SqlMembershipProvider.GetNumberOfUsersOnline 方法

定义

返回当前访问该应用程序的用户数。Returns the number of users currently accessing the application.

public:
 override int GetNumberOfUsersOnline();
public override int GetNumberOfUsersOnline ();
override this.GetNumberOfUsersOnline : unit -> int
Public Overrides Function GetNumberOfUsersOnline () As Integer

返回

当前访问该应用程序的用户数。The number of users currently accessing the application.

示例

下面的代码示例返回用户的列表,其中包含当前联机的用户计数。The following code example returns a list of users with a count of the users currently online.

备注

此示例使用MembershipdefaultProvider在 web.config 文件中SqlMembershipProvider调用指定的。This example uses the Membership class to call the SqlMembershipProvider specified as the defaultProvider in the Web.config file. 如果需要以类型SqlMembershipProvider访问默认提供程序,则可以Provider强制转换Membership类的属性。If you need to access the default provider as the type SqlMembershipProvider, you can cast the Provider property of the Membership class. 若要以特定的提供程序类型访问其他已配置的提供程序,可以使用Providers Membership类的属性访问这些提供程序,并将其转换为特定的提供程序类型。To access other configured providers as a specific provider type, you can access them by their configured name with the Providers property of the Membership class and cast them as the specific provider type.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

int pageSize = 5;
int totalUsers;
int totalPages;
int currentPage = 1;

public void Page_Load()
{
  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    GetUsers();
  }
}

private void GetUsers()
{
  UsersOnlineLabel.Text = Membership.GetNumberOfUsersOnline().ToString();

  UserGrid.DataSource = Membership.GetAllUsers(currentPage-1, pageSize, out totalUsers);
  totalPages = ((totalUsers - 1) / pageSize) + 1;

  // Ensure that we do not navigate past the last page of users.

  if (currentPage > totalPages)
  {
    currentPage = totalPages;
    GetUsers();
    return;
  }

  UserGrid.DataBind();
  CurrentPageLabel.Text = currentPage.ToString();
  TotalPagesLabel.Text = totalPages.ToString();

  if (currentPage == totalPages)
    NextButton.Visible = false;
  else
    NextButton.Visible = true;

  if (currentPage == 1)
    PreviousButton.Visible = false;
  else
    PreviousButton.Visible = true;

  if (totalUsers <= 0)
    NavigationPanel.Visible = false;
  else
    NavigationPanel.Visible = true;
}

public void NextButton_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  currentPage = Convert.ToInt32(CurrentPageLabel.Text);
  currentPage++;
  GetUsers();
}

public void PreviousButton_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  currentPage = Convert.ToInt32(CurrentPageLabel.Text);
  currentPage--;
  GetUsers();
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Find Users</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>User List</h3>

  Number of Users Online: <asp:Label id="UsersOnlineLabel" runat="Server" /><br />

  <asp:Panel id="NavigationPanel" Visible="false" runat="server">
    <table border="0" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="3">
      <tr>
        <td style="width:100">Page <asp:Label id="CurrentPageLabel" runat="server" />
            of <asp:Label id="TotalPagesLabel" runat="server" /></td>
        <td style="width:60"><asp:LinkButton id="PreviousButton" Text="< Prev"
                            OnClick="PreviousButton_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
        <td style="width:60"><asp:LinkButton id="NextButton" Text="Next >"
                            OnClick="NextButton_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
      </tr>
    </table>
  </asp:Panel>

  <asp:DataGrid id="UserGrid" runat="server"
                CellPadding="2" CellSpacing="1"
                Gridlines="Both">
    <HeaderStyle BackColor="darkblue" ForeColor="white" />
  </asp:DataGrid>

</form>

</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

Dim pageSize As Integer = 5
Dim totalUsers As Integer
Dim totalPages As Integer
    Dim currentPage As Integer = 1

Public Sub Page_Load()
  If Not IsPostBack Then
    GetUsers()
  End If
End Sub

Private Sub GetUsers()
  UsersOnlineLabel.Text = Membership.GetNumberOfUsersOnline().ToString()

  UserGrid.DataSource = Membership.GetAllUsers(currentPage-1, pageSize, totalUsers)
  totalPages = ((totalUsers - 1) \ pageSize) + 1

  ' Ensure that we do not navigate past the last page of users.

  If currentPage > totalPages Then
    currentPage = totalPages
    GetUsers()
    Return
  End If

  UserGrid.DataBind()
  CurrentPageLabel.Text = currentPage.ToString()
  TotalPagesLabel.Text = totalPages.ToString()

  If currentPage = totalPages Then
    NextButton.Visible = False
  Else
    NextButton.Visible = True
  End If

  If currentPage = 1 Then
    PreviousButton.Visible = False
  Else
    PreviousButton.Visible = True
  End If

  If totalUsers <= 0 Then
    NavigationPanel.Visible = False
  Else
    NavigationPanel.Visible = True
  End If
End SUb

Public Sub NextButton_OnClick(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)
  currentPage = Convert.ToInt32(CurrentPageLabel.Text)
  currentPage += 1
  GetUsers()
End Sub

Public Sub PreviousButton_OnClick(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)
  currentPage = Convert.ToInt32(CurrentPageLabel.Text)
  currentPage -= 1
  GetUsers()
End Sub

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Find Users</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>User List</h3>

  Number of Users Online: <asp:Label id="UsersOnlineLabel" runat="Server" /><br />

  <asp:Panel id="NavigationPanel" Visible="false" runat="server">
    <table border="0" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="3">
      <tr>
        <td style="width:100">Page <asp:Label id="CurrentPageLabel" runat="server" />
            of <asp:Label id="TotalPagesLabel" runat="server" /></td>
        <td style="width:60"><asp:LinkButton id="PreviousButton" Text="< Prev"
                            OnClick="PreviousButton_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
        <td style="width:60"><asp:LinkButton id="NextButton" Text="Next >"
                            OnClick="NextButton_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
      </tr>
    </table>
  </asp:Panel>

  <asp:DataGrid id="UserGrid" runat="server"
                CellPadding="2" CellSpacing="1"
                Gridlines="Both">
    <HeaderStyle BackColor="darkblue" ForeColor="white" />
  </asp:DataGrid>

</form>

</body>
</html>

注解

此方法由Membership类调用,以从 ASP.NET 应用程序的配置文件(web.config)中指定的 SQL Server 数据库中检索被视为联机的用户的数量。This method is called by the Membership class to retrieve the number of users considered online from the SQL Server database specified in the ASP.NET application's configuration file (Web.config).

GetNumberOfUsersOnline返回当前应用程序的用户数,其最后一个活动的日期和时间大于当前日期和时间(以分钟为单位) UserIsOnlineTimeWindow属性的值。GetNumberOfUsersOnline returns the number of users of the current application whose last activity date and time is greater than the current date and time less the value of the UserIsOnlineTimeWindow property in minutes.

计数中仅包括与配置ApplicationName的关联的用户。Only users associated with the configured ApplicationName are included in the count.

适用于

另请参阅