DropDownList 类

定义

表示允许用户从下拉列表中选择一项的控件。Represents a control that allows the user to select a single item from a drop-down list.

public ref class DropDownList : System::Web::UI::WebControls::ListControl, System::Web::UI::IPostBackDataHandler
[System.Web.UI.ValidationProperty("SelectedItem")]
public class DropDownList : System.Web.UI.WebControls.ListControl, System.Web.UI.IPostBackDataHandler
type DropDownList = class
    inherit ListControl
    interface IPostBackDataHandler
Public Class DropDownList
Inherits ListControl
Implements IPostBackDataHandler
继承
属性
实现

示例

本主题提供了包含源代码的 Visual Studio 网站项目:下载A Visual Studio Web site project with source code is available to accompany this topic: Download.

下面的代码示例演示如何创建DropDownList包含四个项的控件。The following code example demonstrates how to create a DropDownList control that contains four items.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server" >
  
      void Selection_Change(Object sender, EventArgs e)
      {

         // Set the background color for days in the Calendar control
         // based on the value selected by the user from the 
         // DropDownList control.
         Calendar1.DayStyle.BackColor = 
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(ColorList.SelectedItem.Value);

      }
  
   </script>
  
<head runat="server">
    <title> DropDownList Example </title>
</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">
  
      <h3> DropDownList Example </h3>

      Select a background color for days in the calendar.

      <br /><br /> 
  
      <asp:Calendar id="Calendar1"
           ShowGridLines="True" 
           ShowTitle="True"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <td>

               Background color:

            </td>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

         </tr>
  
      </table>
  
   </form>

</body>
</html>
 
<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server" >
  
      Sub Selection_Change(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)

         ' Set the background color for days in the Calendar control
         ' based on the value selected by the user from the
         '  DropDownList control.
         Calendar1.DayStyle.BackColor = _
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(ColorList.SelectedItem.Value)

      End Sub
  
   </script>
  
<head runat="server">
    <title> DropDownList Example </title>
</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">
  
      <h3> DropDownList Example </h3>

      Select a background color for days in the calendar.

      <br /><br /> 
  
      <asp:Calendar id="Calendar1"
           ShowGridLines="True" 
           ShowTitle="True"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <td>

               Background color:

            </td>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

         </tr>
         
      </table>   
  
   </form>

</body>
</html>
 

下面的代码示例演示如何通过数据绑定DropDownList创建控件。The following code example demonstrates how to create a DropDownList control though data binding.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server" >
  
      void Selection_Change(Object sender, EventArgs e)
      {

         // Set the background color for days in the Calendar control
         // based on the value selected by the user from the 
         // DropDownList control.
         Calendar1.DayStyle.BackColor = 
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(ColorList.SelectedItem.Value);

      }

      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e)
      {
  
         // Load data for the DropDownList control only once, when the 
         // page is first loaded.
         if(!IsPostBack)
         {

            // Specify the data source and field names for the Text 
            // and Value properties of the items (ListItem objects) 
            // in the DropDownList control.
            ColorList.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ColorList.DataTextField = "ColorTextField";
            ColorList.DataValueField = "ColorValueField";

            // Bind the data to the control.
            ColorList.DataBind();

            // Set the default selected item, if desired.
            ColorList.SelectedIndex = 0;

         }

      }

      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
      
         // Create a table to store data for the DropDownList control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("ColorTextField", typeof(String)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("ColorValueField", typeof(String)));
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         dt.Rows.Add(CreateRow("White", "White", dt));
         dt.Rows.Add(CreateRow("Silver", "Silver", dt));
         dt.Rows.Add(CreateRow("Dark Gray", "DarkGray", dt));
         dt.Rows.Add(CreateRow("Khaki", "Khaki", dt));
         dt.Rows.Add(CreateRow("Dark Khaki", "DarkKhaki", dt));
 
         // Create a DataView from the DataTable to act as the data source
         // for the DropDownList control.
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;

      }

      DataRow CreateRow(String Text, String Value, DataTable dt)
      {

         // Create a DataRow using the DataTable defined in the 
         // CreateDataSource method.
         DataRow dr = dt.NewRow();
 
         // This DataRow contains the ColorTextField and ColorValueField 
         // fields, as defined in the CreateDataSource method. Set the 
         // fields with the appropriate value. Remember that column 0 
         // is defined as ColorTextField, and column 1 is defined as 
         // ColorValueField.
         dr[0] = Text;
         dr[1] = Value;
 
         return dr;

      }
  
   </script>
  
<head runat="server">
    <title> DropDownList Data Binding Example </title>
</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">
  
      <h3> DropDownList Data Binding Example </h3>

      Select a background color for days in the calendar.

      <br /><br /> 
  
      <asp:Calendar id="Calendar1"
           ShowGridLines="True" 
           ShowTitle="True"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <td>

               Background color:

            </td>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server"/>

            </td>

         </tr>
         
      </table>   
  
   </form>

</body>
</html>
 
<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server" >
  
      Sub Selection_Change(sender as Object, e As EventArgs)

         ' Set the background color for days in the Calendar control 
         ' based on the value selected by the user from the
         ' DropDownList control.
         Calendar1.DayStyle.BackColor = _
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(ColorList.SelectedItem.Value)

      End Sub

      Sub Page_Load(sender as Object, e As EventArgs)
  
         ' Load data for the DropDownList control only once, when the 
         ' page is first loaded.
         If Not IsPostBack Then

            ' Specify the data source and field names for the Text 
            ' and Value properties of the items (ListItem objects)
            ' in the DropDownList control.
            ColorList.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ColorList.DataTextField = "ColorTextField"
            ColorList.DataValueField = "ColorValueField"

            ' Bind the data to the control.
            ColorList.DataBind()

            ' Set the default selected item, if desired.
            ColorList.SelectedIndex = 0

         End If

      End Sub

      Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection 
      
         ' Create a table to store data for the DropDownList control.
         Dim dt As DataTable = New DataTable()
         
         ' Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("ColorTextField", GetType(String)))
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("ColorValueField", GetType(String)))
 
         ' Populate the table with sample values.
         dt.Rows.Add(CreateRow("White", "White", dt))
         dt.Rows.Add(CreateRow("Silver", "Silver", dt))
         dt.Rows.Add(CreateRow("Dark Gray", "DarkGray", dt))
         dt.Rows.Add(CreateRow("Khaki", "Khaki", dt))
         dt.Rows.Add(CreateRow("Dark Khaki", "DarkKhaki", dt))
 
         ' Create a DataView from the DataTable to act as the data source
         ' for the DropDownList control.
         Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
         Return dv

      End Function

      Function CreateRow(Text As String, Value As String, dt As DataTable) As DataRow 

         ' Create a DataRow using the DataTable defined in the 
         ' CreateDataSource method.
         Dim dr As DataRow = dt.NewRow()
 
         ' This DataRow contains the ColorTextField and ColorValueField 
         ' fields, as defined in the CreateDataSource method. Set the 
         ' fields with the appropriate value. Remember that column 0 
         ' is defined as ColorTextField, and column 1 is defined as 
         ' ColorValueField.
         dr(0) = Text
         dr(1) = Value
 
         Return dr

      End Function
  
   </script>
  
<head runat="server">
    <title> DropDownList Data Binding Example </title>
</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">
  
      <h3> DropDownList Data Binding Example </h3>

      Select a background color for days in the calendar.

      <br /><br /> 
  
      <asp:Calendar id="Calendar1"
           ShowGridLines="True" 
           ShowTitle="True"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <td>

               Background color:

            </td>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server"/>

            </td>

         </tr>
         
      </table>   
  
   </form>

</body>
</html>
 

注解

本主题内容:In this topic:

介绍Introduction

DropDownList使用控件创建单项选择下拉列表控件。Use the DropDownList control to create a single-selection drop-down list control. 通过DropDownList BorderStyle设置、和属性,可以控制控件的外观。BorderColor BorderWidthYou can control the appearance of the DropDownList control by setting the BorderColor, BorderStyle, and BorderWidth properties.

若要指定要在DropDownList控件中显示的项, 请在DropDownList控件的ListItem开始和结束标记之间放置每个项的对象。To specify the items that you want to appear in the DropDownList control, place a ListItem object for each entry between the opening and closing tags of the DropDownList control.

DropDownList控件还支持数据绑定。The DropDownList control also supports data binding. 若要将控件绑定到数据源, 请创建包含要在控件中显示System.Collections.ArrayList的项的数据源, 例如对象。To bind the control to a data source, create a data source, such as a System.Collections.ArrayList object, that contains the items to display in the control. 然后, 使用Control.DataBind方法将数据源绑定DropDownList到控件。Then, use the Control.DataBind method to bind the data source to the DropDownList control.

使用属性以编程方式确定用户DropDownList从控件中选定的项的索引。 SelectedIndexUse the SelectedIndex property to programmatically determine the index of the item selected by the user from the DropDownList control. 然后, 可以使用索引从控件Items集合中检索所选的项。The index can then be used to retrieve the selected item from the Items collection of the control.

可访问性Accessibility

有关如何配置此控件以生成符合辅助功能标准的标记的信息, 请参阅Visual Studio 中的辅助功能和 ASP.NETASP.NET 控件和辅助功能For information about how to configure this control so that it generates markup that conforms to accessibility standards, see Accessibility in Visual Studio and ASP.NET and ASP.NET Controls and Accessibility.

声明性语法Declarative Syntax

<asp:DropDownList  
    AccessKey="string"  
    AppendDataBoundItems="True|False"  
    AutoPostBack="True|False"  
    BackColor="color name|#dddddd"  
    BorderColor="color name|#dddddd"  
    BorderStyle="NotSet|None|Dotted|Dashed|Solid|Double|Groove|Ridge|  
        Inset|Outset"  
    BorderWidth="size"  
    CausesValidation="True|False"  
    CssClass="string"  
    DataMember="string"  
    DataSource="string"  
    DataSourceID="string"  
    DataTextField="string"  
    DataTextFormatString="string"  
    DataValueField="string"  
    Enabled="True|False"  
    EnableTheming="True|False"  
    EnableViewState="True|False"  
    Font-Bold="True|False"  
    Font-Italic="True|False"  
    Font-Names="string"  
    Font-Overline="True|False"  
    Font-Size="string|Smaller|Larger|XX-Small|X-Small|Small|Medium|  
        Large|X-Large|XX-Large"  
    Font-Strikeout="True|False"  
    Font-Underline="True|False"  
    ForeColor="color name|#dddddd"  
    Height="size"  
    ID="string"  
    OnDataBinding="DataBinding event handler"  
    OnDataBound="DataBound event handler"  
    OnDisposed="Disposed event handler"  
    OnInit="Init event handler"  
    OnLoad="Load event handler"  
    OnPreRender="PreRender event handler"  
    OnSelectedIndexChanged="SelectedIndexChanged event handler"  
    OnTextChanged="TextChanged event handler"  
    OnUnload="Unload event handler"  
    runat="server"  
    SelectedIndex="integer"  
    SelectedValue="string"  
    SkinID="string"  
    Style="string"  
    TabIndex="integer"  
    ToolTip="string"  
    ValidationGroup="string"  
    Visible="True|False"  
    Width="size"  
>  
            <asp:ListItem  
                Enabled="True|False"  
                Selected="True|False"  
                Text="string"  
                Value="string"  
            />  
</asp:DropDownList>  

构造函数

DropDownList()

初始化 DropDownList 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the DropDownList class.

属性

AccessKey

获取或设置使您得以快速导航到 Web 服务器控件的访问键。Gets or sets the access key that allows you to quickly navigate to the Web server control.

(继承自 WebControl)
Adapter

获取控件的浏览器特定适配器。Gets the browser-specific adapter for the control.

(继承自 Control)
AppendDataBoundItems

获取或设置一个值,该值指示是否在绑定数据之前清除列表项。Gets or sets a value that indicates whether list items are cleared before data binding.

(继承自 ListControl)
AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory

获取或设置包含该控件的 PageUserControl 对象的应用程序相对虚拟目录。Gets or sets the application-relative virtual directory of the Page or UserControl object that contains this control.

(继承自 Control)
Attributes

获取与控件的特性不对应的任意特性(只用于呈现)的集合。Gets the collection of arbitrary attributes (for rendering only) that do not correspond to properties on the control.

(继承自 WebControl)
AutoPostBack

获取或设置一个值,该值指示当用户更改列表中的选定内容时是否自动产生向服务器的回发。Gets or sets a value indicating whether a postback to the server automatically occurs when the user changes the list selection.

(继承自 ListControl)
BackColor

获取或设置 Web 服务器控件的背景色。Gets or sets the background color of the Web server control.

(继承自 WebControl)
BindingContainer

获取包含该控件的数据绑定的控件。Gets the control that contains this control's data binding.

(继承自 Control)
BorderColor

获取或设置控件的边框颜色。Gets or sets the border color of the control.

BorderStyle

获取或设置控件的边框样式。Gets or sets the border style of the control.

BorderWidth

获取或设置控件的边框宽度。Gets or sets the border width for the control.

CausesValidation

获取或设置指示在单击从 ListControl 类派生的控件时是否执行验证的值。Gets or sets a value indicating whether validation is performed when a control that is derived from the ListControl class is clicked.

(继承自 ListControl)
ChildControlsCreated

获取一个值,该值指示是否已创建服务器控件的子控件。Gets a value that indicates whether the server control's child controls have been created.

(继承自 Control)
ClientID

获取由 ASP.NET 生成的 HTML 标记的控件 ID。Gets the control ID for HTML markup that is generated by ASP.NET.

(继承自 Control)
ClientIDMode

获取或设置用于生成 ClientID 属性值的算法。Gets or sets the algorithm that is used to generate the value of the ClientID property.

(继承自 Control)
ClientIDSeparator

获取一个字符值,该值表示 ClientID 属性中使用的分隔符字符。Gets a character value representing the separator character used in the ClientID property.

(继承自 Control)
Context

为当前 Web 请求获取与服务器控件关联的 HttpContext 对象。Gets the HttpContext object associated with the server control for the current Web request.

(继承自 Control)
Controls

获取 ControlCollection 对象,该对象表示 UI 层次结构中的指定服务器控件的子控件。Gets a ControlCollection object that represents the child controls for a specified server control in the UI hierarchy.

(继承自 Control)
ControlStyle

获取 Web 服务器控件的样式。Gets the style of the Web server control. 此属性主要由控件开发人员使用。This property is used primarily by control developers.

(继承自 WebControl)
ControlStyleCreated

获取一个值,该值指示是否已为 Style 属性创建了 ControlStyle 对象。Gets a value indicating whether a Style object has been created for the ControlStyle property. 此属性主要由控件开发人员使用。This property is primarily used by control developers.

(继承自 WebControl)
CssClass

获取或设置由 Web 服务器控件在客户端呈现的级联样式表 (CSS) 类。Gets or sets the Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) class rendered by the Web server control on the client.

(继承自 WebControl)
DataItemContainer

如果命名容器实现 IDataItemContainer,则获取对命名容器的引用。Gets a reference to the naming container if the naming container implements IDataItemContainer.

(继承自 Control)
DataKeysContainer

如果命名容器实现 IDataKeysControl,则获取对命名容器的引用。Gets a reference to the naming container if the naming container implements IDataKeysControl.

(继承自 Control)
DataMember

获取或设置 DataSource 中要绑定到控件的特定表。Gets or sets the specific table in the DataSource to bind to the control.

(继承自 ListControl)
DataSource

获取或设置填充列表控件项的数据源。Gets or sets the data source that populates the items of the list control.

(继承自 ListControl)
DataTextField

获取或设置为列表项提供文本内容的数据源字段。Gets or sets the field of the data source that provides the text content of the list items.

(继承自 ListControl)
DataTextFormatString

获取或设置格式化字符串,该字符串用来控制如何显示绑定到列表控件的数据。Gets or sets the formatting string used to control how data bound to the list control is displayed.

(继承自 ListControl)
DataValueField

获取或设置为各列表项提供值的数据源字段。Gets or sets the field of the data source that provides the value of each list item.

(继承自 ListControl)
DesignMode

获取一个值,该值指示是否正在使用设计图面上的一个控件。Gets a value indicating whether a control is being used on a design surface.

(继承自 Control)
Enabled

获取或设置一个值,该值指示是否启用 Web 服务器控件。Gets or sets a value indicating whether the Web server control is enabled.

(继承自 WebControl)
EnableTheming

获取或设置一个值,该值指示主题是否应用于该控件。Gets or sets a value indicating whether themes apply to this control.

(继承自 WebControl)
EnableViewState

获取或设置一个值,该值指示服务器控件是否向发出请求的客户端保持自己的视图状态以及它所包含的任何子控件的视图状态。Gets or sets a value indicating whether the server control persists its view state, and the view state of any child controls it contains, to the requesting client.

(继承自 Control)
Events

获取控件的事件处理程序委托列表。Gets a list of event handler delegates for the control. 此属性是只读的。This property is read-only.

(继承自 Control)
Font

获取与 Web 服务器控件关联的字体属性。Gets the font properties associated with the Web server control.

(继承自 WebControl)
ForeColor

获取或设置 Web 服务器控件的前景色(通常是文本颜色)。Gets or sets the foreground color (typically the color of the text) of the Web server control.

(继承自 WebControl)
HasAttributes

获取一个值,该值指示控件是否具有特性集。Gets a value indicating whether the control has attributes set.

(继承自 WebControl)
HasChildViewState

获取一个值,该值指示当前服务器控件的子控件是否具有任何已保存的视图状态设置。Gets a value indicating whether the current server control's child controls have any saved view-state settings.

(继承自 Control)
Height

获取或设置 Web 服务器控件的高度。Gets or sets the height of the Web server control.

(继承自 WebControl)
ID

获取或设置分配给服务器控件的编程标识符。Gets or sets the programmatic identifier assigned to the server control.

(继承自 Control)
IdSeparator

获取用于分隔控件标识符的字符。Gets the character used to separate control identifiers.

(继承自 Control)
IsChildControlStateCleared

获取一个值,该值指示该控件中包含的控件是否具有控件状态。Gets a value indicating whether controls contained within this control have control state.

(继承自 Control)
IsEnabled

获取一个值,该值指示是否启用控件。Gets a value indicating whether the control is enabled.

(继承自 WebControl)
IsTrackingViewState

获取一个值,用于指示服务器控件是否会将更改保存到其视图状态中。Gets a value that indicates whether the server control is saving changes to its view state.

(继承自 Control)
IsViewStateEnabled

获取一个值,该值指示是否为该控件启用了视图状态。Gets a value indicating whether view state is enabled for this control.

(继承自 Control)
Items

获取列表控件项的集合。Gets the collection of items in the list control.

(继承自 ListControl)
LoadViewStateByID

获取一个值,该值指示控件是否通过 ID 而不是索引参与加载其视图状态。Gets a value indicating whether the control participates in loading its view state by ID instead of index.

(继承自 Control)
NamingContainer

获取对服务器控件的命名容器的引用,此引用创建唯一的命名空间,以区分具有相同 ID 属性值的服务器控件。Gets a reference to the server control's naming container, which creates a unique namespace for differentiating between server controls with the same ID property value.

(继承自 Control)
Page

获取对包含服务器控件的 Page 实例的引用。Gets a reference to the Page instance that contains the server control.

(继承自 Control)
Parent

获取对页 UI 层次结构中服务器控件的父控件的引用。Gets a reference to the server control's parent control in the page control hierarchy.

(继承自 Control)
RenderingCompatibility

获取一个值,该值指定呈现的 HTML 将与之兼容的 ASP.NET 版本。Gets a value that specifies the ASP.NET version that rendered HTML will be compatible with.

(继承自 Control)
SelectedIndex

获取或设置 DropDownList 控件中的选定项的索引。Gets or sets the index of the selected item in the DropDownList control.

SelectedItem

获取列表控件中索引最小的选定项。Gets the selected item with the lowest index in the list control.

(继承自 ListControl)
SelectedValue

获取列表控件中选定项的值,或选择列表控件中包含指定值的项。Gets the value of the selected item in the list control, or selects the item in the list control that contains the specified value.

(继承自 ListControl)
Site

获取容器信息,该容器在呈现于设计图面上时承载当前控件。Gets information about the container that hosts the current control when rendered on a design surface.

(继承自 Control)
SkinID

获取或设置要应用于控件的外观。Gets or sets the skin to apply to the control.

(继承自 WebControl)
Style

获取将在 Web 服务器控件的外部标记上呈现为样式特性的文本特性的集合。Gets a collection of text attributes that will be rendered as a style attribute on the outer tag of the Web server control.

(继承自 WebControl)
SupportsDisabledAttribute

获取一个值,该值指示在控件的 IsEnabled 属性为 disabled 时,控件是否应将呈现的 HTML 元素的 false 特性设置为“disabled”。Gets a value that indicates whether the control should set the disabled attribute of the rendered HTML element to "disabled" when the control's IsEnabled property is false.

TabIndex

获取或设置 Web 服务器控件的选项卡索引。Gets or sets the tab index of the Web server control.

(继承自 WebControl)
TagKey

获取 HtmlTextWriterTag 控件的 ListControl 值。Gets the HtmlTextWriterTag value for the ListControl control.

(继承自 ListControl)
TagName

获取控件标记的名称。Gets the name of the control tag. 此属性主要由控件开发人员使用。This property is used primarily by control developers.

(继承自 WebControl)
TemplateControl

获取或设置对包含该控件的模板的引用。Gets or sets a reference to the template that contains this control.

(继承自 Control)
TemplateSourceDirectory

获取包含当前服务器控件的 PageUserControl 的虚拟目录。Gets the virtual directory of the Page or UserControl that contains the current server control.

(继承自 Control)
Text

获取或设置 ListControl 控件的 SelectedValue 属性。Gets or sets the SelectedValue property of the ListControl control.

(继承自 ListControl)
ToolTip

获取或设置当鼠标指针停留在控件上时所显示的工具提示文本。Gets or sets the ToolTip text displayed when the mouse pointer rests over the control.

UniqueID

获取服务器控件的唯一的、以分层形式限定的标识符。Gets the unique, hierarchically qualified identifier for the server control.

(继承自 Control)
ValidateRequestMode

获取或设置指示控件是否检查来自浏览器的客户端输入是否具有潜在危险值的值。Gets or sets a value that indicates whether the control checks client input from the browser for potentially dangerous values.

(继承自 Control)
ValidationGroup

获取或设置控件组,当从 ListControl 类派生的控件回发到服务器时,将导致对该组控件进行验证。Gets or sets the group of controls for which the control that is derived from the ListControl class causes validation when it posts back to the server.

(继承自 ListControl)
ViewState

获取状态信息的字典,这些信息使您可以在同一页的多个请求间保存和还原服务器控件的视图状态。Gets a dictionary of state information that allows you to save and restore the view state of a server control across multiple requests for the same page.

(继承自 Control)
ViewStateIgnoresCase

获取一个值,该值指示 StateBag 对象是否不区分大小写。Gets a value that indicates whether the StateBag object is case-insensitive.

(继承自 Control)
ViewStateMode

获取或设置此控件的视图状态模式。Gets or sets the view-state mode of this control.

(继承自 Control)
Visible

获取或设置一个值,该值指示服务器控件是否作为 UI 呈现在页上。Gets or sets a value that indicates whether a server control is rendered as UI on the page.

(继承自 Control)
Width

获取或设置 Web 服务器控件的宽度。Gets or sets the width of the Web server control.

(继承自 WebControl)

方法

AddAttributesToRender(HtmlTextWriter)

将需要呈现的 HTML 特性和样式添加到指定的 HtmlTextWriter 对象。Adds HTML attributes and styles that need to be rendered to the specified HtmlTextWriter object.

AddedControl(Control, Int32)

在子控件添加到 Control 对象的 Controls 集合后调用。Called after a child control is added to the Controls collection of the Control object.

(继承自 Control)
AddParsedSubObject(Object)

通知服务器控件,分析了一个元素(XML 或 HTML),并将该元素添加到服务器控件的 ControlCollection 对象中。Notifies the server control that an element, either XML or HTML, was parsed, and adds the element to the server control's ControlCollection object.

(继承自 Control)
ApplyStyle(Style)

将指定样式的所有非空白元素复制到 Web 控件,覆盖控件的所有现有的样式元素。Copies any nonblank elements of the specified style to the Web control, overwriting any existing style elements of the control. 此方法主要由控件开发人员使用。This method is primarily used by control developers.

(继承自 WebControl)
ApplyStyleSheetSkin(Page)

将页样式表中定义的样式属性应用到控件。Applies the style properties defined in the page style sheet to the control.

(继承自 Control)
BeginRenderTracing(TextWriter, Object)

开始输出数据的设计时追踪。Begins design-time tracing of rendering data.

(继承自 Control)
BuildProfileTree(String, Boolean)

收集有关服务器控件的信息并将该信息发送到 Trace 属性,在启用页的跟踪功能时将显示该属性。Gathers information about the server control and delivers it to the Trace property to be displayed when tracing is enabled for the page.

(继承自 Control)
ClearCachedClientID()

将缓存的 ClientID 值设置为 nullSets the cached ClientID value to null.

(继承自 Control)
ClearChildControlState()

删除服务器控件的子控件的控件状态信息。Deletes the control-state information for the server control's child controls.

(继承自 Control)
ClearChildState()

删除服务器控件的所有子控件的视图状态和控件状态信息。Deletes the view-state and control-state information for all the server control's child controls.

(继承自 Control)
ClearChildViewState()

删除服务器控件的所有子控件的视图状态信息。Deletes the view-state information for all the server control's child controls.

(继承自 Control)
ClearEffectiveClientIDMode()

将当前控件实例和任何子控件的 ClientIDMode 属性设置为 InheritSets the ClientIDMode property of the current control instance and of any child controls to Inherit.

(继承自 Control)
ClearSelection()

清除列表选择并将所有项的 Selected 属性设置为 false。Clears out the list selection and sets the Selected property of all items to false.

(继承自 ListControl)
CopyBaseAttributes(WebControl)

Style 对象未封装的属性从指定的 Web 服务器控件复制到从中调用此方法的 Web 服务器控件。Copies the properties not encapsulated by the Style object from the specified Web server control to the Web server control that this method is called from. 此方法主要由控件开发人员使用。This method is used primarily by control developers.

(继承自 WebControl)
CreateChildControls()

由 ASP.NET 页框架调用,以通知服务器控件在准备回发或呈现时使用基于撰写的实现来创建其所包含任何子控件。Called by the ASP.NET page framework to notify server controls that use composition-based implementation to create any child controls they contain in preparation for posting back or rendering.

(继承自 Control)
CreateControlCollection()

创建用于存储子控件的集合。Creates a collection to store child controls.

CreateControlStyle()

创建由 WebControl 类在内部用来实现所有与样式有关的属性的样式对象。Creates the style object that is used internally by the WebControl class to implement all style related properties. 此方法主要由控件开发人员使用。This method is used primarily by control developers.

(继承自 WebControl)
DataBind()

将数据源绑定到调用的服务器控件及其所有子控件。Binds a data source to the invoked server control and all its child controls.

(继承自 Control)
DataBind(Boolean)

将数据源绑定到调用的服务器控件及其所有子控件,同时可以选择引发 DataBinding 事件。Binds a data source to the invoked server control and all its child controls with an option to raise the DataBinding event.

(继承自 Control)
DataBindChildren()

将数据源绑定到服务器控件的子控件。Binds a data source to the server control's child controls.

(继承自 Control)
Dispose()

使服务器控件得以在从内存中释放之前执行最后的清理操作。Enables a server control to perform final clean up before it is released from memory.

(继承自 Control)
EndRenderTracing(TextWriter, Object)

结束输出数据的设计时追踪。Ends design-time tracing of rendering data.

(继承自 Control)
EnsureChildControls()

确定服务器控件是否包含子控件。Determines whether the server control contains child controls. 如果不包含,则创建子控件。If it does not, it creates child controls.

(继承自 Control)
EnsureID()

为尚未分配标识符的控件创建标识符。Creates an identifier for controls that do not have an identifier assigned.

(继承自 Control)
Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(继承自 Object)
FindControl(String)

在当前的命名容器中搜索带指定 id 参数的服务器控件。Searches the current naming container for a server control with the specified id parameter.

(继承自 Control)
FindControl(String, Int32)

使用指定的 idpathOffset 参数(该参数有助于搜索)中指定的整数在当前命名容器中搜索服务器控件。Searches the current naming container for a server control with the specified id and an integer, specified in the pathOffset parameter, which aids in the search. 不应重写此版本的 FindControl 方法。You should not override this version of the FindControl method.

(继承自 Control)
Focus()

为控件设置输入焦点。Sets input focus to a control.

(继承自 Control)
GetDesignModeState()

获取控件的设计时数据。Gets design-time data for a control.

(继承自 Control)
GetHashCode()

用作默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(继承自 Object)
GetRouteUrl(Object)

获取与一组路由参数对应的 URL。Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters.

(继承自 Control)
GetRouteUrl(RouteValueDictionary)

获取与一组路由参数对应的 URL。Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters.

(继承自 Control)
GetRouteUrl(String, Object)

获取与一组路由参数以及某个路由名称对应的 URL。Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters and a route name.

(继承自 Control)
GetRouteUrl(String, RouteValueDictionary)

获取与一组路由参数以及某个路由名称对应的 URL。Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters and a route name.

(继承自 Control)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)
GetUniqueIDRelativeTo(Control)

返回指定控件的 UniqueID 属性的前缀部分。Returns the prefixed portion of the UniqueID property of the specified control.

(继承自 Control)
HasControls()

确定服务器控件是否包含任何子控件。Determines if the server control contains any child controls.

(继承自 Control)
HasEvents()

返回一个值,该值指示是否为控件或任何子控件注册事件。Returns a value indicating whether events are registered for the control or any child controls.

(继承自 Control)
IsLiteralContent()

确定服务器控件是否只包含文字内容。Determines if the server control holds only literal content.

(继承自 Control)
LoadControlState(Object)

SaveControlState() 方法保存的上一个页请求还原控件状态信息。Restores control-state information from a previous page request that was saved by the SaveControlState() method.

(继承自 Control)
LoadPostData(String, NameValueCollection)

处理 DropDownList 控件的回发数据。Processes postback data for the DropDownList control.

LoadViewState(Object)

加载以前保存的 DetailsView 控件的视图状态。Loads the previously saved view state of the DetailsView control.

(继承自 ListControl)
MapPathSecure(String)

检索虚拟路径(绝对的或相对的)映射到的物理路径。Retrieves the physical path that a virtual path, either absolute or relative, maps to.

(继承自 Control)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
MergeStyle(Style)

将指定样式的所有非空白元素复制到 Web 控件,但不覆盖该控件现有的任何样式元素。Copies any nonblank elements of the specified style to the Web control, but will not overwrite any existing style elements of the control. 此方法主要由控件开发人员使用。This method is used primarily by control developers.

(继承自 WebControl)
OnBubbleEvent(Object, EventArgs)

确定服务器控件的事件是否沿页的 UI 服务器控件层次结构向上传递。Determines whether the event for the server control is passed up the page's UI server control hierarchy.

(继承自 Control)
OnDataBinding(EventArgs)

引发 DataBinding 事件。Raises the DataBinding event.

(继承自 ListControl)
OnInit(EventArgs)

引发 Init 事件。Raises the Init event.

(继承自 Control)
OnLoad(EventArgs)

引发 Load 事件。Raises the Load event.

(继承自 Control)
OnPreRender(EventArgs)

引发 PreRender 事件。Raises the PreRender event.

(继承自 ListControl)
OnSelectedIndexChanged(EventArgs)

引发 SelectedIndexChanged 事件。Raises the SelectedIndexChanged event. 这使您可以为事件提供自定义处理程序。This allows you to provide a custom handler for the event.

(继承自 ListControl)
OnTextChanged(EventArgs)

引发 TextChanged 事件。Raises the TextChanged event.

(继承自 ListControl)
OnUnload(EventArgs)

引发 Unload 事件。Raises the Unload event.

(继承自 Control)
OpenFile(String)

获取用于读取文件的 StreamGets a Stream used to read a file.

(继承自 Control)
PerformDataBinding(IEnumerable)

将指定的数据源绑定到从 ListControl 类派生的控件。Binds the specified data source to the control that is derived from the ListControl class.

(继承自 ListControl)
PerformSelect()

从关联的数据源中检索数据。Retrieves data from the associated data source.

(继承自 ListControl)
RaiseBubbleEvent(Object, EventArgs)

将所有事件源及其信息分配给控件的父级。Assigns any sources of the event and its information to the control's parent.

(继承自 Control)
RaisePostDataChangedEvent()

回发发生时引发 DropDownList 控件的事件。Raises events for the DropDownList control when postback occurs.

RemovedControl(Control)

Control 对象的 Controls 集合移除子控件后调用。Called after a child control is removed from the Controls collection of the Control object.

(继承自 Control)
Render(HtmlTextWriter)

将控件呈现给指定的 HTML 编写器。Renders the control to the specified HTML writer.

(继承自 WebControl)
RenderBeginTag(HtmlTextWriter)

将控件的 HTML 开始标记呈现到指定的编写器中。Renders the HTML opening tag of the control to the specified writer. 此方法主要由控件开发人员使用。This method is used primarily by control developers.

(继承自 WebControl)
RenderChildren(HtmlTextWriter)

将服务器控件子级的内容输出到提供的 HtmlTextWriter 对象,此对象编写将在客户端呈现的内容。Outputs the content of a server control's children to a provided HtmlTextWriter object, which writes the content to be rendered on the client.

(继承自 Control)
RenderContents(HtmlTextWriter)

将控件的内容呈现到指定的编写器中。Renders the contents of the control to the specified writer.

RenderControl(HtmlTextWriter)

将服务器控件内容输出到所提供的 HtmlTextWriter 对象,如果启用了跟踪,则还将存储有关该控件的跟踪信息。Outputs server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object and stores tracing information about the control if tracing is enabled.

(继承自 Control)
RenderControl(HtmlTextWriter, ControlAdapter)

使用提供的 HtmlTextWriter 对象将服务器控件内容输出到提供的 ControlAdapter 对象。Outputs server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object using a provided ControlAdapter object.

(继承自 Control)
RenderEndTag(HtmlTextWriter)

将控件的 HTML 结束标记呈现到指定的编写器中。Renders the HTML closing tag of the control into the specified writer. 此方法主要由控件开发人员使用。This method is used primarily by control developers.

(继承自 WebControl)
ResolveAdapter()

获取负责呈现指定控件的控件适配器。Gets the control adapter responsible for rendering the specified control.

(继承自 Control)
ResolveClientUrl(String)

获取浏览器可以使用的 URL。Gets a URL that can be used by the browser.

(继承自 Control)
ResolveUrl(String)

将 URL 转换为在请求客户端可用的 URL。Converts a URL into one that is usable on the requesting client.

(继承自 Control)
SaveControlState()

保存将页面回发到服务器之后发生的所有服务器控件状态更改。Saves any server control state changes that have occurred since the time the page was posted back to the server.

(继承自 Control)
SaveViewState()

保存从 ListControl 派生的控件及其包含的项的当前视图状态。Saves the current view state of the ListControl -derived control and the items it contains.

(继承自 ListControl)
SetDesignModeState(IDictionary)

为控件设置设计时数据。Sets design-time data for a control.

(继承自 Control)
SetPostDataSelection(Int32)

发送页面之后,设置 Selected 控件的 ListItem 属性。Sets the Selected property of a ListItem control after a page is posted.

(继承自 ListControl)
SetRenderMethodDelegate(RenderMethod)

分配事件处理程序委托,以将服务器控件及其内容呈现到父控件中。Assigns an event handler delegate to render the server control and its content into its parent control.

(继承自 Control)
SetTraceData(Object, Object)

使用跟踪数据键和跟踪数据值,为呈现数据的设计时追踪设置跟踪数据。Sets trace data for design-time tracing of rendering data, using the trace data key and the trace data value.

(继承自 Control)
SetTraceData(Object, Object, Object)

使用跟踪对象、跟踪数据键和跟踪数据值,为呈现数据的设计时追踪设置跟踪数据。Sets trace data for design-time tracing of rendering data, using the traced object, the trace data key, and the trace data value.

(继承自 Control)
ToString()

返回一个表示当前对象的 string。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(继承自 Object)
TrackViewState()

标记开始跟踪并保存对从 ListControl 派生的控件所做的视图状态更改的起始点。Marks the starting point to begin tracking and saving view-state changes to a ListControl -derived control.

(继承自 ListControl)
VerifyMultiSelect()

始终引发 HttpException 异常,因为对于 DropDownList 控件不支持多选。Always throws an HttpException exception because multiple selection is not supported for the DropDownList control.

事件

DataBinding

当服务器控件绑定到数据源时发生。Occurs when the server control binds to a data source.

(继承自 Control)
Disposed

当从内存释放服务器控件时发生,这是请求 ASP.NET 页时服务器控件生存期的最后阶段。Occurs when a server control is released from memory, which is the last stage of the server control lifecycle when an ASP.NET page is requested.

(继承自 Control)
Init

当服务器控件初始化时发生;初始化是控件生存期的第一步。Occurs when the server control is initialized, which is the first step in its lifecycle.

(继承自 Control)
Load

当服务器控件加载到 Page 对象中时发生。Occurs when the server control is loaded into the Page object.

(继承自 Control)
PreRender

在加载 Control 对象之后、呈现之前发生。Occurs after the Control object is loaded but prior to rendering.

(继承自 Control)
SelectedIndexChanged

当列表控件的选定项在信息发往服务器之间变化时发生。Occurs when the selection from the list control changes between posts to the server.

(继承自 ListControl)
TextChanged

TextSelectedValue 属性更改时发生。Occurs when the Text and SelectedValue properties change.

(继承自 ListControl)
Unload

当服务器控件从内存中卸载时发生。Occurs when the server control is unloaded from memory.

(继承自 Control)

显式界面实现

IAttributeAccessor.GetAttribute(String)

获取具有指定名称的 Web 控件的特性。Gets an attribute of the Web control with the specified name.

(继承自 WebControl)
IAttributeAccessor.SetAttribute(String, String)

将 Web 控件的特性设置为指定的名称和值。Sets an attribute of the Web control to the specified name and value.

(继承自 WebControl)
IControlBuilderAccessor.ControlBuilder

有关此成员的说明,请参见 ControlBuilderFor a description of this member, see ControlBuilder.

(继承自 Control)
IControlDesignerAccessor.GetDesignModeState()

有关此成员的说明,请参见 GetDesignModeState()For a description of this member, see GetDesignModeState().

(继承自 Control)
IControlDesignerAccessor.SetDesignModeState(IDictionary)

有关此成员的说明,请参见 SetDesignModeState(IDictionary)For a description of this member, see SetDesignModeState(IDictionary).

(继承自 Control)
IControlDesignerAccessor.SetOwnerControl(Control)

有关此成员的说明,请参见 SetOwnerControl(Control)For a description of this member, see SetOwnerControl(Control).

(继承自 Control)
IControlDesignerAccessor.UserData

有关此成员的说明,请参见 UserDataFor a description of this member, see UserData.

(继承自 Control)
IDataBindingsAccessor.DataBindings

有关此成员的说明,请参见 DataBindingsFor a description of this member, see DataBindings.

(继承自 Control)
IDataBindingsAccessor.HasDataBindings

有关此成员的说明,请参见 HasDataBindingsFor a description of this member, see HasDataBindings.

(继承自 Control)
IExpressionsAccessor.Expressions

有关此成员的说明,请参见 ExpressionsFor a description of this member, see Expressions.

(继承自 Control)
IExpressionsAccessor.HasExpressions

有关此成员的说明,请参见 HasExpressionsFor a description of this member, see HasExpressions.

(继承自 Control)
IParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObject(Object)

有关此成员的说明,请参见 AddParsedSubObject(Object)For a description of this member, see AddParsedSubObject(Object).

(继承自 Control)
IPostBackDataHandler.LoadPostData(String, NameValueCollection)

处理 DropDownList 控件的已发送数据。Processes posted data for the DropDownList control.

IPostBackDataHandler.RaisePostDataChangedEvent()

回发时引发 DropDownList 控件的事件。Raises events for the DropDownList control on postback.

扩展方法

FindDataSourceControl(Control)

返回与指定控件的数据控件关联的数据源。Returns the data source that is associated with the data control for the specified control.

FindFieldTemplate(Control, String)

返回指定控件的命名容器中指定列的字段模板。Returns the field template for the specified column in the specified control's naming container.

FindMetaTable(Control)

返回包含数据控件的元表对象。Returns the metatable object for the containing data control.

适用于

另请参阅