FormView.ItemDeleted 事件

定义

在单击 FormView 控件中的“删除”按钮时,但在删除操作之后发生。Occurs when a Delete button within a FormView control is clicked, but after the delete operation.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::FormViewDeletedEventHandler ^ ItemDeleted;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.FormViewDeletedEventHandler ItemDeleted;
member this.ItemDeleted : System.Web.UI.WebControls.FormViewDeletedEventHandler 
Public Custom Event ItemDeleted As FormViewDeletedEventHandler 

示例

下面的示例演示如何使用 ItemDeleted 事件来确定删除操作过程中是否发生了异常。The following example demonstrates how to use the ItemDeleted event to determine whether an exception occurred during a delete operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void EmployeeFormView_ItemDeleted(Object sender, FormViewDeletedEventArgs e)
  {
    // Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    // occurred during the delete operation.
    if (e.Exception == null)
    {
      // Use the AffectedRows property to determine whether the
      // record was deleted. Sometimes an error might occur that 
      // does not raise an exception, but prevents the delete
      // operation from completing.
      if (e.AffectedRows == 1)
      {
        MessageLabel.Text = "Record deleted successfully.";
      }
      else
      {
        MessageLabel.Text = "An error occurred during the delete operation.";
      }
    }
    else
    {
      // Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message;
      
      // Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      // exception has already been handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = true;
    }
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewDeletedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewDeletedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        onitemdeleted="EmployeeFormView_ItemDeleted"  
        runat="server">
        
        <itemtemplate>
        
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <asp:image id="EmployeeImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td>
                <h3><%# Eval("FirstName") %>&nbsp;<%# Eval("LastName") %></h3>      
                <%# Eval("Title") %>        
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:button id="DeleteButton"
                  text="Delete Record"
                  commandname="Delete"
                  runat="server" />
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>
        
        </itemtemplate>         
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
          
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        deletecommand="Delete [Employees] Where [EmployeeID]=@EmployeeID"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub EmployeeFormView_ItemDeleted(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As FormViewDeletedEventArgs) Handles EmployeeFormView.ItemDeleted
  
    ' Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    ' occurred during the delete operation.
    If e.Exception Is Nothing Then
    
      ' Use the AffectedRows property to determine whether the
      ' record was deleted. Sometimes an error might occur that 
      ' does not raise an exception, but prevents the delete
      ' operation from completing.
      If e.AffectedRows = 1 Then
      
        MessageLabel.Text = "Record deleted successfully."
      
      Else
              
        MessageLabel.Text = "An error occurred during the delete operation."
      
      End If
    
    Else
    
      ' Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message
      
      ' Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      ' exception has already been handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = True
      
    End If
    
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewDeletedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewDeletedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        runat="server">
        
        <itemtemplate>
        
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <asp:image id="EmployeeImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td>
                <h3><%# Eval("FirstName") %>&nbsp;<%# Eval("LastName") %></h3>      
                <%# Eval("Title") %>        
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:button id="DeleteButton"
                  text="Delete Record"
                  commandname="Delete"
                  runat="server" />
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>
        
        </itemtemplate>         
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
          
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        deletecommand="Delete [Employees] Where [EmployeeID]=@EmployeeID"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

注解

当单击控件中的 "删除" 按钮(其 CommandName 属性设置为 "Delete")时,FormView 控件将引发 ItemDeleted 事件,但在 FormView 控件删除记录后。The FormView control raises the ItemDeleted event when a Delete button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Delete") within the control is clicked, but after the FormView control deletes the record. 这使你可以提供一种事件处理方法,该方法执行自定义例程,如在此事件发生时检查删除操作的结果。This allows you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as checking the results of a delete operation, whenever this event occurs.

FormViewDeletedEventArgs 对象传递到事件处理方法,该方法允许你确定受影响的记录数以及可能已发生的任何异常。A FormViewDeletedEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which allows you to determine the number of records affected and any exceptions that might have occurred. 若要确定受删除操作影响的记录数,请使用 AffectedRows 属性。To determine the number of records affected by the delete operation, use the AffectedRows property. 使用 Exception 属性来确定是否发生了异常。Use the Exception property to determine whether any exceptions occurred. 还可以通过设置 ExceptionHandled 属性,指示是否已在事件处理方法中处理异常。You can also indicate whether the exception was handled in the event-handling method by setting the ExceptionHandled property. 如果要访问已删除记录的键字段和非键字段的名称/值对,请分别使用 "Keys" 和 "Values" 属性。If you want to access the name/value pairs of the key fields and non-key fields of the deleted record, use the Keys and Values properties, respectively.

有关如何处理事件的详细信息,请参阅处理和引发事件For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

适用于

另请参阅