SqlDataSourceView.OnInserted(SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs) 方法

定义

Inserted 控件完成插入操作后引发 SqlDataSource 事件。Raises the Inserted event after the SqlDataSource control has completed an insert operation.

protected:
 virtual void OnInserted(System::Web::UI::WebControls::SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs ^ e);
protected virtual void OnInserted (System.Web.UI.WebControls.SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs e);
abstract member OnInserted : System.Web.UI.WebControls.SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs -> unit
override this.OnInserted : System.Web.UI.WebControls.SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs -> unit
Protected Overridable Sub OnInserted (e As SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs)

参数

e
SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs

包含事件数据的 SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgsA SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs that contains the event data.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何从 Microsoft SQL Server 检索数据, 在GridView控件中显示数据, 并DetailsView使用控件以窗体的形式查看所选行GridView的详细信息, 并将其作为插入新记录的窗体。The following code example demonstrates how to retrieve data from Microsoft SQL Server, display it in a GridView control, and use a DetailsView control to see details of a selected row in the GridView and as a form to insert new records.

最初, 数据显示在GridView控件中, 所选行GridView还显示在DetailsView控件中。Initially, the data is displayed in the GridView control and the selected row of the GridView is also displayed in the DetailsView control. FilterExpression DetailsView FilterParameters GridView和控件使用不同的数据源控件; 与关联的控件具有和属性, 这确保了的选定行是DetailsView GridView会.The GridView and DetailsView controls use different data source controls; the one that is associated with the DetailsView has the FilterExpression and FilterParameters properties, which ensure that the selected row of the GridView is displayed.

如果单击DetailsView控件的自动生成的插入按钮, 则DetailsView会显示一个不同的用户界面, 用于插入新记录。If you click the automatically generated Insert button of the DetailsView control, the DetailsView shows a different user interface, which is used to insert a new record. 该示例使用存储过程插入记录, 并返回插入行的主键。The example uses a stored procedure to insert records and returns the primary key of the inserted row. 如果插入记录, 将DetailsView使用Insert绑定列中的InsertParameters值自动填充集合, 并调用方法。If you insert a record, the DetailsView automatically populates the InsertParameters collection with values from the bound columns and calls the Insert method. DetailsView使用 ASP.NET 双向数据绑定语法时BoundField , 可以从任何对象推断TemplateField正确的参数, 并从对象中推断出参数。The DetailsView can infer the correct parameters from any BoundField object and a parameter for the TemplateField object when the ASP.NET two-way data-binding syntax is used. 在此示例中, 会在OnInserting事件处理程序中添加一个附加参数, 用于处理存储过程返回的主键。In this example, an additional parameter is added in the OnInserting event handler to handle the primary key that is returned by the stored procedure.

最后, DetailsView在将数据插入到数据库后OnInserted , 将调用事件处理程序来处理Inserted事件, 并显示插入行的主键的值, 以及DataBind GridView显式调用控件来刷新数据。Finally, after data is inserted by the DetailsView control into the database, the OnInserted event handler is called to handle the Inserted event, the value of the primary key of the inserted row is displayed, and the DataBind method of the GridView control is called explicitly to refresh the data.

<%@Page  Language="C#" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data.Common" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data.SqlClient" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">
 private void On_Inserting(Object sender, SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs e) {

    SqlParameter insertedKey = new SqlParameter("@PK_New", SqlDbType.Int);
    insertedKey.Direction    = ParameterDirection.Output;        
    e.Command.Parameters.Add(insertedKey);
 }

 private void On_Inserted(Object sender, SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs e) {
    DbCommand command = e.Command;    
    
    // The label displays the primary key of the recently inserted row.
    Label1.Text = command.Parameters["@PK_New"].Value.ToString();
    
    // Force a refresh after the data is inserted.
    GridView1.DataBind();
 }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <asp:GridView
        id="GridView1"
        runat="server"
        AutoGenerateColumns="False"
        DataKeyNames="EmployeeID"        
        DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1">
        <columns>          
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" />
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" />
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Title" DataField="Title" />
          <asp:ButtonField ButtonType="Link" CommandName="Select" Text="Details..." />
        </columns>
      </asp:GridView>

      <asp:SqlDataSource
        id="SqlDataSource1"
        runat="server"
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT EmployeeID,FirstName,LastName,Title FROM Employees">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

      <hr />

      <asp:DetailsView
        id="DetailsView1"
        runat="server"
        DataSourceID="SqlDataSource2"
        AutoGenerateRows="False"
        AutoGenerateInsertButton="True">
        <fields>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" ReadOnly="False"/>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" ReadOnly="False"/>
          <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Title">
            <ItemTemplate>
              <asp:DropDownList
                id="TitleDropDownList"
                runat="server"
                selectedvalue="<%# Bind('Title') %>" >
                <asp:ListItem Selected="True">Sales Representative</asp:ListItem>
                <asp:ListItem>Sales Manager</asp:ListItem>
                <asp:ListItem>Vice President, Sales</asp:ListItem>
              </asp:DropDownList>
            </ItemTemplate>
          </asp:TemplateField>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Notes" DataField="Notes" ReadOnly="False"/>
        </fields>
      </asp:DetailsView>


      <asp:SqlDataSource
        id="SqlDataSource2"
        runat="server"
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind%>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT * FROM Employees"
        InsertCommandType = "StoredProcedure"
        InsertCommand="sp_insertemployee"        
        OnInserting="On_Inserting"
        OnInserted ="On_Inserted"
        FilterExpression="EmployeeID={0}">
        <FilterParameters>
          <asp:ControlParameter Name="EmployeeID" ControlId="GridView1" PropertyName="SelectedValue" />
        </FilterParameters>
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

<!-- 
     -- An example sp_insertemployee stored procedure that returns
     -- the primary key of the row that was inserted in an OUT parameter.
     CREATE PROCEDURE sp_insertemployee 
        @FirstName nvarchar(10), 
        @LastName nvarchar(20) , 
        @Title nvarchar(30), 
        @Notes nvarchar(200), 
        @PK_New int OUTPUT
      AS
        INSERT INTO Employees(FirstName,LastName,Title,Notes)VALUES (@FirstName,@LastName,@Title,@Notes)
        SELECT @PK_New = @@IDENTITY
        RETURN (1)    
      GO
-->      

      <asp:Label 
        id="Label1"
        runat="server" />
      
    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@Page  Language="VB" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data.Common" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data.SqlClient" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

 Sub On_Inserting(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs)

    Dim insertedKey As SqlParameter  
    insertedKey = New SqlParameter("@PK_New", SqlDbType.Int)
    insertedKey.Direction    = ParameterDirection.Output     
    
    e.Command.Parameters.Add(insertedKey)

 End Sub 'On_Inserting

 Sub On_Inserted(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs)
    Dim command As DbCommand 
    command = e.Command
    
    ' The label displays the primary key of the recently inserted row.
    Label1.Text = command.Parameters("@PK_New").Value.ToString()    
    
    ' Explicitly call DataBind to refresh the data
    ' and show the newly inserted row.
    GridView1.DataBind()
 End Sub 'On_Inserted

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <asp:GridView
        id="GridView1"
        runat="server"
        AutoGenerateColumns="False"
        DataKeyNames="EmployeeID"        
        DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1">
        <columns>          
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" />
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" />
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Title" DataField="Title" />
          <asp:ButtonField ButtonType="Link" CommandName="Select" Text="Details..." />
        </columns>
      </asp:GridView>

      <asp:SqlDataSource
        id="SqlDataSource1"
        runat="server"
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT EmployeeID,FirstName,LastName,Title FROM Employees">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

      <hr />

      <asp:DetailsView
        id="DetailsView1"
        runat="server"
        DataSourceID="SqlDataSource2"
        AutoGenerateRows="False"
        AutoGenerateInsertButton="True">
        <fields>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" ReadOnly="False"/>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" ReadOnly="False"/>
          <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Title">
            <ItemTemplate>
              <asp:DropDownList
                id="TitleDropDownList"
                runat="server"
                selectedvalue="<%# Bind('Title') %>" >
                <asp:ListItem Selected="True">Sales Representative</asp:ListItem>
                <asp:ListItem>Sales Manager</asp:ListItem>
                <asp:ListItem>Vice President, Sales</asp:ListItem>
              </asp:DropDownList>
            </ItemTemplate>
          </asp:TemplateField>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Notes" DataField="Notes" ReadOnly="False"/>
        </fields>
      </asp:DetailsView>


      <asp:SqlDataSource
        id="SqlDataSource2"
        runat="server"
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind%>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT * FROM Employees"
        InsertCommandType = "StoredProcedure"
        InsertCommand="sp_insertemployee"        
        OnInserting="On_Inserting"
        OnInserted ="On_Inserted"
        FilterExpression="EmployeeID={0}">
        <FilterParameters>
          <asp:ControlParameter Name="EmployeeID" ControlId="GridView1" PropertyName="SelectedValue" />
        </FilterParameters>
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

<!-- 
     -- An example sp_insertemployee stored procedure that returns
     -- the primary key of the row that was inserted in an OUT parameter.
     CREATE PROCEDURE sp_insertemployee 
        @FirstName nvarchar(10), 
        @LastName nvarchar(20) , 
        @Title nvarchar(30), 
        @Notes nvarchar(200), 
        @PK_New int OUTPUT
      AS
        INSERT INTO Employees(FirstName,LastName,Title,Notes)VALUES (@FirstName,@LastName,@Title,@Notes)
        SELECT @PK_New = @@IDENTITY
        RETURN (1)    
      GO
-->      

      <asp:Label 
        id="Label1"
        runat="server" />
      
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

注解

引发事件时,将通过委托调用事件处理程序。Raising an event invokes the event handler through a delegate. 有关如何处理事件的详细信息, 请参阅处理和引发事件For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

OnInserted 方法还允许派生类对事件进行处理而不必附加委托。The OnInserted method also allows derived classes to handle the event without attaching a delegate. 这是在派生类中处理事件的首选技术。This is the preferred technique for handling the event in a derived class.

继承者说明

当在派生OnInserted(SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs)类中重写方法时, 请确保OnInserted(SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs)调用基类的方法, 以便注册的委托接收事件。When overriding the OnInserted(SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs) method in a derived class, be sure to call the OnInserted(SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs) method for the base class so that registered delegates receive the event.

适用于