FormViewDeletedEventArgs.AffectedRows 属性

定义

获取受删除操作影响的行数。Gets the number of rows affected by the delete operation.

public:
 property int AffectedRows { int get(); };
public int AffectedRows { get; }
member this.AffectedRows : int
Public ReadOnly Property AffectedRows As Integer

属性值

受删除操作影响的行数。The number of rows affected by the delete operation.

示例

下面的示例演示如何使用 AffectedRows 属性验证在删除操作过程中是否删除了记录。The following example demonstrates how to use the AffectedRows property to verify that a record was deleted during the delete operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void EmployeeFormView_ItemDeleted(Object sender, FormViewDeletedEventArgs e)
  {
    // Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    // occurred during the delete operation.
    if (e.Exception == null)
    {
      // Use the AffectedRows property to determine whether the
      // record was deleted. Sometimes an error might occur that 
      // does not raise an exception, but prevents the delete
      // operation from completing.
      if (e.AffectedRows == 1)
      {
        MessageLabel.Text = "Record deleted successfully.";
      }
      else
      {
        MessageLabel.Text = "An error occurred during the delete operation.";
      }
    }
    else
    {
      // Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message;
      
      // Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      // exception has already been handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = true;
    }
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewDeletedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewDeletedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        onitemdeleted="EmployeeFormView_ItemDeleted"  
        runat="server">
        
        <itemtemplate>
        
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <asp:image id="EmployeeImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td>
                <h3><%# Eval("FirstName") %>&nbsp;<%# Eval("LastName") %></h3>      
                <%# Eval("Title") %>        
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:button id="DeleteButton"
                  text="Delete Record"
                  commandname="Delete"
                  runat="server" />
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>
        
        </itemtemplate>         
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
          
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        deletecommand="Delete [Employees] Where [EmployeeID]=@EmployeeID"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub EmployeeFormView_ItemDeleted(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As FormViewDeletedEventArgs) Handles EmployeeFormView.ItemDeleted
  
    ' Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    ' occurred during the delete operation.
    If e.Exception Is Nothing Then
    
      ' Use the AffectedRows property to determine whether the
      ' record was deleted. Sometimes an error might occur that 
      ' does not raise an exception, but prevents the delete
      ' operation from completing.
      If e.AffectedRows = 1 Then
      
        MessageLabel.Text = "Record deleted successfully."
      
      Else
              
        MessageLabel.Text = "An error occurred during the delete operation."
      
      End If
    
    Else
    
      ' Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message
      
      ' Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      ' exception has already been handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = True
      
    End If
    
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewDeletedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewDeletedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        runat="server">
        
        <itemtemplate>
        
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <asp:image id="EmployeeImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td>
                <h3><%# Eval("FirstName") %>&nbsp;<%# Eval("LastName") %></h3>      
                <%# Eval("Title") %>        
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:button id="DeleteButton"
                  text="Delete Record"
                  commandname="Delete"
                  runat="server" />
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>
        
        </itemtemplate>         
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
          
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        deletecommand="Delete [Employees] Where [EmployeeID]=@EmployeeID"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

注解

使用 AffectedRows 属性来确定受删除操作影响的记录数。Use the AffectedRows property to determine the number of records affected by the delete operation. 此属性通常用于验证是否在下列情况下删除了正确的记录数:This property is commonly used to verify that the correct number of records was deleted in the following situations:

  • 验证是否只删除了单个记录。Verify that only a single record was deleted. 有时,错误编写的 delete 语句可以删除多个记录。Sometimes an improperly written delete statement can delete multiple records.

  • 当在不引发异常的删除操作过程中发生错误时,验证是否已删除记录。Verify that a record was deleted when an error occurs during the delete operation that does not raise an exception.

  • 验证在支持冲突检测(乐观并发)的数据源控件(如 SqlDataSourceObjectDataSource 控件)的情况下是否删除了记录,其 ConflictDetection 属性设置为 ConflictOptions.CompareAllValues 枚举值。Verify that a record was deleted when a data source control that supports conflict detection (optimistic concurrency), such as the SqlDataSource and ObjectDataSource controls, has its ConflictDetection property set to the ConflictOptions.CompareAllValues enumeration value. 在此设置下,其他用户同时修改的记录可能不会被删除。Under this setting, a record that has been modified by another user concurrently might not be deleted.

适用于

另请参阅