Type.ToString 方法

定义

返回表示当前 String 的名称的 TypeReturns a String representing the name of the current Type.

public:
 override System::String ^ ToString();
public override string ToString ();
override this.ToString : unit -> string
Public Overrides Function ToString () As String

返回

表示当前 String 的名称的 TypeA String representing the name of the current Type.

实现

示例

下面的示例演示如何使用 NamespaceModule 属性以及 TypeToString 方法。This following example demonstrates a use of the Namespace and Module properties and the ToString method of Type.

using namespace System;

namespace MyNamespace
{
   ref class MyClass
   {
   };
}

void main()
{
      Type^ myType = MyNamespace::MyClass::typeid;
      Console::WriteLine("Displaying information about {0}:", myType );
      
      // Get the namespace of the class MyClass.
      Console::WriteLine("   Namespace: {0}", myType->Namespace );
      
      // Get the name of the module.
      Console::WriteLine("   Module: {0}", myType->Module );
      
      // Get the fully qualified common language runtime namespace.
      Console::WriteLine("   Fully qualified type: {0}", myType );
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Displaying information about MyNamespace.MyClass:
//       Namespace: MyNamespace
//       Module: type_tostring.exe
//       Fully qualified name: MyNamespace.MyClass
using System;

namespace MyNamespace
{
    class MyClass
    {
    }
}

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
         Type myType = typeof(MyNamespace.MyClass);
         Console.WriteLine("Displaying information about {0}:", myType); 
         // Get the namespace of the myClass class.
         Console.WriteLine("   Namespace: {0}.", myType.Namespace);
         // Get the name of the module.
         Console.WriteLine("   Module: {0}.", myType.Module);
         // Get the fully qualified type name.
         Console.WriteLine("   Fully qualified name: {0}.", myType.ToString());
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Displaying information about MyNamespace.MyClass:
//       Namespace: MyNamespace.
//       Module: type_tostring.exe.
//       Fully qualified name: MyNamespace.MyClass.
Namespace MyNamespace
    Class [MyClass]
    End Class 
End Namespace 

Public Class Example
    Public Shared Sub Main()
         Dim myType As Type = GetType(MyNamespace.MyClass)
         Console.WriteLine(", myType)
         ' Get the namespace of the MyClass class.
         Console.WriteLine("   Namespace: {0}.", myType.Namespace)
         ' Get the name of the module.
         Console.WriteLine("   Module: {0}.", myType.Module)
         ' Get the fully qualified type name.
         Console.WriteLine("   Fully qualified name: {0}.", myType.ToString())
    End Sub
End Class
' The example displays the following output:
'       Displaying information about MyNamespace.MyClass:
'          Namespace: MyNamespace.
'          Module: type_tostring.exe.
'          Fully qualified name: MyNamespace.MyClass.

下面的示例将 ToString 方法返回的字符串与 NameFullNameAssemblyQualifiedName 属性进行比较。The following example compares the strings returned by the ToString method and the Name, FullName, and AssemblyQualifiedName properties.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Globalization;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Type t = typeof(String);
        ShowTypeInfo(t);

        t = typeof(List<>);
        ShowTypeInfo(t);

        var list = new List<String>();
        t = list.GetType();
        ShowTypeInfo(t);

        Object v = 12;
        t = v.GetType();
        ShowTypeInfo(t);

        t = typeof(IFormatProvider);
        ShowTypeInfo(t);

        IFormatProvider ifmt = NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo;
        t = ifmt.GetType();
        ShowTypeInfo(t);
    }

    private static void ShowTypeInfo(Type t)
    {
        Console.WriteLine($"Name: {t.Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Full Name: {t.FullName}");
        Console.WriteLine($"ToString:  {t}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Assembly Qualified Name: {t.AssemblyQualifiedName}");
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
// The example displays output like the following:
//    Name: String
//    Full Name: System.String
//    ToString:  System.String
//    Assembly Qualified Name: System.String, mscorlib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutr
//    al, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
//
//    Name: List`1
//    Full Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1
//    ToString:  System.Collections.Generic.List`1[T]
//    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1, mscorlib, Version=4.
//    0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
//
//    Name: List`1
//    Full Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1[[System.String, mscorlib, Version=4
//    .0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089]]
//    ToString:  System.Collections.Generic.List`1[System.String]
//    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1[[System.String, mscor
//    lib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089]], mscorl
//    ib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
//
//    Name: Int32
//    Full Name: System.Int32
//    ToString:  System.Int32
//    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Int32, mscorlib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutra
//    l, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
//
//    Name: IFormatProvider
//    Full Name: System.IFormatProvider
//    ToString:  System.IFormatProvider
//    Assembly Qualified Name: System.IFormatProvider, mscorlib, Version=4.0.0.0, Cult
//    ure=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
//
//    Name: NumberFormatInfo
//    Full Name: System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo
//    ToString:  System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo
//    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo, mscorlib, Versio
//    n=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Globalization

Module Example
    Public Sub Main()
        Dim t As Type = GetType(String)
        ShowTypeInfo(t)

        t = GetType(List(Of))
        ShowTypeInfo(t)

        Dim list As New List(Of String)()
        t = list.GetType()
        ShowTypeInfo(t)

        Dim v As Object = 12
        t = v.GetType()
        ShowTypeInfo(t)

        t = GetType(IFormatProvider)
        ShowTypeInfo(t)

        Dim ifmt As IFormatProvider = NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo
        t = ifmt.GetType()
        ShowTypeInfo(t)
    End Sub

    Private Sub ShowTypeInfo(t As Type)
        Console.WriteLine($"Name: {t.Name}")
        Console.WriteLine($"Full Name: {t.FullName}")
        Console.WriteLine($"ToString:  {t}")
        Console.WriteLine($"Assembly Qualified Name: {t.AssemblyQualifiedName}")
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays output like the following:
'    Name: String
'    Full Name: System.String
'    ToString:  System.String
'    Assembly Qualified Name: System.String, mscorlib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutr
'    al, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
'
'    Name: List`1
'    Full Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1
'    ToString:  System.Collections.Generic.List`1[T]
'    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1, mscorlib, Version=4.
'    0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
'
'    Name: List`1
'    Full Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1[[System.String, mscorlib, Version=4
'    .0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089]]
'    ToString:  System.Collections.Generic.List`1[System.String]
'    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1[[System.String, mscor
'    lib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089]], mscorl
'    ib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
'
'    Name: Int32
'    Full Name: System.Int32
'    ToString:  System.Int32
'    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Int32, mscorlib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutra
'    l, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
'
'    Name: IFormatProvider
'    Full Name: System.IFormatProvider
'    ToString:  System.IFormatProvider
'    Assembly Qualified Name: System.IFormatProvider, mscorlib, Version=4.0.0.0, Cult
'    ure=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
'
'    Name: NumberFormatInfo
'    Full Name: System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo
'    ToString:  System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo
'    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo, mscorlib, Versio
'    n=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089

注解

此方法为所有基元类型返回完全限定的公共语言运行时命名空间和名称。This method returns the fully qualified common language runtime namespace and name for all primitive types. 例如, C#指令 (long)0.Type().ToString() 返回 "system.string" 而不只是 "Int64"。For example, the C# instruction, (long)0.Type().ToString() returns "System.Int64" instead of merely "Int64".

如果当前 Type 表示泛型类型,则类型及其类型参数由命名空间和嵌套类型限定,而不是由程序集限定。If the current Type represents a generic type, the type and its type arguments are qualified by namespace and by nested type, but not by assembly. 如果当前 Type 表示泛型类型或泛型方法的定义中的类型参数,则此方法返回类型参数的非限定名称。If the current Type represents a type parameter in the definition of a generic type or generic method, this method returns the unqualified name of the type parameter.

适用于

另请参阅