target file.
    private static void EncodeFromFile(string sourceFile, string targetFile) 
    {
        // Verify members.cs exists at the specified directory.
        if (!File.Exists(sourceFile))
        {
            Console.Write("Unable to locate source file located at ");
            Console.WriteLine(sourceFile + ".");
            Console.Write("Please correct the path and run the ");
            Console.WriteLine("sample again.");
            return;
        }

        // Retrieve the input and output file streams.
        FileStream inputFileStream = 
            new FileStream(sourceFile, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
        FileStream outputFileStream = 
            new FileStream(targetFile, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write);

        // Create a new ToBase64Transform object to convert to base 64.
        ToBase64Transform base64Transform = new ToBase64Transform();

        // Create a new byte array with the size of the output block size.
        byte[] outputBytes = new byte[base64Transform.OutputBlockSize];

        // Retrieve the file contents into a byte array.
        byte[] inputBytes = new byte[inputFileStream.Length];
        inputFileStream.Read(inputBytes, 0, inputBytes.Length);

        // Verify that multiple blocks can not be transformed.
        if (!base64Transform.CanTransformMultipleBlocks)
        {
            // Initializie the offset size.
            int inputOffset = 0;

            // Iterate through inputBytes transforming by blockSize.
            int inputBlockSize = base64Transform.InputBlockSize;

            while(inputBytes.Length - inputOffset > inputBlockSize)
            {
                base64Transform.TransformBlock(
                    inputBytes,
                    inputOffset,
                    inputBytes.Length - inputOffset,
                    outputBytes,
                    0);

                inputOffset += base64Transform.InputBlockSize;
                outputFileStream.Write(
                    outputBytes, 
                    0, 
                    base64Transform.OutputBlockSize);
            }

            // Transform the final block of data.
            outputBytes = base64Transform.TransformFinalBlock(
                inputBytes,
                inputOffset,
                inputBytes.Length - inputOffset);

            outputFileStream.Write(outputBytes, 0, outputBytes.Length);
            Console.WriteLine("Created encoded file at " + targetFile);
        }

        // Determine if the current transform can be reused.
        if (! base64Transform.CanReuseTransform)
        {
            // Free up any used resources.
            base64Transform.Clear();
        }

        // Close file streams.
        inputFileStream.Close();
        outputFileStream.Close();
    }
}
//
// This sample produces the following output:
//
// Created encoded file at C:\ConsoleApplication1\\membersvcs.enc
// This sample completed successfully; press Enter to exit.
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Cryptography

Public Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    ' Event handler for Run button.
    Private Sub Button1_Click( _
        ByVal sender As System.Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button1.Click

        tbxOutput.Cursor = Cursors.WaitCursor
        tbxOutput.Text = ""

        Dim appPath As String
        appPath = (System.IO.Directory.GetCurrentDirectory() + "\\")

        ' Insert your file names into this method call.
        EncodeFromFile(appPath + "members.vb", appPath + "membersvb.enc")

        ' Reset the cursor and conclude application.
        tbxOutput.AppendText(vbCrLf + "This sample completed " + _
            "successfully; press Exit to continue.")
        tbxOutput.Cursor = Cursors.Default
    End Sub

    ' Read in the specified source file and write out an encoded target file.
    Private Sub EncodeFromFile( _
        ByVal sourceFile As String, _
        ByVal targetFile As String)

        ' Verify members.cs exists at the specified directory.
        If (Not File.Exists(sourceFile)) Then
            tbxOutput.AppendText("Unable to locate source file located at ")
            tbxOutput.AppendText(sourceFile + ". Please correct the path ")
            tbxOutput.AppendText("and run the sample again.")

            Exit Sub
        End If

        ' Retrieve the input and output file streams.
        Dim inputFileStream As New FileStream( _
            sourceFile, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read)
        Dim outputFileStream As New FileStream( _
            targetFile, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write)

        ' Create a new ToBase64Transform object to convert to base 64.
        Dim base64Transform As New ToBase64Transform

        ' Create a new byte array with the size of the output block size.
        Dim outputBytes(base64Transform.OutputBlockSize) As Byte

        ' Retrieve the file contents into a byte array.
        Dim inputBytes(inputFileStream.Length) As Byte
        inputFileStream.Read(inputBytes, 0, inputBytes.Length)

        ' Verify that multiple blocks can not be transformed.
        If (Not base64Transform.CanTransformMultipleBlocks) Then
            ' Initializie the offset size.
            Dim inputOffset As Integer = 0

            ' Iterate through inputBytes transforming by blockSize.
            Dim inputBlockSize As Integer = base64Transform.InputBlockSize

            While (inputBytes.Length - inputOffset > inputBlockSize)
                base64Transform.TransformBlock( _
                    inputBytes, _
                    inputOffset, _
                    inputBytes.Length - inputOffset, _
                    outputBytes, _
                    0)

                inputOffset += base64Transform.InputBlockSize
                outputFileStream.Write(outputBytes, _
                    0, _
                    base64Transform.OutputBlockSize)
            End While

            ' Transform the final block of data.
            outputBytes = base64Transform.TransformFinalBlock( _
                inputBytes, _
                inputOffset, _
                inputBytes.Length - inputOffset)

            outputFileStream.Write(outputBytes, 0, outputBytes.Length)
            tbxOutput.AppendText("Created encoded file at " + targetFile)
        End If

        ' Determine if the current transform can be reused.
        If (Not base64Transform.CanReuseTransform) Then
            ' Free up any used resources.
            base64Transform.Clear()
        End If

        ' Close file streams.
        inputFileStream.Close()
        outputFileStream.Close()
    End Sub

    ' Event handler for Exit button.
    Private Sub Button2_Click( _
        ByVal sender As System.Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button2.Click

        Application.Exit()
    End Sub
#Region " Windows Form Designer generated code "

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()

        'This call is required by the Windows Form Designer.
        InitializeComponent()

        'Add any initialization after the InitializeComponent() call

    End Sub

    'Form overrides dispose to clean up the component list.
    Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
        If disposing Then
            If Not (components Is Nothing) Then
                components.Dispose()
            End If
        End If
        MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
    End Sub

    'Required by the Windows Form Designer
    Private components As System.ComponentModel.IContainer

    'NOTE: The following procedure is required by the Windows Form Designer
    'It can be modified using the Windows Form Designer.  
    'Do not modify it using the code editor.
    Friend WithEvents Panel2 As System.Windows.Forms.Panel
    Friend WithEvents Panel1 As System.Windows.Forms.Panel
    Friend WithEvents Button1 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
    Friend WithEvents Button2 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
    Friend WithEvents tbxOutput As System.Windows.Forms.RichTextBox
    <System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThrough()> _
    Private Sub InitializeComponent()
        Me.Panel2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Panel
        Me.Button1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Me.Button2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Me.Panel1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Panel
        Me.tbxOutput = New System.Windows.Forms.RichTextBox
        Me.Panel2.SuspendLayout()
        Me.Panel1.SuspendLayout()
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        '
        'Panel2
        '
        Me.Panel2.Controls.Add(Me.Button1)
        Me.Panel2.Controls.Add(Me.Button2)
        Me.Panel2.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Bottom
        Me.Panel2.DockPadding.All = 20
        Me.Panel2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(0, 320)
        Me.Panel2.Name = "Panel2"
        Me.Panel2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(616, 64)
        Me.Panel2.TabIndex = 1
        '
        'Button1
        '
        Me.Button1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Right
        Me.Button1.Font = New System.Drawing.Font( _
            "Microsoft Sans Serif", _
            9.0!, _
            System.Drawing.FontStyle.Regular, _
            System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Point, _
            CType(0, Byte))
        Me.Button1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(446, 20)
        Me.Button1.Name = "Button1"
        Me.Button1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(75, 24)
        Me.Button1.TabIndex = 2
        Me.Button1.Text = "&Run"
        '
        'Button2
        '
        Me.Button2.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Right
        Me.Button2.Font = New System.Drawing.Font( _
            "Microsoft Sans Serif", _
            9.0!, _
            System.Drawing.FontStyle.Regular, _
            System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Point, _
            CType(0, Byte))
        Me.Button2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(521, 20)
        Me.Button2.Name = "Button2"
        Me.Button2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(75, 24)
        Me.Button2.TabIndex = 3
        Me.Button2.Text = "E&xit"
        '
        'Panel1
        '
        Me.Panel1.Controls.Add(Me.tbxOutput)
        Me.Panel1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Fill
        Me.Panel1.DockPadding.All = 20
        Me.Panel1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(0, 0)
        Me.Panel1.Name = "Panel1"
        Me.Panel1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(616, 320)
        Me.Panel1.TabIndex = 2
        '
        'tbxOutput
        '
        Me.tbxOutput.AccessibleDescription = _
            "Displays output from application."
        Me.tbxOutput.AccessibleName = "Output textbox."
        Me.tbxOutput.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Fill
        Me.tbxOutput.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(20, 20)
        Me.tbxOutput.Name = "tbxOutput"
        Me.tbxOutput.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(576, 280)
        Me.tbxOutput.TabIndex = 1
        Me.tbxOutput.Text = "Click the Run button to run the application."
        '
        'Form1
        '
        Me.AutoScaleBaseSize = New System.Drawing.Size(6, 15)
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(616, 384)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Panel1)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Panel2)
        Me.Name = "Form1"
        Me.Text = "ToBase64Transform"
        Me.Panel2.ResumeLayout(False)
        Me.Panel1.ResumeLayout(False)
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)

    End Sub

#End Region
End Class
'
' This sample produces the following output:
'
' Created encoded file at C:\WindowsApplication1\\membersvb.enc
' This sample completed successfully; press Exit to continue.

注解

基本64内容传输编码表示形式不是人为可读的任意位序列。Base 64 Content-Transfer-Encoding represents arbitrary bit sequences in a form that is not human readable.

构造函数

ToBase64Transform() ToBase64Transform() ToBase64Transform() ToBase64Transform()

初始化 ToBase64Transform 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the ToBase64Transform class.

属性

CanReuseTransform CanReuseTransform CanReuseTransform CanReuseTransform

获取一个值,该值指示是否可重复使用当前转换。Gets a value indicating whether the current transform can be reused.

CanTransformMultipleBlocks CanTransformMultipleBlocks CanTransformMultipleBlocks CanTransformMultipleBlocks

获取一个值,该值指示是否可转换多个块。Gets a value that indicates whether multiple blocks can be transformed.

InputBlockSize InputBlockSize InputBlockSize InputBlockSize

获取输入块大小。Gets the input block size.

OutputBlockSize OutputBlockSize OutputBlockSize OutputBlockSize

获取输出块大小。Gets the output block size.

方法

Clear() Clear() Clear() Clear()

释放由 ToBase64Transform 使用的所有资源。Releases all resources used by the ToBase64Transform.

Dispose() Dispose() Dispose() Dispose()

释放 ToBase64Transform 类的当前实例所使用的所有资源。Releases all resources used by the current instance of the ToBase64Transform class.

Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean)

释放由 ToBase64Transform 占用的非托管资源,还可以另外再释放托管资源。Releases the unmanaged resources used by the ToBase64Transform and optionally releases the managed resources.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
Finalize() Finalize() Finalize() Finalize()

释放 ToBase64Transform 使用的非托管资源。Releases the unmanaged resources used by the ToBase64Transform.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
TransformBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32, Byte[], Int32) TransformBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32, Byte[], Int32) TransformBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32, Byte[], Int32) TransformBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32, Byte[], Int32)

将输入字节数组的指定区域转换为 Base 64,并将结果复制到输出字节数组的指定区域。Converts the specified region of the input byte array to base 64 and copies the result to the specified region of the output byte array.

TransformFinalBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32) TransformFinalBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32) TransformFinalBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32) TransformFinalBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32)

将指定字节数组的指定区域转换为 Base 64。Converts the specified region of the specified byte array to base 64.

显式界面实现

IDisposable.Dispose() IDisposable.Dispose() IDisposable.Dispose() IDisposable.Dispose()

释放 ToBase64Transform 使用的非托管资源。Releases the unmanaged resources used by the ToBase64Transform.

适用于

另请参阅