AutoValidate AutoValidate AutoValidate AutoValidate Enum


确定控件在失去用户输入焦点时应如何验证其数据。Determines how a control validates its data when it loses user input focus.

public enum class AutoValidate
public enum AutoValidate
type AutoValidate = 
Public Enum AutoValidate


Disable Disable Disable Disable 0

将不进行隐式验证。Implicit validation will not occur. 设置此值将不会妨碍对 Validate()ValidateChildren() 的显式调用。Setting this value will not interfere with explicit calls to Validate() or ValidateChildren().

EnableAllowFocusChange EnableAllowFocusChange EnableAllowFocusChange EnableAllowFocusChange 2

发生隐式验证,但如果验证失败,焦点仍将更改到新控件。Implicit validation occurs, but if validation fails, focus will still change to the new control. 如果验证失败,将不激发 Validated 事件。If validation fails, the Validated event will not fire.

EnablePreventFocusChange EnablePreventFocusChange EnablePreventFocusChange EnablePreventFocusChange 1

当控件失去焦点时发生隐式验证。Implicit validation occurs when the control loses focus.

Inherit Inherit Inherit Inherit -1

控件从其容器(如窗体或其他控件)中继承它的 AutoValidate 行为。The control inherits its AutoValidate behavior from its container (such as a form or another control). 如果没有容器控件,则它默认为 EnablePreventFocusChangeIf there is no container control, it defaults to EnablePreventFocusChange.


下面的代码示例将关闭窗体及其包含的所有控件的隐式验证, 并在单击鼠标按钮时手动执行窗体的所有子级的验证。The following code example turns off implicit validation for a form and all of its contained controls, and instead manually performs validation of all of the form's children when a mouse button is clicked.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Text;

namespace TestValidation
    class Form1 : Form
        private static void Main(string[] args)
            Application.Run(new Form1());

        private TextBox firstNameBox, lastNameBox;
        private Button validateButton;
        private FlowLayoutPanel flowLayout1;

        private Form1()
            this.Load += new EventHandler(Form1_Load);

        void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
            // Turn off validation when a control loses focus. This will be inherited by child
            // controls on the form, enabling us to validate the entire form when the 
            // button is clicked instead of one control at a time.
            this.AutoValidate = AutoValidate.Disable;

            flowLayout1 = new FlowLayoutPanel();
            flowLayout1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
            flowLayout1.Name = "flowLayout1";

            firstNameBox = new TextBox();
            firstNameBox.Name = "firstNameBox";
            firstNameBox.Size = new Size(75, firstNameBox.Size.Height);
            firstNameBox.CausesValidation = true;
            firstNameBox.Validating += new System.ComponentModel.CancelEventHandler(firstNameBox_Validating);

            lastNameBox = new TextBox();
            lastNameBox.Name = "lastNameBox";
            lastNameBox.Size = new Size(75, lastNameBox.Size.Height);
            lastNameBox.CausesValidation = true;
            lastNameBox.Validating += new System.ComponentModel.CancelEventHandler(lastNameBox_Validating);

            validateButton = new Button();
            validateButton.Text = "Validate";
            // validateButton.Location = new Point(170, 10);
            validateButton.Size = new Size(75, validateButton.Size.Height);
            validateButton.Click += new EventHandler(validateButton_Click);


            this.Text = "Test Validation";

        void firstNameBox_Validating(object sender, System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs e)
            if (firstNameBox.Text.Length == 0)
                e.Cancel = true;
                e.Cancel = false;

        void lastNameBox_Validating(object sender, System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs e)
            e.Cancel = false;

        void validateButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
            if (this.ValidateChildren())
                MessageBox.Show("Validation succeeded!");
                MessageBox.Show("Validation failed.");
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class Form1
    Inherits Form

    'Entry point which delegates to C-style main Private Function
    Public Overloads Shared Sub Main()
    End Sub

    Private Overloads Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        Application.Run(New Form1())
    End Sub 'Main

    Private WithEvents FirstNameBox, LastNameBox As TextBox
    Private WithEvents ValidateButton As Button
    Private FlowLayout1 As FlowLayoutPanel

    Private Sub New()
    End Sub

    Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles Me.Load
        ' Turn off validation when a control loses focus. This will be inherited by child
        ' controls on the form, enabling us to validate the entire form when the 
        ' button is clicked instead of one control at a time.
        Me.AutoValidate = System.Windows.Forms.AutoValidate.Disable

        FlowLayout1 = New FlowLayoutPanel()
        FlowLayout1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill

        FirstNameBox = New TextBox()
        FirstNameBox.Name = "FirstNameBox"
        FirstNameBox.Location = New Point(10, 10)
        FirstNameBox.Size = New Size(75, FirstNameBox.Size.Height)
        FirstNameBox.CausesValidation = True

        LastNameBox = New TextBox()
        LastNameBox.Name = "LastNameBox"
        LastNameBox.Location = New Point(90, 10)
        LastNameBox.Size = New Size(75, LastNameBox.Size.Height)
        LastNameBox.CausesValidation = True

        ValidateButton = New Button()
        ValidateButton.Text = "Validate"
        ValidateButton.Location = New Point(170, 10)
        ValidateButton.Size = New Size(75, ValidateButton.Size.Height)

        Me.Text = "Test Validation"

    End Sub

    Private Sub FirstNameBox_Validating(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) Handles FirstNameBox.Validating
        If FirstNameBox.Text.Length = 0 Then
            e.Cancel = True
            e.Cancel = False
        End If
    End Sub

    Private Sub LastNameBox_Validating(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) Handles LastNameBox.Validating
        e.Cancel = False
    End Sub

    Private Sub ValidateButton_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles ValidateButton.Click
        If ValidateChildren() Then
            MessageBox.Show("Validation succeeded!")
            MessageBox.Show("Validation failed.")
        End If
    End Sub
End Class


如果用户将焦点切换到 Windows 窗体控件外, 则控件将使用AutoValidate来确定如何验证其数据。If a user switches focus off of a Windows Forms control, the control will use AutoValidate to determine how to validate its data. 这种类型的验证称为隐式验证, 因为它不需要应用程序开发人员显式调用Validate或。 ValidateChildrenThis type of validation is called implicit validation, because it occurs without the application developer having to make an explicit call to Validate or ValidateChildren.

对应于此值的属性将具有不同于控件类型的默认值。The property corresponding to this value will have different defaults based on the type of control. 有关详细信息, 请参阅Windows 窗体中的用户输入验证For more information, see User Input Validation in Windows Forms.