EncryptionPropertyCollection Class

Definition

表示 XML 加密中使用的 EncryptionProperty 类的集合。Represents a collection of EncryptionProperty classes used in XML encryption. 无法继承此类。This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class EncryptionPropertyCollection sealed : System::Collections::IList
public sealed class EncryptionPropertyCollection : System.Collections.IList
type EncryptionPropertyCollection = class
    interface ICollection
    interface IEnumerable
    interface IList
type EncryptionPropertyCollection = class
    interface IList
    interface ICollection
    interface IEnumerable
Public NotInheritable Class EncryptionPropertyCollection
Implements IList
Inheritance
EncryptionPropertyCollection
Implements

Examples

下面的代码示例对 XML 文档进行加密和解密。The following code example encrypts and decrypts an XML document. 此代码示例创建一个 EncryptionProperty 对象,该对象包含有关 EncryptedKey 元素的自定义信息,并将 EncryptionProperty 对象添加到 EncryptedXml 类的 EncryptionPropertyCollection 集合。This code example creates an EncryptionProperty object that contains custom information about the EncryptedKey element, and adds the EncryptionProperty object to the EncryptionPropertyCollection collection of the EncryptedXml class. 最后,此代码示例显示 EncryptionProperty 对象和 EncryptionPropertyCollection 集合的相关信息。Finally, this code example displays information about the EncryptionProperty object and the EncryptionPropertyCollection collection.

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        // Create an XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        try
        {
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }

        // Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        // which will then be imbedded in the XML document.
        RSA rsaKey = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();

        try
        {
            // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey");

            // Inspect the EncryptedKey element.
            InspectElement(xmlDoc);

            // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear();
        }
    }

    public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

        // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        if (elementToEncrypt == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");
        }

        //////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class
        // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the
        // a new random symmetric key.
        //////////////////////////////////////////////////

        // Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
        RijndaelManaged sessionKey = new RijndaelManaged();
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256;

        EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

        byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, false);

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        // it with the desired encryption information.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

        // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the
        // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url);

        // Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        EncryptedKey ek = new EncryptedKey();

        byte[] encryptedKey = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, false);

        ek.CipherData = new CipherData(encryptedKey);

        ek.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url);

        // Save some more information about the key using
        // the EncryptionProperty element.  In this example,
        // we will save the value "LibVersion1".  You can save
        // anything you want here.

        // Create a new "EncryptionProperty" XmlElement object.
        XmlElement element =  new XmlDocument().CreateElement("EncryptionProperty", EncryptedXml.XmlEncNamespaceUrl);

        // Set the value of the EncryptionProperty" XmlElement object.
        element.InnerText = "LibVersion1";

        // Create the EncryptionProperty object using the XmlElement object.
        EncryptionProperty encProp = new EncryptionProperty(element);

        // Add the EncryptionProperty object to the EncryptedData object.
        edElement.AddProperty(encProp);

        // Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        // name of the RSA key.

        // Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = new KeyInfo();

        // Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        KeyInfoName kin = new KeyInfoName();

        // Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName;

        // Add the KeyInfoName element to the
        // EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin);

        // Add the encrypted key to the
        // EncryptedData object.

        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(new KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek));

        // Add the encrypted element data to the
        // EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        // object with the EncryptedData element.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);
    }

    public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");
        if (KeyName == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("KeyName");

        // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml(Doc);

        // Add a key-name mapping.
        // This method can only decrypt documents
        // that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg);

        // Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument();
    }

    static void InspectElement(XmlDocument Doc)
    {
        // Get the EncryptedData element from the XMLDocument object.
        XmlElement encryptedData = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedData")[0] as XmlElement;

        // Create a new EncryptedData object.
        EncryptedData encData = new EncryptedData();

        // Load the XML from the document to
        // initialize the EncryptedData object.
        encData.LoadXml(encryptedData);

        // Display the properties.
        // Most values are Null by default.

        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.CipherData: " + encData.CipherData.GetXml().InnerXml);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.Encoding: " + encData.Encoding);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.EncryptionMethod: " + encData.EncryptionMethod.GetXml().InnerXml);

        EncryptionPropertyCollection encPropCollection = encData.EncryptionProperties;

        Console.WriteLine("Number of elements in the EncryptionPropertyCollection: " + encPropCollection.Count);
        //encPropCollection.

        foreach(EncryptionProperty encProp in encPropCollection)
        {
                Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.ID: " + encProp.Id);
                Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.PropertyElement: " + encProp.PropertyElement.InnerXml);
                Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.Target: " + encProp.Target);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.Id: " + encData.Id);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.KeyInfo: " + encData.KeyInfo.GetXml().InnerXml);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.MimeType: " + encData.MimeType);
    }
}
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml



Module Program

    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        ' Create an XmlDocument object.
        Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        Try
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try

        ' Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        ' which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
        Dim rsaKey As New RSACryptoServiceProvider()


        Try
            ' Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey")

            ' Inspect the EncryptedKey element.
            InspectElement(xmlDoc)

            ' Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey")

        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        Finally
            ' Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear()
        End Try

    End Sub


    Sub Encrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal ElementToEncryptValue As String, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If ElementToEncryptValue Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        ' object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim elementToEncrypt As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncryptValue)(0)

        ' Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        If elementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The specified element was not found")
        End If

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        ' and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        ' a new random symmetric key.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
        Dim sessionKey As New RijndaelManaged()
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256

        Dim eXml As New EncryptedXml()

        Dim encryptedElement As Byte() = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, False)

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        ' it with the desired encryption information.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl

        ' Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        ' receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        edElement.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url)

        ' Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        Dim ek As New EncryptedKey()

        Dim encryptedKey As Byte() = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, False)

        ek.CipherData = New CipherData(encryptedKey)

        ek.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url)

        ' Save some more information about the key using
        ' the EncryptionProperty element.  In this example,
        ' we will save the value "LibVersion1".  You can save
        ' anything you want here.
        ' Create a new "EncryptionProperty" XmlElement object. 
        Dim element As XmlElement = New XmlDocument().CreateElement("EncryptionProperty", EncryptedXml.XmlEncNamespaceUrl)

        ' Set the value of the EncryptionProperty" XmlElement object.
        element.InnerText = "LibVersion1"

        ' Create the EncryptionProperty object using the XmlElement object. 
        Dim encProp As New EncryptionProperty(element)

        ' Add the EncryptionProperty object to the EncryptedData object.
        edElement.AddProperty(encProp)

        ' Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        ' name of the RSA key.
        ' Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = New KeyInfo()

        ' Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        Dim kin As New KeyInfoName()

        ' Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName

        ' Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
        ' EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin)

        ' Add the encrypted key to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(New KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek))

        ' Add the encrypted element data to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        ' object with the EncryptedData element.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, False)

    End Sub


    Sub Decrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        If KeyName Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("KeyName")
        End If
        ' Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        Dim exml As New EncryptedXml(Doc)

        ' Add a key-name mapping.
        ' This method can only decrypt documents
        ' that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg)

        ' Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument()

    End Sub


    Sub InspectElement(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument)
        ' Get the EncryptedData element from the XMLDocument object.
        Dim encryptedData As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedData")(0)

        ' Create a new EncryptedData object.
        Dim encData As New EncryptedData()

        ' Load the XML from the document to
        ' initialize the EncryptedData object.
        encData.LoadXml(encryptedData)

        ' Display the properties.
        ' Most values are Null by default.
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.CipherData: " + encData.CipherData.GetXml().InnerXml)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.Encoding: " + encData.Encoding)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.EncryptionMethod: " + encData.EncryptionMethod.GetXml().InnerXml)

        Dim encPropCollection As EncryptionPropertyCollection = encData.EncryptionProperties

        Console.WriteLine("Number of elements in the EncryptionPropertyCollection: " + encPropCollection.Count.ToString())
        'encPropCollection.
        Dim encProp As EncryptionProperty
        For Each encProp In encPropCollection
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.ID: " + encProp.Id)
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.PropertyElement: " + encProp.PropertyElement.InnerXml)
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.Target: " + encProp.Target)
        Next encProp



        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.Id: " + encData.Id)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.KeyInfo: " + encData.KeyInfo.GetXml().InnerXml)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.MimeType: " + encData.MimeType)

    End Sub
End Module

Remarks

EncryptionProperty 类封装由万维网联合会XML 加密语法和处理规范定义的 <EncryptionProperty> 元素。The EncryptionProperty class encapsulates the <EncryptionProperty> element defined by the World Wide Web Consortium XML Encryption Syntax and Processing specification.

使用 EncryptionProperty 类提供与 EncryptedDataEncryptedKey 元素相关的附加加密信息。Use the EncryptionProperty class to provide additional encryption information related to the EncryptedData and EncryptedKey elements. 例如,可以使用此类指定时间戳。For example, you can use this class to specify a time stamp.

Constructors

EncryptionPropertyCollection()

初始化 EncryptionPropertyCollection 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the EncryptionPropertyCollection class.

Properties

Count

获取 EncryptionPropertyCollection 对象中包含的元素个数。Gets the number of elements contained in the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.

IsFixedSize

获取一个值,该值指示 EncryptionPropertyCollection 对象是否具有固定大小。Gets a value that indicates whether the EncryptionPropertyCollection object has a fixed size.

IsReadOnly

获取一个值,该值指示 EncryptionPropertyCollection 对象是否为只读。Gets a value that indicates whether the EncryptionPropertyCollection object is read-only.

IsSynchronized

获取一个值,该值指示是否同步(线程安全)对 EncryptionPropertyCollection 对象的版本无关的访问。Gets a value that indicates whether access to the EncryptionPropertyCollection object is synchronized (thread safe).

ItemOf[Int32]

获取或设置位于指定索引处的 EncryptionProperty 对象。Gets or sets the EncryptionProperty object at the specified index.

SyncRoot

获取一个对象,该对象可用于同步对 EncryptionPropertyCollection 对象的访问。Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.

Methods

Add(EncryptionProperty)

EncryptionProperty 对象添加到 EncryptionPropertyCollection 对象。Adds an EncryptionProperty object to the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.

Clear()

EncryptionPropertyCollection 对象中移除所有项。Removes all items from the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.

Contains(EncryptionProperty)

确定 EncryptionPropertyCollection 对象是否包含特定的 EncryptionProperty 对象。Determines whether the EncryptionPropertyCollection object contains a specific EncryptionProperty object.

CopyTo(Array, Int32)

EncryptionPropertyCollection 对象的元素复制到一个数组中从特定的数组索引开始的位置。Copies the elements of the EncryptionPropertyCollection object to an array, starting at a particular array index.

CopyTo(EncryptionProperty[], Int32)

从特定数组索引处开始,将 EncryptionPropertyCollection 对象的元素复制到 EncryptionProperty 对象的数组。Copies the elements of the EncryptionPropertyCollection object to an array of EncryptionProperty objects, starting at a particular array index.

Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetEnumerator()

返回循环访问 EncryptionPropertyCollection 对象的枚举数。Returns an enumerator that iterates through an EncryptionPropertyCollection object.

GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
IndexOf(EncryptionProperty)

确定 EncryptionPropertyCollection 对象中特定项的索引。Determines the index of a specific item in the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.

Insert(Int32, EncryptionProperty)

EncryptionProperty 对象插入 EncryptionPropertyCollection 对象中的指定位置。Inserts an EncryptionProperty object into the EncryptionPropertyCollection object at the specified position.

Item(Int32)

返回位于指定索引处的 EncryptionProperty 对象。Returns the EncryptionProperty object at the specified index.

MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
Remove(EncryptionProperty)

EncryptionProperty 对象中移除特定 EncryptionPropertyCollection 对象的第一个匹配项。Removes the first occurrence of a specific EncryptionProperty object from the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.

RemoveAt(Int32)

移除位于指定索引处的 EncryptionProperty 对象。Removes the EncryptionProperty object at the specified index.

ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Explicit Interface Implementations

IList.Add(Object)

将项添加到 IList 中。Adds an item to the IList.

IList.Contains(Object)

确定 IList 是否包含特定值。Determines whether the IList contains a specific value.

IList.IndexOf(Object)

确定 IList 中特定项的索引。Determines the index of a specific item in the IList.

IList.Insert(Int32, Object)

将项插入到 IList 中的指定索引处。Inserts an item to the IList at the specified index.

IList.Item[Int32]

获取指定索引处的元素。Gets the element at the specified index.

IList.Remove(Object)

IList 中删除特定对象的第一个匹配项。Removes the first occurrence of a specific object from the IList.

Extension Methods

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 的元素强制转换为指定的类型。Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

根据指定类型筛选 IEnumerable 的元素。Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable)

启用查询的并行化。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 转换为 IQueryableConverts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

Applies to