DetailsViewCommandEventHandler 委托

定义

表示处理 ItemCommand 控件的 DetailsView 事件的方法。Represents the method that handles the ItemCommand event of a DetailsView control.

public delegate void DetailsViewCommandEventHandler(System::Object ^ sender, DetailsViewCommandEventArgs ^ e);
public delegate void DetailsViewCommandEventHandler(object sender, DetailsViewCommandEventArgs e);
type DetailsViewCommandEventHandler = delegate of obj * DetailsViewCommandEventArgs -> unit
Public Delegate Sub DetailsViewCommandEventHandler(sender As Object, e As DetailsViewCommandEventArgs)

参数

sender
Object

事件源。The source of the event.

e
DetailsViewCommandEventArgs

包含事件数据的 DetailsViewCommandEventArgsA DetailsViewCommandEventArgs that contains the event data.

继承
DetailsViewCommandEventHandler

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何以编程方式将DetailsViewCommandEventHandler委托添加ItemCommandDetailsView控件的事件。The following code example demonstrates how to programmatically add a DetailsViewCommandEventHandler delegate to the ItemCommand event of a DetailsView control. 此示例使用单文件编码模型。This example uses the single-file coding model.


<%@ page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {

    // Create a new DetailsView object.
    DetailsView customerDetailsView = new DetailsView();

    // Set the DetailsView object's properties.
    customerDetailsView.ID = "CustomerDetailsView";
    customerDetailsView.DataSourceID = "DetailsViewSource";
    customerDetailsView.AutoGenerateRows = true;
    customerDetailsView.AllowPaging = true;
    customerDetailsView.DataKeyNames = new String[1] { "CustomerID" };

    // Add a button field to the DetailsView control.
    ButtonField field = new ButtonField();
    field.ButtonType = ButtonType.Link;
    field.CausesValidation = false;
    field.Text = "Add to List";
    field.CommandName="Add";

    customerDetailsView.Fields.Add(field);

    // Programmatically register the event-handling method
    // for the ItemDeleting event of a DetailsView control.
    customerDetailsView.ItemCommand 
      += new DetailsViewCommandEventHandler( 
      this.CustomerDetailsView_ItemCommand);

    // Add the DetailsView object to the Controls collection
    // of the PlaceHolder control.
    DetailsViewPlaceHolder.Controls.Add(customerDetailsView);

  }
  
  void CustomerDetailsView_ItemCommand(Object sender, 
    DetailsViewCommandEventArgs e)
  {

    // Use the CommandName property to determine which button
    // was clicked. 
    if (e.CommandName == "Add")
    {
      // Get the DetailsView control that raised the event.
      DetailsView customerDetailsView = (DetailsView)e.CommandSource;

      // Add the current customer to the customer list. 

      // Get the row that contains the company name. In this
      // example, the company name is in the second row (index 1)  
      // of the DetailsView control.
      DetailsViewRow row = customerDetailsView.Rows[1];

      // Get the company's name from the appropriate cell.
      // In this example, the company name is in the second cell  
      // (index 1) of the row.
      String name = row.Cells[1].Text;

      // Create a ListItem object with the company name.
      ListItem item = new ListItem(name);

      // Add the ListItem object to the ListBox, if the 
      // item doesn't already exist.
      if (!CustomerListBox.Items.Contains(item))
      {
        CustomerListBox.Items.Add(item);
      }

    }

  }
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewCommandEventHandler Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    
      <h3>DetailsViewCommandEventHandler Example</h3>
      
      <!-- Use a PlaceHolder control as the container for the -->
      <!-- dynamically generated DetailsView control.         -->       
      <asp:placeholder id="DetailsViewPlaceHolder"
        runat="server"/>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      Selected Customers:<br/>
      <asp:listbox id="CustomerListBox"
        runat="server"/>
      
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
          [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring=
            "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 

        runat="server"/>  
  
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

<%@ page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)

    ' Create a new DetailsView object.
    Dim customerDetailsView As New DetailsView()

    ' Set the DetailsView object's properties.
    customerDetailsView.ID = "CustomerDetailsView"
    customerDetailsView.DataSourceID = "DetailsViewSource"
    customerDetailsView.AutoGenerateRows = True
    customerDetailsView.AllowPaging = True
    
    Dim keyArray() As String = {"CustomerID"}
    customerDetailsView.DataKeyNames = keyArray
    
    ' Add a button field to the DetailsView control.
    Dim field As New ButtonField()
    field.ButtonType = ButtonType.Link
    field.CausesValidation = False
    field.Text = "Add to List"
    field.CommandName = "Add"

    customerDetailsView.Fields.Add(field)

    ' Programmatically register the event-handling method
    ' for the ItemDeleting event of a DetailsView control.
    AddHandler customerDetailsView.ItemCommand, _
      AddressOf CustomerDetailsView_ItemCommand

    ' Add the DetailsView object to the Controls collection
    ' of the PlaceHolder control.
    DetailsViewPlaceHolder.Controls.Add(customerDetailsView)

  End Sub
  
  Sub CustomerDetailsView_ItemCommand(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As DetailsViewCommandEventArgs)

    ' Use the CommandName property to determine which button
    ' was clicked. 
    If e.CommandName = "Add" Then

      ' Get the DetailsView control that raised the event.
      Dim customerDetailsView As DetailsView = _
        CType(e.CommandSource, DetailsView)

      ' Add the current customer to the customer list. 

      ' Get the row that contains the company name. In this
      ' example, the company name is in the second row (index 1)  
      ' of the DetailsView control.
      Dim row As DetailsViewRow = customerDetailsView.Rows(1)

      ' Get the company's name from the appropriate cell.
      ' In this example, the company name is in the second cell  
      ' (index 1) of the row.
      Dim name As String = row.Cells(1).Text

      ' Create a ListItem object with the company name.
      Dim item As New ListItem(name)

      ' Add the ListItem object to the ListBox, if the 
      ' item doesn't already exist.
      If Not CustomerListBox.Items.Contains(item) Then
      
        CustomerListBox.Items.Add(item)
        
      End If

    End If

  End Sub
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewCommandEventHandler Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    
      <h3>DetailsViewCommandEventHandler Example</h3>
      
      <!-- Use a PlaceHolder control as the container for the -->
      <!-- dynamically generated DetailsView control.         -->       
      <asp:placeholder id="DetailsViewPlaceHolder"
        runat="server"/>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      Selected Customers:<br/>
      <asp:listbox id="CustomerListBox"
        runat="server"/>
      
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
          [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring=
            "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>  
  
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

下面的代码示例演示上一示例的代码隐藏编码模型版本。The following code example shows a code-behind coding model version of the previous example. 要使此示例正常运行, 必须将下面的代码复制到关联的代码隐藏文件中。For this example to work, you must copy the code below into the associated code-behind file.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true"  CodeFile="Default.aspx.cs" Inherits="_Default" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewCommandEventHandler Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="Form1" runat="server">
    
      <h3>DetailsViewCommandEventHandler Example</h3>
      
      <!-- Use a PlaceHolder control as the container for the -->
      <!-- dynamically generated DetailsView control.         -->       
      <asp:placeholder id="DetailsViewPlaceHolder"
        runat="server"/>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      Selected Customers:<br/>
      <asp:listbox id="CustomerListBox"
        runat="server"/>
      
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
          [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="
          <%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>  
  
    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="false" CodeFile="DefaultVB.aspx.vb" Inherits="DefaultVB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewCommandEventHandler Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="Form1" runat="server">
    
      <h3>DetailsViewCommandEventHandler Example</h3>
      
      <!-- Use a PlaceHolder control as the container for the -->
      <!-- dynamically generated DetailsView control.         -->       
      <asp:placeholder id="DetailsViewPlaceHolder"
        runat="server"/>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      Selected Customers:<br/>
      <asp:listbox id="CustomerListBox"
        runat="server"/>
      
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>  
  
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

下面的代码示例显示了上一示例的代码隐藏文件。The following code example shows the code-behind file for the previous example.

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;

public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page 
{
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Create a new DetailsView object.
        DetailsView customerDetailsView = new DetailsView();

        // Set the DetailsView object's properties.
        customerDetailsView.ID = "CustomerDetailsView";
        customerDetailsView.DataSourceID = "DetailsViewSource";
        customerDetailsView.AutoGenerateRows = true;
        customerDetailsView.AllowPaging = true;
        customerDetailsView.DataKeyNames = new String[1] { "CustomerID" };

        // Add a button field to the DetailsView control.
        ButtonField field = new ButtonField();
        field.ButtonType = ButtonType.Link;
        field.CausesValidation = false;
        field.Text = "Add to List";
        field.CommandName = "Add";

        customerDetailsView.Fields.Add(field);

        // Programmatically register the event-handling method
        // for the ItemDeleting event of a DetailsView control.
        customerDetailsView.ItemCommand += new DetailsViewCommandEventHandler(this.CustomerDetailsView_ItemCommand);

        // Add the DetailsView object to the Controls collection
        // of the PlaceHolder control.
        DetailsViewPlaceHolder.Controls.Add(customerDetailsView);
    }

    void CustomerDetailsView_ItemCommand(Object sender, DetailsViewCommandEventArgs e)
    {

        // Use the CommandName property to determine which button
        // was clicked. 
        if (e.CommandName == "Add")
        {
            // Get the DetailsView control that raised the event.
            DetailsView customerDetailsView = (DetailsView)sender;

            // Add the current customer to the customer list. 

            // Get the row that contains the company name. In this
            // example, the company name is in the second row (index 1)  
            // of the DetailsView control.
            DetailsViewRow row = customerDetailsView.Rows[1];

            // Get the company's name from the appropriate cell.
            // In this example, the company name is in the second cell  
            // (index 1) of the row.
            String name = row.Cells[1].Text;

            // Create a ListItem object with the company name.
            ListItem item = new ListItem(name);

            // Add the ListItem object to the ListBox, if the 
            // item doesn't already exist.
            if (!CustomerListBox.Items.Contains(item))
            {
                CustomerListBox.Items.Add(item);
            }

        }

    }
}
Partial Class DefaultVB
    Inherits System.Web.UI.Page

    Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles Me.Load

        ' Create a new DetailsView object.
        Dim customerDetailsView As New DetailsView()

        ' Set the DetailsView object's properties.
        customerDetailsView.ID = "CustomerDetailsView"
        customerDetailsView.DataSourceID = "DetailsViewSource"
        customerDetailsView.AutoGenerateRows = True
        customerDetailsView.AllowPaging = True

        Dim keyArray() As String = {"CustomerID"}
        customerDetailsView.DataKeyNames = keyArray

        ' Add a button field to the DetailsView control.
        Dim field As New ButtonField()
        field.ButtonType = ButtonType.Link
        field.CausesValidation = False
        field.Text = "Add to List"
        field.CommandName = "Add"

        customerDetailsView.Fields.Add(field)

        ' Programmatically register the event-handling method
        ' for the ItemDeleting event of a DetailsView control.
        AddHandler customerDetailsView.ItemCommand, AddressOf CustomerDetailsView_ItemCommand

        ' Add the DetailsView object to the Controls collection
        ' of the PlaceHolder control.
        DetailsViewPlaceHolder.Controls.Add(customerDetailsView)

    End Sub

    Sub CustomerDetailsView_ItemCommand(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DetailsViewCommandEventArgs)

        ' Use the CommandName property to determine which button
        ' was clicked. 
        If e.CommandName = "Add" Then

            ' Get the DetailsView control that raised the event.
            Dim customerDetailsView As DetailsView = CType(sender, DetailsView)

            ' Add the current customer to the customer list. 

            ' Get the row that contains the company name. In this
            ' example, the company name is in the second row (index 1)  
            ' of the DetailsView control.
            Dim row As DetailsViewRow = customerDetailsView.Rows(1)

            ' Get the company's name from the appropriate cell.
            ' In this example, the company name is in the second cell  
            ' (index 1) of the row.
            Dim name As String = row.Cells(1).Text

            ' Create a ListItem object with the company name.
            Dim item As New ListItem(name)

            ' Add the ListItem object to the ListBox, if the 
            ' item doesn't already exist.
            If Not CustomerListBox.Items.Contains(item) Then

                CustomerListBox.Items.Add(item)

            End If

        End If

    End Sub

End Class

下面的代码示例演示如何以声明方式将DetailsViewCommandEventHandler委托添加ItemCommandDetailsView控件的事件。The following code example demonstrates how to declaratively add a DetailsViewCommandEventHandler delegate to the ItemCommand event of a DetailsView control.


<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

    void CustomerDetailView_ItemCommand(Object sender, DetailsViewCommandEventArgs e)
    {

        // Use the CommandName property to determine which button
        // was clicked. 
        if (e.CommandName == "Add")
        {

            // Add the current store to the contact list. 

            // Get the row that contains the store name. In this
            // example, the store name is in the second row (index 1)  
            // of the DetailsView control.
            DetailsViewRow row = CustomerDetailView.Rows[1];

            // Get the store's name from the appropriate cell.
            // In this example, the store name is in the second cell  
            // (index 1) of the row.
            String name = row.Cells[1].Text;

            // Create a ListItem object with the store's name.
            ListItem item = new ListItem(name);

            // Add the ListItem object to the ListBox, if the 
            // item doesn't already exist.
            if (!ContactListBox.Items.Contains(item))
            {
                ContactListBox.Items.Add(item);
            }

        }

    }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>
            DetailsView ItemCommand Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="Form1" runat="server">
        <h3>
            DetailsView ItemCommand Example</h3>
        <asp:DetailsView ID="CustomerDetailView" 
            DataSourceID="DetailsViewSource"
            AutoGenerateRows="false" 
            DataKeyNames="CustomerID" 
            AllowPaging="true" 
            OnItemCommand="CustomerDetailView_ItemCommand"
            runat="server">
            
            <FieldHeaderStyle BackColor="Navy" ForeColor="White" />
            
            <Fields>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="CustomerID" HeaderText="Store ID" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="CompanyName" HeaderText="Store Name" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="City" HeaderText="City" />
                <asp:ButtonField CommandName="Add" Text="Add Contact" />
            </Fields>
        </asp:DetailsView>
        
        <hr />
        
        Contacts:<br />
        <asp:ListBox ID="ContactListBox" runat="server" />
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="DetailsViewSource" runat="server" 
          ConnectionString=
            "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
            InsertCommand="INSERT INTO [Customers]([CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country]) VALUES (@CustomerID, @CompanyName, @Address, @City, @PostalCode, @Country)"
          SelectCommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], 
            [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From 
            [Customers]">
        </asp:SqlDataSource>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub CustomerDetailView_ItemCommand(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DetailsViewCommandEventArgs)
    
        ' Use the CommandName property to determine which button
        ' was clicked. 
        If e.CommandName = "Add" Then

            ' Add the current store to the contact list. 
     
            ' Get the row that contains the store name. In this
            ' example, the store name is in the second row (index 1)  
            ' of the DetailsView control.
            Dim row As DetailsViewRow = CustomerDetailView.Rows(1)
      
            ' Get the store's name from the appropriate cell.
            ' In this example, the store name is in the second cell  
            ' (index 1) of the row.
            Dim name As String = row.Cells(1).Text

            ' Create a ListItem object with the store's name.
            Dim item As New ListItem(name)

            ' Add the ListItem object to the ListBox, if the 
            ' item doesn't already exist.
            If Not ContactListBox.Items.Contains(item) Then
      
                ContactListBox.Items.Add(item)
      
            End If
        
        End If
    
    End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>
            DetailsView ItemCommand Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="Form1" runat="server">
        <h3>
            DetailsView ItemCommand Example</h3>
        <asp:DetailsView ID="CustomerDetailView" 
            DataSourceID="DetailsViewSource"
            AutoGenerateRows="false" 
            DataKeyNames="CustomerID" 
            AllowPaging="true" 
            OnItemCommand="CustomerDetailView_ItemCommand"
            runat="server">
            
            <FieldHeaderStyle BackColor="Navy" ForeColor="White" />
            
            <Fields>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="CustomerID" HeaderText="Store ID" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="CompanyName" HeaderText="Store Name" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="City" HeaderText="City" />
                <asp:ButtonField CommandName="Add" Text="Add Contact" />
            </Fields>
        </asp:DetailsView>
        
        <hr />
        
        Contacts:<br />
        <asp:ListBox ID="ContactListBox" runat="server" />
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="DetailsViewSource" runat="server" 
          ConnectionString=
            "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
            InsertCommand="INSERT INTO [Customers]([CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country]) VALUES (@CustomerID, @CompanyName, @Address, @City, @PostalCode, @Country)"
          SelectCommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], 
            [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From 
            [Customers]">
        </asp:SqlDataSource>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

注解

CommandField ItemCommand 当单击TemplateField 、或行字段中的按钮时,控件引发事件。DetailsView ButtonFieldThe DetailsView control raises the ItemCommand event when a button within a ButtonField, CommandField, or TemplateField row field is clicked. 这使你可以提供一个事件处理程序, 该事件处理程序将在每次发生此事件时执行自定义例程。This allows you to provide an event handler that performs a custom routine whenever this event occurs.

备注

单击DetailsView某些按钮时, 该控件还会引发其他专用事件 ( CommandName属性设置为 "删除"、"插入"、"页面" 或 "更新") 的按钮。The DetailsView control also raises other specialized events when certain buttons are clicked (buttons with the CommandName property set to "Delete", "Insert", "Page", or "Update"). 使用其中一个按钮时, 应考虑使用控件提供的专用事件之一 (如ItemDeletedItemDeleting)。When using one of these buttons, you should consider using one of the specialized events provided by the control (such as ItemDeleted or ItemDeleting).

创建 DetailsViewCommandEventHandler 委托时,需要标识将处理该事件的方法。When you create a DetailsViewCommandEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. 若要将事件与事件处理程序关联,请将该委托的一个实例添加到事件中。To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. 除非移除了该委托,否则每当发生该事件时就会调用事件处理程序。The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. 有关事件处理程序委托的详细信息, 请参阅处理和引发事件For more information about event-handler delegates, see Handling and Raising Events.

扩展方法

GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

获取指示指定委托表示的方法的对象。Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

适用于

另请参阅