PersistChildrenAttribute 类

定义

定义一个特性,该特性由 ASP.NET 服务器控件用于指示在设计时服务器控件中包含的嵌套内容是与控件对应,还是与服务器控件的属性对应。Defines an attribute that is used by ASP.NET server controls to indicate at design time whether nested content that is contained within a server control corresponds to controls or to properties of the server control. 此类不能被继承。This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class PersistChildrenAttribute sealed : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Class)]
public sealed class PersistChildrenAttribute : Attribute
type PersistChildrenAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
Public NotInheritable Class PersistChildrenAttribute
Inherits Attribute
继承
PersistChildrenAttribute
属性

示例

本节中的代码示例包含两个部分。The code example in this section contains two parts. 第一个代码示例演示如何设置自定义控件的元数据, 以便在设计时将其嵌套内容作为控件的属性保持。The first code example demonstrates how to set the metadata of a custom control so that at design time, its nested content is persisted as properties of the control. 第二个代码示例演示如何在 ASP.NET 页中使用类。The second code example demonstrates how to use classes in an ASP.NET page.

下面的代码示例演示如何应用PersistChildrenAttribute特性, 以便不会将任何自定义服务器控件的嵌套控件作为嵌套控件保存。The following code example demonstrates how to apply the PersistChildrenAttribute attribute so that none of a custom server control's nested controls are persisted as nested controls. 名为CollectionPropertyControl的自定义服务器控件PersistChildrenAttribute的特性Employee设置false为, 因此添加的对象将作为嵌套元素保存。The custom server control named CollectionPropertyControl has the PersistChildrenAttribute attribute set to false so that the Employee objects that are added are persisted as nested elements.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Security.Permissions;

namespace PersistChildrenSamples
{
   // The child element class.
   [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, 
      Level=AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
   public sealed class Employee
   {
      private String name;
      private String title;
      private String alias;

      public Employee():this ("","",""){}
      
      public Employee (String name, String title, String alias)
      {
         this.name = name;
         this.title = title;
         this.alias = alias;
      }
      public String Name
      {
         get
         {
            return name;
         }
         set
         {
            name = value;
         }
      }
      
      public String Title
      {
         get
         {
            return title;
         }
         set
         {
            title = value;
         }
      }
      
      public String Alias
      {
         get
         {
            return alias;
         }
         set
         {
            alias = value;
         }
      }
   }
   // Use the PersistChildren attribute to set the Persist
   // property to false so that none of this class's
   // child controls will be persisted as controls. They will
   // be persisted only as child elements of this class.
   // If you set the PersistChildren attribute to true, or if you
   // do not include this attribute when you create a control,
   // the child controls will be persisted as controls.   
   [PersistChildren(false)]
   [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, 
      Level=AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
   public sealed class CollectionPropertyControl : Control
   {  
      private String header;
      private ArrayList employees = new ArrayList();
      
      public String Header
      {
         get
         {
            return header;
         }
         set
         {
            header = value;
         }
      }

      public ArrayList Employees
      {
         get 
         {
            return employees;
         }
      }
      // Override the CreateChildControls method to 
      // add child controls to the Employees property when this
      // custom control is requested from a page.
      protected override void CreateChildControls()
      {
         Label label = new Label();
         label.Text = Header;
         label.BackColor = Color.Beige;
         label.ForeColor = Color.Red;
         Controls.Add(label);
         Controls.Add(new LiteralControl("<BR> <BR>"));

         Table table = new Table();
         TableRow htr = new TableRow();

         TableHeaderCell hcell1 = new TableHeaderCell();    
         hcell1.Text = "Name";
         htr.Cells.Add(hcell1);

         TableHeaderCell hcell2 = new TableHeaderCell();
         hcell2.Text = "Title";
         htr.Cells.Add(hcell2);
         
         TableHeaderCell hcell3 = new TableHeaderCell();
         hcell3.Text = "Alias";
         htr.Cells.Add(hcell3);
         table.Rows.Add(htr);

         table.BorderWidth = 2;
         table.BackColor = Color.Beige;
         table.ForeColor = Color.Red;
         foreach (Employee employee in Employees)
         {
            TableRow tr = new TableRow();

            TableCell cell1 = new TableCell();
            cell1.Text = employee.Name;
            tr.Cells.Add(cell1);
            
            TableCell cell2 = new TableCell();
            cell2.Text = employee.Title;
            tr.Cells.Add(cell2);
            
            TableCell cell3 = new TableCell();
            cell3.Text = employee.Alias;
            tr.Cells.Add(cell3);
            
            table.Rows.Add(tr);
         }
         Controls.Add(table);
      }
   }
}
' Create a namespace that defines two classes, one a custom control, Employee,
' which is created for every instance of a child element with its name
' declared in a page associated with this namespace, the other, Employees,
' which contains these child elements.
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Web.UI
Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls
Imports System.Security.Permissions

Namespace PersistChildrenSampleVB

' Create a class that will be rendered as a child of the control
' that has the ParseChildren attribute applied to it.
 <AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, _
   Level:=AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)> _
 Public NotInheritable Class Employee
   Private _name As String
   Private _title As String
   Private _alias As String
   
   
   Public Sub New()
      Me.New("", "", "")
   End Sub

    
   Public Sub New(name As String, title As String, employeeAlias As String)
      Me._name = name
      Me._title = title
      Me._alias = employeeAlias
   End Sub
   
   Public Property Name() As String
      Get
         Return _name
      End Get
      Set
         _name = value
      End Set
   End Property
   
   
   Public Property Title() As String
      Get
         Return _title
      End Get
      Set
         _title = value
      End Set
   End Property
   
   
   Public Property [Alias]() As String
      Get
         Return _alias
      End Get
      Set
         _alias = value
      End Set
   End Property
End Class

 ' Use the PersistChildren attribute to set the Persist
 ' property to false so that none of this class's
 ' child controls will be persisted as controls. They will
 ' be persisted only as child elements of this class.
 ' If you set the PersistChildren attribute to true, or if you
 ' do not include this attribute when you create a control,
 ' the child controls will be persisted as controls.
 <PersistChildren(False)>  _
 <AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, _
   Level:=AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)> _
 Public NotInheritable Class CollectionPropertyControl
   Inherits Control
   Private _header As String
   Private _employees As New ArrayList()
   
   
   Public Property Header() As String
      Get
         Return _header
      End Get
      Set
         _header = value
      End Set
   End Property
   
   
   
   
   Public ReadOnly Property Employees() As ArrayList
      Get
         Return _employees
      End Get
   End Property
   
   ' Override the CreateChildControls method to 
   ' add child controls to the Employees property when this
   ' custom control is requested from a page.
   Protected Overrides Sub CreateChildControls()
      Dim label As New Label()
      label.Text = Header
      label.BackColor = Color.Beige
      label.ForeColor = Color.Red
      Controls.Add(label)
      Controls.Add(New LiteralControl("<BR> <BR>"))
      
      Dim table As New Table()
      Dim htr As New TableRow()
      
      Dim hcell1 As New TableHeaderCell()
      hcell1.Text = "Name"
      htr.Cells.Add(hcell1)
      
      Dim hcell2 As New TableHeaderCell()
      hcell2.Text = "Title"
      htr.Cells.Add(hcell2)
      
      Dim hcell3 As New TableHeaderCell()
      hcell3.Text = "Alias"
      htr.Cells.Add(hcell3)
      table.Rows.Add(htr)
      
      table.BorderWidth = Unit.Pixel(2)
      table.BackColor = Color.Beige
      table.ForeColor = Color.Red
      Dim employee As Employee
      For Each employee In  Employees
         Dim tr As New TableRow()
         
         Dim cell1 As New TableCell()
         cell1.Text = employee.Name
         tr.Cells.Add(cell1)
         
         Dim cell2 As New TableCell()
         cell2.Text = employee.Title
         tr.Cells.Add(cell2)
         
         Dim cell3 As New TableCell()
         cell3.Text = employee.Alias
         tr.Cells.Add(cell3)
         
         table.Rows.Add(tr)
      Next employee
      Controls.Add(table)
   End Sub
 End Class
End Namespace ' PersistChildrenSampleVB

下面的代码示例演示如何在 ASP.NET 页CollectionPropertyControlEmployee使用和类。The following code example demonstrates how to use the CollectionPropertyControl and Employee classes in an ASP.NET page.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="AspSample" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls" Namespace="PersistChildrenSamples" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">
  
  protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {

    // Create two new employees and add them to the custom control.
    Employee e1 = new Employee("Employee 1", "Title 1", "Alias 1");
    Employee e2 = new Employee("Employee 2", "Title 2", "Alias 2");
    CollectionPropertyControl1.Employees.Add(e1);
    CollectionPropertyControl1.Employees.Add(e2);

    // Verify attribute values.
    PersistChildrenAttribute p =
      (PersistChildrenAttribute)Attribute.GetCustomAttribute(typeof(CollectionPropertyControl), 
      typeof(PersistChildrenAttribute));

    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    sb.Append("The Persist property is " + p.Persist.ToString() + "<br />");
    sb.Append("The UseCustomPersistence property is " + p.UsesCustomPersistence.ToString() + "<br />");
    sb.Append("The IsDefault method returns " + p.IsDefaultAttribute().ToString());
    Message.Text = sb.ToString();
    
  }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>PersistChildrenAttribute</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>
      <asp:Label ID="Message"
                 runat="server"/>
      <AspSample:CollectionPropertyControl id="CollectionPropertyControl1" 
                                           runat="server">
      </AspSample:CollectionPropertyControl>
    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="AspSample" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.VB.Controls" Namespace="PersistChildrenSampleVB" %>


<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">
  
  Protected Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)

    ' Create two new employees and add them to the custom control.
    Dim e1 As New Employee("Employee 1", "Title 1", "Alias 1")
    Dim e2 As New Employee("Employee 2", "Title 2", "Alias 2")
    CollectionPropertyControl1.Employees.Add(e1)
    CollectionPropertyControl1.Employees.Add(e2)

    ' Verify attribute values.
    Dim p As PersistChildrenAttribute = _
    Attribute.GetCustomAttribute(GetType(CollectionPropertyControl), _
    GetType(PersistChildrenAttribute))

    Dim sb As New StringBuilder()
    sb.Append("The Persist property is " & p.Persist.ToString() & "<br />")
    sb.Append("The UseCustomPersistence property is " & p.UsesCustomPersistence.ToString() & "<br />")
    sb.Append("The IsDefault method returns " & p.IsDefaultAttribute().ToString())
    Message.Text = sb.ToString()

  End Sub
  
</script>


<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>PersistChildrenAttribute</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="Form1" runat="server">
    <div>
      <asp:Label ID="Message"
                 runat="server"/>
      <AspSample:CollectionPropertyControl id="CollectionPropertyControl1" 
                                           runat="server">
      </AspSample:CollectionPropertyControl>
    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

注解

与结合使用, 以确定如何解释控件的嵌套内容。 ParseChildrenAttribute PersistChildrenAttributeThe PersistChildrenAttribute is used in combination with the ParseChildrenAttribute to determine how nested content of a control is interpreted. 如果PersistChildrenAttributetrueParseChildrenAttribute为,则ASP.NET服务器控件中包含的嵌套内容将作为控件保存。falseIf PersistChildrenAttribute is true and ParseChildrenAttribute is false, the nested content contained within an ASP.NET server control is persisted as controls. 如果PersistChildrenAttributefalse ,并且ParseChildrenAttributetrue, 则将嵌套内容作为服务器控件的属性保存。If PersistChildrenAttribute is false and ParseChildrenAttribute is true, the nested content is persisted as properties of the server control. 有关使用特性的详细信息, 请参阅特性For more information about using attributes, see Attributes.

构造函数

PersistChildrenAttribute(Boolean)

使用一个用于指示是否将嵌套内容作为嵌套控件保留的布尔值初始化 PersistChildrenAttribute 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the PersistChildrenAttribute class using a Boolean value indicating whether to persist nested content as nested controls.

PersistChildrenAttribute(Boolean, Boolean)

使用两个布尔值初始化 PersistChildrenAttribute 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the PersistChildrenAttribute class using two Boolean values. 一个用于指示是否将嵌套内容作为嵌套控件保留,另一个用于指示是否使用自定义的保留方法。One indicating whether to persist nested content as nested controls and the other indicating whether to use a custom persistence method.

字段

Default

指示默认特性状态。Indicates the default attribute state. Default 字段是只读的。The Default field is read-only.

No

指示在设计时嵌套内容不应作为嵌套控件保留。Indicates that nested content should not persist as nested controls at design time. 此字段为只读。This field is read-only.

Yes

指示在设计时嵌套内容应作为控件保留。Indicates that nested content should persist as controls at design time. Yes 字段是只读的。The Yes field is read-only.

属性

Persist

获取一个值,该值指示嵌套内容在设计时是否作为嵌套控件保留。Gets a value that indicates whether the nested content is persisted as nested controls at design time.

TypeId

在派生类中实现时,获取此 Attribute 的唯一标识符。When implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute.

(继承自 Attribute)
UsesCustomPersistence

获取一个值,该值指示在设计时服务器控件是否提供嵌套控件的自定义保留。Gets a value indicating whether the server control provides custom persistence of nested controls at design time.

方法

Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

GetHashCode()

用作 PersistChildrenAttribute 类的哈希函数。Serves as a hash function for the PersistChildrenAttribute class.

GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)
IsDefaultAttribute()

返回一个值,该值指示 PersistChildrenAttribute 类的当前实例的值是否是派生类的默认值。Returns a value indicating whether the value of the current instance of the PersistChildrenAttribute class is the default value of the derived class.

Match(Object)

当在派生类中重写时,返回一个指示此实例是否等于指定对象的值。When overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object.

(继承自 Attribute)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
ToString()

返回一个表示当前对象的 string。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(继承自 Object)

显式接口实现

_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

将一组名称映射为对应的一组调度标识符。Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

(继承自 Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

检索对象的类型信息,然后可以使用该信息获取接口的类型信息。Retrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface.

(继承自 Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

检索对象提供的类型信息接口的数量(0 或 1)。Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

(继承自 Attribute)
_Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

提供对某一对象公开的属性和方法的访问。Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

(继承自 Attribute)

适用于

另请参阅