SerializableAttribute 类

定义

表示类可以序列化。 此类不能被继承。

public ref class SerializableAttribute sealed : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Class | System.AttributeTargets.Delegate | System.AttributeTargets.Enum | System.AttributeTargets.Struct, Inherited=false)]
public sealed class SerializableAttribute : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Class | System.AttributeTargets.Delegate | System.AttributeTargets.Enum | System.AttributeTargets.Struct, Inherited=false)]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public sealed class SerializableAttribute : Attribute
[<System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Class | System.AttributeTargets.Delegate | System.AttributeTargets.Enum | System.AttributeTargets.Struct, Inherited=false)>]
type SerializableAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
[<System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Class | System.AttributeTargets.Delegate | System.AttributeTargets.Enum | System.AttributeTargets.Struct, Inherited=false)>]
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
type SerializableAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
Public NotInheritable Class SerializableAttribute
Inherits Attribute
继承
SerializableAttribute
属性

示例

以下示例演示了用 SerializableAttribute 属性标记的对象序列化。 若要使用, BinaryFormatterSoapFormatter取消注释相应的行。

#using <system.dll>
#using <system.messaging.dll>
#using <System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Soap.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Runtime::Serialization::Formatters::Soap;

// A test object that needs to be serialized.

[Serializable]
ref class TestSimpleObject
{
private:
   int member1;
   String^ member2;
   String^ member3;
   double member4;

public:

   // A field that is not serialized.

   [NonSerialized]
   String^ member5;
   TestSimpleObject()
   {
      member1 = 11;
      member2 = "hello";
      member3 = "hello";
      member4 = 3.14159265;
      member5 = "hello world!";
   }

   void Print()
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "member1 = ' {0}'", member1 );
      Console::WriteLine( "member2 = ' {0}'", member2 );
      Console::WriteLine( "member3 = ' {0}'", member3 );
      Console::WriteLine( "member4 = ' {0}'", member4 );
      Console::WriteLine( "member5 = ' {0}'", member5 );
   }

};

int main()
{
   // Creates a new TestSimpleObject object.
   TestSimpleObject^ obj = gcnew TestSimpleObject;
   Console::WriteLine( "Before serialization the Object* contains: " );
   obj->Print();

   // Opens a file and serializes the object into it in binary format.
   Stream^ stream = File::Open( "data.xml", FileMode::Create );
   SoapFormatter^ formatter = gcnew SoapFormatter;

   //BinaryFormatter* formatter = new BinaryFormatter();
   formatter->Serialize( stream, obj );
   stream->Close();

   // Empties obj.
   obj = nullptr;

   // Opens file S"data.xml" and deserializes the object from it.
   stream = File::Open( "data.xml", FileMode::Open );
   formatter = gcnew SoapFormatter;

   //formatter = new BinaryFormatter();
   obj = dynamic_cast<TestSimpleObject^>(formatter->Deserialize( stream ));
   stream->Close();
   Console::WriteLine( "" );
   Console::WriteLine( "After deserialization the object contains: " );
   obj->Print();
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;
using System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Soap;
//using System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Binary;

public class Test {
   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates a new TestSimpleObject object.
      TestSimpleObject obj = new TestSimpleObject();

      Console.WriteLine("Before serialization the object contains: ");
      obj.Print();

      // Opens a file and serializes the object into it in binary format.
      Stream stream = File.Open("data.xml", FileMode.Create);
      SoapFormatter formatter = new SoapFormatter();

      //BinaryFormatter formatter = new BinaryFormatter();

      formatter.Serialize(stream, obj);
      stream.Close();

      // Empties obj.
      obj = null;

      // Opens file "data.xml" and deserializes the object from it.
      stream = File.Open("data.xml", FileMode.Open);
      formatter = new SoapFormatter();

      //formatter = new BinaryFormatter();

      obj = (TestSimpleObject)formatter.Deserialize(stream);
      stream.Close();

      Console.WriteLine("");
      Console.WriteLine("After deserialization the object contains: ");
      obj.Print();
   }
}

// A test object that needs to be serialized.
[Serializable()]
public class TestSimpleObject  {

    public int member1;
    public string member2;
    public string member3;
    public double member4;

    // A field that is not serialized.
    [NonSerialized()] public string member5;

    public TestSimpleObject() {

        member1 = 11;
        member2 = "hello";
        member3 = "hello";
        member4 = 3.14159265;
        member5 = "hello world!";
    }

    public void Print() {

        Console.WriteLine("member1 = '{0}'", member1);
        Console.WriteLine("member2 = '{0}'", member2);
        Console.WriteLine("member3 = '{0}'", member3);
        Console.WriteLine("member4 = '{0}'", member4);
        Console.WriteLine("member5 = '{0}'", member5);
    }
}
open System
open System.IO
open System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Soap

// A test object that needs to be serialized.
[<Serializable>]
type TestSimpleObject() =
    let member1 = 11
    let member2 = "hello"
    let member3 = "hello"
    let member4 = 3.14159265

    // A field that is not serialized.
    [<NonSerialized>]
    let member5 = "hello world!"

    member _.Print() =
        printfn $"member1 = '{member1}'"
        printfn $"member2 = '{member2}'"
        printfn $"member3 = '{member3}'"
        printfn $"member4 = '{member4}'"
        printfn $"member5 = '{member5}'"

[<EntryPoint>]
let main _ =
    // Creates a new TestSimpleObject object.
    let obj = TestSimpleObject()

    printfn "Before serialization the object contains: "
    obj.Print()

    // Opens a file and serializes the object into it in binary format.
    let stream = File.Open("data.xml", FileMode.Create)
    let formatter = SoapFormatter()

    //BinaryFormatter formatter = new BinaryFormatter()

    formatter.Serialize(stream, obj)
    stream.Close()

    // Opens file "data.xml" and deserializes the object from it.
    let stream = File.Open("data.xml", FileMode.Open)
    let formatter = new SoapFormatter()

    let obj = formatter.Deserialize stream :?> TestSimpleObject
    stream.Close()

    printfn "\nAfter deserialization the object contains: "
    obj.Print()
    0
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Runtime.Serialization
Imports System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Soap




Public Class Test
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      
      ' Creates a new TestSimpleObject object.
      Dim obj As New TestSimpleObject()
      
      Console.WriteLine("Before serialization the object contains: ")
      obj.Print()
      
      ' Opens a file and serializes the object into it in binary format.
      Dim stream As Stream = File.Open("data.xml", FileMode.Create)
      Dim formatter As New SoapFormatter()
      


      formatter.Serialize(stream, obj)
      stream.Close()
      
      ' Empties obj.
      obj = Nothing
      
      ' Opens file "data.xml" and deserializes the object from it.
      stream = File.Open("data.xml", FileMode.Open)
      formatter = New SoapFormatter()



      obj = CType(formatter.Deserialize(stream), TestSimpleObject)
      stream.Close()
      
      Console.WriteLine("")
      Console.WriteLine("After deserialization the object contains: ")
      obj.Print()

   End Sub

End Class


' A test object that needs to be serialized.
<Serializable()> Public Class TestSimpleObject
   
   Public member1 As Integer
   Public member2 As String
   Public member3 As String
   Public member4 As Double
   
   ' A member that is not serialized.
   <NonSerialized()> Public member5 As String  
  
   
   Public Sub New()     
      member1 = 11
      member2 = "hello"
      member3 = "hello"
      member4 = 3.14159265
      member5 = "hello world!"
   End Sub
      
   
   Public Sub Print()      
      Console.WriteLine("member1 = '{0}'", member1)
      Console.WriteLine("member2 = '{0}'", member2)
      Console.WriteLine("member3 = '{0}'", member3)
      Console.WriteLine("member4 = '{0}'", member4)
      Console.WriteLine("member5 = '{0}'", member5)
   End Sub

End Class

注解

SerializableAttribute 特性应用于某个类型,以指示此类型的实例可以被序列化。 如果所序列化的对象图中的任何类型未SerializableAttribute应用该属性,则公共语言运行时将SerializationException引发。

SerializableAttribute即使该类还实现ISerializable接口来控制序列化过程,也应用该属性。

将属性应用于 SerializableAttribute 类型时,默认情况下会序列化所有私有和公用字段。 可以通过实现 ISerializable 接口来替代序列化过程,从而更精细地控制序列化。

或者,可以通过将 NonSerializedAttribute 属性应用于字段来排除字段的序列化。 如果可序列化类型的字段包含指针、句柄或其他特定于特定环境的其他数据结构,并且不能在其他环境中有意义地重新构建,则可能需要将该 NonSerializedAttribute 属性应用于该字段。

有关使用属性的详细信息,请参阅 “属性”。 有关序列化的详细信息,请参阅System.Runtime.Serialization

构造函数

SerializableAttribute()

初始化 SerializableAttribute 类的新实例。

属性

TypeId

在派生类中实现时,获取此 Attribute 的唯一标识符。

(继承自 Attribute)

方法

Equals(Object)

返回一个值,该值指示此实例是否与指定的对象相等。

(继承自 Attribute)
GetHashCode()

返回此实例的哈希代码。

(继承自 Attribute)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 Type

(继承自 Object)
IsDefaultAttribute()

在派生类中重写时,指示此实例的值是否是派生类的默认值。

(继承自 Attribute)
Match(Object)

当在派生类中重写时,返回一个指示此实例是否等于指定对象的值。

(继承自 Attribute)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。

(继承自 Object)
ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。

(继承自 Object)

显式接口实现

_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

将一组名称映射为对应的一组调度标识符。

(继承自 Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

检索对象的类型信息,然后可以使用该信息获取接口的类型信息。

(继承自 Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

检索对象提供的类型信息接口的数量(0 或 1)。

(继承自 Attribute)
_Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

提供对某一对象公开的属性和方法的访问。

(继承自 Attribute)

适用于

另请参阅