MembershipCreateUserException 类

定义

当成员资格提供程序未能成功创建用户时引发的异常。The exception that is thrown when a user is not successfully created by a membership provider.

public ref class MembershipCreateUserException : Exception
[System.Serializable]
public class MembershipCreateUserException : Exception
[<System.Serializable>]
type MembershipCreateUserException = class
    inherit Exception
Public Class MembershipCreateUserException
Inherits Exception
继承
MembershipCreateUserException
属性

示例

下面的代码示例为配置为使用 forms 身份验证和 ASP.NET 成员身份的 ASP.NET 应用程序创建一个新用户。The following code example creates a new user for an ASP.NET application configured to use forms authentication and ASP.NET membership. 如果未成功创建用户,则代码将捕获 MembershipCreateUserException 并显示属性中指定的消息 StatusCodeIf the user is not created successfully, the code catches the MembershipCreateUserException and displays the message specified in the StatusCode property.

重要

此示例包含一个文本框,该文本框接受用户输入,这是一个潜在的安全威胁。This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. 默认情况下,ASP.NET 网页验证用户输入是否不包含脚本或 HTML 元素。By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. 有关详细信息,请参阅脚本侵入概述For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

public void CreateUser_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  MembershipCreateStatus result;

  try
  {
    // Create new user.

    if (Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer)
    {
      MembershipUser newUser = Membership.CreateUser(
        UsernameTextbox.Text, 
        PasswordTextbox.Text, 
        EmailTextbox.Text,
        PasswordQuestionTextbox.Text,
        PasswordAnswerTextbox.Text,
        false,
        out result);
    }
    else 
    {
      MembershipUser newUser = Membership.CreateUser(
        UsernameTextbox.Text, 
        PasswordTextbox.Text, 
        EmailTextbox.Text);
    }

    Response.Redirect("login.aspx");
  }
  catch (MembershipCreateUserException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = GetErrorMessage(e.StatusCode);
  }
  catch (HttpException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = e.Message;
  }
}

public string GetErrorMessage(MembershipCreateStatus status)
{
   switch (status)
   {
      case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateUserName:
        return "Username already exists. Please enter a different user name.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateEmail:
        return "A username for that email address already exists. Please enter a different email address.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidPassword:
        return "The password provided is invalid. Please enter a valid password value.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidEmail:
        return "The email address provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidAnswer:
        return "The password retrieval answer provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidQuestion:
        return "The password retrieval question provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidUserName:
        return "The user name provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.ProviderError:
        return "The authentication provider returned an error. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.UserRejected:
        return "The user creation request has been canceled. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";

      default:
        return "An unknown error occurred. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";
   }
}

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Create User</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Create New User</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
    <tr>
      <td>Username:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="UserNameTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Confirm Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordConfirmTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordConfirmRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" />
          <asp:CompareValidator id="PasswordConfirmCompareValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ControlToCompare="PasswordTextBox"
                                      ErrorMessage="Confirm password must match password." />
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Email Address:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="EmailTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="EmailRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="EmailTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>


<% if (Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer) { %>

    <tr>
      <td>Password Question:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordQuestionTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordQuestionRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordQuestionTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password Answer:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordAnswerTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordAnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordAnswerTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>

<% } %>


    <tr>
      <td></td>
      <td><asp:Button id="CreateUserButton" Text="Create User" OnClick="CreateUser_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

Public Sub CreateUser_OnClick(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)
  Dim result As MembershipCreateStatus
  Try
    ' Create new user.

    Dim newUser As MembershipUser
    If Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer Then
      newUser  = Membership.CreateUser( _
        UsernameTextbox.Text, _
        PasswordTextbox.Text, _
        EmailTextbox.Text, _
        PasswordQuestionTextbox.Text, _
        PasswordAnswerTextbox.Text, _
        false, _
        result)
    Else
      newUser  = Membership.CreateUser( _
        UsernameTextbox.Text, _
        PasswordTextbox.Text, _
        EmailTextbox.Text)
    End If

    Response.Redirect("login.aspx")

  Catch e As MembershipCreateUserException
    Msg.Text = GetErrorMessage(e.StatusCode)
  Catch e As HttpException
    Msg.Text = e.Message
  End Try
End Sub

Public Function GetErrorMessage(status As MembershipCreateStatus) As String

   Select Case status
      Case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateUserName
        Return "Username already exists. Please enter a different user name."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateEmail
        Return "A username for that email address already exists. Please enter a different email address."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidPassword
        Return "The password provided is invalid. Please enter a valid password value."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidEmail
        Return "The email address provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidAnswer
        Return "The password retrieval answer provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidQuestion
        Return "The password retrieval question provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidUserName
        Return "The user name provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.ProviderError
        Return "The authentication provider Returned an error. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.UserRejected
        Return "The user creation request has been canceled. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."

      Case Else
        Return "An unknown error occurred. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."
   End Select
End Function

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Create User</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Create New User</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
    <tr>
      <td>Username:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="UserNameTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Confirm Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordConfirmTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordConfirmRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" />
          <asp:CompareValidator id="PasswordConfirmCompareValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ControlToCompare="PasswordTextBox"
                                      ErrorMessage="Confirm password must match password." />
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Email Address:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="EmailTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="EmailRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="EmailTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>


<% If Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer Then %>

    <tr>
      <td>Password Question:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordQuestionTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordQuestionRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordQuestionTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password Answer:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordAnswerTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordAnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordAnswerTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>

<% End If %>


    <tr>
      <td></td>
      <td><asp:Button id="CreateUserButton" Text="Create User" OnClick="CreateUser_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

</body>
</html>

注解

MembershipCreateUserException当操作失败时,将引发类的实例 CreateUserAn instance of the MembershipCreateUserException class is thrown when a CreateUser operation fails.

备注

如果你不熟悉 ASP.NET 的成员资格功能,请参阅 " 成员资格简介 ",然后继续。If you are not familiar with the membership features of ASP.NET, see Introduction to Membership before continuing. 有关与成员资格相关的其他主题的列表,请参阅 使用成员身份管理用户For a list of other topics related to membership, see Managing Users by Using Membership.

StatusCode属性指示异常的原因,以便您可以相应地对其进行处理。The StatusCode property indicates the reason for the exception so you can handle it appropriately.

构造函数

MembershipCreateUserException()

初始化 MembershipCreateUserException 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the MembershipCreateUserException class.

MembershipCreateUserException(MembershipCreateStatus)

使用指定的 StatusCode 值初始化 MembershipCreateUserException 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the MembershipCreateUserException class with the specified StatusCode value.

MembershipCreateUserException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

用提供的序列化信息和上下文初始化 MembershipCreateUserException 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the MembershipCreateUserException class with the supplied serialization information and context.

MembershipCreateUserException(String)

初始化 MembershipCreateUserException 类的新实例,并将 Message 属性设置为所提供的 message 参数值。Initializes a new instance of the MembershipCreateUserException class and sets the Message property to the supplied message parameter value.

MembershipCreateUserException(String, Exception)

初始化 MembershipCreateUserException 类的新实例,并将 Message 属性设置为提供的 message,将 InnerException 属性设置为提供的 innerExceptionInitializes a new instance of the MembershipCreateUserException class and sets the Message property to the supplied message and the InnerException property to the supplied innerException.

属性

Data

获取键/值对的集合,这些键/值对提供有关该异常的其他用户定义信息。Gets a collection of key/value pairs that provide additional user-defined information about the exception.

(继承自 Exception)
HelpLink

获取或设置指向与此异常关联的帮助文件链接。Gets or sets a link to the help file associated with this exception.

(继承自 Exception)
HResult

获取或设置 HRESULT(一个分配给特定异常的编码数字值)。Gets or sets HRESULT, a coded numerical value that is assigned to a specific exception.

(继承自 Exception)
InnerException

获取导致当前异常的 Exception 实例。Gets the Exception instance that caused the current exception.

(继承自 Exception)
Message

获取描述当前异常的消息。Gets a message that describes the current exception.

(继承自 Exception)
Source

获取或设置导致错误的应用程序或对象的名称。Gets or sets the name of the application or the object that causes the error.

(继承自 Exception)
StackTrace

获取调用堆栈上的即时框架字符串表示形式。Gets a string representation of the immediate frames on the call stack.

(继承自 Exception)
StatusCode

获取对异常原因的描述。Gets a description of the reason for the exception.

TargetSite

获取引发当前异常的方法。Gets the method that throws the current exception.

(继承自 Exception)

方法

Equals(Object)

确定指定对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(继承自 Object)
GetBaseException()

当在派生类中重写时,返回 Exception,它是一个或多个并发的异常的根本原因。When overridden in a derived class, returns the Exception that is the root cause of one or more subsequent exceptions.

(继承自 Exception)
GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(继承自 Object)
GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

使用序列化目标对象所需的数据填充 SerializationInfoPopulates a SerializationInfo with the data needed to serialize the target object.

GetType()

获取当前实例的运行时类型。Gets the runtime type of the current instance.

(继承自 Exception)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
ToString()

创建并返回当前异常的字符串表示形式。Creates and returns a string representation of the current exception.

(继承自 Exception)

事件

SerializeObjectState

当异常被序列化用来创建包含有关该异常的徐列出数据的异常状态对象时会出现该问题。Occurs when an exception is serialized to create an exception state object that contains serialized data about the exception.

(继承自 Exception)

适用于