OpenFlags OpenFlags OpenFlags OpenFlags Enum

定义

指定打开 X.509 证书存储区的方式。Specifies the way to open the X.509 certificate store.

此枚举有一个 FlagsAttribute 属性,允许按位组合成员值。

public enum class OpenFlags
[System.Flags]
public enum OpenFlags
type OpenFlags = 
Public Enum OpenFlags
继承
属性

字段

IncludeArchived IncludeArchived IncludeArchived IncludeArchived 8

打开 X.509 证书存储区并添加存档证书。Open the X.509 certificate store and include archived certificates.

MaxAllowed MaxAllowed MaxAllowed MaxAllowed 2

以允许最高级访问的方式打开 X.509 证书存储区。Open the X.509 certificate store for the highest access allowed.

OpenExistingOnly OpenExistingOnly OpenExistingOnly OpenExistingOnly 4

仅打开现有存储区。如果不存在任何存储区,Open(OpenFlags) 方法不会创建新的存储区。Opens only existing stores; if no store exists, the Open(OpenFlags) method will not create a new store.

ReadOnly ReadOnly ReadOnly ReadOnly 0

以只读方式打开 X.509 证书存储区。Open the X.509 certificate store for reading only.

ReadWrite ReadWrite ReadWrite ReadWrite 1

以读写方式打开 X.509 证书存储区。Open the X.509 certificate store for both reading and writing.

示例

下面的代码示例打开 x.509 证书存储区, 添加并删除证书, 然后关闭存储区。The following code example opens an X.509 certificate store, adds and deletes certificates, and then closes the store. 它假定你有三个要在本地存储区中添加和删除的证书。It assumes you have three certificates to add to and remove from a local store.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Security.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates;
using namespace System::IO;
int main()
{
   
   //Create new X509 store called teststore from the local certificate store.
   X509Store ^ store = gcnew X509Store( "teststore",StoreLocation::CurrentUser );
   store->Open( OpenFlags::ReadWrite );
   X509Certificate2 ^ certificate = gcnew X509Certificate2;
   
   //Create certificates from certificate files.
   //You must put in a valid path to three certificates in the following constructors.
   X509Certificate2 ^ certificate1 = gcnew X509Certificate2( "c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer" );
   X509Certificate2 ^ certificate2 = gcnew X509Certificate2( "c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer" );
   X509Certificate2 ^ certificate5 = gcnew X509Certificate2( "c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer" );
   
   //Create a collection and add two of the certificates.
   X509Certificate2Collection ^ collection = gcnew X509Certificate2Collection;
   collection->Add( certificate2 );
   collection->Add( certificate5 );
   
   //Add certificates to the store.
   store->Add( certificate1 );
   store->AddRange( collection );
   X509Certificate2Collection ^ storecollection = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(store->Certificates);
   Console::WriteLine( "Store name: {0}", store->Name );
   Console::WriteLine( "Store location: {0}", store->Location );
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = storecollection->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      X509Certificate2 ^ x509 = safe_cast<X509Certificate2 ^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "certificate name: {0}", x509->Subject );
   }

   
   //Remove a certificate.
   store->Remove( certificate1 );
   X509Certificate2Collection ^ storecollection2 = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(store->Certificates);
   Console::WriteLine( "{1}Store name: {0}", store->Name, Environment::NewLine );
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = storecollection2->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum1->MoveNext() )
   {
      X509Certificate2 ^ x509 = safe_cast<X509Certificate2 ^>(myEnum1->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "certificate name: {0}", x509->Subject );
   }

   
   //Remove a range of certificates.
   store->RemoveRange( collection );
   X509Certificate2Collection ^ storecollection3 = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(store->Certificates);
   Console::WriteLine( "{1}Store name: {0}", store->Name, Environment::NewLine );
   if ( storecollection3->Count == 0 )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Store contains no certificates." );
   }
   else
   {
      System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum2 = storecollection3->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum2->MoveNext() )
      {
         X509Certificate2 ^ x509 = safe_cast<X509Certificate2 ^>(myEnum2->Current);
         Console::WriteLine( "certificate name: {0}", x509->Subject );
      }
   }

   
   //Close the store.
   store->Close();
}

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;
using System.IO;

public class X509store2
{
	public static void Main (string[] args)
	{
		//Create new X509 store called teststore from the local certificate store.
		X509Store store = new X509Store ("teststore", StoreLocation.CurrentUser);
		store.Open (OpenFlags.ReadWrite);
		X509Certificate2 certificate = new X509Certificate2 ();

		//Create certificates from certificate files.
		//You must put in a valid path to three certificates in the following constructors.
		X509Certificate2 certificate1 = new X509Certificate2 ("c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer");
		X509Certificate2 certificate2 = new X509Certificate2 ("c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer");
		X509Certificate2 certificate5 = new X509Certificate2 ("c:\\mycerts\\*****.cer");

		//Create a collection and add two of the certificates.
		X509Certificate2Collection collection = new X509Certificate2Collection ();
		collection.Add (certificate2);
		collection.Add (certificate5);

		//Add certificates to the store.
		store.Add (certificate1);
		store.AddRange (collection);

		X509Certificate2Collection storecollection = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
		Console.WriteLine ("Store name: {0}", store.Name);
		Console.WriteLine ("Store location: {0}", store.Location);
		foreach (X509Certificate2 x509 in storecollection)
		{
			Console.WriteLine("certificate name: {0}",x509.Subject);
		}

		//Remove a certificate.
		store.Remove (certificate1);
		X509Certificate2Collection storecollection2 = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
		Console.WriteLine ("{1}Store name: {0}", store.Name, Environment.NewLine);
		foreach (X509Certificate2 x509 in storecollection2)
		{
			Console.WriteLine ("certificate name: {0}", x509.Subject);
		}

		//Remove a range of certificates.
		store.RemoveRange (collection);
		X509Certificate2Collection storecollection3 = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
		Console.WriteLine ("{1}Store name: {0}", store.Name, Environment.NewLine);
		if (storecollection3.Count == 0)
		{
			Console.WriteLine ("Store contains no certificates.");
		}
		else
		{
			foreach (X509Certificate2 x509 in storecollection3)
			{
				Console.WriteLine ("certificate name: {0}", x509.Subject);
			}
		}

		//Close the store.
		store.Close ();
	}	
}
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates
Imports System.IO



Class X509store2

    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        'Create new X509 store called teststore from the local certificate store.
        Dim store As New X509Store("teststore", StoreLocation.CurrentUser)
        store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadWrite)
        Dim certificate As New X509Certificate2()

        'Create certificates from certificate files.
        'You must put in a valid path to three certificates in the following constructors.
        Dim certificate1 As New X509Certificate2("c:\mycerts\*****.cer")
        Dim certificate2 As New X509Certificate2("c:\mycerts\*****.cer")
        Dim certificate5 As New X509Certificate2("c:\mycerts\*****.cer")

        'Create a collection and add two of the certificates.
        Dim collection As New X509Certificate2Collection()
        collection.Add(certificate2)
        collection.Add(certificate5)

        'Add certificates to the store.
        store.Add(certificate1)
        store.AddRange(collection)

        Dim storecollection As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(store.Certificates, X509Certificate2Collection)
        Console.WriteLine("Store name: {0}", store.Name)
        Console.WriteLine("Store location: {0}", store.Location)
        Dim x509 As X509Certificate2
        For Each x509 In storecollection
            Console.WriteLine("certificate name: {0}", x509.Subject)
        Next x509

        'Remove a certificate.
        store.Remove(certificate1)
        Dim storecollection2 As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(store.Certificates, X509Certificate2Collection)
        Console.WriteLine("{1}Store name: {0}", store.Name, Environment.NewLine)
        Dim x509a As X509Certificate2
        For Each x509a In storecollection2
            Console.WriteLine("certificate name: {0}", x509a.Subject)
        Next x509a

        'Remove a range of certificates.
        store.RemoveRange(collection)
        Dim storecollection3 As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(store.Certificates, X509Certificate2Collection)
        Console.WriteLine("{1}Store name: {0}", store.Name, Environment.NewLine)
        If storecollection3.Count = 0 Then
            Console.WriteLine("Store contains no certificates.")
        Else
            Dim x509b As X509Certificate2
            For Each x509b In storecollection3
                Console.WriteLine("certificate name: {0}", x509b.Subject)
            Next x509b
        End If

        'Close the store.
        store.Close()

    End Sub
End Class

注解

ReadOnly、和标志MaxAllowed互相排斥。 ReadWriteThe ReadOnly, ReadWrite, and MaxAllowed flags are mutually exclusive. 标志是唯一不StorePermissionFlags.CreateStore需要授予权限的标志。 OpenExistingOnlyThe OpenExistingOnly flag is the only flag that does not require the StorePermissionFlags.CreateStore permission to be granted.

适用于