BaseDataList.DataMember 属性

定义

获取或设置多成员数据源中要绑定到数据列表控件的特定数据成员。Gets or sets the specific data member in a multimember data source to bind to a data listing control.

public:
 property System::String ^ DataMember { System::String ^ get(); void set(System::String ^ value); };
public string DataMember { get; set; }
[System.Web.UI.Themeable(false)]
public string DataMember { get; set; }
member this.DataMember : string with get, set
[<System.Web.UI.Themeable(false)>]
member this.DataMember : string with get, set
Public Property DataMember As String

属性值

String

多成员数据源中的数据成员。A data member from a multimember data source. 默认值是 EmptyThe default value is Empty.

属性

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用 DataMember 属性指定 DataSet 对象中要绑定到控件的表 DataGridThe following code example demonstrates how to use the DataMember property to specify which table in a DataSet object to bind to a DataGrid control.


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace = "System.Data"  %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

<head runat="server">
    <title> BaseDataList DataMember Example </title>
<script runat="server">

      // Create sample data for the DataGrid control with two tables, 
      // Employee and Customer.
      DataSet CreateDataSet()
      {
    
         // Create a table to store employee values.
         DataTable EmployeeTable = new DataTable("Employee");
         DataRow TempDataRow;
   
         // Define the columns for the Employee table.
         EmployeeTable.Columns.Add(
            new DataColumn("EmployeeName", typeof(string)));
         EmployeeTable.Columns.Add(
            new DataColumn("EmployeeID", typeof(int)));

         // Populate the Employee table.
         for (int i=1; i<=5; i++) 
         {
            TempDataRow = EmployeeTable.NewRow();
            TempDataRow[0] = "Employee " + i.ToString();
            TempDataRow[1] = (i+1700);

            EmployeeTable.Rows.Add(TempDataRow);
         }

         // Create a table to store customer values.
         DataTable CustomerTable = new DataTable("Customer");

         // Define the columns for the Customer table.
         CustomerTable.Columns.Add(
            new DataColumn("CustomerName", typeof(string)));
         CustomerTable.Columns.Add(
            new DataColumn("CustomerID", typeof(int)));

         // Populate the Customer table.
         for (int i=1; i<=5; i++) 
         {
            TempDataRow = CustomerTable.NewRow();
            TempDataRow[0] = "Customer " + i.ToString();
            TempDataRow[1] = (i+1700);

            CustomerTable.Rows.Add(TempDataRow);
         }

         // Create a DataSet and add the Employee and Customer tables.
         DataSet ds = new DataSet();
         ds.Tables.Add(EmployeeTable);
         ds.Tables.Add(CustomerTable);

         return ds;

      }
             
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // The data source only needs to be bound to the DataList  
         // control the first time the page is accessed.    
         if(!IsPostBack)
         {

            // Create the sample data for the DataList control.
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSet();

            // The data source in this example contains multiple tables. 
            // Specify which table to display in the DataList control. 
            ItemsGrid.DataMember = "Customer";

            // Bind the data source to the control.
            ItemsGrid.DataBind();

         }

      }

      void Index_Change(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // Create the sample data for the DataList control.
         ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSet();

         // The data source in this example contains multiple tables. 
         // Specify which table to display in the DataList control 
         // based on the user's selection from the DropDownList control. 
         ItemsGrid.DataMember = SourceList.SelectedItem.Text;

         // Bind the data source to the control. 
         ItemsGrid.DataBind();

      }

   </script>

</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3> BaseDataList DataMember Example </h3>
      
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           AutoGenerateColumns="True" 
           runat="server">

         <headerstyle backcolor="#00aaaa"/>
</asp:DataGrid>

      <br /><br />

      Select the data source: <br />

      <asp:DropDownList id="SourceList"
           AutoPostBack="True"
           OnSelectedIndexChanged="Index_Change"
           runat="server">

         <asp:Listitem Selected="True">Customer</asp:Listitem>
         <asp:Listitem>Employee</asp:Listitem>

      </asp:DropDownList>

   </form>
 
</body>

</html>


<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace = "System.Data"  %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

<head runat="server">
    <title> BaseDataList DataMember Example </title>
<script runat="server">

      ' Create sample data for the DataGrid control with two tables,
      ' Employee and Customer.
      Function CreateDataSet() As DataSet
    
         ' Create a table to store employee values.
         Dim EmployeeTable As DataTable = New DataTable("Employee")
         Dim TempDataRow As DataRow
   
         ' Define the columns for the Employee table.
         EmployeeTable.Columns.Add( _
            New DataColumn("EmployeeName", GetType(String)))
         EmployeeTable.Columns.Add( _
            New DataColumn("EmployeeID", GetType(Integer)))

         ' Populate the Employee table.
         Dim i As Integer

         For i=1 To 5 
         
            TempDataRow = EmployeeTable.NewRow()
            TempDataRow(0) = "Employee " & i.ToString()
            TempDataRow(1) = (i+1700)

            EmployeeTable.Rows.Add(TempDataRow)

         Next

         ' Create a table to store customer values.
         Dim CustomerTable As DataTable = New DataTable("Customer")

         ' Define the columns for the Customer table.
         CustomerTable.Columns.Add( _
            New DataColumn("CustomerName", GetType(String)))
         CustomerTable.Columns.Add( _
            New DataColumn("CustomerID", GetType(Integer)))

         ' Populate the Customer table.
         For i=1 To 5  

            TempDataRow = CustomerTable.NewRow()
            TempDataRow(0) = "Customer " & i.ToString()
            TempDataRow(1) = (i+1700)

            CustomerTable.Rows.Add(TempDataRow)
         
         Next

         ' Create a DataSet and add the Employee and Customer tables.
         Dim ds As DataSet = New DataSet()
         ds.Tables.Add(EmployeeTable)
         ds.Tables.Add(CustomerTable)

         Return ds

      End Function
             
      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 

         ' The data source only needs to be bound to the DataList  
         ' control the first time the page is accessed.    
         If Not IsPostBack Then

            ' Create the sample data for the DataList control.
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSet()

            ' The data source in this example contains multiple tables.  
            ' Specify which table to display in the DataList control. 
            ItemsGrid.DataMember = "Customer"

            ' Bind the data source to the control.
            ItemsGrid.DataBind()

         End If

      End Sub

      Sub Index_Change(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 

         ' Create the sample data for the DataList control.
         ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSet()

         ' The data source in this example contains multiple tables. 
         ' Specify which table to display in the DataList control 
         ' based on the user's selection from the DropDownList control. 
         ItemsGrid.DataMember = SourceList.SelectedItem.Text

         ' Bind the data source to the control. 
         ItemsGrid.DataBind()

      End Sub

   </script>

</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3> BaseDataList DataMember Example </h3>
      
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           AutoGenerateColumns="True" 
           runat="server">

         <headerstyle backcolor="#00aaaa"/>
</asp:DataGrid>

      <br /><br />

      Select the data source: <br />

      <asp:DropDownList id="SourceList"
           AutoPostBack="True"
           OnSelectedIndexChanged="Index_Change"
           runat="server">

         <asp:Listitem Selected="True">Customer</asp:Listitem>
         <asp:Listitem>Employee</asp:Listitem>

      </asp:DropDownList>

   </form>
 
</body>

</html>

注解

使用 DataMember 属性指定多成员数据源中要绑定到列表控件的成员。Use the DataMember property to specify a member from a multimember data source to bind to the list control. 例如,如果在属性中指定了多个表的数据源 DataSource ,请使用 DataMember 属性指定要绑定到数据列表控件的表。For example, if you have a data source with more than one table specified in the DataSource property, use the DataMember property to specify which table to bind to a data listing control.

无法通过主题或样式表主题设置此属性。This property cannot be set by themes or style sheet themes. 有关详细信息,请参阅 ThemeableAttributeASP.NET 主题和外观For more information, see ThemeableAttribute and ASP.NET Themes and Skins.

适用于

另请参阅