MessageParameterAttribute MessageParameterAttribute MessageParameterAttribute MessageParameterAttribute Class

定义

控制请求和响应参数的名称。Controls the name of the request and response parameter names. 不能与 Message 或消息协定搭配使用。Cannot be used with Message or message contracts.

public ref class MessageParameterAttribute sealed : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Parameter | System.AttributeTargets.ReturnValue, Inherited=false)]
public sealed class MessageParameterAttribute : Attribute
type MessageParameterAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
Public NotInheritable Class MessageParameterAttribute
Inherits Attribute
继承
MessageParameterAttributeMessageParameterAttributeMessageParameterAttributeMessageParameterAttribute
属性

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用 MessageParameterAttribute 在元数据中建立参数和返回值的名称。The following code example shows the use of MessageParameterAttribute to establish the name of the parameter and the return value in metadata.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.Text;

namespace Microsoft.WCF.Documentation
{
  [ServiceContract(Namespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation")]
  public interface ISampleService{
    [OperationContract]
    [return:MessageParameter(Name = "Output")]
    string SampleMethod([MessageParameter(Name = "Input")]string msg);
  }

  /*
   The preceding use of MessageParameterAttribute generates the following XSD:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?> 
  <xs:schema 
    elementFormDefault="qualified" 
    targetNamespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation" 
    xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
    xmlns:tns="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation">
    <xs:element name="SampleMethod">
      <xs:complexType>
        <xs:sequence>
          <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="Input" nillable="true" type="xs:string" /> 
        </xs:sequence>
      </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
    <xs:element name="SampleMethodResponse">
      <xs:complexType>
        <xs:sequence>
          <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="Output" nillable="true" type="xs:string" /> 
        </xs:sequence>
      </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
  </xs:schema>
   
   And the message sent is edited for clarity:
  <s:Body>
    <SampleMethod xmlns="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation">
      <Input>hello!</Input>
    </SampleMethod>
  </s:Body>   
   */
Imports System.ServiceModel
Imports System.Text

Namespace Microsoft.WCF.Documentation
  <ServiceContract(Namespace:="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation")> _
  Public Interface ISampleService
	<OperationContract> _
	Function SampleMethod(<MessageParameter(Name := "Input")> ByVal msg As String) As <MessageParameter(Name := "Output")> String
  End Interface

'  
'   The preceding use of MessageParameterAttribute generates the following XSD:
'
'<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?> 
'  <xs:schema 
'    elementFormDefault="qualified" 
'    targetNamespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation" 
'    xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
'    xmlns:tns="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation">
'    <xs:element name="SampleMethod">
'      <xs:complexType>
'        <xs:sequence>
'          <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="Input" nillable="true" type="xs:string" /> 
'        </xs:sequence>
'      </xs:complexType>
'    </xs:element>
'    <xs:element name="SampleMethodResponse">
'      <xs:complexType>
'        <xs:sequence>
'          <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="Output" nillable="true" type="xs:string" /> 
'        </xs:sequence>
'      </xs:complexType>
'    </xs:element>
'  </xs:schema>
'   
'   And the message sent is edited for clarity:
'  <s:Body>
'    <SampleMethod xmlns="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation">
'      <Input>hello!</Input>
'  </s:Body>   
'   

下面的示例显示上述服务的已生成服务协定。The following example shows the generated service contract for the preceding service. 请注意参数的名称现在为 InputNote that the name of the parameter is now Input.

[System.CodeDom.Compiler.GeneratedCodeAttribute("System.ServiceModel", "3.0.0.0")]
[System.ServiceModel.ServiceContractAttribute(Namespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation", ConfigurationName="ISampleService")]
public interface ISampleService
{
    
    [System.ServiceModel.OperationContractAttribute(
      Action="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation/ISampleService/SampleMethod",
      ReplyAction="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation/ISampleService/SampleMethodResponse"
    )]
    [return: System.ServiceModel.MessageParameterAttribute(Name="Output")]
    string SampleMethod(string Input);
}
<System.CodeDom.Compiler.GeneratedCodeAttribute("System.ServiceModel", "3.0.0.0"), _
System.ServiceModel.ServiceContractAttribute(Namespace:="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation", _
                                             ConfigurationName:="ISampleService")> _
Public Interface ISampleService

    <System.ServiceModel.OperationContractAttribute(Action:="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation/ISampleService/SampleMethod", _
                    ReplyAction:="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation/ISampleService/SampleMethodResponse")> _
    Function SampleMethod(ByVal Input As String) As <System.ServiceModel.MessageParameterAttribute(Name:="Output")> String
End Interface

注解

使用 MessageParameterAttribute 可以控制参数或返回值的名称。Use the MessageParameterAttribute to control the name of the parameter or the return value. 此属性对于已用 MessageContractAttribute 属性标记的参数无效。This attribute has no effect if the parameters are marked by the MessageContractAttribute attribute.

备注

操作签名中的参数名称值是协定的一部分且区分大小写。The value of the parameter names in the operation signature are part of the contract and are case sensitive. 当需要区分本地参数名称与描述客户端应用程序操作的元数据时,请使用此属性。Use this attribute when you need to distinguish between the local parameter name and the metadata that describes the operation for client applications.

有关不修改默认 SOAP 信封本身的情况下控制 SOAP 正文内容序列化的详细信息,请参阅System.Runtime.Serialization.DataContractAttributeSpecifying Data Transfer in Service Contracts,和使用数据协定For more information about controlling the serialization of the contents of a SOAP body without modifying the default SOAP envelope itself, see System.Runtime.Serialization.DataContractAttribute, Specifying Data Transfer in Service Contracts, and Using Data Contracts.

有关创建消息协定的详细信息,请参阅Using Message ContractsFor more information about creating message contracts, see Using Message Contracts.

构造函数

MessageParameterAttribute() MessageParameterAttribute() MessageParameterAttribute() MessageParameterAttribute()

初始化 MessageParameterAttribute 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the MessageParameterAttribute class.

属性

Name Name Name Name

获取或设置 XML 架构 (XSD) 中参数的名称属性。Obtains or sets the name attribute of the parameter in the XML Schema (XSD).

TypeId TypeId TypeId TypeId

在派生类中实现时,获取此 Attribute 的唯一标识符。When implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute.

(Inherited from Attribute)

方法

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

返回一个值,该值指示此实例是否与指定的对象相等。Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object.

(Inherited from Attribute)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

返回此实例的哈希代码。Returns the hash code for this instance.

(Inherited from Attribute)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
IsDefaultAttribute() IsDefaultAttribute() IsDefaultAttribute() IsDefaultAttribute()

在派生类中重写时,指示此实例的值是否是派生类的默认值。When overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class.

(Inherited from Attribute)
Match(Object) Match(Object) Match(Object) Match(Object)

当在派生类中重写时,返回一个指示此实例是否等于指定对象的值。When overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object.

(Inherited from Attribute)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

显式界面实现

_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

将一组名称映射为对应的一组调度标识符。Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

(Inherited from Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

检索对象的类型信息,然后可以使用该信息获取接口的类型信息。Retrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface.

(Inherited from Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32) _Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32) _Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32) _Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

检索对象提供的类型信息接口的数量(0 或 1)。Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

(Inherited from Attribute)
_Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr) _Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr) _Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr) _Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

提供对某一对象公开的属性和方法的访问。Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

(Inherited from Attribute)

适用于