EventWaitHandle.GetAccessControl 方法

定义

获取 EventWaitHandleSecurity 对象,该对象表示由当前 EventWaitHandle 对象表示的已命名系统事件的访问控制安全性。Gets an EventWaitHandleSecurity object that represents the access control security for the named system event represented by the current EventWaitHandle object.

public:
 System::Security::AccessControl::EventWaitHandleSecurity ^ GetAccessControl();
public System.Security.AccessControl.EventWaitHandleSecurity GetAccessControl ();
member this.GetAccessControl : unit -> System.Security.AccessControl.EventWaitHandleSecurity
Public Function GetAccessControl () As EventWaitHandleSecurity

返回

一个 EventWaitHandleSecurity 对象,表示已命名系统事件的访问控制安全性。An EventWaitHandleSecurity object that represents the access control security for the named system event.

异常

当前 EventWaitHandle 对象表示一个已命名的系统事件,但用户不具备 ReadPermissions 权限。The current EventWaitHandle object represents a named system event, and the user does not have ReadPermissions.

-or- 当前 EventWaitHandle 对象表示一个已命名的系统事件,但它不是以 ReadPermissions 打开的。The current EventWaitHandle object represents a named system event, and was not opened with ReadPermissions.

不支持 Windows 98 或 Windows Millennium Edition。Not supported for Windows 98 or Windows Millennium Edition.

之前已对此 Close() 调用 EventWaitHandle 方法。The Close() method was previously called on this EventWaitHandle.

示例

下面的代码示例演示具有访问控制安全性的已命名系统事件的跨进程行为。The following code example demonstrates the cross-process behavior of a named system event with access control security. 该示例使用OpenExisting(String)方法重载来测试是否存在已命名的事件。The example uses the OpenExisting(String) method overload to test for the existence of a named event.

如果此事件不存在,则将使用初始所有权和访问控制安全性来创建该事件,拒绝当前用户使用该事件,但会授予读取和更改事件权限的权限。If the event does not exist, it is created with initial ownership and access control security that denies the current user the right to use the event, but grants the right to read and change permissions on the event.

如果从两个命令窗口运行已编译的示例,第二个副本将在调用OpenExisting(String)时引发访问冲突异常。If you run the compiled example from two command windows, the second copy will throw an access violation exception on the call to OpenExisting(String). 捕获到异常,该示例使用OpenExisting(String, EventWaitHandleRights)方法重载来等待事件,该事件具有读取和更改权限所需的权限。The exception is caught, and the example uses the OpenExisting(String, EventWaitHandleRights) method overload to wait on the event with the rights needed to read and change the permissions.

读取权限后,使用GetAccessControl方法,并更改事件时,将使用等待请求并向其发出信号来打开事件。After the permissions have been read, using the GetAccessControl method, and changed, the event is opened with the rights required to wait on it and signal it. 如果从第三个命令窗口运行已编译的示例,该示例将使用新的权限运行。If you run the compiled example from a third command window, the example runs using the new permissions.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Security::AccessControl;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;

public ref class Example
{
public:
   [SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction::Demand,Flags=SecurityPermissionFlag::UnmanagedCode)]
   static void Main()
   {
      String^ ewhName = L"EventWaitHandleExample5";

      EventWaitHandle^ ewh = nullptr;
      bool doesNotExist = false;
      bool unauthorized = false;
      
      // The value of this variable is set by the event
      // constructor. It is true if the named system event was
      // created, and false if the named event already existed.
      //
      bool wasCreated;
      
      // Attempt to open the named event.
      try
      {
         // Open the event with (EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize
         // | EventWaitHandleRights.Modify), to wait on and
         // signal the named event.
         //
         ewh = EventWaitHandle::OpenExisting( ewhName );
      }
      catch ( WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException^ ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Named event does not exist." );
         doesNotExist = true;
      }
      catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Unauthorized access: {0}", ex->Message );
         unauthorized = true;
      }

      // There are three cases: (1) The event does not exist.
      // (2) The event exists, but the current user doesn't
      // have access. (3) The event exists and the user has
      // access.
      //
      if ( doesNotExist )
      {
         // The event does not exist, so create it.

         // Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
         // current user the right to wait on or signal the
         // event, but allows the right to read and change
         // security information for the event.
         //
         String^ user = String::Concat( Environment::UserDomainName, L"\\",
            Environment::UserName );
         EventWaitHandleSecurity^ ewhSec = gcnew EventWaitHandleSecurity;
         //following constructor fails
         EventWaitHandleAccessRule^ rule = gcnew EventWaitHandleAccessRule(
            user,
            static_cast<EventWaitHandleRights>(
               EventWaitHandleRights::Synchronize | 
               EventWaitHandleRights::Modify),
            AccessControlType::Deny );
         ewhSec->AddAccessRule( rule );

         rule = gcnew EventWaitHandleAccessRule( user,
            static_cast<EventWaitHandleRights>(
               EventWaitHandleRights::ReadPermissions | 
               EventWaitHandleRights::ChangePermissions),
            AccessControlType::Allow );
         ewhSec->AddAccessRule( rule );
         
         // Create an EventWaitHandle object that represents
         // the system event named by the constant 'ewhName',
         // initially signaled, with automatic reset, and with
         // the specified security access. The Boolean value that
         // indicates creation of the underlying system object
         // is placed in wasCreated.
         //
         ewh = gcnew EventWaitHandle( true,
            EventResetMode::AutoReset,
            ewhName,
            wasCreated,
            ewhSec );
         
         // If the named system event was created, it can be
         // used by the current instance of this program, even
         // though the current user is denied access. The current
         // program owns the event. Otherwise, exit the program.
         //
         if ( wasCreated )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Created the named event." );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Unable to create the event." );
            return;
         }
      }
      else if ( unauthorized )
      {
         // Open the event to read and change the access control
         // security. The access control security defined above
         // allows the current user to do this.
         //
         try
         {
            ewh = EventWaitHandle::OpenExisting( ewhName, 
               static_cast<EventWaitHandleRights>(
                  EventWaitHandleRights::ReadPermissions |
                  EventWaitHandleRights::ChangePermissions) );
            
            // Get the current ACL. This requires
            // EventWaitHandleRights.ReadPermissions.
            EventWaitHandleSecurity^ ewhSec = ewh->GetAccessControl();
            String^ user = String::Concat( Environment::UserDomainName, L"\\",
               Environment::UserName );
            
            // First, the rule that denied the current user
            // the right to enter and release the event must
            // be removed.
            EventWaitHandleAccessRule^ rule = gcnew EventWaitHandleAccessRule(
               user,
               static_cast<EventWaitHandleRights>(
                  EventWaitHandleRights::Synchronize |
                  EventWaitHandleRights::Modify),
               AccessControlType::Deny );
            ewhSec->RemoveAccessRule( rule );
            
            // Now grant the user the correct rights.
            //
            rule = gcnew EventWaitHandleAccessRule( user,
               static_cast<EventWaitHandleRights>(
                  EventWaitHandleRights::Synchronize |
                  EventWaitHandleRights::Modify),
               AccessControlType::Allow );
            ewhSec->AddAccessRule( rule );
            
            // Update the ACL. This requires
            // EventWaitHandleRights.ChangePermissions.
            ewh->SetAccessControl( ewhSec );
            Console::WriteLine( L"Updated event security." );
            
            // Open the event with (EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize
            // | EventWaitHandleRights.Modify), the rights required
            // to wait on and signal the event.
            //
            ewh = EventWaitHandle::OpenExisting( ewhName );
         }
         catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Unable to change permissions: {0}",
               ex->Message );
            return;
         }

      }
      
      // Wait on the event, and hold it until the program
      // exits.
      //
      try
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Wait on the event." );
         ewh->WaitOne();
         Console::WriteLine( L"Event was signaled." );
         Console::WriteLine( L"Press the Enter key to signal the event and exit." );
         Console::ReadLine();
      }
      catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Unauthorized access: {0}", ex->Message );
      }
      finally
      {
         ewh->Set();
      }
   }
};

int main()
{
   Example::Main();
}
using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Security.AccessControl;

internal class Example
{
    internal static void Main()
    {
        const string ewhName = "EventWaitHandleExample5";

        EventWaitHandle ewh = null;
        bool doesNotExist = false;
        bool unauthorized = false;

        // The value of this variable is set by the event
        // constructor. It is true if the named system event was
        // created, and false if the named event already existed.
        //
        bool wasCreated;

        // Attempt to open the named event.
        try
        {
            // Open the event with (EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize
            // | EventWaitHandleRights.Modify), to wait on and 
            // signal the named event.
            //
            ewh = EventWaitHandle.OpenExisting(ewhName);
        }
        catch (WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Named event does not exist.");
            doesNotExist = true;
        }
        catch (UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message);
            unauthorized = true;
        }

        // There are three cases: (1) The event does not exist.
        // (2) The event exists, but the current user doesn't 
        // have access. (3) The event exists and the user has
        // access.
        //
        if (doesNotExist)
        {
            // The event does not exist, so create it.

            // Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
            // current user the right to wait on or signal the 
            // event, but allows the right to read and change
            // security information for the event.
            //
            string user = Environment.UserDomainName + "\\"
                + Environment.UserName;
            EventWaitHandleSecurity ewhSec = 
                new EventWaitHandleSecurity();

            EventWaitHandleAccessRule rule = 
                new EventWaitHandleAccessRule(user, 
                    EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize | 
                    EventWaitHandleRights.Modify, 
                    AccessControlType.Deny);
            ewhSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

            rule = new EventWaitHandleAccessRule(user, 
                EventWaitHandleRights.ReadPermissions | 
                EventWaitHandleRights.ChangePermissions, 
                AccessControlType.Allow);
            ewhSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

            // Create an EventWaitHandle object that represents
            // the system event named by the constant 'ewhName', 
            // initially signaled, with automatic reset, and with
            // the specified security access. The Boolean value that 
            // indicates creation of the underlying system object
            // is placed in wasCreated.
            //
            ewh = new EventWaitHandle(true, 
                EventResetMode.AutoReset, 
                ewhName, 
                out wasCreated, 
                ewhSec);

            // If the named system event was created, it can be
            // used by the current instance of this program, even 
            // though the current user is denied access. The current
            // program owns the event. Otherwise, exit the program.
            // 
            if (wasCreated)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Created the named event.");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to create the event.");
                return;
            }
        }
        else if (unauthorized)
        {
            // Open the event to read and change the access control
            // security. The access control security defined above
            // allows the current user to do this.
            //
            try
            {
                ewh = EventWaitHandle.OpenExisting(ewhName, 
                    EventWaitHandleRights.ReadPermissions | 
                    EventWaitHandleRights.ChangePermissions);

                // Get the current ACL. This requires 
                // EventWaitHandleRights.ReadPermissions.
                EventWaitHandleSecurity ewhSec = ewh.GetAccessControl();
                
                string user = Environment.UserDomainName + "\\"
                    + Environment.UserName;

                // First, the rule that denied the current user 
                // the right to enter and release the event must
                // be removed.
                EventWaitHandleAccessRule rule = 
                    new EventWaitHandleAccessRule(user, 
                        EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize | 
                        EventWaitHandleRights.Modify, 
                        AccessControlType.Deny);
                ewhSec.RemoveAccessRule(rule);

                // Now grant the user the correct rights.
                // 
                rule = new EventWaitHandleAccessRule(user, 
                    EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize | 
                    EventWaitHandleRights.Modify, 
                    AccessControlType.Allow);
                ewhSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

                // Update the ACL. This requires
                // EventWaitHandleRights.ChangePermissions.
                ewh.SetAccessControl(ewhSec);

                Console.WriteLine("Updated event security.");

                // Open the event with (EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize 
                // | EventWaitHandleRights.Modify), the rights required
                // to wait on and signal the event.
                //
                ewh = EventWaitHandle.OpenExisting(ewhName);

            }
            catch (UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to change permissions: {0}",
                    ex.Message);
                return;
            }

        }

        // Wait on the event, and hold it until the program
        // exits.
        //
        try
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Wait on the event.");
            ewh.WaitOne();
            Console.WriteLine("Event was signaled.");
            Console.WriteLine("Press the Enter key to signal the event and exit.");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
        catch (UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            ewh.Set();
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Security.AccessControl

Friend Class Example

    <MTAThread> _
    Friend Shared Sub Main()
        Const ewhName As String = "EventWaitHandleExample5"

        Dim ewh As EventWaitHandle = Nothing
        Dim doesNotExist as Boolean = False
        Dim unauthorized As Boolean = False

        ' The value of this variable is set by the event
        ' constructor. It is True if the named system event was
        ' created, and False if the named event already existed.
        '
        Dim wasCreated As Boolean

        ' Attempt to open the named event.
        Try
            ' Open the event with (EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize
            ' Or EventWaitHandleRights.Modify), to wait on and 
            ' signal the named event.
            '
            ewh = EventWaitHandle.OpenExisting(ewhName)
        Catch ex As WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException
            Console.WriteLine("Named event does not exist.")
            doesNotExist = True
        Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message)
            unauthorized = True
        End Try

        ' There are three cases: (1) The event does not exist.
        ' (2) The event exists, but the current user doesn't 
        ' have access. (3) The event exists and the user has
        ' access.
        '
        If doesNotExist Then
            ' The event does not exist, so create it.

            ' Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
            ' current user the right to wait on or signal the 
            ' event, but allows the right to read and change
            ' security information for the event.
            '
            Dim user As String = Environment.UserDomainName _ 
                & "\" & Environment.UserName
            Dim ewhSec As New EventWaitHandleSecurity()

            Dim rule As New EventWaitHandleAccessRule(user, _
                EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize Or _
                EventWaitHandleRights.Modify, _
                AccessControlType.Deny)
            ewhSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

            rule = New EventWaitHandleAccessRule(user, _
                EventWaitHandleRights.ReadPermissions Or _
                EventWaitHandleRights.ChangePermissions, _
                AccessControlType.Allow)
            ewhSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

            ' Create an EventWaitHandle object that represents
            ' the system event named by the constant 'ewhName', 
            ' initially signaled, with automatic reset, and with
            ' the specified security access. The Boolean value that 
            ' indicates creation of the underlying system object
            ' is placed in wasCreated.
            '
            ewh = New EventWaitHandle(True, _
                EventResetMode.AutoReset, ewhName, _
                wasCreated, ewhSec)

            ' If the named system event was created, it can be
            ' used by the current instance of this program, even 
            ' though the current user is denied access. The current
            ' program owns the event. Otherwise, exit the program.
            ' 
            If wasCreated Then
                Console.WriteLine("Created the named event.")
            Else
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to create the event.")
                Return
            End If

        ElseIf unauthorized Then

            ' Open the event to read and change the access control
            ' security. The access control security defined above
            ' allows the current user to do this.
            '
            Try
                ewh = EventWaitHandle.OpenExisting(ewhName, _
                    EventWaitHandleRights.ReadPermissions Or _
                    EventWaitHandleRights.ChangePermissions)

                ' Get the current ACL. This requires 
                ' EventWaitHandleRights.ReadPermissions.
                Dim ewhSec As EventWaitHandleSecurity = _
                    ewh.GetAccessControl()
                
                Dim user As String = Environment.UserDomainName _ 
                    & "\" & Environment.UserName

                ' First, the rule that denied the current user 
                ' the right to enter and release the event must
                ' be removed.
                Dim rule As New EventWaitHandleAccessRule(user, _
                    EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize Or _
                    EventWaitHandleRights.Modify, _
                    AccessControlType.Deny)
                ewhSec.RemoveAccessRule(rule)

                ' Now grant the user the correct rights.
                ' 
                rule = New EventWaitHandleAccessRule(user, _
                    EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize Or _
                    EventWaitHandleRights.Modify, _
                    AccessControlType.Allow)
                ewhSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

                ' Update the ACL. This requires
                ' EventWaitHandleRights.ChangePermissions.
                ewh.SetAccessControl(ewhSec)

                Console.WriteLine("Updated event security.")

                ' Open the event with (EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize 
                ' Or EventWaitHandleRights.Modify), the rights required
                ' to wait on and signal the event.
                '
                ewh = EventWaitHandle.OpenExisting(ewhName)

            Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to change permissions: {0}", _
                    ex.Message)
                Return
            End Try

        End If

        ' Wait on the event, and hold it until the program
        ' exits.
        '
        Try
            Console.WriteLine("Wait on the event.")
            ewh.WaitOne()
            Console.WriteLine("Event was signaled.")
            Console.WriteLine("Press the Enter key to signal the event and exit.")
            Console.ReadLine()
        Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", _
                ex.Message)
        Finally
            ewh.Set()
        End Try
    End Sub 
End Class 

注解

方法使用以下标志组合(使用按位 "或" 运算组合)搜索权限: AccessControlSections.AccessAccessControlSections.OwnerAccessControlSections.GroupGetAccessControlThe GetAccessControl method uses the following combination of flags (combined using the bitwise OR operation) to search for permissions: AccessControlSections.Access, AccessControlSections.Owner, and AccessControlSections.Group.

用户必须具有EventWaitHandleRights.ReadPermissions调用此方法的权限,并且必须EventWaitHandleRights.ReadPermissions使用标志打开事件。The user must have EventWaitHandleRights.ReadPermissions rights to call this method, and the event must have been opened with the EventWaitHandleRights.ReadPermissions flag.

适用于

另请参阅