StringComparer.CurrentCulture 属性

定义

获取一个 StringComparer 对象,该对象使用当前区域性的单词比较规则执行区分大小写的字符串比较。Gets a StringComparer object that performs a case-sensitive string comparison using the word comparison rules of the current culture.

public:
 static property StringComparer ^ CurrentCulture { StringComparer ^ get(); };
public static StringComparer CurrentCulture { get; }
member this.CurrentCulture : StringComparer
Public Shared ReadOnly Property CurrentCulture As StringComparer

属性值

一个新 StringComparer 对象。A new StringComparer object.

示例

下面的代码示例演示了Create StringComparer类的属性和方法。The following code example demonstrates the properties and the Create method of the StringComparer class. 该示例说明不同StringComparer对象如何排序拉丁字母 I 的三个版本。The example illustrates how different StringComparer objects sort three versions of the Latin letter I.

// This example demonstrates members of the
// System::StringComparer class.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;
using namespace System::Globalization;
using namespace System::Threading;

void Display(List<String^>^ stringList, String^ title)
{
    Char firstChar;
    int codePoint;
    Console::WriteLine(title);
    for each (String^ s in stringList)
    {
        firstChar = s[0];
        codePoint = Convert::ToInt32(firstChar);
        Console::WriteLine("0x{0:x}", codePoint);
    }
    Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
    // Create a list of string.
    List<String^>^ stringList = gcnew List<String^>();

    // Get the tr-TR (Turkish-Turkey) culture.
    CultureInfo^ turkishCulture = gcnew CultureInfo("tr-TR");

    // Get the culture that is associated with the current thread.
    CultureInfo^ currentCulture = Thread::CurrentThread->CurrentCulture;

    // Get the standard StringComparers.
    StringComparer^ invariant = StringComparer::InvariantCulture;
    StringComparer^ invariantIgnoreCase =
        StringComparer::InvariantCultureIgnoreCase;
    StringComparer^ current = StringComparer::CurrentCulture;
    StringComparer^ currentIgnoreCase =
        StringComparer::CurrentCultureIgnoreCase;
    StringComparer^ ordinal = StringComparer::Ordinal;
    StringComparer^ ordinalIgnoreCase = StringComparer::OrdinalIgnoreCase;

    // Create a StringComparer that uses the Turkish culture and ignores
    // case.
    StringComparer^ turkishIgnoreCase =
        StringComparer::Create(turkishCulture, true);

    // Define three strings consisting of different versions of the
    // letter I. LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I (U+0049)
    String^ capitalLetterI = "I";

    // LATIN SMALL LETTER I (U+0069)
    String^ smallLetterI = "i";

    // LATIN SMALL LETTER DOTLESS I (U+0131)
    String^ smallLetterDotlessI = L"\u0131";

    // Add the three strings to the list.
    stringList->Add(capitalLetterI);
    stringList->Add(smallLetterI);
    stringList->Add(smallLetterDotlessI);

    // Display the original list order.
    Display(stringList, "The original order of the list entries...");

    // Sort the list using the invariant culture.
    stringList->Sort(invariant);
    Display(stringList, "Invariant culture...");
    stringList->Sort(invariantIgnoreCase);
    Display(stringList, "Invariant culture, ignore case...");

    // Sort the list using the current culture.
    Console::WriteLine("The current culture is \"{0}\".",
        currentCulture->Name);
    stringList->Sort(current);
    Display(stringList, "Current culture...");
    stringList->Sort(currentIgnoreCase);
    Display(stringList, "Current culture, ignore case...");

    // Sort the list using the ordinal value of the character code points.
    stringList->Sort(ordinal);
    Display(stringList, "Ordinal...");
    stringList->Sort(ordinalIgnoreCase);
    Display(stringList, "Ordinal, ignore case...");

    // Sort the list using the Turkish culture, which treats LATIN SMALL
    // LETTER DOTLESS I differently than LATIN SMALL LETTER I.
    stringList->Sort(turkishIgnoreCase);
    Display(stringList, "Turkish culture, ignore case...");
}
/*
This code example produces the following results:

The original order of the list entries...
0x49
0x69
0x131

Invariant culture...
0x69
0x49
0x131

Invariant culture, ignore case...
0x49
0x69
0x131

The current culture is "en-US".
Current culture...
0x69
0x49
0x131

Current culture, ignore case...
0x49
0x69
0x131

Ordinal...
0x49
0x69
0x131

Ordinal, ignore case...
0x69
0x49
0x131

Turkish culture, ignore case...
0x131
0x49
0x69

*/
// This example demonstrates members of the 
// System.StringComparer class.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Threading;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
        // Create a list of string.
        List<string> list = new List<string>();

        // Get the tr-TR (Turkish-Turkey) culture.
        CultureInfo turkish = new CultureInfo("tr-TR");

        // Get the culture that is associated with the current thread.
        CultureInfo thisCulture = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture;

        // Get the standard StringComparers.
        StringComparer invCmp =   StringComparer.InvariantCulture;
        StringComparer invICCmp = StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase;
        StringComparer currCmp = StringComparer.CurrentCulture;
        StringComparer currICCmp = StringComparer.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase;
        StringComparer ordCmp = StringComparer.Ordinal;
        StringComparer ordICCmp = StringComparer.OrdinalIgnoreCase;

        // Create a StringComparer that uses the Turkish culture and ignores case.
        StringComparer turkICComp = StringComparer.Create(turkish, true);

        // Define three strings consisting of different versions of the letter I.
        // LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I (U+0049)
        string capitalLetterI = "I";  

        // LATIN SMALL LETTER I (U+0069)
        string smallLetterI   = "i";

        // LATIN SMALL LETTER DOTLESS I (U+0131)
        string smallLetterDotlessI = "\u0131";

        // Add the three strings to the list.
        list.Add(capitalLetterI);
        list.Add(smallLetterI);
        list.Add(smallLetterDotlessI);

        // Display the original list order.
        Display(list, "The original order of the list entries...");

        // Sort the list using the invariant culture.
        list.Sort(invCmp);
        Display(list, "Invariant culture...");
        list.Sort(invICCmp);
        Display(list, "Invariant culture, ignore case...");

        // Sort the list using the current culture.
        Console.WriteLine("The current culture is \"{0}\".", thisCulture.Name);
        list.Sort(currCmp);
        Display(list, "Current culture...");
        list.Sort(currICCmp);
        Display(list, "Current culture, ignore case...");

        // Sort the list using the ordinal value of the character code points.
        list.Sort(ordCmp);
        Display(list, "Ordinal...");
        list.Sort(ordICCmp);
        Display(list, "Ordinal, ignore case...");

        // Sort the list using the Turkish culture, which treats LATIN SMALL LETTER 
        // DOTLESS I differently than LATIN SMALL LETTER I.
        list.Sort(turkICComp);
        Display(list, "Turkish culture, ignore case...");
    }

    public static void Display(List<string> lst, string title)
    {
        Char c;
        int  codePoint;
        Console.WriteLine(title);
        foreach (string s in lst)
        {
            c = s[0];
            codePoint = Convert.ToInt32(c);
            Console.WriteLine("0x{0:x}", codePoint); 
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
/*
This code example produces the following results:

The original order of the list entries...
0x49
0x69
0x131

Invariant culture...
0x69
0x49
0x131

Invariant culture, ignore case...
0x49
0x69
0x131

The current culture is "en-US".
Current culture...
0x69
0x49
0x131

Current culture, ignore case...
0x49
0x69
0x131

Ordinal...
0x49
0x69
0x131

Ordinal, ignore case...
0x69
0x49
0x131

Turkish culture, ignore case...
0x131
0x49
0x69

*/
' This code example demonstrates members of the System.StringComparer class.

Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.Threading

Class Sample
    
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        ' Create a list of string.
        Dim list As New List(Of String) 
        
        ' Get the tr-TR (Turkish-Turkey) culture.
        Dim turkish As New CultureInfo("tr-TR")
        
        ' Get the culture that is associated with the current thread.
        Dim thisCulture As CultureInfo = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture
        
        ' Get the standard StringComparers.
        Dim invCmp As StringComparer = StringComparer.InvariantCulture
        Dim invICCmp As StringComparer = StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase
        Dim currCmp As StringComparer = StringComparer.CurrentCulture
        Dim currICCmp As StringComparer = StringComparer.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase
        Dim ordCmp As StringComparer = StringComparer.Ordinal
        Dim ordICCmp As StringComparer = StringComparer.OrdinalIgnoreCase
        
        ' Create a StringComparer that uses the Turkish culture and ignores case.
        Dim turkICComp As StringComparer = StringComparer.Create(turkish, True)
        
        ' Define three strings consisting of different versions of the letter I.
        ' LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I (U+0049)
        Dim capitalLetterI As String = "I"
        
        ' LATIN SMALL LETTER I (U+0069)
        Dim smallLetterI As String = "i"
        
        ' LATIN SMALL LETTER DOTLESS I (U+0131)
        Dim smallLetterDotlessI As String = "ı"
        
        ' Add the three strings to the list.
        list.Add(capitalLetterI)
        list.Add(smallLetterI)
        list.Add(smallLetterDotlessI)
        
        ' Display the original list order.
        Display(list, "The original order of the list entries...")
        
        ' Sort the list using the invariant culture.
        list.Sort(invCmp)
        Display(list, "Invariant culture...")
        list.Sort(invICCmp)
        Display(list, "Invariant culture, ignore case...")
        
        ' Sort the list using the current culture.
        Console.WriteLine("The current culture is ""{0}"".", thisCulture.Name)
        list.Sort(currCmp)
        Display(list, "Current culture...")
        list.Sort(currICCmp)
        Display(list, "Current culture, ignore case...")
        
        ' Sort the list using the ordinal value of the character code points.
        list.Sort(ordCmp)
        Display(list, "Ordinal...")
        list.Sort(ordICCmp)
        Display(list, "Ordinal, ignore case...")
        
        ' Sort the list using the Turkish culture, which treats LATIN SMALL LETTER 
        ' DOTLESS I differently than LATIN SMALL LETTER I.
        list.Sort(turkICComp)
        Display(list, "Turkish culture, ignore case...")
    
    End Sub
    
    Public Shared Sub Display(ByVal lst As List(Of String), ByVal title As String)
        Dim c As Char
        Dim s As String
        Dim codePoint As Integer

        Console.WriteLine(title)
        For Each s In lst
            c = s(0)
            codePoint = Convert.ToInt32(c)
            Console.WriteLine("0x{0:x}", codePoint)
        Next s
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
End Class

'This code example produces the following results:
'
'The original order of the list entries...
'0x49
'0x69
'0x131
'
'Invariant culture...
'0x69
'0x49
'0x131
'
'Invariant culture, ignore case...
'0x49
'0x69
'0x131
'
'The current culture is "en-US".
'Current culture...
'0x69
'0x49
'0x131
'
'Current culture, ignore case...
'0x49
'0x69
'0x131
'
'Ordinal...
'0x49
'0x69
'0x131
'
'Ordinal, ignore case...
'0x69
'0x49
'0x131
'
'Turkish culture, ignore case...
'0x131
'0x49
'0x69
'

注解

StringComparer字符串与语言CurrentCulture相关时,可以使用属性返回的。The StringComparer returned by the CurrentCulture property can be used when strings are linguistically relevant. 例如,如果向用户显示字符串,或者字符串是用户交互的结果,则应使用区分区域性的字符串比较来对字符串数据进行排序。For example, if strings are displayed to the user, or if strings are the result of user interaction, culture-sensitive string comparison should be used to order the string data.

当前区域性为与当前CultureInfo线程关联的对象。The current culture is the CultureInfo object associated with the current thread.

属性实际上返回派生StringComparer自类的匿名类的实例。 CurrentCultureThe CurrentCulture property actually returns an instance of an anonymous class derived from the StringComparer class.

对属性CurrentCulture get访问器的每个调用都StringComparer将返回一个新的对象,如以下代码所示。Each call to the CurrentCulture property get accessor returns a new StringComparer object, as the following code shows.

private void CompareCurrentCultureStringComparer()
{
   StringComparer stringComparer1 = StringComparer.CurrentCulture;
   StringComparer stringComparer2 = StringComparer.CurrentCulture;
   // Displays false
   Console.WriteLine(StringComparer.ReferenceEquals(stringComparer1, 
                                                    stringComparer2));
}
Private Sub CompareCurrentCultureStringComparers()
   Dim stringComparer1 As StringComparer = StringComparer.CurrentCulture
   Dim stringComparer2 As StringComparer = StringComparer.CurrentCulture
   ' Displays False
   Console.WriteLine(StringComparer.ReferenceEquals(stringComparer1, _
                                                    stringComparer2))
End Sub

若要提高性能,可以将StringComparer对象存储在局部变量中,而不是多次检索CurrentCulture属性的值。To improve performance, you can store the StringComparer object in a local variable rather than retrieve the value of the CurrentCulture property multiple times.

适用于

另请参阅