Thread.CurrentThread 属性

定义

获取当前正在运行的线程。Gets the currently running thread.

public:
 static property System::Threading::Thread ^ CurrentThread { System::Threading::Thread ^ get(); };
public static System.Threading.Thread CurrentThread { get; }
member this.CurrentThread : System.Threading.Thread
Public Shared ReadOnly Property CurrentThread As Thread

属性值

Thread,表示当前正在运行的线程。A Thread that is the representation of the currently running thread.

示例

下面的示例创建一个任务,该任务又创建了20个子任务。The following example creates a task that in turn creates 20 child tasks. 应用程序本身和每个任务都会调用 ShowThreadInformation 方法,该方法使用 CurrentThread 属性显示有关运行它的线程的信息。The application itself, as well as each task, calls the ShowThreadInformation method, which uses the CurrentThread property to display information about the thread on which it is running.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class Example
{
   private static Object lockObj = new Object();
   private static Object rndLock = new Object();

   public static void Main()
   {
      Random rnd = new Random();
      var tasks = new List<Task<Double>>();
      ShowThreadInformation("Application");

      Task<Double> t = Task.Run( () => { ShowThreadInformation("Main Task(Task #" + Task.CurrentId.ToString() + ")");
                                         for (int ctr = 1; ctr <= 20; ctr++)
                                           tasks.Add(Task.Factory.StartNew(
                                              () => { ShowThreadInformation("Task #" + Task.CurrentId.ToString());
                                                      long s = 0;
                                                      for (int n = 0; n <= 999999; n++) {
                                                         lock (rndLock) {
                                                            s += rnd.Next(1, 1000001);
                                                         }
                                                      }
                                                      return s/1000000.0;
                                                    } ));

                                        Task.WaitAll(tasks.ToArray());
                                        Double grandTotal = 0;
                                        Console.WriteLine("Means of each task: ");
                                        foreach (var child in tasks) {
                                           Console.WriteLine("   {0}", child.Result);
                                           grandTotal += child.Result;
                                        }
                                        Console.WriteLine();
                                        return grandTotal / 20;
                                   } );
      Console.WriteLine("Mean of Means: {0}", t.Result);
   }

  private static void ShowThreadInformation(String taskName)
  {
      String msg = null;
      Thread thread = Thread.CurrentThread;
      lock(lockObj) {
         msg = String.Format("{0} thread information\n", taskName) +
               String.Format("   Background: {0}\n", thread.IsBackground) +
               String.Format("   Thread Pool: {0}\n", thread.IsThreadPoolThread) +
               String.Format("   Thread ID: {0}\n", thread.ManagedThreadId);
      }
      Console.WriteLine(msg);
   }
}
// The example displays output like the following:
//       Application thread information
//          Background: False
//          Thread Pool: False
//          Thread ID: 1
//
//       Main Task(Task #1) thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 3
//
//       Task #2 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 4
//
//       Task #4 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 10
//
//       Task #3 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 9
//
//       Task #5 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 3
//
//       Task #7 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 5
//
//       Task #6 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 7
//
//       Task #8 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 6
//
//       Task #9 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 8
//
//       Task #10 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 9
//
//       Task #11 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 10
//
//       Task #12 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 6
//
//       Task #13 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 4
//
//       Task #14 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 3
//
//       Task #15 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 7
//
//       Task #16 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 5
//
//       Task #17 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 8
//
//       Task #18 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 9
//
//       Task #19 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 10
//
//       Task #20 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 4
//
//       Task #21 thread information
//          Background: True
//          Thread Pool: True
//          Thread ID: 7
//
//       Means of each task:
//          500038.740584
//          499810.422703
//          500217.558077
//          499868.534688
//          499295.505866
//          499893.475772
//          499601.454469
//          499828.532502
//          499606.183978
//          499700.276056
//          500415.894952
//          500005.874751
//          500042.237016
//          500092.764753
//          499998.798267
//          499623.054718
//          500018.784823
//          500286.865993
//          500052.68285
//          499764.363303
//
//       Mean of Means: 499908.10030605
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Threading.Tasks

Module Example
   Private lockObj As New Object()
   Private rndLock As New Object()
   
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim rnd As New Random()
      Dim tasks As New List(Of Task)
      ShowThreadInformation("Application")

      Dim t As Task(Of Double) = Task.Run( Function()
                                        ShowThreadInformation("Main Task(Task #" + Task.CurrentId.ToString() + ")")
                                        For ctr As Integer = 1 To 20
                                           tasks.Add(Task.Factory.StartNew( Function()
                                                                     ShowThreadInformation("Task #" + Task.CurrentId.ToString())
                                                                     Dim s As Long = 0
                                                                     For n As Integer = 0 To 999999
                                                                        SyncLock rndLock
                                                                           s += rnd.Next(1, 1000001)
                                                                        End SyncLock
                                                                     Next
                                                                     Return s/1000000
                                                                  End Function))
                                        Next

                                        Task.WaitAll(tasks.ToArray())
                                        Dim grandTotal As Double
                                        Console.WriteLine("Means of each task: ")
                                        For Each t In tasks
                                           Console.WriteLine("   {0}", t.Result)
                                           grandTotal += t.Result
                                        Next
                                        Console.WriteLine()
                                        Return grandTotal / 20
                                   End Function )
      Console.WriteLine("Mean of Means: {0}", t.Result)
   End Sub
   
   Private Sub ShowThreadInformation(taskName As String)
      Dim msg As String = Nothing
      Dim thread As Thread = Thread.CurrentThread
      SyncLock lockObj
         msg = String.Format("{0} thread information", taskName) + vbCrLf +
               String.Format("   Background: {0}", thread.IsBackground) + vbCrLf +
               String.Format("   Thread Pool: {0}", thread.IsThreadPoolThread) + vbCrLf +
               String.Format("   Thread ID: {0}", thread.ManagedThreadId) + vbCrLf
      End SyncLock
      Console.WriteLine(msg)
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays output like the following:
'       Application thread information
'          Background: False
'          Thread Pool: False
'          Thread ID: 1
'
'       Main Task(Task #1) thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 3
'
'       Task #2 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 4
'
'       Task #4 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 10
'
'       Task #3 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 9
'
'       Task #5 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 3
'
'       Task #7 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 5
'
'       Task #6 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 7
'
'       Task #8 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 6
'
'       Task #9 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 8
'
'       Task #10 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 9
'
'       Task #11 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 10
'
'       Task #12 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 6
'
'       Task #13 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 4
'
'       Task #14 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 3
'
'       Task #15 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 7
'
'       Task #16 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 5
'
'       Task #17 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 8
'
'       Task #18 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 9
'
'       Task #19 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 10
'
'       Task #20 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 4
'
'       Task #21 thread information
'          Background: True
'          Thread Pool: True
'          Thread ID: 7
'
'       Means of each task:
'          500038.740584
'          499810.422703
'          500217.558077
'          499868.534688
'          499295.505866
'          499893.475772
'          499601.454469
'          499828.532502
'          499606.183978
'          499700.276056
'          500415.894952
'          500005.874751
'          500042.237016
'          500092.764753
'          499998.798267
'          499623.054718
'          500018.784823
'          500286.865993
'          500052.68285
'          499764.363303
'
'       Mean of Means: 499908.10030605/

每个子任务在1到1000000之间生成1000000的随机数,并返回其平均值。Each child task generates 1 million random numbers between 1 and 1 million and returns their mean. 父任务调用 Task.WaitAll 方法,以确保子任务完成后才显示每个任务返回的平均值,并计算平均值。The parent task calls the Task.WaitAll method to ensure that the child tasks have completed before displaying the mean returned by each task and calculating the mean of means.

请注意,应用程序在前台线程上运行时,每个任务都在线程池线程上运行。Note that while the application runs on a foreground thread, each task runs on a thread pool thread.

适用于