FormsAuthentication.HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile(String, String) 方法

定义

警告

此 API 现已过时。

根据指定的密码和哈希算法生成一个适合于存储在配置文件中的哈希密码。Produces a hash password suitable for storing in a configuration file based on the specified password and hash algorithm.

public:
 static System::String ^ HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile(System::String ^ password, System::String ^ passwordFormat);
public static string HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile (string password, string passwordFormat);
[System.Obsolete("The recommended alternative is to use the Membership APIs, such as Membership.CreateUser. For more information, see http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=252463.")]
public static string HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile (string password, string passwordFormat);
static member HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile : string * string -> string
Public Shared Function HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile (password As String, passwordFormat As String) As String

参数

password
String

要进行哈希运算的密码。The password to hash.

passwordFormat
String

要使用的哈希算法。The hash algorithm to use. passwordFormat 是一个 String,表示 FormsAuthPasswordFormat 枚举值之一。passwordFormat is a String that represents one of the FormsAuthPasswordFormat enumeration values.

返回

经过哈希运算的密码。The hashed password.

属性

例外

passwordnullpassword is null

-或--or-

passwordFormatnullpasswordFormat is null.

passwordFormat 不是有效的 FormsAuthPasswordFormat 值。passwordFormat is not a valid FormsAuthPasswordFormat value.

示例

下面的代码示例采用用户名、密码和哈希类型,并显示包括用户定义和哈希密码的配置的 "凭据" 部分。The following code example takes a user name, password, and hash type and displays the credentials section of the configuration that includes the user definition and hashed password.

重要

此示例包含一个文本框,该文本框接受用户输入,这是一个潜在的安全威胁。This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. 默认情况下,ASP.NET 网页验证用户输入是否不包含脚本或 HTML 元素。By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. 有关详细信息,请参阅脚本侵入概述For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <head>
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
<script runat="server">
         void Cancel_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
         {
            userName.Text = "";
            password.Text = "";
            repeatPassword.Text = "";
            result.Text = "";
         }
    
         void HashPassword_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
         {
            if (Page.IsValid)
            {
               string hashMethod = "";

               if (md5.Checked)
               {
                  hashMethod = "MD5";
               }
               else
               {
                  hashMethod = "SHA1";
               }
    
               string hashedPassword =
                  FormsAuthentication.HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile(password.Text, hashMethod);
    
               result.Text = "&lt;credentials passwordFormat=\"" + hashMethod +"\"&gt;<br />" +
                  "  &lt;user name=\"" + Server.HtmlEncode(userName.Text) + "\" password=\"" +
                  hashedPassword + "\" /&gt;<br />" + "&lt;/credentials&gt;";
            }
            else
            {
               result.Text = "There was an error on the page.";
            }
         }
      </script>
   </head>

   <body>
      <form id="form1" runat="server">
         <p>This form displays the results of the FormsAuthentication.HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile
         method.<br />The user name and hashed password can be stored in a &lt;credentials&gt; node
         in the Web.config file.</p>
         <table cellpadding="2">
            <tbody>
               <tr>
                  <td>New User Name:</td>
                  <td><asp:TextBox id="userName" runat="server" /></td>
                  <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="userNameRequiredValidator" 
                        runat="server" ErrorMessage="User name required" 
                        ControlToValidate="userName" /></td>
               </tr>
               <tr>
                  <td>Password: </td>
                  <td><asp:TextBox id="password" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
                  <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="passwordRequiredValidator" 
                        runat="server" ErrorMessage="Password required" 
                        ControlToValidate="password" /></td>
               </tr>
               <tr>
                  <td>Repeat Password: </td>
                  <td><asp:TextBox id="repeatPassword" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
                  <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="repeatPasswordRequiredValidator" 
                        runat="server" ErrorMessage="Password confirmation required" 
                        ControlToValidate="repeatPassword" />
                      <asp:CompareValidator id="passwordCompareValidator" runat="server" 
                        ErrorMessage="Password does not match" 
                        ControlToValidate="repeatPassword" 
                        ControlToCompare="password" /></td>
               </tr>
               <tr>
                  <td>Hash function:</td>
                  <td align="center">
                     <asp:RadioButton id="sha1" runat="server" GroupName="HashType" 
                                      Text="SHA1" />
                     <asp:RadioButton id="md5" runat="server" GroupName="HashType" 
                                      Text="MD5" />
                  </td>
               </tr>
               <tr>
                  <td align="center" colspan="2">
                    <asp:Button id="hashPassword" onclick="HashPassword_Click" 
                                runat="server" Text="Hash Password" />&nbsp;&nbsp; 
                    <asp:Button id="cancel" onclick="Cancel_Click" runat="server" 
                                Text="Cancel" CausesValidation="false" />
                  </td>
               </tr>
            </tbody>
         </table>

         <pre><asp:Label id="result" runat="server"></asp:Label></pre>
      </form>
   </body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <head>
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
<script runat="server">
         Sub Cancel_Click(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
            userName.Text = ""
            password.Text = ""
            repeatPassword.Text = ""
            result.Text = ""
         End Sub
    
         Sub HashPassword_Click(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
            If Page.IsValid Then
               Dim hashMethod As String = ""

               If md5.Checked Then
                  hashMethod = "MD5"
               Else
                  hashMethod = "SHA1"
               End If
    
               Dim hashedPassword As String = _
                  FormsAuthentication.HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile(password.Text, hashMethod)
    
               result.Text = "&lt;credentials passwordFormat=""" & hashMethod & _
                 """&gt;<br />" & "  &lt;user name=""" & Server.HtmlEncode(userName.Text) & """ password=""" & _
                 hashedPassword & """ /&gt;<br />" & "&lt;/credentials&gt;"
            Else
               result.Text = "There was an error on the page."
            End If
         End Sub
      </script>
   </head>

   <body>
      <form id="form1" runat="server">
         <p>This form displays the results of the FormsAuthentication.HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile
         method.<br />The user name and hashed password can be stored in a &lt;credentials&gt; node
         in the Web.config file.</p>
         <table cellpadding="2">
            <tbody>
               <tr>
                  <td>New User Name:</td>
                  <td><asp:TextBox id="userName" runat="server" /></td>
                  <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="userNameRequiredValidator" 
                        runat="server" ErrorMessage="User name required" 
                        ControlToValidate="userName" /></td>
               </tr>
               <tr>
                  <td>Password: </td>
                  <td><asp:TextBox id="password" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
                  <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="passwordRequiredValidator" 
                        runat="server" ErrorMessage="Password required" 
                        ControlToValidate="password" /></td>
               </tr>
               <tr>
                  <td>Repeat Password: </td>
                  <td><asp:TextBox id="repeatPassword" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
                  <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="repeatPasswordRequiredValidator" 
                        runat="server" ErrorMessage="Password confirmation required" 
                        ControlToValidate="repeatPassword" />
                      <asp:CompareValidator id="passwordCompareValidator" runat="server" 
                        ErrorMessage="Password does not match" 
                        ControlToValidate="repeatPassword" 
                        ControlToCompare="password" /></td>
               </tr>
               <tr>
                  <td>Hash function:</td>
                  <td align="center">
                     <asp:RadioButton id="sha1" runat="server" GroupName="HashType" 
                                      Text="SHA1" />
                     <asp:RadioButton id="md5" runat="server" GroupName="HashType" 
                                      Text="MD5" />
                  </td>
               </tr>
               <tr>
                  <td align="center" colspan="2">
                    <asp:Button id="hashPassword" onclick="HashPassword_Click" 
                                runat="server" Text="Hash Password" />&nbsp;&nbsp; 
                    <asp:Button id="cancel" onclick="Cancel_Click" runat="server" 
                                Text="Cancel" CausesValidation="false" />
                  </td>
               </tr>
            </tbody>
         </table>

         <pre><asp:Label id="result" runat="server"></asp:Label></pre>
      </form>
   </body>
</html>

注解

在应用程序的配置文件中存储 forms 身份验证凭据时,HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile 方法会创建一个可使用的哈希密码值。The HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile method creates a hashed password value that can be used when storing forms-authentication credentials in the configuration file for an application.

存储在应用程序的配置文件中的身份验证凭据由 Authenticate 方法用来验证应用程序用户的密码。Authentication credentials stored in the configuration file for an application are used by the Authenticate method to verify passwords for users of an application. 或者,你可以使用 ASP.NET 成员身份来存储用户凭据。Alternatively, you can use ASP.NET membership to store user credentials. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用成员身份管理用户For more information, see Managing Users by Using Membership.

适用于

另请参阅