# ValueTypeValueTypeValueTypeValueType Class

## 定义

``public ref class ValueType abstract``
``````[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
[System.Serializable]
public abstract class ValueType``````
``type ValueType = class``
``Public MustInherit Class ValueType``

ValueTypeValueTypeValueTypeValueType

## 注解

ValueType 重写虚拟方法从Object与更合适的值类型实现。ValueType overrides the virtual methods from Object with more appropriate implementations for value types. 另请参阅Enum，后者又继承ValueTypeSee also Enum, which inherits from ValueType.

``````using System;
using System.Numerics;

public class Utility
{
public enum NumericRelationship {
GreaterThan = 1,
EqualTo = 0,
LessThan = -1
};

public static NumericRelationship Compare(ValueType value1, ValueType value2)
{
if (! IsNumeric(value1))
throw new ArgumentException("value1 is not a number.");
else if (! IsNumeric(value2))
throw new ArgumentException("value2 is not a number.");

// Use BigInteger as common integral type
if (IsInteger(value1) && IsInteger(value2)) {
BigInteger bigint1 = (BigInteger) value1;
BigInteger bigint2 = (BigInteger) value2;
return (NumericRelationship) BigInteger.Compare(bigint1, bigint2);
}
// At least one value is floating point; use Double.
else {
Double dbl1 = 0;
Double dbl2 = 0;
try {
dbl1 = Convert.ToDouble(value1);
}
catch (OverflowException) {
Console.WriteLine("value1 is outside the range of a Double.");
}
try {
dbl2 = Convert.ToDouble(value2);
}
catch (OverflowException) {
Console.WriteLine("value2 is outside the range of a Double.");
}
return (NumericRelationship) dbl1.CompareTo(dbl2);
}
}

public static bool IsInteger(ValueType value)
{
return (value is SByte || value is Int16 || value is Int32
|| value is Int64 || value is Byte || value is UInt16
|| value is UInt32 || value is UInt64
|| value is BigInteger);
}

public static bool IsFloat(ValueType value)
{
return (value is float | value is double | value is Decimal);
}

public static bool IsNumeric(ValueType value)
{
return (value is Byte ||
value is Int16 ||
value is Int32 ||
value is Int64 ||
value is SByte ||
value is UInt16 ||
value is UInt32 ||
value is UInt64 ||
value is BigInteger ||
value is Decimal ||
value is Double ||
value is Single);
}
}
``````
``````Imports System.Numerics

Public Class Utility
Public Enum NumericRelationship As Integer
GreaterThan = 1
EqualTo = 0
LessThan = -1
End Enum

Public Shared Function Compare(value1 As ValueType, value2 As ValueType) _
As NumericRelationship
If Not IsNumeric(value1) Then
Throw New ArgumentException("value1 is not a number.")
Else If Not IsNumeric(value2) Then
Throw New ArgumentException("value2 is not a number.")
Else
' Use BigInteger as common integral type
If isInteger(value1) And IsInteger(value2) Then
Dim bigint1 As BigInteger = CType(value1, BigInteger)
Dim bigInt2 As BigInteger = CType(value2, BigInteger)
Return CType(BigInteger.Compare(bigint1, bigint2), NumericRelationship)
' At least one value is floating point; use Double.
Else
Dim dbl1, dbl2 As Double
Try
dbl1 = CDbl(value1)
Catch e As OverflowException
Console.WriteLine("value1 is outside the range of a Double.")
End Try

Try
dbl2 = CDbl(value2)
Catch e As OverflowException
Console.WriteLine("value2 is outside the range of a Double.")
End Try
Return CType(dbl1.CompareTo(dbl2), NumericRelationship)
End If
End If
End Function

Public Shared Function IsInteger(value As ValueType) As Boolean
Return (TypeOf value Is SByte Or TypeOf value Is Int16 Or TypeOf value Is Int32 _
Or TypeOf value Is Int64 Or TypeOf value Is Byte Or TypeOf value Is UInt16 _
Or TypeOf value Is UInt32 Or TypeOf value Is UInt64 _
Or TypeOf value Is BigInteger)
End Function

Public Shared Function IsFloat(value As ValueType) As Boolean
Return (TypeOf value Is Single Or TypeOf value Is Double Or TypeOf value Is Decimal)
End Function

Public Shared Function IsNumeric(value As ValueType) As Boolean
Return TypeOf value Is Byte OrElse
TypeOf value Is Int16 OrElse
TypeOf value Is Int32 OrElse
TypeOf value Is Int64 OrElse
TypeOf value Is SByte OrElse
TypeOf value Is UInt16 OrElse
TypeOf value Is UInt32 OrElse
TypeOf value Is UInt64 OrElse
TypeOf value Is BigInteger OrElse
TypeOf value Is Decimal OrElse
TypeOf value Is Double OrElse
TypeOf value Is Single
End Function
End Class
``````

``````public class Example
{
public static void Main()
{
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsNumeric(12));
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsNumeric(true));
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsNumeric('c'));
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsNumeric(new DateTime(2012, 1, 1)));
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsInteger(12.2));
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsInteger(123456789));
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsFloat(true));
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsFloat(12.2));
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsFloat(12));
Console.WriteLine("{0} {1} {2}", 12.1, Utility.Compare(12.1, 12), 12);
}
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       True
//       False
//       False
//       False
//       False
//       True
//       False
//       True
//       False
//       12.1 GreaterThan 12
``````
``````Module Example
Public Sub Main()
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsNumeric(12))
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsNumeric(True))
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsNumeric("c"c))
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsNumeric(#01/01/2012#))
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsInteger(12.2))
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsInteger(123456789))
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsFloat(True))
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsFloat(12.2))
Console.WriteLine(Utility.IsFloat(12))
Console.WriteLine("{0} {1} {2}", 12.1, Utility.Compare(12.1, 12), 12)
End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       True
'       False
'       False
'       False
'       False
'       True
'       False
'       True
'       False
'       12.1 GreaterThan 12
``````

## 构造函数

 ValueType() ValueType() ValueType() ValueType() 初始化 ValueType 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the ValueType class.

## 方法

 Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) 指示此实例与指定对象是否相等。Indicates whether this instance and a specified object are equal. GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() 返回此实例的哈希代码。Returns the hash code for this instance. GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType() 获取当前实例的 Type。Gets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object) MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() 创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object) ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString() 返回此实例的完全限定类型名称。Returns the fully qualified type name of this instance.