DockPanel.Dock 附加属性

定义

获取或设置一个值,该值指示一个子元素在父级 DockPanel 中的位置。Gets or sets a value that indicates the position of a child element within a parent DockPanel.

see GetDock, and SetDock
see GetDock, and SetDock
see GetDock, and SetDock

示例

下面的示例演示如何使用Dock 可扩展应用程序标记语言 (XAML)Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML)设置附加属性。The following example shows how to set the Dock attached property by using 可扩展应用程序标记语言 (XAML)Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML).


// Create the application's main window
mainWindow = gcnew Window();
mainWindow->Title = "DockPanel Sample";

// Create the DockPanel
DockPanel^ myDockPanel = gcnew DockPanel();
myDockPanel->LastChildFill = true;

// Define the child content
Border^ myBorder1 = gcnew Border();
myBorder1->Height = 25;
myBorder1->Background = Brushes::SkyBlue;
myBorder1->BorderBrush = Brushes::Black;
myBorder1->BorderThickness = Thickness(1);
DockPanel::SetDock(myBorder1, Dock::Top);
TextBlock^ myTextBlock1 = gcnew TextBlock();
myTextBlock1->Foreground = Brushes::Black;
myTextBlock1->Text = "Dock = Top";
myBorder1->Child = myTextBlock1;

Border^ myBorder2 = gcnew Border();
myBorder2->Height = 25;
myBorder2->Background = Brushes::SkyBlue;
myBorder2->BorderBrush = Brushes::Black;
myBorder2->BorderThickness = Thickness(1);
DockPanel::SetDock(myBorder2, Dock::Top);
TextBlock^ myTextBlock2 = gcnew TextBlock();
myTextBlock2->Foreground = Brushes::Black;
myTextBlock2->Text = "Dock = Top";
myBorder2->Child = myTextBlock2;

Border^ myBorder3 = gcnew Border();
myBorder3->Height = 25;
myBorder3->Background = Brushes::LemonChiffon;
myBorder3->BorderBrush = Brushes::Black;
myBorder3->BorderThickness = Thickness(1);
DockPanel::SetDock(myBorder3, Dock::Bottom);
TextBlock^ myTextBlock3 = gcnew TextBlock();
myTextBlock3->Foreground = Brushes::Black;
myTextBlock3->Text = "Dock = Bottom";
myBorder3->Child = myTextBlock3;

Border^ myBorder4 = gcnew Border();
myBorder4->Width = 200;
myBorder4->Background = Brushes::PaleGreen;
myBorder4->BorderBrush = Brushes::Black;
myBorder4->BorderThickness = Thickness(1);
DockPanel::SetDock(myBorder4, Dock::Left);
TextBlock^ myTextBlock4 = gcnew TextBlock();
myTextBlock4->Foreground = Brushes::Black;
myTextBlock4->Text = "Dock = Left";
myBorder4->Child = myTextBlock4;

Border^ myBorder5 = gcnew Border();
myBorder5->Background = Brushes::White;
myBorder5->BorderBrush = Brushes::Black;
myBorder5->BorderThickness = Thickness(1);
TextBlock^ myTextBlock5 = gcnew TextBlock();
myTextBlock5->Foreground = Brushes::Black;
myTextBlock5->Text = "This content will Fill the remaining space";
myBorder5->Child = myTextBlock5;

// Add child elements to the DockPanel Children collection
myDockPanel->Children->Add(myBorder1);
myDockPanel->Children->Add(myBorder2);
myDockPanel->Children->Add(myBorder3);
myDockPanel->Children->Add(myBorder4);
myDockPanel->Children->Add(myBorder5);

// Add the parent Canvas as the Content of the Window Object
mainWindow->Content = myDockPanel;
mainWindow->Show();


// Create the application's main window
mainWindow = new Window ();
mainWindow.Title = "DockPanel Sample";

// Create the DockPanel
DockPanel myDockPanel = new DockPanel();
myDockPanel.LastChildFill = true;

// Define the child content
Border myBorder1 = new Border();
myBorder1.Height = 25;
myBorder1.Background = Brushes.SkyBlue;
myBorder1.BorderBrush = Brushes.Black;
myBorder1.BorderThickness = new Thickness(1);
DockPanel.SetDock(myBorder1, Dock.Top);
TextBlock myTextBlock1 = new TextBlock();
myTextBlock1.Foreground = Brushes.Black;
myTextBlock1.Text = "Dock = Top";
myBorder1.Child = myTextBlock1;

Border myBorder2 = new Border();
myBorder2.Height = 25;
myBorder2.Background = Brushes.SkyBlue;
myBorder2.BorderBrush = Brushes.Black;
myBorder2.BorderThickness = new Thickness(1);
DockPanel.SetDock(myBorder2, Dock.Top);
TextBlock myTextBlock2 = new TextBlock();
myTextBlock2.Foreground = Brushes.Black;
myTextBlock2.Text = "Dock = Top";
myBorder2.Child = myTextBlock2;

Border myBorder3 = new Border();
myBorder3.Height = 25;
myBorder3.Background = Brushes.LemonChiffon;
myBorder3.BorderBrush = Brushes.Black;
myBorder3.BorderThickness = new Thickness(1);
DockPanel.SetDock(myBorder3, Dock.Bottom);
TextBlock myTextBlock3 = new TextBlock();
myTextBlock3.Foreground = Brushes.Black;
myTextBlock3.Text = "Dock = Bottom";
myBorder3.Child = myTextBlock3;

Border myBorder4 = new Border();
myBorder4.Width = 200;
myBorder4.Background = Brushes.PaleGreen;
myBorder4.BorderBrush = Brushes.Black;
myBorder4.BorderThickness = new Thickness(1);
DockPanel.SetDock(myBorder4, Dock.Left);
TextBlock myTextBlock4 = new TextBlock();
myTextBlock4.Foreground = Brushes.Black;
myTextBlock4.Text = "Dock = Left";
myBorder4.Child = myTextBlock4;

Border myBorder5 = new Border();
myBorder5.Background = Brushes.White;
myBorder5.BorderBrush = Brushes.Black;
myBorder5.BorderThickness = new Thickness(1);
TextBlock myTextBlock5 = new TextBlock();
myTextBlock5.Foreground = Brushes.Black;
myTextBlock5.Text = "This content will Fill the remaining space";
myBorder5.Child = myTextBlock5;


// Add child elements to the DockPanel Children collection
myDockPanel.Children.Add(myBorder1);
myDockPanel.Children.Add(myBorder2);
myDockPanel.Children.Add(myBorder3);
myDockPanel.Children.Add(myBorder4);
myDockPanel.Children.Add(myBorder5);
           
// Add the parent Canvas as the Content of the Window Object
mainWindow.Content = myDockPanel;
mainWindow.Show ();

WindowTitle = "DockPanel Sample"
'Create a DockPanel as the root Panel
Dim myDockPanel As New DockPanel()
myDockPanel.LastChildFill = True

' Define the child content
Dim myBorder1 As New Border()
myBorder1.Height = 25
myBorder1.Background = Brushes.SkyBlue
myBorder1.BorderBrush = Brushes.Black
myBorder1.BorderThickness = New Thickness(1)
DockPanel.SetDock(myBorder1, Dock.Top)
Dim myTextBlock1 As New TextBlock()
myTextBlock1.Foreground = Brushes.Black
myTextBlock1.Text = "Dock = Top"
myBorder1.Child = myTextBlock1

Dim myBorder2 As New Border()
myBorder2.Height = 25
myBorder2.Background = Brushes.SkyBlue
myBorder2.BorderBrush = Brushes.Black
myBorder2.BorderThickness = New Thickness(1)
DockPanel.SetDock(myBorder2, Dock.Top)
Dim myTextBlock2 As New TextBlock()
myTextBlock2.Foreground = Brushes.Black
myTextBlock2.Text = "Dock = Top"
myBorder2.Child = myTextBlock2

Dim myBorder3 As New Border()
myBorder3.Height = 25
myBorder3.Background = Brushes.LemonChiffon
myBorder3.BorderBrush = Brushes.Black
myBorder3.BorderThickness = New Thickness(1)
DockPanel.SetDock(myBorder3, Dock.Bottom)
Dim myTextBlock3 As New TextBlock()
myTextBlock3.Foreground = Brushes.Black
myTextBlock3.Text = "Dock = Bottom"
myBorder3.Child = myTextBlock3

Dim myBorder4 As New Border()
myBorder4.Width = 200
myBorder4.Background = Brushes.PaleGreen
myBorder4.BorderBrush = Brushes.Black
myBorder4.BorderThickness = New Thickness(1)
DockPanel.SetDock(myBorder4, Dock.Left)
Dim myTextBlock4 As New TextBlock()
myTextBlock4.Foreground = Brushes.Black
myTextBlock4.Text = "Dock = Left"
myBorder4.Child = myTextBlock4

Dim myBorder5 As New Border()
myBorder5.Background = Brushes.White
myBorder5.BorderBrush = Brushes.Black
myBorder5.BorderThickness = New Thickness(1)
Dim myTextBlock5 As New TextBlock()
myTextBlock5.Foreground = Brushes.Black
myTextBlock5.Text = "This content will Fill the remaining space"
myBorder5.Child = myTextBlock5

' Add child elements to the DockPanel Children collection
myDockPanel.Children.Add(myBorder1)
myDockPanel.Children.Add(myBorder2)
myDockPanel.Children.Add(myBorder3)
myDockPanel.Children.Add(myBorder4)
myDockPanel.Children.Add(myBorder5)
Me.Content = myDockPanel
<Page xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation" WindowTitle="DockPanel Sample">
  <DockPanel LastChildFill="True">
    <Border Height="25" Background="SkyBlue" BorderBrush="Black" BorderThickness="1" DockPanel.Dock="Top">
      <TextBlock Foreground="Black">Dock = "Top"</TextBlock>
    </Border>
    <Border Height="25" Background="SkyBlue" BorderBrush="Black" BorderThickness="1" DockPanel.Dock="Top">
      <TextBlock Foreground="Black">Dock = "Top"</TextBlock>
    </Border>
    <Border Height="25" Background="LemonChiffon" BorderBrush="Black" BorderThickness="1" DockPanel.Dock="Bottom">
      <TextBlock Foreground="Black">Dock = "Bottom"</TextBlock>
    </Border>
    <Border Width="200" Background="PaleGreen" BorderBrush="Black" BorderThickness="1" DockPanel.Dock="Left">
      <TextBlock Foreground="Black">Dock = "Left"</TextBlock>
    </Border>
    <Border Background="White" BorderBrush="Black" BorderThickness="1">
      <TextBlock Foreground="Black">This content will "Fill" the remaining space</TextBlock>
    </Border>
  </DockPanel>
</Page>

注解

如果将LastChildFill属性设置为true(默认设置), 则中的最后一个DockPanel子元素始终会填充剩余空间, 而不考虑在最后一个子元素上设置的任何其他 dock 值。If you set the LastChildFill property to true, which is the default setting, the last child element of a DockPanel always fills the remaining space, regardless of any other dock value that you set on the last child element. 若要将子元素停靠在另一个方向, 则必须将LastChildFill属性设置false为, 并且还必须指定上一个子元素的显式停靠方向。To.dock a child element in another direction, you must set the LastChildFill property to false and must also specify an explicit dock direction on the last child element.

备注

DockPanel屏幕上的的子元素的位置由各自子元素的Dock属性以及这些子元素的相对DockPanel顺序确定。The position of child elements of a DockPanel on the screen is determined by the Dock property of the respective child elements and the relative order of those child elements under the DockPanel. 因此, 具有相同 Dock 属性值的一组子元素可以在屏幕上以不同方式定位, 具体取决于这些子元素在下DockPanel的顺序。Therefore, a set of child elements with the same Dock property values can be positioned differently on the screen depending on the order of these children under the DockPanel. 子排序效果定位, 因为DockPanel按顺序循环访问其子元素, 并根据剩余空间设置每个元素的位置。Child ordering effects positioning because the DockPanel iterates through its child elements in order, setting the position of each element depending on remaining space.

依赖项属性信息Dependency Property Information

标识符字段Identifier field DockProperty
元数据属性设置为trueMetadata properties set to true NoneNone

适用于

另请参阅