DetailsView.DataItemIndex 属性

定义

从基础数据源中获取 DetailsView 控件中正在显示的项的索引。Gets the index of the item being displayed in a DetailsView control from the underlying data source.

public:
 virtual property int DataItemIndex { int get(); };
[System.ComponentModel.Browsable(false)]
public virtual int DataItemIndex { get; }
member this.DataItemIndex : int
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property DataItemIndex As Integer

属性值

正从基础数据源显示在 DetailsView 控件中的数据项的从零开始的索引。The zero-based index of the data item being displayed in a DetailsView control from the underlying data source.

实现

属性

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用DataItemIndex属性来确定数据源中当前项的索引。The following code example demonstrates how to use the DataItemIndex property to determine the index of the current item in the data source. 此值用于显示自定义页导航行中包含的Label控件中的当前页码。This value is used to display the current page number in a Label control contained in a custom pager row.

<%@ Page language="C#" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

    protected void CustomerDetailView_DataBound(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {

      // Get the pager row.
      DetailsViewRow pagerRow = CustomerDetailView.BottomPagerRow;

      // Get the Label controls that display the current page information 
      // from the pager row.
      Label pageNum = (Label)pagerRow.Cells[0].FindControl("PageNumberLabel");
      Label totalNum = (Label)pagerRow.Cells[0].FindControl("TotalPagesLabel");

      if ((pageNum != null) && (totalNum != null))
      {
          // Update the Label controls with the current page values.
          int page = CustomerDetailView.DataItemIndex + 1;
          int count = CustomerDetailView.DataItemCount;

          pageNum.Text = page.ToString();
          totalNum.Text = count.ToString();
      }
    }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsView PagerTemplate Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="Form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsView PagerTemplate Example</h3>
                
        <!-- Notice that the LinkButton controls in the pager   -->
        <!-- template have their CommandName properties set.    -->
        <!-- The DetailsView control automatically recognizes   -->
        <!-- certain command names and performs the appropriate -->
        <!-- operation. In this example, the CommandName        -->
        <!-- properties are set "Page" and the CommandArgument  -->
        <!-- properties are set to "Next" and "Prev", which     -->
        <!-- causes the DetailsView control to navigate to the  -->
        <!-- next and previous record, respectively.            -->        
        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          autogeneraterows="true" 
          allowpaging="true"
        
          runat="server" OnDataBound="CustomerDetailView_DataBound">
               
          <headerstyle backcolor="Navy"
            forecolor="White"/>
            
          <pagerstyle VerticalAlign="Bottom" />
            
          <pagertemplate>
          
            <table width="100%">
              <tr>
                <td>
                  <asp:LinkButton id="PreviousButton"
                    text="<"
                    CommandName="Page"
                    CommandArgument="Prev"
                    runat="Server"/>
                  <asp:LinkButton id="NextButton"
                    text=">"
                    CommandName="Page"
                    CommandArgument="Next"
                    runat="Server"/> 
                </td>
                <td align="right">                
                  Page <asp:Label id="PageNumberLabel" runat="server" /> 
                  of <asp:Label id="TotalPagesLabel" runat="server" />                
                </td>
              </tr>
            </table>          
          </pagertemplate>   
                    
        </asp:detailsview>
        
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="DetailsViewSource" runat="server" 
          ConnectionString=
            "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
            InsertCommand="INSERT INTO [Customers]([CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country]) VALUES (@CustomerID, @CompanyName, @Address, @City, @PostalCode, @Country)"
          SelectCommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], 
            [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From 
            [Customers]">
        </asp:SqlDataSource>
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

<%@ Page language="VB" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

    Protected Sub CustomerDetailView_DataBound(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        ' Get the pager row.
        Dim pagerRow As DetailsViewRow = CustomerDetailView.BottomPagerRow

        ' Get the Label controls that display the current page information 
        ' from the pager row.
        Dim pageNum As Label = CType(pagerRow.Cells(0).FindControl("PageNumberLabel"), Label)
        Dim totalNum As Label = CType(pagerRow.Cells(0).FindControl("TotalPagesLabel"), Label)
        
        If (pageNum IsNot Nothing) And (totalNum IsNot Nothing) Then
            ' Update the Label controls with the current page values.
            Dim page As Integer = CustomerDetailView.DataItemIndex + 1
            Dim count As Integer = CustomerDetailView.DataItemCount

            pageNum.Text = page.ToString()
            totalNum.Text = count.ToString()
        End If
    End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsView PagerTemplate Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="Form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsView PagerTemplate Example</h3>
                
        <!-- Notice that the LinkButton controls in the pager   -->
        <!-- template have their CommandName properties set.    -->
        <!-- The DetailsView control automatically recognizes   -->
        <!-- certain command names and performs the appropriate -->
        <!-- operation. In this example, the CommandName        -->
        <!-- properties are set "Page" and the CommandArgument  -->
        <!-- properties are set to "Next" and "Prev", which     -->
        <!-- causes the DetailsView control to navigate to the  -->
        <!-- next and previous record, respectively.            -->        
        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          autogeneraterows="true" 
          allowpaging="true"
        
          runat="server" OnDataBound="CustomerDetailView_DataBound">
               
          <headerstyle backcolor="Navy"
            forecolor="White"/>
            
          <pagerstyle VerticalAlign="Bottom" />
            
          <pagertemplate>
          
            <table width="100%">
              <tr>
                <td>
                  <asp:LinkButton id="PreviousButton"
                    text="<"
                    CommandName="Page"
                    CommandArgument="Prev"
                    runat="Server"/>
                  <asp:LinkButton id="NextButton"
                    text=">"
                    CommandName="Page"
                    CommandArgument="Next"
                    runat="Server"/> 
                </td>
                <td align="right">                
                  Page <asp:Label id="PageNumberLabel" runat="server" /> 
                  of <asp:Label id="TotalPagesLabel" runat="server" />                
                </td>
              </tr>
            </table>          
          </pagertemplate>   
                    
        </asp:detailsview>
        
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="DetailsViewSource" runat="server" 
          ConnectionString=
            "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
            InsertCommand="INSERT INTO [Customers]([CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country]) VALUES (@CustomerID, @CompanyName, @Address, @City, @PostalCode, @Country)"
          SelectCommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], 
            [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From 
            [Customers]">
        </asp:SqlDataSource>
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

注解

启用分页功能后 (通过将AllowPaging属性设置为true), 请使用DataItemIndex属性来确定当前显示的记录的索引。When the paging feature is enabled (by setting the AllowPaging property to true), use the DataItemIndex property to determine the index of the currently displayed record. 还可以使用此属性以编程方式更改显示的记录。You can also use this property to programmatically change the displayed record.

备注

启用分页功能后, 还可以使用此属性来确定所显示记录的页码;但请注意, 此属性是从零开始的。When the paging feature is enabled, you can also use this property to determine the page number of the record displayed; however, be aware that this property is zero-based.

若要确定数据源中的总项数, 请使用DataItemCount属性。To determine the total number of items in the data source, use the DataItemCount property.

适用于

另请参阅