Binding.BindingComplete Binding.BindingComplete Binding.BindingComplete Binding.BindingComplete Event

定义

FormattingEnabled 属性设置为 true 且完成绑定操作(如将数据从控件推到数据源或与之相反的操作)时发生。Occurs when the FormattingEnabled property is set to true and a binding operation is complete, such as when data is pushed from the control to the data source or vice versa

public:
 event System::Windows::Forms::BindingCompleteEventHandler ^ BindingComplete;
public event System.Windows.Forms.BindingCompleteEventHandler BindingComplete;
member this.BindingComplete : System.Windows.Forms.BindingCompleteEventHandler 
Public Custom Event BindingComplete As BindingCompleteEventHandler 

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何处理BindingComplete事件。The following code example demonstrates how to handle the BindingComplete event.

// Represents a business object that throws exceptions when 
// invalid values are entered for some of its properties.
public ref class Part
{
private:
    String^ name;
    int number;
    double price;

public:
    Part(String^ name, int number, double price)
    {
        PartName = name;
        PartNumber = number;
        PartPrice = price;
    }

    property String^ PartName 
    {
        String^ get()
        {
            return name;
        }

        void set(String^ value)
        {
            if (value->Length <= 0)
            {
                throw gcnew Exception(
                    "Each part must have a name.");
            }
            else
            {
                name = value;
            }
        }
    }

    property double PartPrice 
    {
        double get()
        {
            return price;
        }

        void set(double value)
        {
            price = value;
        }
    }

    property int PartNumber 
    {
        int get()
        {
            return number;
        }

        void set(int value)
        {
            if (value < 100)
            {
                throw gcnew Exception(
                    "Invalid part number." \
                    "Part numbers must be " \
                    "greater than 100.");
            }
            else
            {
                number = value;
            }
        }
    }

};

ref class MainForm: public Form
{
private:
    BindingSource^ bindingSource;
    TextBox^ partNameTextBox;
    TextBox^ partNumberTextBox;
    TextBox^ partPriceTextBox;

public:
    MainForm()
    {
        bindingSource = gcnew BindingSource;
        partNameTextBox = gcnew TextBox;
        partNumberTextBox = gcnew TextBox;
        partPriceTextBox = gcnew TextBox;
            
        //Set up the textbox controls.
        this->partNameTextBox->Location = Point(82, 13);
        this->partNameTextBox->TabIndex = 1;
        this->partNumberTextBox->Location = Point(81, 47);
        this->partNumberTextBox->TabIndex = 2;
        this->partPriceTextBox->Location = Point(81, 83);
        this->partPriceTextBox->TabIndex = 3;
        
        // Add the textbox controls to the form
        this->Controls->Add(this->partNumberTextBox);
        this->Controls->Add(this->partNameTextBox);
        this->Controls->Add(this->partPriceTextBox);
        
        // Handle the form's Load event.
        this->Load += gcnew EventHandler(this, 
            &MainForm::OnMainFormLoad);
    }

private:

    void OnMainFormLoad(Object^ sender, EventArgs^ e)
    {   
        // Set the DataSource of bindingSource to the Part type.
        bindingSource->DataSource = Part::typeid;
        
        // Bind the textboxes to the properties of the Part type,
        // enabling formatting.
        partNameTextBox->DataBindings->Add(
            "Text", bindingSource, "PartName", true);
        partNumberTextBox->DataBindings->Add(
            "Text", bindingSource, "PartNumber", true);
        
        //Bind the textbox to the PartPrice value 
        // with currency formatting.
        partPriceTextBox->DataBindings->Add("Text", bindingSource, "PartPrice", true,
           DataSourceUpdateMode::OnPropertyChanged, nullptr, "C");

        // Handle the BindingComplete event for bindingSource and
        // the partNameBinding.
        bindingSource->BindingComplete += 
            gcnew BindingCompleteEventHandler(this, 
            &MainForm::OnBindingSourceBindingComplete);
        bindingSource->BindingComplete += 
            gcnew BindingCompleteEventHandler(this, 
            &MainForm::OnPartNameBindingBindingComplete);
        
        // Add a new part to bindingSource.
        bindingSource->Add(gcnew Part("Widget", 1234, 12.45));
    }

    // Handle the BindingComplete event to catch errors and 
    // exceptions in binding process.
    void OnBindingSourceBindingComplete(Object^ sender, 
        BindingCompleteEventArgs^ e)
    {
        if (e->BindingCompleteState == 
            BindingCompleteState::Exception)
        {
            MessageBox::Show(String::Format(
                CultureInfo::CurrentCulture,
                "bindingSource: {0}", e->Exception->Message));
        }

        if (e->BindingCompleteState == 
            BindingCompleteState::DataError)
        {
            MessageBox::Show(String::Format(
                CultureInfo::CurrentCulture,
                "bindingSource: {0}", e->Exception->Message));
        }
    }

    // Handle the BindingComplete event to catch errors and 
    // exceptions in binding process.
    void OnPartNameBindingBindingComplete(Object^ sender, 
        BindingCompleteEventArgs^ e)
    {
        if (e->BindingCompleteState == 
            BindingCompleteState::Exception)
        {
            MessageBox::Show(String::Format(
                CultureInfo::CurrentCulture,
                "PartNameBinding: {0}", e->Exception->Message));
        }

        if (e->BindingCompleteState == 
            BindingCompleteState::DataError)
        {
            MessageBox::Show(String::Format(
                CultureInfo::CurrentCulture,
                "PartNameBinding: {0}", e->Exception->Message));
        }
    }
};

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

class Form1 : Form
{
    private BindingSource BindingSource1 = new BindingSource();
    private TextBox textBox1 = new TextBox();
    private TextBox textBox2 = new TextBox();
    private TextBox textBox3 = new TextBox();

    public Form1()
    {
        //Set up the textbox controls.
        this.textBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(82, 13);
        this.textBox1.TabIndex = 1;
        this.textBox2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(81, 47);
        this.textBox2.TabIndex = 2;
        this.textBox3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(81, 83);
        this.textBox3.TabIndex = 3;

        // Add the textbox controls to the form
        this.Controls.Add(this.textBox2);
        this.Controls.Add(this.textBox1);
        this.Controls.Add(this.textBox3);

        // Handle the form's Load event.
        this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.Form1_Load);
    }
    Binding partNameBinding;
    Binding partNumberBinding;

    private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Set the DataSource of BindingSource1 to the Part type.
        BindingSource1.DataSource = typeof(Part);

        // Bind the textboxes to the properties of the Part type, 
        // enabling formatting.
        partNameBinding = textBox1.DataBindings.Add("Text",
            BindingSource1, "PartName", true);
        
        partNumberBinding = textBox2.DataBindings.Add("Text", BindingSource1, "PartNumber",
            true);

        //Bind the textbox to the PartPrice value with currency formatting.
        textBox3.DataBindings.Add("Text", BindingSource1, "PartPrice", true,
            DataSourceUpdateMode.OnPropertyChanged, 0, "C");
            

        // Handle the BindingComplete event for BindingSource1 and 
        // the partNameBinding.
        partNumberBinding.BindingComplete +=
            new BindingCompleteEventHandler(partNumberBinding_BindingComplete);
        partNameBinding.BindingComplete +=
            new BindingCompleteEventHandler(partNameBinding_BindingComplete);

        // Add a new part to BindingSource1.
        BindingSource1.Add(new Part("Widget", 1234, 12.45));
    }

    // Handle the BindingComplete event to catch errors and exceptions 
    // in binding process.
    void partNumberBinding_BindingComplete(object sender,
        BindingCompleteEventArgs e)
    {
        if (e.BindingCompleteState != BindingCompleteState.Success)
            MessageBox.Show("partNumberBinding: " + e.ErrorText);
    }		

    // Handle the BindingComplete event to catch errors and 
    // exceptions in binding process.
    void partNameBinding_BindingComplete(object sender,
        BindingCompleteEventArgs e)
    {
        if (e.BindingCompleteState != BindingCompleteState.Success)
            MessageBox.Show("partNameBinding: " + e.ErrorText);
    }

    [STAThread]
    static void Main()
    {
        Application.EnableVisualStyles();
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }
}

// Represents a business object that throws exceptions when invalid values are
// entered for some of its properties.
public class Part
{
    private string name;
    private int number;
    private double price;

    public Part(string name, int number, double price)
    {
        PartName = name;
        PartNumber = number;
        PartPrice = price;
    }

    public string PartName
    {
        get { return name; }
        set
        {
            if (value.Length <= 0)
                throw new Exception("Each part must have a name.");
            else
                name = value;
        }
    }
    public double PartPrice
    {
        get { return price; }
        set { price = value; }
    }

    public int PartNumber
    {
        get { return number; }
        set
        {
            if (value < 100)
                throw new Exception("Invalid part number." +
                    " Part numbers must be greater than 100.");
            else
                number = value;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Class Form1
    Inherits Form

    Private  BindingSource1 As New BindingSource()
    Private textBox1 As New TextBox()
    Private textBox2 As New TextBox()
    Private textBox3 As New TextBox()

    Public Sub New()

        'Set up the textbox controls.
        Me.textBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(82, 13)
        Me.textBox1.TabIndex = 1
        Me.textBox2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(81, 47)
        Me.textBox2.TabIndex = 2
        Me.textBox3.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(81, 83)
        Me.textBox3.TabIndex = 3

        ' Add the textbox controls to the form
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.textBox2)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.textBox1)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.textBox3)

    End Sub

    Private WithEvents partNameBinding As Binding
    Private WithEvents partNumberBinding As Binding

    Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) _
        Handles Me.Load

        ' Set the DataSource of BindingSource1 to the Part type.
        BindingSource1.DataSource = GetType(Part)

        ' Bind the textboxes to the properties of the Part type, 
        ' enabling formatting.
        partNameBinding = textBox1.DataBindings.Add("Text", BindingSource1, _
            "PartName", True)
        partNumberBinding = textBox2.DataBindings.Add("Text", BindingSource1, _
            "PartNumber", True)
        
        'Bind the textbox to the PartPrice value with currency formatting.
        textBox3.DataBindings.Add("Text", BindingSource1, "PartPrice", _
            True, DataSourceUpdateMode.OnPropertyChanged, 0, "C")

        ' Add a new part to BindingSource1.
        BindingSource1.Add(New Part("Widget", 1234, 12.45))
    End Sub

    ' Handle the BindingComplete event to catch errors and exceptions 
    ' in binding process.
    Sub partNumberBinding_BindingComplete(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As BindingCompleteEventArgs) _
        Handles partNumberBinding.BindingComplete

        If Not e.BindingCompleteState = BindingCompleteState.Success Then
            MessageBox.Show("partNumberBinding: " + e.ErrorText)
        End If

    End Sub

    ' Handle the BindingComplete event to catch errors and exceptions 
    ' in binding process.
    Sub partNameBinding_BindingComplete(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As BindingCompleteEventArgs) _
        Handles partNameBinding.BindingComplete

        If Not e.BindingCompleteState = BindingCompleteState.Success Then
            MessageBox.Show("partNameBinding: " + e.ErrorText)
        End If
       
    End Sub

    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.EnableVisualStyles()
        Application.Run(New Form1())
    End Sub

End Class

' Represents a business object that throws exceptions when invalid 
' values are entered for some of its properties.
Public Class Part
    Private name As String
    Private number As Integer
    Private price As Double

    Public Sub New(ByVal name As String, ByVal number As Integer, _
        ByVal price As Double)

        PartName = name
        PartNumber = number
        PartPrice = price
    End Sub


    Public Property PartName() As String
        Get
            Return name
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            If Value.Length <= 0 Then
                Throw New Exception("Each part must have a name.")
            Else
                name = Value
            End If
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Property PartPrice() As Double
        Get
            Return price
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Double)
            price = Value
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Property PartNumber() As Integer
        Get
            Return number
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            If Value < 100 Then
                Throw New Exception("Invalid part number." _
                    & " Part numbers must be greater than 100.")
            Else
                number = Value
            End If
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

注解

如果FormattingEnabled为, true则在以下任何条件下引发此事件:This event is raised under any of the following conditions when FormattingEnabled is true:

  • 数据源中的数据被推送到控件属性上。Data from the data source is pushed onto the control property.

  • 控件属性中的数据被推送到数据源。Data from the control property is pushed onto the data source.

此事件在完成这些操作时引发, 与完成状态无关。This event is raised at the completion of these operations, independent of the completion status. 例如, 如果绑定操作将 null 值绑定到Value属性, 则会引发异常, 但仍会发生该BindingComplete事件。For example, if a binding operation binds a null value to a Value property, an exception is thrown, but the BindingComplete event still occurs. 此事件的处理程序可以根据绑定过程中的成功、错误或异常, 采取相应的操作, 方法是检查BindingCompleteState BindingCompleteEventArgs参数的属性。The handler of this event can take the appropriate action, based on the success, error, or exceptions in the binding process, by examining the BindingCompleteState property of the BindingCompleteEventArgs parameter.

有关处理事件的详细信息, 请参阅处理和引发事件For more information about handling events, see Handling and Raising Events.

适用于

另请参阅