DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs.Exception 属性

定义

获取更新操作过程中引发的异常(如果有)。Gets the exception (if any) that was raised during the update operation.

public:
 property Exception ^ Exception { Exception ^ get(); };
public Exception Exception { get; }
member this.Exception : Exception
Public ReadOnly Property Exception As Exception

属性值

一个 Exception,表示更新操作过程中引发的异常。An Exception that represents the exception that was raised during the update operation.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用Exception属性来确定是否在更新操作过程中发生了异常。The following code example demonstrates how to use the Exception property to determine whether an exception occurred during an update operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  void CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdated(Object sender, 
    DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs e)
  {
    // Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    // occurred during the insert operation.
    if (e.Exception == null)
    {
      // Use the Values property to get the value entered by 
      // the user for the CompanyName field.
      String keyFieldValue = e.Keys["CustomerID"].ToString();

      // Display a confirmation message.
      MessageLabel.Text = "Record " + keyFieldValue + 
        " updated successfully. ";

      // Display the old and new values.
      DisplayValues(e);

      if (e.AffectedRows == 1)
      {
        MessageLabel.Text += e.AffectedRows.ToString() + 
          " record updated.";
      }
      else
      {
        MessageLabel.Text += e.AffectedRows.ToString() + 
          " records updated.";
      }
    }
    else
    {
      // Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message;

      // Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      // exception is already handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = true;

      // When an exception occurs, keep the DetailsView
      // control in edit mode.
      e.KeepInEditMode = true;
    }
  }

  void DisplayValues(DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs e)
  {
    
    MessageLabel.Text += "<br/></br>";
    
    // Iterate through the OldValue and NewValues
    // properties and display the values.
    for (int i = 0; i < e.OldValues.Count; i++)
    {
      MessageLabel.Text += "Old Value=" + e.OldValues[i].ToString() +
        ", New Value=" + e.NewValues[i].ToString() + "<br/>";
    }

    MessageLabel.Text += "</br>";
    
  }
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailsView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          autogeneraterows="true"
          autogenerateeditbutton="true"  
          allowpaging="true"
          datakeynames="CustomerID" 
          onitemupdated="CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdated"
          runat="server">
            
          <pagersettings position="Bottom"/> 
                    
        </asp:detailsview>
        
        <br/>
        
        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
            
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
            [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          updatecommand="Update [Customers] Set 
          [CompanyName]=@CompanyName, [Address]=@Address, 
          [City]=@City, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, 
          [Country]=@Country 
          Where [CustomerID]=@CustomerID"
          connectionstring=
          "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>
            
      </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  Sub CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdated(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs)
  
    ' Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    ' occurred during the insert operation.
    If e.Exception Is Nothing Then
    
      ' Use the Values property to get the value entered by 
      ' the user for the CompanyName field.
      Dim keyFieldValue As String = e.Keys("CustomerID").ToString()

      ' Display a confirmation message.
      MessageLabel.Text = "Record " & keyFieldValue & _
        " updated successfully. "

      ' Display the old and new values.
      DisplayValues(e)

      If e.AffectedRows = 1 Then

        MessageLabel.Text &= e.AffectedRows.ToString() & _
          " record updated."
      
      Else
      
        MessageLabel.Text &= e.AffectedRows.ToString() & _
          " records updated."
      
      End If
    
    Else
    
      ' Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message

      ' Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      ' exception is already handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = True

      ' When an exception occurs, keep the DetailsView
      ' control in edit mode.
      e.KeepInEditMode = True
    
    End If
    
  End Sub

  Sub DisplayValues(ByVal e As DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs)
    
    MessageLabel.Text &= "<br/></br>"
    
    ' Iterate through the OldValue and NewValues
    ' properties and display the values.
    Dim i As Integer
        
    For i = 0 To e.OldValues.Count - 1
    
      MessageLabel.Text &= "Old Value=" & e.OldValues(i).ToString() & _
        ", New Value=" & e.NewValues(i).ToString() & "<br/>"
    
    Next

    MessageLabel.Text &= "</br>"
    
  End Sub
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailsView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          autogeneraterows="true"
          autogenerateeditbutton="true"  
          allowpaging="true"
          datakeynames="CustomerID" 
          onitemupdated="CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdated"
          runat="server">
            
          <pagersettings position="Bottom"/> 
                    
        </asp:detailsview>
        
        <br/>
        
        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
            
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
            [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          updatecommand="Update [Customers] Set 
          [CompanyName]=@CompanyName, [Address]=@Address, 
          [City]=@City, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, 
          [Country]=@Country 
          Where [CustomerID]=@CustomerID"
          connectionstring=
          "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>
            
      </form>
  </body>
</html>

注解

Exception使用属性可确定在更新操作过程中引发的异常 (如果有)。Use the Exception property to determine the exception (if any) that was raised during the update operation. 如果未引发异常,此属性将返回 nullIf no exceptions were raised, this property returns null.

备注

如果引发了异常, 并且您决定在事件处理程序中处理异常, 请确保将ExceptionHandled属性设置为true; 否则, 异常将传递到调用堆栈上的下一方法以进行处理。If an exception was raised and you decide to handle the exception in the event handler, be sure to set the ExceptionHandled property to true; otherwise, the exception is passed to the next method on the call stack for handling.

适用于

另请参阅